1407424167 harding, d. harding d dissertation 2014

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  • 1

    The Future Role of the Quantity Surveyor and the impact of

    the New Rules of Measurement.

    Debs Harding

    MSc QUANTITY SURVEYING

    SCHOOL OF THE BUILT ENVIRONMENT

    APRIL 2014

    Matriculation No: 061137095

  • 2

    Declaration

    I .. confirm that this work submitted for

    assessment is my own and is expressed in my own words. Any use made

    within it of the works of other authors in any form (eg. Ideas, equations,

    figures, text, tables and programmes) are properly acknowledged at the

    point of their use. A full list if the references employed has been included.

    Signed:

    Date:

  • 3

    Table of Contents

    Declaration 2

    Contents 3

    Abstract 7

    Acknowledgments 8

    List of Tables and Illustrations 9

    Glossary of Abbreviations 11

    Chapter 1 Introduction 12

    1.1 Introduction 12

    1.2 Rationale 13

    1.3 Research Proposal 15

    1.4 Aims and objectives 15

    1.5 Research Methodology 16

    1.6 Research Structure 18

    Chapter 2 2.1 Introduction 18

    2.2 Parties involved in a Construction Project 18

    2.3 The Construction Supply Chain 19

    2.4 The Composition of the Construction

    Industry 20

    2.4.1 Contracting 20

    2.4.2 Services 21

    2.4.3 Products 22

    2.5 The Importance of the Construction

    Industry 23

  • 4

    2.6 The Significance of the various Industry

    Reports 24

    2.6.1 Latham Report (1994) 24

    2.6.2 Levene Report (1995) 25

    2.6.3 The Egan Report (1998) 25

    2.6.4 Modernising Construction (2001) 25

    2.6.5 The follow up to Egan 27

    2.6.6 The Wolstenholme Report (2009) 28

    2.7 RICS Reports carried out between 1967

    and 1981 30

    2.7.1 RICS (1967) 30

    2.7.2 RICS (1971) 31

    2.7.3 RICS (1983) 32

    2.7.4 RICS (1991) 32

    2.7.5 RICS (1998) 33

    2.8 The Initial Role of the Quantity Surveyor 34

    2.9 The Current Role of the Quantity Surveyor 35

    2.10 SMM7 and the need for change 38

    2.11 The New Rules of Measurement 41

    2.11.1 NRM 1 41

    2.11.2 NRM 2 45

  • 5

    2.11.3 NRM 3 47

    2.12 The Black Book 48

    2.13 Building Information Modelling (BIM) 49

    2.14 Summary 49

    Chapter 3 Data Analysis 50

    3.1 Introduction 50

    3.2 Research Aims 50

    3.3 Types of Data Collection 50

    3.3.1 Qualitative Data 51

    3.3.2 Quantitive Data 51

    3.4 Primary and Secondary Data 51

    3.5 Research Methods 51

    3.6 Questionnaire 1 52

    3.6.1 Parties in Question 1 52

    3.7 Questionnaire 2 52

    3.7.2 Parties in Question 2 53

    3.8 Interviews 53

    3.9 Telephone Interviews 54

    3.9.1 Telephone Interview

    Participants 54

  • 6

    Chapter 4 Analysis of Data 55

    4.1 Introduction 55

    4.2 The Questionnaire 55

    4.3 Interview Results 73

    4.4 Software 81

    4.5 Education 83

    Chapter 5 Evaluation of Data 84

    5.01 Introduction 84

    5.02 The Construction Industry the

    Various Industry and RICS Reports 84

    5.03 The Role of the QS 86

    5.04 Methods of Measurement SMM7 & NRM 87

    Chapter 6 Conclusion 89

    6.01 Introduction 89

    6.02 Objective 1 89

    6.03 Objective 2 90

    6.04 Objective 3 91

    6.05 Objective 4 92

    6.06 Objective 5 93

    6.07 Research Gap 93

  • 7

    Abstract

    The Role of the Quantity Surveyor is very complex and involves many disciplines and

    personal traits. As a result of changes, within the Economy and the Construction

    Industry, the role is constantly being adapted and changed. Following a period of

    review and discussion, The Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors introduced the

    New Rules of Measurement to assist in the preparation of cost plans and measurements.

    Measurement is still an important part of the Quantity Surveyors role, however, the

    preparation of cost advice is equally as important. Over the past 10 years or so, a new

    breed of Quantity Surveyor has emerged who is commercially aware and plays an

    essential role in day-to-day running of construction project. The Contractors Quantity

    Surveyor is now a key member of the Project Team.

  • 8

    Acknowledgements

    I would firstly like to thank my late mum and dad for their love support and

    encouragement that has lead me along this path, may you both rest in peace. I would

    also like to thank God for giving me the inner strength to take the path that has finally

    enabled me to complete my studies. I would like to thank all my friends, and

    neighbours for their support and encouragement, friends are the family that we chose

    for ourselves and without good friends I would not have achieved my ultimate aim to

    complete this dissertation. Special thanks to Dr Fiona Grant for her help and

    encouragement in helping me to achieve something that I never thought I would.

    Special thanks to my beloved boy Becks who has encouraged me in his own special

    way.

  • 9

    List of Tables and Illustrations.

    Figure 1 Diagrammatical mind map of Dissertation.

    Figure 2 The Construction Supply Chain.

    Figure 3 The Composition of the UK Construction Sector.

    Figure 4 United Kingdom GDP Growth Rate.

    Figure 5 National Audit Office Analysis if Latham, Levene and Egan.

    Figure 6 Factors Required for Better Construction Performance.

    Figure 7 The Key Recommendations of Accelerating Change.

    Figure 8 Survey response on the benefits since Egan.

    Figure 9 The Role of the Quantity Surveyor.

    Figure 10 Contents of SMM& compared to NRM2.

    Figure 11 NRM Suite of Documents.

    Figure 12 Logic and arrangement of cost data structure used by NRM1 and the

    updated BCIS SFCA Level 1 and 2.

    Figure 13 The RICS formal cost estimating and cost planning stages in context

    with the RIBA Plan of Work and OGC Gateways.

    Figure 14 Pie chart showing responses to question 1

    Figure 15 Bar chart showing responses to question 2

    Figure 16 Bar chart showing responses to question 3

    Figure 17 Bar chart showing responses to question 4

    Figure 18 Bar chart showing responses to question 5

    Figure 19 Pie chart showing responses to question 6

    Figure 20 Pie chart showing responses to questions 7

    Figure 21 Bar chart showing responses to question 8 and 9

  • 10

    Figure 22 Pie chart showing responses to question 10

    Figure 23 Bar chart showing responses to question 11

    Figure 24 Pie chart showing responses to question 12

    Figure 25 Bar chart showing responses to question 13

    Figure 26 Pie chart showing responses to question 14

    Figure 27 Pie chart showing responses to question 15

    Figure 28 Pie chart showing responses to question 16a

    Figure 29 Bar chart showing responses to question 16b

    Figure 30 Pie chart showing responses to question 16c

    Figure 31 Pie chart showing responses software question 3

  • 11

    Glossary of Abbreviations

    QS Quantity Surveyor

    CI Construction Industry

    RICS Royal Institution of Builders

    CIOB Chartered Institute of Builders

    NRM New Rules of Measurement

    NRM 1 New Rules of Measurement 1

    NRM 2 New Rules of Measurement 2

    NRM 3 New Rules of Measurement 3

    SMM Standard Method of Measurement

    SMM7 Standard of Method of Measurement Seventh Edition

    SMM6 Standard of Method of Measurement Sixth Edition

    BIM Building Information Modelling

    CDM Construction Design and Management

    UK United Kingdom

    BCIS Building Cost Information

    SFCA Standard Form of Cost Analysis

    M & E Mechanical and Electrical

    OGC Office of Government Commerce

  • 12

    Chapter One Introduction

    1.1 Introduction

    The purpose of this chapter is to give an overview of the dissertation. The rationale is

    detailed, followed by the research proposal, the aims and objectives set out, research

    methodology given and finally a breakdown of the chapters detailed.

    Figure 1: Diagrammatical Mind Map of Dissertation

  • 13

    1.2 Rationale

    The role of the Quantity Surveyor (QS) and the Construction Industry (CI) have both

    been through significant change over the past 30 years. Long before the recent

    recession, and as far back as the recession of the early eighties, it was widely known

    that the CI had been labelled by Clients, The Government and the Public as having a

    poor image with many projects over running in both cost and time. In an attempt to

    resolve this, several industry reports were commissioned namely: The Latham Report

    Constructing the Team (1994), The Egan Report Rethinking Construction (1998),

    Modernising Construction (2001) National Audit Office, Egan Report Accelerating

    Change (2002) and The Wolstenholme Report (2009). In the late 1960s and early

    1970s, The Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors (RICS) noticed that Quantity

    Surveying as a profession