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  • Earls Court ProjectRoyal Borough of Kensington & ChelseaApplication 1

    Prepared for EC Properties Ltdby WSP & Halcrow

    June 2011

    Properties

    Transport Assessment

  • 2 Earls Court Project Application 1 | Royal Borough of Kensington & Chelsea | Transport Assessment | June 2011 Properties

  • 3Earls Court Project Application 1 | Royal Borough of Kensington & Chelsea | Transport Assessment | June 2011Properties

    Application Document

    Cover Letter

    Planning Application Forms (including notices and certificates)

    Planning Application Fee

    Development Specification

    Parameter Plans

    Access Plans

    Community Engagement Report

    Design and Access Statement

    Design Guidelines

    Planning Statement

    Environmental Statement

    Non-Technical Summary

    Volume 1: Main Technical Chapters

    Volume 2: Townscape and Visual Impact Assessment (incorporating PPS5 Heritage Assessment)

    Volume 3: Technical Appendices

    Transport Assessment

    Retail and Leisure Assessment

    Office Assessment

    Housing Statement

    Sustainability Strategy

    Energy Strategy

    Waste Strategy

    Utilities and Services Infrastructure Strategy

    Cultural Strategy

    Estate Management Strategy

  • 4 Earls Court Project Application 1 | Royal Borough of Kensington & Chelsea | Transport Assessment | June 2011 Properties

  • 5Earls Court Project Application 1 | Royal Borough of Kensington & Chelsea | Transport Assessment | June 2011Properties

    Executive Summary 7

    Introduction 11

    Relevant Policy and Guidance 21

    Baseline Conditions Land Uses & Local Area 27

    Baseline Conditions Local Highway Network 29

    Baseline Conditions Public Transport 35

    Baseline Conditions - Walking & Cycling 41

    Trip Generation 47

    Demolition & Construction 51

    Impacts - Road Network 55

    Impacts Parking 61

    Impacts - Public Transport 63

    Impacts Walking and Cycling 69

    Mitigation 73

    Conclusions 77

    Contents

  • 6 Earls Court Project Application 1 | Royal Borough of Kensington & Chelsea | Transport Assessment | June 2011 Properties

  • 7Earls Court Project Application 1 | Royal Borough of Kensington & Chelsea | Transport Assessment | June 2011Properties

    Executive Summary This report is submitted in relation to the development proposals for the Earls Court Site. It forms part of a suite of documents that support two planning applications for the Earls Court Site. Planning Application 1 relates only to land within RBKC. Planning Application 2 relates to land within LBHF, plus a small area of land within RBKC, and is the subject of a separate Transport Assessment. This report is the Transport Assessment for Application 1, and it includes a comprehensive set of cumulative development scenarios as follows

    the RBKC Only Development Option (the Development, Application 1 only) and all committed developments plus background growth in 2021

    the RBKC Only Development Option and all committed developments plus background growth in combination with the Seagrave Road proposals in 2021

    the Site Wide Development Option (comprising Planning Applications 1 + 2) and all committed developments plus background growth in 2031

    the Site Wide Development Option and all committed developments plus background growth in combination with the Seagrave Road proposals in 2031.

    This Executive Summary focuses on the Development, with the cumulative implications of the Site Wide Development Option and the Seagrave Road proposals being addressed briefly under a separate heading at the end of this Executive Summary.

    The Proposals

    The Development has been guided by a sustainable transport strategy, which is to be realised through a combination of design and management measures.

    The site is currently impermeable and the Development addresses this by creating a permeable network of pedestrian and cyclist routes between Warwick Road and Old Brompton Road, and by facilitating a connection across the West London Line should Application 2 be implemented. This will improve connectivity and travel choices for the surrounding communities as well as for the new development

    The Development would provide a highly walkable environment, integrated with existing and improved walking and cycling routes to provide attractive and easy connections to and from the area.

    The Development would be an exemplar project to establish a cycling culture. It would encourage cycling by having a high standard of on-site cyclist facilities. In addition, provision is being made for two Barclays Cycle Hire stations to be established within the Development.

    The Development would include residential car parking in accordance with London Plan standards so that off-site parking pressures would not be generated on the surrounding roads. Meanwhile, non-residential parking would be constrained as part of the strategy to reduce the amount of cars being attracted into the Development.

    The on-site parking provision would meet the requirements of Blue Badge holders and provide for a Car Club to be established so that all occupiers had access to the shared use of pay-as-you-go vehicles. Provision is also made for electric vehicle charging at 20% of non-residential spaces and up to 40% of all residential parking spaces, with rapid charge points among the on-street parking spaces for the benefit of short stay visitors.

    A management strategy has been developed to encourage the efficient and sustainable movement of goods and deliveries. This would reduce the transport impacts associated with servicing so that goods and services can be delivered, and waste removed, in a safe, efficient and environmentally-friendly way

    The proposed accesses involve the modification and improvement of the existing accesses from Warwick Road and Old Brompton Road by modifying existing crossovers and reducing their width so that pedestrians benefit from an improved layout along the site frontages. The access layouts and proposed highway alterations have been the subject of Stage 1 Road Safety Audits. The Safety Audit recommendations have been reviewed, and they can all be addressed as the access designs progress towards more detailed layouts

    The internal road layout has been designed in line with Manual for Streets principles, along with TfL and RBKC guidance documents. The Design Guidelines for the Development include details such that pedestrians and cyclists are prioritised with permeable movement throughout the site encouraged by shared surface spaces with at-grade pedestrian crossings and routes.

    Overall, it is concluded that the Development proposals encourage sustainable travel patterns from the outset, and would be reinforced through the Framework Travel Plan measures.

  • 8 Earls Court Project Application 1 | Royal Borough of Kensington & Chelsea | Transport Assessment | June 2011 Properties

    Detailed mode-by-mode assessments have been carried out for all transport options and are summarised below for the highway network, underground rail, overground rail, buses, walking and cycling.

    Highway Network

    The proposed accesses have been modelled using PICADY (the standard software package for priority junctions) and the Warwick Road / Old Brompton Road and the A4 / Warwick Road junctions have been modelled using LINSIG (the standard software package for signalised junctions).

    The PICADY results indicate that the Warwick Road and West Brompton accesses would operate well within capacity, with a maximum queue of only two cars waiting to join Warwick Road and no queues forecast at the West Brompton access.

    The LINSIG results show that the A4 / Warwick Road and the Warwick Road / Old Brompton Road junctions would also have capacity to accommodate the Development.

    London Underground

    The site has good access to Earls Court and West Brompton stations, which provide a total of 78 and 24 services per hour respectively.

    The Piccadilly and District Lines are to be upgraded in line with the Mayors Transport Strategy commitment to deliver passenger capacity increases of up to 19% on the District Line and 30% on the Piccadilly Line.

    Analyses using TfLs Railplan model show that travel demand from the Development would result in a negligible change on the underground network in the 2021 assessment year.

    At Earls Court station, the gatelines at both ticket halls would run with sufficient capacity with the Development in 2021, so no ticket hall alterations would be required. Planning Application 1 includes re-commissioning the pedestrian tunnel entrance, accessed from the basement of the Earls Court Exhibition Centre. This would be of significant benefit to the station by reducing the number of passengers using the eastbound District Line platforms as a route to the Piccadilly Line platforms.

    West Brompton station would be able to accommodate the Development in 2021 without mitigation.

    Overground Rail

    The Development would improve the pedestrian crossing to West Brompton station, where London Overground and Southern Trains run approximately 10 two-way mainline trains per hour in the peak. The West London Line upgrade is being implemented and increases peak capacity by 97% northbound and 65% southbound.

    The Railplan analyses show that overground rail trips due to the Development would result in a negligible change from the 2021 Base (ie the situation in 2021 with no development).

    Buses

    The Railplan results for buses show that the 2021 Development demand levels would be comparable to, or below, the existing passenger nu