wildlife ppt.sar amazingg wildlife in india ..!!!!
Post on 12-Dec-2014
Embed Size (px)
DESCRIPTIONamazing and wonderful ppt on wildlifeee whcih is useful for studentss of class 9th
- 1. The Wildlife in India is a mix of species of differenttypes of organisms.It is home to tigers, lions, leopards, snow leopards, pythons,wolves, foxes, bears, crocodiles, rhinoceroses, camels, wilddogs, monkeys, snakes, antelope species, deer species, varietiesof bison and not to mention the mighty Asian elephant.The region's rich and diverse wildlife is preserved in 89 nationalparks, 13 Bio reserves and 400+ wildlife sanctuaries across thecountry.India has some of the most biodiversity regions of theworld and hosts three of the worlds 34 biodiversity hotspots ortreasure-houses that is the Western Ghats, the EasternHimalayas and Indo- BurmaSince India is home to a number of rare and threatened animalspecies, wildlife management in the country is essential topreserve these species. According to one study, India alongwith 17 mega diverse countries is home to about 60-70% of theworld's biodiversity
2. India is home toseveral well-knownlarge mammals,including the AsianElephant, BengalTiger, Asiatic Lion,Leopard, Sloth Bearand IndianRhinoceros, oftenengrained culturallyand religiously, oftenbeing associated withdeities.Some other well-knownlargeIndian mammalsare: ungulates suchas the rare WildAsian Waterbuffalo, commonDomestic AsianWater buffalo,Nilgai, Gaur, andseveral species ofdeer and antelope.Some members ofthe dog family,such as the IndianWolf, Bengal Foxand Golden Jackal,and the Dhole orWild Dogs are alsowidely distributed.However, thedhole, also knownas the whistlinghunter, is the mostendangered topIndian carnivore,and the HimalayanWolf is now acriticallyendangered speciesendemic to India.It is also hometo the StripedHyena,Macaques,Langurs andMongoosespecies. 3. The Bio-reserves in India are:Achanakmar-AmarkantakAgasthyamalaiDibru SaikhowaDihang DibangGreat NicobarGulf of MannarKachchhKangchenjungaManasNanda DeviThe NilgirisNokrekPachmarhiSimlipalSundarbansCold desertseshachalam hillsPannaofEight of the eighteen biospherereservesare a part the World Network ofBiosphere Reserves, based on theUNESCO Man and the BiosphereProgramme (MAB) list.Gulf of Mannar Biosphere ReserveNanda Devi Biosphere ReserveNilgiri Biosphere ReserveNokrek National ParkPachmarhi Biosphere ReserveSimlipal National ParkSundarbans Biosphere ReserveAchanakmar-Amarkantak BiosphereReserve 4. Wildlife is one of the most gracious gifts of nature to this land, whichis as rich in its variety and colors as its number.The majestic lion, the grateful yet fearsome tiger, unproductiveleopard, powerful elephant, the nimble deer, attractive antelope, thepicturesque peafowl, the gorgeous pelican, the beautiful parakeets,wood-pecker and the elegant flamingo are some of these of which anycountry might be proud.There are 312 species of mammals, 1175 species of birds, 399 species ofreptiles, 60000 species of insects and 181 species of amphibians and46610 species of plants. Over the past 2000 years about 106 species ofanimals and about 140 species of birds have become extinct because ofclimate and geographic changes and also by over hunting by man forfood, medicine, fur and many other reasons. According to ecologistmore than 600 species of animals and birds are expected to be extinctif not protected by wildlife management.Wildlife Management is an ancient phenomenon. Vedas containhymns in praise of animals. Sanatana Dharma has linked someanimals with the specific God or Goddess as the best way ofconservation of wildlife. 5. The need for conservation of wildlife in India is oftenquestioned because of the apparently incorrect priority inthe face of direct poverty of the people.However, Article 48 of the Constitution of India specifiesthat, "The state shall endeavour to protect and improve theenvironment and to safeguard the forests and wildlife of thecountry" and Article 51-A states that "it shall be the duty ofevery citizen of India to protect and improve the naturalenvironment including forests, lakes, rivers, and wildlifeand to have compassion for living creaturesLarge and charismatic mammals are important forwildlife tourism in India, and several national parks andwildlife sanctuaries cater to these needs. 6. At the beginning of the 19th century more than two-thirds of the landmass in India was lying uncultivated (Singh, 1986). As lands close tovillage habitations were enough to satisfy the subsistence needs of thepeople, forests remote from habitations were generally never over-exploited.Often these virgin forests were concentrated in infertilehighlands, where lived Indias indigenous communities, called adivasisor tribal's.The British presence from the late 18th century onwards startedmaking a difference to land and forest usage in IndiaOn forest lands, human resource-use practices such as grazing,product collection, and temporary or rotational swidden farming wererejected as a basis for ownership, even when taxes were paidBy the turn of the last century some 20 million hectares (m ha) of landwas brought under a category of forests called Reserve Forests (Stebbing1926). These were used exclusively for producing timber by the ForestDepartment (FD) and the surrounding villagers had no rights other thanthe ones explicitly permitted by the State. 7. First, after the abolition of the princely states and landlordism, all uncultivated lands under their controlbecame vested in the State.The larger tracts were handed over to the Forest Department generally as PF, and the rest were vested inthe village panchayats which are under the overall supervision of the Revenue Department.The second process of extending government control over forests was through acquisition of private forests 8. These laws were passed by the various state governments in the two decades following Independence.Massive felling of trees took place from these forests because of the fear that these forests would benationalized, as indeed they were in the 1950's and 60's.For several years after this take-over an impression has continued in the villages that if trees are plantedon private lands, not only would the trees belong to Government but land on which such plantation takesplace would also revert to Government.Even as late as 1987 a SIDA team promoting farm forestry in South Bihar encounteredtribal's' fears that if they planted trees their lands would be taken away by the government(GOB, 1987).The fear is not baseless as the Bihar Private Forest Act and similar otherenactments did precisely this in the past, by "nationalizing" private trees. 9. Project Tiger, startedin 1972, is a majoreffort to conservethe tiger and itshabitats.Launched on April 1, 1973, ProjectTiger has become one of the mostsuccessful conservation venturesin modern history.The project aims at tiger conservation inspecially constituted 'tiger reserves' whichare representative of various bio-geographicalregions falling within India.It strives to maintain a viable tigerpopulation in their natural environment.Today, there are 39 Project Tiger wildlifereserves in India covering an area morethan of 37,761 km.After this ProjectElephant, though lessknown, started in 1992and works for elephantprotection in India 10. Project Tiger was meant toidentify the limiting factorsand to mitigate them by suitable management.The damages done to the habitat were to be rectified so asto facilitate the recovery of the ecosystem to themaximum possible extent.The potential tiger habitats being covered are:[SivalikTerai Conservation Unit (Uttaranchal, Uttar Pradesh,Bihar, West Bengal), and in NepalNorth east ConservationUnitSunderbans Conservation UnitCentral IndianConservation UnitEastern Ghat ConservationUnitWestern Ghats 11. National symbols of IndiaNational animal: Tiger (Panthera Tigris)National Heritage animal of India:ElephantNational aquatic animal: Ganges RiverDolphin.National bird: PeacockNational flower: LotusNational tree: Banyan 12. National Parks in IndiaDepending on the area and terrain, National Parks provide ampleopportunities to the visitors to have close encounters with thewilds. But what is so exquisite about the Indian National Parks isthe variance that they are equipped with. Whether it comes tothe flora, avifauna, and aqua fauna, or witnessing various wildforms in their natural surroundings on an elephant or inside ajeep, wild ventures are simply amazing!Some of the best jewels of Indian wilderness include the GreatHimalayan National Park, Dachigam National Park near Srinagar,Corbett National Park in Uttar Pradesh, which is also a famoustiger reserve, Ranthambore National Park in Rajasthan, andSundarbans National Park in West Bengal. Worth visiting in theEast Indian part in "The Land of Rhino" Assam is Kaziranga. 13. WildlifeSanctuariesWanderingabout in awildlifesanctuaryandwitnessingthe wildlifetherein canbe quite anadventurousexperience.elephants,deer andpredatorscatchingtheir prey intheir naturalhabitat ismuch moreexciting thanwatching awildlifedocumentaryon television.Such as the BharatpurBird Sanctuary knownas largest bird sanctuaryin Asia, which is muchmore famous as a refugeof migratory birds likebarons, ibis, pelicansand painted storks thatmake it their temporaryhome during the wintermonths.Two splendidprotectedhabitats situatedin the Himalayanfoothills are theJim CorbettNational Parkand The DudhwaNational Parkthat provide anunforgettablewildlifeexperience.The mostpleasant timeto visit anywildlifesanctuary inIndia, withthe exceptionof Dachigamis the monthsbetweenOctober andMarch. 14. www.wikipedia.comwww.forestpolices.comwww.conservingforests.inwww.google.comwww.youtube.comwww.wikimedia.com 15. Done By,