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  • i

    Development of a California Geospatial Intermodal Freight

    Transport Model with Cargo Flow Analysis

    Contract No.: 07-314

    Principal Investigator:

    James J. Corbett, PhD.

    University of Delaware

    Co-Principal Investigators:

    J. Scott Hawker, PhD.

    Rochester Institute of Technology

    James J. Winebrake, PhD.

    Rochester Institute of Technology

    12/6/2010

    Prepared for the California Air Resources Board and the California Environmental Protection Agency

  • ii

    DISCLAIMER

    The statements and conclusions in this Report are those of the contractor and not necessarily those of the California Air Resources Board. The mention of commercial products, their source, or their use in connection with material reported herein is not to be construed as actual or implied endorsement of such products.

  • iii

    ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

    The following individuals contributed to this research report:

    Richard Billings, Eastern Research Group James J. Corbett, University of Delaware Arindam Ghosh, Rochester Institute of Technology J. Scott Hawker, Rochester Institute of Technology Karl F. Korfmacher, Rochester Institute of Technology Earl E. Lee, University of Delaware Jordan A. Silberman, GIS Consulting James J. Winebrake, Rochester Institute of Technology

    This Report was submitted in fulfillment of contract 07-314, Development of a California Geospatial Intermodal Freight Transport Model with Cargo Flow Analysis, by The University of Delaware and Rochester Institute of Technology under the partial sponsorship of the California Air Resources Board. Work was completed as of November 15, 2010.

  • iv

    Table of Contents List of Figures .............................................................................................................................................. viList of Tables .............................................................................................................................................. viiAbstract ...................................................................................................................................................... viiiExecutive Summary ..................................................................................................................................... ix1 Introduction ........................................................................................................................................... 1

    1.1 Project Purpose ............................................................................................................................. 11.2 Background ................................................................................................................................... 2

    2 Methodology ......................................................................................................................................... 22.1 Overview ....................................................................................................................................... 22.2 The GIFT Model ........................................................................................................................... 42.3 Structure of the GIFT Model ........................................................................................................ 6

    2.3.1 Transportation Costs .......................................................................................................... 72.3.2 Transportation Network Geospatial Data ............................................................................ 102.3.3 Intermodal Facilities Geospatial Data ................................................................................. 112.3.4 Operational Characteristics ................................................................................................. 122.3.5 Modeling Rail Dwell Times ................................................................................................ 142.3.6 Origin- Destination Freight Flow Data ............................................................................... 15

    2.4 Evaluation of the freight flow origination and destination and volume model ........................... 163 Case Study .......................................................................................................................................... 18

    3.1 Data Sources ............................................................................................................................... 193.1.1 Cambridge Systematics Origin-Destination Database ........................................................ 193.1.2 Port Container Data ............................................................................................................. 19

    3.2 Assumptions for the Model ......................................................................................................... 203.2.1 Emission rates ..................................................................................................................... 213.2.2 Assumptions for Intermodal Transfers ................................................................................ 223.2.3 Travel Time ......................................................................................................................... 23

    4 Case Study Results .............................................................................................................................. 244.1 Least-time Route Emissions ........................................................................................................ 244.2 Least-CO2 Route Emissions ........................................................................................................ 274.3 Comparison of Emissions across Scenarios ................................................................................ 30

    5 Case Study Discussion ........................................................................................................................ 326 Summary and Conclusions.................................................................................................................. 337 Recommendations ............................................................................................................................... 348 References ........................................................................................................................................... 35Glossary ...................................................................................................................................................... 38APPENDIX A: Data Summary Sheets for Mobile Sources ........................................................................ 40APPENDIX B: Using the Model in Case Study ....................................................................................... 112

    How to Run a Multiple OD-Pair Route Analysis in ArcGIS Network Analyst .................................... 112Importing Multiple OD Sets into Network Analyst (METHOD 1) ...................................................... 112Importing Multiple OD Sets into Network Analyst (METHOD 2) ..................................................... 113Adding in CFS Freight Totals, Weights, and Destination Estimated TEUs ......................................... 115Add Network Analyst Traversal Result To ArcMap ............................................................................ 116Creating Unique IDs for the Edge Features .......................................................................................... 118Calculating the Number of Times a Network Segment is Used for a Given Port Analysis .................. 118

    APPENDIX C: Recommended Emissions, Cost and Energy Data Sources ............................................. 121APPENDIX D: Validating Intermodal Facilities ...................................................................................... 123

  • v

    APPENDIX E: Calculating Emissions from First Principles ................................................................... 127APPENDIX F: Creation of Origin-Destination Volume Flow Model ...................................................... 130

    Approach 1 Distributing Freight at the CSA/MSA Level ................................................................... 136Approach 2 Distributing Freight at the County Level ....................................................................... 136Approach 3 Distributing Freight at the Sub-County Level ................................................................ 139

    APPENDIX G: Cambridge Systematics Inc FAF2 Disaggregation Methodology ................................... 147

  • vi

    List of Figures

    Figure 1. Example Freight Network from A to B .................................................................................. 3Figure 2. The GIFT Intermodal network ...................................................................................................... 4Figure 3. Connecting Road, Rail and Waterway networks at Intermodal Facilities ..................................... 5Figure 4. Intermodal Freight Transport Model Example .............................................................................. 6Figure 5. Structure and Use of the GIFT Model ........................................................................................... 7Figure 6. "Cost" attributes associated with transportation network segments .............................................. 8Figure 7. Tool to define and manage case study analysis values. ................................................................ 9Figure 8. Computing Emissions and Energy from First Principles .........................

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