UN Trust Fund to End Violence against Women

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UN Trust Fund to End Violence against Women. Supporting action to end violence against women and girls where it matters most at the country, local and community levels . . The UN Trust Fund: Origins. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Sales and Trading Club Kickoff Meeting, September 23, 2008UN Trust Fund to End Violence against WomenSupporting action to end violence against women and girls where it matters most at the country, local and community levels. 1The UN Trust Fund: OriginsUnited Nations General Assembly Resolution 50/166 (1996UNIFEM administers the UN Trust Fund on behalf of the UN systemInter-agency Consultative Mechanism (20 UN agencies, leading NGOs)UNIFEM reports on the activities of the UN Trust Fund annually to the UN Commission on the Status of Women and the Commission on Human Rights2What is the UN Trust Fund? What does it do?Leading multilateral grant-making mechanism devoted to supporting country and local-level action to address violence against women and girls; Annual cycle of grant-making 15th cycle in 2010;Convenes partners in the process: UN, NGOs, experts(e.g. research organizations, ICRW, MEASURE Evaluation, masculinities);Outreach and advocacy to engage new actors and non-traditional partners on the issue 3UN Trust Fund grantees1997-2009: Over $50 million awarded in grants to 304 programmes in 121 countries.Among other things, UN Trust Fund grantees have worked to:Ensure the access of women and girl survivors of violence to safety, psychosocial, health, legal aid, and other services;End impunity for perpetrators by supporting the enforcement of laws;Address the lethal intersections of violence against women and girls and HIV; Expand efforts to end female genital mutilation / cutting;Empower especially vulnerable groups including adolescent girls, minority and indigenous women; andEngage strategic groups such as youth, men and boys, traditional and faith-based leaders in efforts to prevent violence against women and girls.4UN Trust Fund grantees funded by Zonta InternationalAcid Survivors Trust InternationalAl Shehab Foundation for Comprehensive Development Association for Womens Role DevelopmentGender and Development for Cambodia5History of UNTF grants funded by ZICountry / RegionGrantee OrganizationTotal amount from Zonta International (in US$)Duration of projectBhutan / Asia regionNational Commission for Women and Children$75,000December 2005-March 2009Niger / Africa regionAssociation des Femmes Juristes du Niger (AFJN)$67,655December 2006-December 2008Sierra Leone / Africa regionInternational Rescue Committee (IRC)$100,000December 2007-July 2009Cambodia / Asia regionGender and Development for Cambodia (GAD/C)$300,000December 2007-December 2010Egypt / Arab regionAl Shehab Foundation for Comprehensive Development$200,000December 2007-December 2009Syria / Arab regionAssociation for Womens Role Development (AWRD)$100,000December 2007-August 2009Uganda, Nepal, Cambodia / Cross-RegionalAcid Survivors Trust International (ASTI)$427,100 ($100,000 from Zonta International)New grantee; 2-year project6UNTF/ZI grantees in the Arab regionThe UN Trust Fund has had a total of sixteen projects based in Arab states since its first cycle of grant-making in 1997.The Fund currently has four active grants in the Arab region, two of which are funded by Zonta International in Egypt and Syria totaling over 18% of all funds distributed to current UN Trust Fund grantees in Arab states.7Al Shehab Foundation for Comprehensive Development, Egypt,Combating Physical Violence against Women and Supporting the Implementation of Protective and Anti-Discriminatory Laws and PoliciesImproving the provision of services (legal, medical, psychosocial aid) to women and girl survivors of violence at the community level and promoting effective application of protective and anti-discriminatory laws, polices, and action plans in ending violence against women8BackgroundEgypt has laws and Penal Codes which provide general provisions on violence against women but are constrained by social, cultural and economic barriers.Moreover, very few shelters to protect women survivors of violence exist in Egypt.The combination of unequal access to justice and lack of shelters leave women in violent domestic situations.9Al Shehabs ProgrammeAl Shehab Foundation for Comprehensive Development was awarded a grant of US$ 200,000 in 2007, thanks to Zonta Internationals contribution to the UN Trust Fund. The 2 year programme, Combating Physical Violence Against Women and Supporting the Implementation of Protective and Anti-Discriminatory Laws and Polices, was established to:improve service provision to women survivors of violence at the community levelpromote effective application of laws, policies and action plans to protect women survivorsreform legislation discriminating against women10ResultsStrengthened capacity of shelters to provide quality services to women survivors of violence in six communities of six Egyptian governoratesIncreased awareness of women from Ezbet El-Haggana on violence issuesIncreased community and public awareness on violence against women11Result #1: Strengthened capacity of shelters to provide quality services Increasingly responding to the needs of vulnerable womenSome shelters such as Eva House began to accept cases and provide shelter to vulnerable women (e.g. female sex workers)CBOs adopted a Human Rights based approachEl Minya Governorate mainstreamed VAW into illiteracy classes program for men and women in 20 villagesQena Governorate established a Womens Club to raise awareness amongst women on their rights and share experiencesSuez Governorate established a Community Committee of tribal leaders, social workers, and lawyers to defend womens rights and right to inheritance12Result #2: Increased awareness of women on violence issues Workshops for women held on education and awareness Two workshops were organized (total of 20 women participants) on womens rights and knowledge on the justice system.Training and capacity building of couplesFifty married couples in total were trained and counseledReferral network builtVocational training services for women survivors of violence and referrals to NGOs to organize income generation activities for survivors13Result #3: Increased community and public awareness on violence against women Involving more men and community leadersNew inclusive approach for community leaders and men with creation of Communitys Negotiation CouncilIncrease in the number of men visiting the CenterForty men in total visited the Center for psychosocial support and marriage counselingPioneering a ground-breaking national radio program to increase awareness of VAW, the first of its kindAl Shehab, in collaboration with UNIFEM and the Egyptian government, broadcast its radio drama series FARHA on the National Radio and Television Station to raise awareness on combating VAW and promoting womens human rights from a community perspective. 14Al Shehab, Testimony from a beneficiaryCase Study of a 31 year old woman, married for 13 years with three children, facing domestic violence. Husband has remarried.I started to participate in the awareness sessions and I benefited a lot from the legal assistance and awareness. In addition to my right in an alimony for myself and my children and my right for custody of the children as well as the provision of housing for them and the expense of tuition fees, Al-Shehab supported me in being granted a personal identification card. Additionally, a general contract for legal issues was made for me as well as following up with my alimony and battering record case. As a result, I was successful in achieving all of my legal rights.15Association for Womens Role Development, Syria,New Hope for Abused Women: towards overcoming GBVImproving the provision of information and services to women survivors of violence and communities with the establishment of One-Stop Centres, which are shelters providing integrated services and are filled with technically qualified staff to respond to specific needs16BackgroundIn Syria, violence against women is largely perpetuated by family members (e.g. husbands, fathers or brothers).Family honor and prestige prevent women from reporting abuse they experience at the hands of male family members. Syrian law advocates lenient sentences to men who murder women relatives involved in extramarital affairs (known as "honor killings which mostly occur in rural and nomadic communities).17AWRDs ProgrammeA grant of US$ 100,000 was awarded by the UN Trust Fund in 2007, thanks to Zonta Internationals contribution, to implement a one-year programme, New Hope for Abused Women: towards overcoming gender-based violence. This programme established an integrated One-Stop Centre and was the first of its kind in Syria, reaching 1000 women a year, to:build capacity of the Centres staff to provide quality services to women survivors of violence promote the revision of all legislation, policies, customs, and practices that promote violence against women18ResultsStrengthened capacity of the Centres staff to provide quality services to women survivors of violenceAwareness-raising activities for decision makers and leaders on gender equality and violence against women issues19Result #1: Strengthened capacity of the Centres staff Eleven training workshops conducted to support capacity development of staff and volunteers of the One-Stop Centre. Skills taught include:Team buildingActive listeningPsychological first aidInvestigating rape casesTelephone hotline established to reach women throughout Syria with emphasis on privacy and confidentiality20Result #2: Awareness-raising activities for decision makers and leaders A workshop for EVAW organizations and institutions was held on 16 March 2009 in collaboration with UNIFEM and Ministry of Social Affairs and LaborBuilt a basis for development of women protection mechanismsBuilt cooperation between organizations and institutions A workshop for the media was held on 2 September 2009 Further increased involvement of the media in raising awareness of VAW and elimination of GBVIntroduced the services provided in the One-Stop CentreExplored the importance of media in launching campaigns to promote anti-violence ideas in newspapers and magazines21Testimony from a beneficiaryA survivor, hereby referred to as Case No. 7, who entered the CentreI, Case No. 7, declare that I benefited from the Shelter by undergoing medical examinations because I have been subject to sexual abuse for eleven months and I am treated for depression by medication prescribed to me. I benefited from the Shelter in terms of learning hairdressing because I was enrolled in a course. The Association helped me have my identity card issued and have my marriage as well as my children parentage registered.The Shelter provided me with protection from sexual abuse since there is no shelter for me to go. This will help select the best safe situation after leaving the Shelter.22Gender and Development for Cambodia,Ending Violence against Women through Community ActionAn integrated approach to mobilizing a cross-section of men and women from citizens to public officials to collectively act to stop domestic violence in their communities by drawing together different components of research, training, outreach and advocacy strategies under one integrated strategy of community mobilization.23BackgroundThe Prevention of Domestic Violence and the Protection of Victims Law in 2005 (Domestic Violence Law) marked a commitment to womens human rights by the Royal Government of Cambodia. However, challenges to implementation remained. Lack of awareness of rights and the law, especially in rural areas, existedMasculine norms permit and encourage violent behavior Judicial authorities remain reluctant to enforce laws against domestic violence because it is viewed as a private family matter24GADCs ProgrammeIn 2007, Gender and Development for Cambodia received a grant of US$ 300,000 from the UN Trust Fund due to a generous contribution from Zonta International.The 3 year programme, Ending Violence Against Women through Community Action implements an integrated strategy to mobilize men and women to collectively act to end violence against women.25ResultsStrengthened capacity of women from target communes to monitor the incidence of violence against women and hold local authorities accountableEngagement of men from targeted communes to end violence against womenLocal authorities and police from target communes enforce violence against women-related laws26Result #1: Strengthened capacity of women from target communes Community womens groups established (one per commune with eight members each) and trained in advocacy skills and Domestic Violence Law288 village meetings organized by the community groups, in which 2,176 villagers participated to inform about marriage and land laws3,000 women in communes reached by community groups to further disseminate information on laws27 cases of violence identified and brought to local authorities by community groups; 13 were resolved and 14 referred to courtIncreasing demand of women for land certificates to be issued under names of both husband and wife27Result #2: Engagement of men from targeted communesThree community mens groups established (eight members each) and trained in gender and masculinities, counseling, and communication skills34 village meetings organized in 34 villages with participation of 1,200 men to discuss:Gender in spousal relationsHuman rights for womenMens responsibility to prevent violence against women1,000 men reached by community groups; 13 men counseledWhite Ribbon Campaign600 people attended three public meetings (one per commune)2000 households visited in target communes and pledged support28Result #3: Local authorities and police enforce violence against women-related lawsTraining workshop for 44 local authorities on Domestic Violence LawAddressing violence against women as a social issueResponsibilities of local authorities to enforce existing lawCollaborate with community groups to address cases of violence against womenA decrease in the rate of VAW cases in the three communesIncidents of VAW have dropped by 20% on average across the three communesDecline was highest in Khna Toteung, at 30%, due to extensive information dissemination activities and capacity building of community groups29GADC, Testimony from a local leaderToday, it has been seen that community people have gained more understanding and knowledge about the laws, womens human rights, violence against women. Women are more aware of their rights and more courageous to talk about violence openly and report their case of violence. Men are also aware of womens human rights and they started to recognize that violence against women is against the law; particularly men who perpetrate violence have rapidly transformed their violent behavior.Mr. Khek Sophal, Chief of Pongro commune, Rolea Bier District, Kampong Chhnang Province, reporting on the progress of project monitoring on January 15, 2010.30Acid Survivors Trust International,Towards a comprehensive strategy to end burns violence against womenAddressing the interconnected dimensions between acid violence and violence against women in Nepal, Cambodia, and Uganda with the piloting of new approaches to end burns violence and up-scaling of successful strategies used in Pakistan and Bangladesh31BackgroundInterconnectedness between VAW and burns violence is based on the reality that domestic violence is accepted in the societies of the project countries.Acid attacks are a very particular form of VAW which occurs in very poor countries with weak legal systems and inadequate law enforcement. Acid attacks are far-reaching beyond certain countries and lines of race, religion, and creed.32ASTIs ProgrammeThe programme will: Build capacities of local staff and provide medical services to acid violence survivors; Aid survivors recovery by offering access to medical treatment, rehabilitation, counseling, justice and aid in reintegration to society;Locate acid violence in the broader context of violence against women fed by poverty, insecurity, alienation from human rights, the failure of policing and the judiciary and negative gender constructs; 33ASTIs ProgrammeBuild the capacities of local police, health professionals and other public servants to respond to acid violence, and of local communities;Emphasis on increasing public awareness of acid violence at both national and international levels.34Project Countries: Uganda, Cambodia, NepalASTI plans to use the skills, knowledge, and best practices used in Bangladesh and Pakistan and apply these to the project countries, Cambodia, Uganda, and Nepal. The project seeks to build national responses in these project countries in the areas of policy analysis, advocacy, research, publicity, and reintegration. 35In UgandaSource: Project proposal in 2010 of Acid Survivors Trust International to the UN Trust FundAccording to Acid Survivors Foundation Ugandas 2008 Annual Report, ASFU registered 35 new acid attacks every year, 57% of which are attacks on women.Legal provisions in Uganda, which exist to arrest and convict perpetrators of acid violence (e.g. Uganda Penal Code Section 216(g)), are either little known or inconsistently applied.Only 20 % of acid violence cases since 2004 have been successfully concluded80 % are still pending.36In NepalIn Nepal, a 2005 study conducted by the Family Planning Association in eight selected districts revealed that 35% of women experienced burns violence. While the Nepalese Civil Code (Muluki Ain) remain subject to interpretation and have shown to be ineffective in convicting perpetrators. In a socio-cultural context, domestic violence is seen as part of a womans fate. Domestic violence reports do not specifically connect to burns violence which has received little attention and funding. 37In CambodiaSource: Cambodia Acid Survivors CharityASTIs partner in CambodiaCauses of Acid Violence in Cambodia in 2008Acid and burns violence are widespread in Cambodia and tolerated by society. Cambodias Penal Code contains provisions against torture and barbarous acts, but these do not extend to specific penalties for acid and burns violence. Majority of acid violence survivors are poor rural women. Children often become the indirect targets of attacks as they are held by their mothers when acid is thrown. 38Projects Beneficiaries,Benefiting women and girls, as well as society as a wholePrimary Beneficiaries are:Women living within the model communities;Women from lower socio-economic groups and more vulnerable to domestic violence;Women who are less well-educated; Survivors of acid violence and other forms of burns-related violence from the model communities;Members of survivors families.39Projects Beneficiaries,Benefiting women and girls, as well as society as a wholeSecondary Beneficiaries are:Health sector- To establish new notification and referral networks between health care providers and expand existing networks;Judiciary- To give confidence in the public perception of the judicial system;Policy makers- To formulate policies and practices that allow human rights and national laws to be formulated according to the demands of the community;Model Communities- To build a safer environment, less prone to violence, with greater community cohesion. 40Thank youwww.unifem.org/untfevaw41Chart11700000300000Projects in Arab StatesUN Trust Fund Projects in Arab StatesUS $1,700,000US $300,000Sheet1Projects in Arab StatesTotal amount of funds of active UN Trust Fund projects in Arab states1,700,000Zonta funded projects in Arab states300,000To resize chart data range, drag lower right corner of range.Chart135.514.210.52.327.729Causes of acid attacks in UgandaRelationship conflict35%Sheet1Causes of acid attacks in UgandaRelationship conflict35.5Business and property conflicts14.2Bystander10.5Theft2.3Mistaken identity2Other7.7Unknown29

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