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Dutch BaroqueDutch Baroque
DUTCH FREEDOMThe Dutch succeeded in securing their independence from the Spanish in the late sixteenth century. Not until 1648, however, after years of continual border skirmishes with the Spanish were the northern Netherlands officially recognized as the United Provinces of the Netherlands ( The Dutch Republic ).
DUTCH MONEYAmsterdam had the highest per capita income in Europe. That city emerged as the financial center of Europe, having founded the Bank of Amsterdam in 1609.
DUTCH GOVERNMENTDue to this prosperity and the absence of an absolute ruler, political power increasingly passed into the hands of an urban patrician class of merchants and manufacturers, especially in cities such as Amsterdam, Haarlem, and Delft. That these bustling cities were all located in Holland ( the largest of the seven United Provinces ) perhaps explains why the name Holland is used informally to refer to the entire country.
DUTCH RELIGIONWhile Spain and the southern Netherlands were Catholic, the northern Netherlands were predominantly Protestant. The prevailing Calvinism demanded a puritanical rejection of art in churches, and thus artists produced relatively little religious art in the Dutch Republic at this time (especially when compared to areas dominated by Catholicism in the wake of the Counter- Reformation.)
Plebian PortraitsGenre Paintings0LandscapesStill Lifes
Frans Hals Frans Hals, Banquet of the Officers ofthe St George Militia Company, 1616.
Frans Hals. Officers and Sergeants of the St Hadrian Civic Guard. c. 1633.
Frans Hals. The Governors Of The Old Mena Almhouse At Haarlem, 1664.
Frans HalsBuffoon (Jester) Playing A Lute1623
Frans HalsThe Laughing Cavalier1624
Frans HalsThe Laughing Child1620-1625
Frans HalsThe Jolly Toper(or The Merry Drinker)1628-1630
Frans HalsLute Player WithWine Glass1626.
Frans HalsPortrait of Rene Descartres
c1649. Rembrandt van RijnSelf-Portrait1660
Rembrandt van Rijn, Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Tulp, 1632.
Rembrandt van RijnThe Nightwatch1642The Militia Company of Captain Frans Banning Cocq and of Lieutenant Willem van Ruytenburgh is more commonly known as Night Watch. This common title is , however, as misnomer- Night Watch is not a nocturnal scene.
Not your typical group portrait
Rembrandt van Rijn, The Syndics of the Clothmaker's Guild (The Staalmeesters) 1662.
Judith LeysterA Boy and a Girl with a Cat and an Eelc1635
Judith LeysterMan Offering A Woman Money1631
Judith LeysterBoy Playing a Flute1630
Jan SteenThe Feast of St. Nicholasc. 1660-65Oil on canvas
Jan VermeerThe LaceMaker1665-1670
Jan VermeerAllegory of the Art of Painting1670
Jan VermeerThe Letter1630
Jan VermeerThe Music Lesson1662-1665 Jan VermeerYoung Woman with a Water Pitcherc1665
Jan VermeerThe Guitar Player1670
Jan VermeerThe Kitchenmaidc1658
Jan VermeerGirl With a Pearl Earring1665
Willem Claez HedaStill Life with Oysters, c. 1640s
Pieter Claesz, Still Life with a Skull and a Writing Quill, 1628.
Willem Claez HedaStill Life with Tobacco, Wine and Pocket Watch , 1637.
Willem Claez HedaBanquet Piece with Mince Pie, 1635 .
Jan van Goyen, View of Dordrecht from the Dordtse Kil, 1644
Jakob Van Ruisdael, Benthein Castle, 1653.
Salomon van Ruisdael, View of Deventer Seen from the North-West, 1657.
Jan Vermeer, View of Delft, c1661.
Jakob Ruisdael, Landscape With Church and Village, 1665-70.
Jacob van Ruisdael, Windmill at Wijk-bij-Duurst-ede, c1665.