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  • Amphibian Alert! _____________________________________________________

    A PUBLICATION OF THE WORLD CONSERVATION UNION (IUCN)/SPECIES SURVIVAL COMMISSION (SSC)

    DECLINING AMPHIBIAN POPULATION TASK FORCE AND THE

    AMERICAN ASSOCIATION OF ZOOS AND AQUARIUMS (AZA) AMPHIBIAN TAXON ADVISORY GROUP

    In Partnership with Seneca Park Zoo Society

    Rochester, NY

    Project Administrators

    John Scott Foster, Ph.D. Curator of Education and Interpretation

    Seneca Park Zoo Society Rochester, NY

    Karen S. Graham, DAPTF Education Coordinator

    Curator of Herpetology Sedgwick County Zoo,

    Wichita, KS

    MAJOR FUNDING FOR THIS INITIATIVE WAS PROVIDED BY THE ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY

    SEED FUNDS WERE DONATED BY THE

    AZA AMPHIBIAN TAXON ADVISORY GROUP (ATAG)

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    ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

    Editors Margaret Bolick, Ph.D. Assistant Professor of Education Texas A&M Corpus Cristi, TX Trey Harrison Educator El Dorado High School El Dorado, KS

    Tony Murphy, Ph.D. Former Director, Thousand Friends of Frogs Project Education Department College of St. Catherine St. Paul, MN

    Stan Orchard National Coordinator, The Frogs! Project World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) Sydney, Australia Andy Snider Curator of Herpetology Detroit Zoo Detroit, MI

    Curriculum Development/ Manual Design Nancy A. Hotchkiss, MAT-ED The following people contributed valuable expertise, advice, and assistance to the project: Diane Callaway, Fort Worth Zoo, Ft. Worth, TX James B Murphy, Smithsonian Research Associate, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. Kevin Wright, DVM, Amphibian Taxon Advisory Group (ATAG) Chair, Curator of Ectotherms, Phoenix Zoo, AZ The following have generously donated materials for use with the Amphibian Alert! Curriculum: Curriculum Materials Tennessee Aquarium Sedgwick County Zoo Hamline University, Center for Global

    Environmental Education John G. Shedd Aquarium Roger Williams Zoo Zoological Society of Florida

    Media Donations National Geographic - video National Aquarium in Baltimore - magazine Toronto Zoo - poster Friends of the National Zoo - magazine Keith Coleman - frog recordings

    Photo Credits: These slides are to be used in conjunction with Amphibian Alert! only and cannot be reproduced without permission from the originating photographer Will Brown William Leonard Ronald A Nussbaum R. Andrew Odum Rick Reed Marvalee Wake

    Suzanne L. Collins, CNAAR Jim Marlett, Sedgwick County Zoo Dant Fenolio, Amphibia Research Group K.S. Graham, Sedgwick County Zoo George Grall, National Aquarium in Baltimore R.G. Sprackland, Virtual Museum of Natural History at curator.com

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    This publication was funded in part by the United States Environmental protection Agency (EPA) under grant number NE-82757201. The contents of this document do not necessarily reflect the views and policies of the EPA, nor does mention of trade names or commercial products constitute an endorsement or recommendation for use.

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    Dear Educator Welcome to Amphibian Alert! This curriculum aims to teach children what amphibians are and why amphibian population declines are important to scientists and communities throughout the world. The amphibian decline dilemma represents an outstanding opportunity for educators to introduce into the classroom a real-world problem that is being addressed by science. You need not be a science specialist to teach the Amphibian Alert! curriculum. The enclosed packet contains:

    Background information for educators Three slide presentations Audio and video tapes The Salamander Room by Anne Mazer Sample posters and reading material Classroom lesson plans Field activities

    The curriculum targets age groups from grades 2-5 (ages 7 11). However, many activities can easily be adapted for other ages and ability levels. The activities herein meet several of the content standards as outlined in the National Science Education Standards. The major thematic concepts woven into the activities are:

    1. What are the characteristics of amphibians? 2. What characteristics put them at risk? 3. What is happening to amphibian populations worldwide? 4. Why should we be concerned, and what can we do?

    Frogs are well loved by children, yet traditionally very little is taught in classrooms about frogs and other amphibians. Textbooks generally afford them very little space and we as adults greatly underestimate their role in nature. Meanwhile, these small but charming and ecologically important animals are disappearing from our world. Through Amphibian Alert!, children can learn that some current human activities have caused unforeseen problems for amphibians and that by changing our habits we can begin to live more harmoniously with these animals and the rest of the natural world. You are welcome to reproduce any of the classroom lesson plans and field activities with credit to the originating institution and Amphibian Alert!. We welcome your comments and suggestions for additional activities that may be included in future publication. Feel free to contact us at kgraham@scz.org.

    - DAPTF and AZA Amphibian TAG Education Committees

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    Amphibian Alert! Table of Contents

    Background Reading and Audio-Visual Programs:

    1) National Science Education Standards Content Alignment page 5 2) Activity Summaries page 7 3) Teaching Science page 8 4) Whats an Amphibian? Page 9 5) Amphibian Alert! Vocabulary page 10 6) Whats happening to Amphibian Populations Worldwide? (DATPF) page 12 7) Zoo and Aquarium Efforts to Conserve Amphibian Species page 14 8) Slide Presentation #1- Meet the Amphibians page 16 9) Slide Presentation #2- Life Part One: Eggs and Larvae page 19 10) Slide Presentation #3- Adults and Habitats page 21 11) The Last Frog National Geographic Production page 23

    Classroom Lesson Plans /Activities:

    1) Amazing Amphibians page 24 2) From Polliwog to Frog page 37 3) Tadpole Twist page 40 4) Stripes and Spots, Lines and Dots page 44 5) Creating Your own " Salamander Room" page 46 6) Frog Leg Theater page 48 7) Soak It Up: Amphibian Skin page 51 8) Postcards from the Pond page 53 9) Caller ID- The Frog Mating Game page 55 10) Back to the Pond Habitat Fragmentation page 58 11) The Case of the Disappearing Frogs page 61 12) Lost Your Marbled Salamanders Board Game page 63 13) Where in the World are Amphibians Going? Page 66

    Field/Conservation Activities:

    1) Taking Advantage of Local Resources page 74 2) Nature is my Neighbor page 75 3) Creating a Frog-friendly Schoolyard page 77 4) Get Involved in Frogwatch USA and Other Counts page 79 5) Resources and Websites page 80

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    Amphibian Alert! National Science Education Standards Content Standards Alignment

    In 1995, the National Academy Press published the first edition of National Science Education Standards (NSES). The project was directed by the National Research Council, and included many distinct organizations, including the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, the Institute of Medicine, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, and the U.S. Department of Education. The purpose of the NSES document is to provide vision and pathways for all entities involved in science education. Some school districts require teachers to provide links to the NSES standards and so, for your convenience, we have provided you with a quick reference to these standards and a table which allows you to see at a glance which standards are met by each activity within the Amphibian Alert! curriculum. Amphibian Alert! is intended for grades 2-5. NSES Content Standards are divided into the following grades: K-4, 5-8, and 9-12. The table below specifically references the K-4 standards presented in NSES. However, if you teach grades 5-8, the same content standards should apply. The NSES publication (ISBN 0-309-05326-9) can be viewed at http://books.nap.edu/html/nses/html/index.html. A bound, paperback copy can be purchased from the National Academy Press, 2101 Constitution Avenue, N.W., Washington, D.C. 20418; tel. (202) 334-3313 or 1-800-624-6242.

    NSES K-4 CONTENT STANDARDS CONTENT STANDARD A: SCIENCE AS INQUIRY

    As a result of activities in grades K-4, all students should develop: Abilities necessary to do scientific inquiry Understanding about scientific inquiry

    CONTENT STANDARD B: PHYSICAL SCIENCE

    As a result of activities in grades K-4, all students should develop an understanding of: Properties of objects and materials Position and motion of objects Light, heat, electricity, and magnetism

    CONTENT STANDARD C: LIFE SCIENCE

    As a result of activities in grades K-4, all students should develop understanding of: The characteristics of organisms Life cycles of organisms Organisms and environments

    CONTENT STANDARD D: EARTH AND SPACE SCIENCE

    As a result of activities in grades K-4, all students should develop an understanding of: Properties of earth materials Objects in the sky Changes in the e