exoskeleton building

Download Exoskeleton Building

Post on 11-Mar-2015




5 download

Embed Size (px)


Mei 2011

Exoskeleton[Struktur Bangunan]Memuat beberapa referensi tentang bangunan gedung dengan struktur bangunan Exoskeleton, diantaranya 0 14 Tower (Dubai), A Diamond Lattice Exoskeleton (Pittsburgh), Amazing Opera House (by Zaha Hadid), dan Beijings new National Stadium.

Disusun oleh : Inayatul Ilah Nashruddin Materi Pendukung untuk Studio Perancangan Arsitektur 6 Dosen Pengampu : Dr. Ing. Ilya Fajar Maharika, IAI

O 14 Tower by Reiser and UmemotoSumber: http://www.cumbu.com/o-14-tower-by-reiser-and-umemoto/

Designer: Reiser and Umemoto, Location: Dubai, United Arab Emirates., Image Credits: Reiser and Umemoto, Information: Source

a high tower with a magnificent stand O-14 is located along the extension of Dubai Creek, occupying a prominent place in the court of the beach. With O-14, typology office towers have changed the inside out the structure and the skin should turn over to offer new economic phenomena and space structures. a building gives the best impression in history. The exoskeleton O-14 into the structure of vertical and lateral main to the building, letting the sheet column-free office for the range between minimum and core. By moving the lateral bracing to the building to the perimeter, core, which traditionally is enlarged to receive a lateral load in most office building curtain wall, can be minimized only the vertical load, utilities, and transportation. In addition, the curtain-wall tower configuration typical results that have a thick slab to carry the lateral nucleus, but in O-14 can be minimized only respond to span and vibration. Consequently, future tenants can arrange flexible floor space in accordance with their respective needs.

Page 2 of 19

Page 3 of 19

Sumber http://www.arcspace.com/architects/reiser_umemoto/o14/o14.html As of June 2008, the first five floors and exterior shell of O-14 have been cast, revealing the beginnings of the perforated concrete shell exoskeleton which, when finished, will surround the building in a lace-like veil. O-14 is a twenty-two story tall commercial tower perched on a two-story podium in the heart of Dubais Business Bay. Located along the extension of Dubai Creek O-14 occupies a prominent location on the waterfront esplanade.

Image courtesy Reiser + Umemoto

Image courtesy Reiser + Umemoto

The design of O-14 fundamentally shifts away from the architectural norm in current Dubai towers by eliminating the now obligatory curtain wall solutions and above ground parking, in favor of a shade-producing, concrete load-bearing shell and an open public space at the tower base achieved through below ground parking.

Image courtesy Reiser + Umemoto

Image courtesy Reiser + Umemoto

Even the steel reinforcement is fascinating as it must be woven together as if on a great loom. Jesse Reiser, Principal

Page 4 of 19

Super-liquid concrete is cast around this fine meshwork resulting in an elegant perforated exterior shell. The holes are achieved by introducing computer numerically cut polystyrene void forms into the rebar matrix, and sided with modular steel slip forms prior to the concrete pour. The concrete shell of O-14 provides an efficient structure that frees the core from the burden of lateral forces and creates highly efficient, column-free open spaces in the buildings interior.

Image courtesy Reiser + Umemoto

The shell is not only the structure of the building as it acts on the interiors as a sunscreen open to light, air, and views. The openings on the shell are modulated depending on structural requirements, Page 5 of 19

views, sun exposure, and luminosity. A space nearly one meter deep between the shell and the main enclosure creates a so-called chimney effect, a phenomenon whereby hot air has room to rise and effectively cools the surface of the glass windows behind the perforated shell. This passive solar technique essentially contributes to a natural component to the cooling system for O-14, thus reducing energy consumption and costs, just one of many innovative aspects of the buildings design.

Image courtesy Reiser + Umemoto

Photo courtesy Reiser + Umemoto

Photo courtesy Reiser + Umemoto

Photo courtesy Reiser + Umemoto

Page 6 of 19

Photo courtesy Reiser + Umemoto

Photo courtesy Reiser + Umemoto

Rendering courtesy Reiser + UmemotoElevations

Page 7 of 19

Rendering courtesy Reiser + UmemotoThird Level Plan with Terrace

Rendering courtesy Reiser + UmemotoTwentieth Floor Plan

Page 8 of 19

In addition to office tenants the building will contain upscale retail spaces at ground level as well as an elevated podium restaurant with spectacular views of Dubai Creek and the rest of the neighboring Dubai skyline.

Client: Creekside Development Corporation Architects: RUR Architecture Principals: Jesse Reiser + Nanako Umemoto Project Lead: Kutan Ayata Design Team: Mitsuhisa Matsunaga Roland Snooks Michael Young Jason Scroggin Tina Tung Cooper Mack Michael Overby Assistants and Interns: Raha Talebi, Yan Wai Chu Neil Cook Structural Engineer: Ysrael A. Seinuk Architect of Record: Erga Progress, Dubai, UAE Window Wall Cons.: R.A.Heintges & Associates General Contractor: Dubai Contracting Company (DCC)

Page 9 of 19

A Diamond Lattice ExoskeletonSumber : http://mathtourist.blogspot.com/2010_08_01_archive.html Among the tall buildings of Pittsburgh, the United Steelworkers Building stands out not for its height (only 13 stories) but for its dramatic diamond-lattice faade. The diamond grid is more than just decorative. The steel exterior walls represent the building's supporting structure; they serve as a load-bearing exoskeleton. Designed by the architectural firm Curtis and Davis and constructed in the early 1960s, this structure (then known as the IBM Building) was one of the first to have its load-bearing frame visible on the outsidea style regarded then as daring and innovative.

The design is a modern adaptation of a wooden framing scheme for covered bridges, patented in 1820 by U.S. architect Ithiel Town. His lattice trusses, made from diagonally positioned planks, replaced the heavy timbers required for more traditional, rectilinear bridge designs.

Photos by I. Peterson

Page 10 of 19

Amazing Opera House By Zaha HadidSumber : http://www.cumbu.com/amazing-opera-house-by-zaha-hadid/

This opera house has wonderful design from the architects.. this building is created based on the concept of free space and luxury. This building is very large that is enough for many people who will watch the show. The 70,000 sqm project consists of two solid geometric forms wrapped with a structural exoskeleton. The two components, with their similar form, color and shared structural expression, create a strong artistic expression to house the cultural center. This building also has concept of green and natural. This building is full of grass that makes this building friendly to the nature. This building is also complete with good lamp systems that make this building bright all the time. This building also has modern security system. For the main auditorium, Hadids concept has manifested itself in the form of fluid ribbons that wrap the main stage. The auditorium is also very wide and luxurious. Hadids angular exterior intentions are carried through the interiors, shaping dynamic gathering spaces and interstitial spaces. For all, this building is very amazing and interesting to visit.

Page 11 of 19

Beijings new National StadiumSumber : http://www.asce.org/Content.aspx?id=26060&css=print Over the centuries, the Olympic torch has come to symbolize much more than an athletic event. As the torch travels around the globe to the site of the next Olympic Games, it seems to embody the ideals and aspirations of an entire generation. Perhaps for this reason, the highest of expectations are placed on Olympic stadia, which are asked not only to host the games but somehow to embody their spirit. Carrying the torch this year is an iconic structure that boldly rises to those expectations: Beijings new National Stadium. By Jeff L. Brown

View Stock / Stock Connection On Friday, August 8, when the torch is lit and the games of the XXIX Olympiad begin, the eyes of the world will be on Beijings Olympic Green, a vast urban park on the north side of the city. Millions will watch the opening ceremony on television, but those fortunate enough to attend the games in person will enjoy the best views of all inside Chinas spectacular new National Stadium, where the Olympic torch will burn for the duration of the competition.

Even before entering the arena, athletes and onlookers from around the world will no doubt pause for a moment to enjoy the sight. Measuring 330 by 220 m and rising to a height of 69 m, the recently completed building is a major addition to Chinas capital city. The saddleshaped structuredesigned by a team comprising Herzog & de Meuron Architekten AG, of Basel, Switzerland, Arup, of London, and the China Architecture Design & Research Group, or CAG, of Beijingoccupies an area of 21 ha and contains 258,000 m2 of floor space. Its seating bowl accommodates 91,000 fans.Page 12 of 19

The stadiums porous facade gives spectators plenty of room to stop and enjoy the view; it also provides natural light and ventilation. Iwan Baan Photography/Herzog & de Meuron

Given its enormous size, the stadium could have been a faceless monolith, but fortunately it is quite the opposite. Its steel exterior, a dynamic arrangement of crisscrossing lines, evokes a sense of movement and excitement. Yet its gentle curves and lack of rectilinear forms also suggest tranquility and harmony with nature. In short, the building has a complex, magnet


View more >