workplace hazards. review what are the different types of workplace hazards? physical –...
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Post on 26-Dec-2015
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- Slide 1
- Workplace Hazards
- Slide 2
- Review What are the different types of workplace hazards? Physical electrical, tripping, heights, etc. Biological mould, insect bites, etc. Chemical paints, fumes, flammables, etc. Ergonomic heavy lifting, poor lighting, etc Psychosocial stress, rude/violent customers.
- Slide 3
- All hazards are not equal Hazards can be classified as: Immediate work needs to stop Examples: toxic spills, broken machinery Non-immediate becomes a hazard after long- term exposure Examples: poor posture, repetitive action
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- Who is responsible? Both the employer and the employee are responsible for identifying hazards. As an employee, what do you do? The 3 Rs Recognize be aware of your surroundings Report if you cant fix, report the problem so it can be fixed Remove/resolve employers responsibility and you dont have to work until the hazard is gone
- Slide 5
- How workers are protected from hazards The Ontario Occupational Health and Safety Act (Ontario Ministry of Labour) says that workers have the: Right to Know about workplace health and safety hazards Right to Participate in matters affecting their health and safety through representation on the JHSC Right to Refuse unsafe work The Law also protects workers from REPRISALS (demotion, suspension, termination) for exercising these rights.
- Slide 6
- According to the act. Employers are responsible for. Providing a safe work environment Educate workers about safety Supervisors must. Ensure that employee use protective measures Advise employees of dangers Workers must.. Wear protective gear Report any danger
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- What can you do? 1.Identify the hazards 2.Get information from employer 3. Wear personal protective equipment Examples?
- Slide 8
- Personal Protective Equipment
- Slide 9
- Types of PPE Hearing protection where noise >85 decibels (e.g. earplugs, ear muffs) Respiratory protection different kinds for different situations (dusts and fumes disposable; chemical cartridge respirators for gases and organic vapours they are hazard specific)
- Slide 10
- Respiratory protection contd: Supplied air respirators highly toxic, oxygen lacking
- Slide 11
- PPE continued Eye protection flying objects, particles, liquids, etc. Could include safety glasses, goggles or full-face protection Foot protection protection from puncture wounds (e.g. steel-toed boots) Hand protection depends on the hazard (cotton, leather, rubber or gloves made of other materials) Head protection possibility of head injury from falling, low ceiling areas, etc. (e.g. hard hats)
- Slide 12
- PPE continued Body protection in dusty environments, when spraying pesticides or handling dangerous chemicals (e.g. apron, coveralls, full rain suit, etc.) Fall protection working at heights (e.g. safety belts, harness, etc.)
- Slide 13
- Workplace safety scenario Jessica has a summer job working for the city parks program. She has been using a cleaner called Graffiti Gone to remove graffiti from the bathrooms. She has to take a lot of breaks, because the chemical makes her throat burn. It also makes her feel dizzy sometimes, especially when the bathrooms dont have very many windows. On the label, she sees that the cleaner has methylene chloride in it. She feels like shes managing to get the work done, but she is worried about feeling dizzy.
- Slide 14
- Scenario #2 Ed has been working for a company that manufactures prefabricated homes for about a year. He spends a lot of the work day using a power saw. His ears usually ring for awhile in the evening, but it seems to clear up by the morning. He is a little worried about whether its damaging his hearing, but its not that different than how his ears feel after a rock concert.
- Slide 15
- Scenario #3 An house painter, who was painting the second story of a house, fell off his ladder yesterday, breaking both legs. He also suffered severe cuts when he caught his arm on a metal fence during the fall. Co-workers rushed to assist him and called for an ambulance. Local EMTs reported that the co-workers carried the fallen employee to the front lawn and then applied pressure to the open wound to stop the bleeding.
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