Wildlife Conservation In India And World
Post on 02-Apr-2015
Wildlife biology was initiated in 1994 by the Nordic council for wildlife research and is published four times in a year. The national environment research institute is responsible for the technical production. Biology is a high quality scientific forum directing concise and up to date information to scientists, administrators, managers and conservationists. Our concept of wildlife mainly includes species and studies on different species or phenomena relevant to wildlife management are also of great relevant.
Nature has always helped mankind flourish. But it is not just what immense bounties nature has given to you. It is what you as a human being give back in return The wild creatures are a nature's gift which help embellish the natural beauty by their unique ways of existence. But due to growing deforestation and negligence, their is a threat to the wildlife and it will require special attention to save the world from loosing its green heritage.
People decimated wildlife from hunting birds from netting. Although hunting in moderation was deemed beneficial other factors stimulated over huntery. Habitat destruction for wildlife were brought by clearing of forest, spread of agriculture, over grazing of grasslands, draining of lakes, swamps and marshes and irrigation for farmlands along canals and rivers. Destruction of herds using fire and stampede often lead to over kills speeding extinction of species. These are all the reasons for depletion of wildlife.
The use of water in nuclear and fossils power plants harms marine life too. Many plants discharge heated water from their once through cooling systems introducing substantial thermal pollution to rivers and coastal waters. In addition fish other animals can be destructed into and crushed against filters in water intake pipes or swept into the plant itself. Over 40 millions fish per year die. The operation of hydroelectric dams can have especially severe consequences for wildlife in particularly fish. Since 1983 some 187 federally protected harbor seals and California sea lions have died in the oceans.
Most human health risks due to energy production potentionally threatened wildlife as well. For example the nesting habits of insectivorous birds change in areas with high levels of sulphur dioxide. A literature review in 1988 indicated that biological effects in animals occur at or below the levels set by regulatory standards for sulphur dioxide, ozone and particulates. Hazardous air pollutants also have an impact for instance high levels of cadmium can cause death. It became apparent in the late 1980s that endangered golden eagles and redtailed hawks were dying among the 7000 odd wind turbines of California's Altamont pass.
Insitu conservation:- emphasizes on the protection of original habitats or natural environment. It includes protection of a group of typical ecosystem through a network of protected areas on land and sea. E.g. national parks and sanctuaries. Exsitu conservation:-means conservation of individual species by protecting and breeding them in artificial conditions under human care. E.g. gene banks, tissue culture.
A national parks is an area which is reserved strictly for the betterment of the wildlife and where human activities like forestry , grazing or cultivation are prohibited A sanctuary is a protected area that is reserved for the conservation only of wildlife animal and plant species. Human activities like harvesting of timber , collection of minor forest products and private ownership rights are allowed.
It is a special area of land in which multiple use of land is permitted by dividing it into zones. They are:Core zone:- it has the undisturbed and legally protected ecosystem. Buffer zone:-it is managed to accommodate a greater variety of resource use strategies. Transition zone:-it is the outermost area and has active cooperation between the management and local people.
Located in ram ganga valley in Himalayan foothills and is honored as first national park of the country. It has more than 50 species of mammals, 25 species of reptiles and 550 species of bird. Corbett is a primitive jungle and truly a tiger country.
It is situated at the mahim creak where the mithi river where the mithi river exit into the sea. MNP plays host to about 38 species of butterflies and more than 80 species of birds and 200 trees. MNP was once a city dump.
LIST OF ENDANGERED SPECIESCOMMAN NAME 1.Cat fish 2.Cat tiger 3.crocodile 4.Crow white necked 5.Cuckoo shrike 6.Duck 7.Elephant 8.Dear 9.Bat BIOLOGYAL NAME Pangasius sanitwongsei Leopards (tigrinus) crocodylus Corrus leucognaphalus Coquos typicus Anas wyvilliana Loxodonta Crevus elaphus graseonyateris
Fauna The park houses a large variety of animals, while at the same time the thick forest cover may prevent you from, the Tiger. Some of the park include Leopards, Elephants, Deer, Black Napped Hare, Sloth Beer, Wild dog, Indian Giant Red Squirrel, 4 Horned Antelope, Porcupines, Leopard Cat, Wild Boar, Jackal, Mongoose.
Bandipur National Park is suitably located for wildlife enthusiasts as it is close to three other wildlife reserves of Mudumalai, Nagarhole and Wayanad. The important tourist destinations of Bangalore, Mysore and Coimbatore are also located nearby. The Vrindavan Gardens, located en route to Mysore is also a good option with its dancing fountains and multi colored lights. The enchanting hill towns of Ooty and Wellington are a good getaway option during the hot summer months. A visit to the fort of Tipu Sultan at Shrirangapatna provides useful insight into the history of the area.
Launched in 1973-74, it has been one of the most successful ventures in recent times to protect the striped predator. Under the same, a few sites in India were identified and named as Tiger Reserves. Special efforts were then carried out in these reserves to save the tiger. Some of the main aims of Project Tiger are as follows. * Elimination of all kinds of human activity in the core zones and minimisation of activity in the buffer zone. * Assessing the damage done to the eco-system by human activity and efforts to recover it to its original form. * Monitoring the changes taking place and studying the reasons for the same.
Date: 24/03/2010 Source: Deccan Herald (Bangalore)
Tiger deaths continue unabated In just ten weeks since January, at least 13 tigers have died, five each in January and March in various reserves across the country. Last year, 60 deaths were recorded. Now, merely 3,500 big cats are left in the wild of which 1,411 are in India.
The objectives of bio-reserves areTo conserve diversity of plants, animals and micro-organisms To promote research on ecological conservation and other environmental aspects To provide facilities for education, awareness and training.
The wildlife protection act 1972 puts forward number of restrictions on infiltration in a wildlife sanctuary and on poaching. Unlicensed hunting is prohibited. It explains fundamental duty of every Indian citizen to protect natural environment.
Its features are: To conserve and sustain biological diversity. To protect and rehabilitate threatened species. To respect and conserve knowledge of local communities related to biological diversity. to secure sharing of benefits with local people as conservers and holders of knowledge of biodiversity. To conserve areas and declare them as biological diversity heritage sites.
Its features are: It provides for setting up of national parks and sanctuaries. It bans trade in scheduled animals. It provides for captive breeding programs for endangered species. It provides legal powers to officers and punishment to offenders. It protects some endangered plants.
We would sincerely like to thank our teacher Mrs. Tejashree for giving us such an interesting and important topic. We learnt a lot about a very relevant subject while making this project. THANK YOU
www.google.com www.wikipedia.com Environmental management by Sheth publication