7 Steps to Better Charts

Download 7 Steps to Better Charts

Post on 14-Nov-2014

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Data & Analytics

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DESCRIPTION

Seven simple steps to clean up Excel graphs to make them look professional and tell your story more quickly.

TRANSCRIPT

  • 1. Better graphs in seven steps 1. Select your story and decide on type of chart 3. Directly label (no unnecessary legends) 2. Reduce the clutter 4. Emphasize your message with color 5. Summarize your story in the title 6. Check your work 7. Share Adapted from Ann K. Emery annkemery.com (Powerpoint and Excel are OK!)

2. 25% 44% 58% 77% 21% 22% 14% 2% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% IQ 1 IQ 2 IQ 3 IQ 4 UID RSBY Figure 1: UID and RSBY coverage rates, as of 2013 (not weighted for population size) 2. Reduce the clutter 3. 25% 44% 58% 77% 21% 22% 14% 2% IQ 1 IQ 2 IQ 3 IQ 4 UID RSBY Figure 1: UID and RSBY coverage rates, as of 2013 (not weighted for population size) 2. Reduce the clutter 4. 25% 44% 58% 77% 21% 22% 14% 2% IQ 1 IQ 2 IQ 3 IQ 4 UID RSBY Figure 1: UID and RSBY coverage rates, as of 2013 (not weighted for population size) 2. Reduce the clutter 5. 25% 44% 58% 77% 21% 22% 14% 2% IQ 1 IQ 2 IQ 3 IQ 4 UID RSBY Figure 1: UID and RSBY coverage rates, as of 2013 (not weighted for population size) 2. Reduce the clutter 6. 25% 44% 58% 77% 21% 22% 14% 2% IQ 1 IQ 2 IQ 3 IQ 4 Figure 1: UID and RSBY coverage rates, as of 2013 (not weighted for population size) 2. Reduce the clutter (dont worry) 7. 25% 44% 58% 77% 21% 22% 14% 2% IQ 1 IQ 2 IQ 3 IQ 4 Figure 1: UID and RSBY coverage rates, as of 2013 (not weighted for population size) 3. Directly label RSBY UID 8. 25% 44% 58% 77% 21% 22% 14% 2% Figure 1: UID and RSBY coverage rates, as of 2013 (not weighted for population size) 3. Directly label RSBY UID Income quartile 1 Income quartile 2 Income quartile 3 Income quartile 4 9. 25% 44% 58% 77% 21% 22% 14% 2% Figure 1: UID and RSBY coverage rates, as of 2013 (not weighted for population size) 4. Emphasize your message with color RSBY UID Income quartile 1 Income quartile 2 Income quartile 3 Income quartile 4 10. 25% 44% 58% 77% 21% 22% 14% 2% Figure 1: UID and RSBY coverage rates, as of 2013 (not weighted for population size) 4. Emphasize your message with color RSBY UID Income quartile 1 Income quartile 2 Income quartile 3 Income quartile 4 11. 25% 44% 58% 77% 21% 22% 14% 2% 5. Summarize your story in the title RSBY UID Income quartile 1 Income quartile 2 Income quartile 3 Income quartile 4 Figure 1: UID coverage in poor states lags far behind rich states; the same is not true for RSBY. Rates as of 2013 (not weighted for population size) 12. Before After 13. 6. Check your work (pt 1: the squint test) UID 14. 6. Check your work (pt 2: second opinions) 15. 506px 285px 7. Share 16. 25% 44% 58% 77% 21% 22% 14% 2% Figure 1: UID coverage rates in poor states are far behind those in rich states; the same is not true for RSBY. Rates as of 2013 (not weighted for population size) Income quartile 1 Income quartile 2 Income quartile 3 Income quartile 4 RSBY UID 7. Share 17. 25% 44% 58% 77% 21% 22% 14% 2% Figure 1: UID coverage rates in poor states are far behind those in rich states; the same is not true for RSBY. Rates as of 2013 (not weighted for population size) Income quartile 1 Income quartile 2 Income quartile 3 Income quartile 4 RSBY UID 7. Share 18. 7. Share 19. Aaron Fulkerson / Wikimedia Commons Graphical excellence is nearly always multivariate 20. 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% 0 20,000 40,000 60,000 80,000 100,000 120,000 Quartile 1 Quartile 2 Quartile 3 Quartile 4 GDP per capita Tufte-esque UID enrollment is high in rich states, but poorand populous states are lagging behind 21. Samples Before After 22. Samples Before After 23. Samples Before After 24. Resources CGD colors: teal 0, 107, 119 RGB yellow 255, 187, 54 RGB Ann K. Emery annkemery.com www.storytellingwithdata.com www.edwardtufte.com/tufte 25. Excel graph