Are You addicted?
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DESCRIPTIONAre You addicted?. Substance Use and College Life. Trends. Binge drinking is 5 or more drinks in a row. Over 20% of high school seniors report having binge drank in the last two weeks. Monitoring the Future Survey, 2012. Trends. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
Are You addicted?
Substance Use and College LifeAre You addicted?Binge drinking is 5 or more drinks in a row. Over 20% of high school seniors report having binge drank in the last two weeks.Monitoring the Future Survey, 2012
TrendsTrendsAround 40% of college students engage in binge drinking frequently enough that they might qualify for the diagnosis Alcohol Use Disorder the proposed diagnosis for the DSM 5. TrendsIn 2010, approximately 10% more college students consumed alcohol in the past 30 days than non-college students in the same age group. (63% vs. 52%)Since 2002 there has been a slight increase in binge drinking and drinking and driving amongst college students.Hart & Ksir, 2013Approximately 45% of high school seniors report having used marijuana before graduation.
TrendsTrendsApproximately 7% report using marijuana daily.Monitoring the Future SurveyThese numbers are expected to be equal or higher for college students.Approximately 24% of high school seniors report lifetime use of any other illicit drug other than marijuana.Monitoring the Future Survey
TrendsCommon drugs of abuse on college campuses excluding Marijuana include Amphetamines (Adderall, Ritalin, etc) Prescription pain medication, Xanax,, and Cocaine.
TrendsCollege StressCollege students experience Acute Stress (Midterm / Final Exams).College students experience Chronic Stress (Competitive nature of college / getting into Grad School).Substance use may be perceived as a way to cope with this stress,But, it eventually may become a stressor in itself.Campus LivingThe frequency of binge drinking more than doubles when high school seniors go off to college, moving out of their parents home.There is very little change for those who live at home and commute when transitioning from high school to college.Steinberg, L.Are You Addicted?The use of a substance within a given year that results in three or more of the following (DSM-IV-TR, 2004):Tolerance;Withdrawal;Increased consumption over a longer period of time than intended;A continued desire to cut down or control use;A lot of effort given toward obtaining the substance;Social, work, or recreational activities diminish as a result of use;Use continues despite having recurrent physical and psychological problems.Are You Addicted?Michigan Alcoholism Screening Testhttp://counsellingresource.com/lib/quizzes/drug-testing/alcohol-mast/Self test, reliable, high validityAre You Addicted?CAGE:Have you ever felt you should cut down on your drinking?Have people annoyed you by criticizing your drinking?Have you ever felt bad or guilty about your drinking?Have you ever had a drink first thing in the morning to steady nerves or get rid of a hangover?
Scoring: Two or three affirmative answers indicate a drinking problem. Four positive answers indicate alcoholism.Do you ever use alone?Have you ever substituted one drug for another, thinking that one particular drug was the problem?Have you ever manipulated or lied to a doctor to obtain prescription drugs?Have you ever stolen drugs or stolen to obtain drugs?Do you regularly use a drug when you wake up or when you go to bed?Have you ever taken one drug to overcome the effects of another?Do you avoid people or places that do not approve of you using drugs?Have you ever used a drug without knowing what it was or what it would do to you?Has your job or school performance ever suffered from the effects of your drug use?The Narcotics Anonymous Am I An Addict Brochure Questions:Red highlighting for discussion purposes only.Have you ever been arrested as a result of using drugs?Have you ever lied about what or how much you use?Do you put the purchase of drugs ahead of your financial responsibilities?Have you ever tried to stop or control your using?Have you ever been in a jail, hospital, or drug rehabilitation center because of your using?Does using interfere with your sleeping or eating?Does the thought of running out of drugs terrify you?Do you feel it is impossible for you to live without drugs?Do you ever question your own sanity?Is your drug use making life at home unhappy?The Narcotics Anonymous Am I An Addict Brochure Questions:Have you ever thought you couldnt fit in or have a good time without drugs?Have you ever felt defensive, guilty, or ashamed about your using?Do you think a lot about drugs?Have you had irrational or indefinable fears?Has using affected your sexual relationships?Have you ever taken drugs you didnt prefer?Have you ever used drugs because of emotional pain or stress?Have you ever overdosed on any drugs?Do you continue to use despite negative consequences?Do you think you might have a drug problem?The Narcotics Anonymous Am I An Addict Brochure Questions:Are You Addicted?Addiction isnt exclusively about substances.Many who work in the field of addiction treatment recognize Process AddictionsProcess Addictions include Exercise, Gambling, Sex, Shopping, Food, and Internet addictions, among potential others.Berry, Ramnath, 2012Are You Addicted?Do you have an excessive preoccupation with the activity?Do you experience tension, buildup, or anxiety prior to engaging in the activity?Do you experience euphoria, excitement, relief, or gratification during or after engagement?Have social, academic, or occupational roles been affected by this behavior?Do you continue to engage in these activities despite negative consequences?Are you unable to stop the behavior?Berry, Ramnath, 2012ReferencesAmerican Psychiatric Association. (2000). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th ed., text rev.). Berry, W.; Ramnath, R. (2012). Addiction: a human experience.Hart, C.; Ksir, C. (2013). Drugs, society, and human behavior; (15th edition)Monitoring The Future Survey. (2012). The University of Michigan. Retrieved from: http://www.monitoringthefuture.org/data/data.htmlNarcotics Anonymous Brochure Am I an addict.Steinberg, L. (2011). Adolescence.Szalavitz, M.(2013). Mental health manual changes may turn binge drinkers into mild alcoholics. TIME.com. Retrieved from: http://www.cnn.com/2013/01/24/health/dsm-alcohol-time/index.html?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=feed&utm_campaign=Feed:+rss/cnn_health+(RSS:+Health)&utm_content=Google+ReaderPhoto Credit Alexi Berry