The European Union Trade Policy May 2007

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The European Union Trade Policy May 2007. Contents. 1. A few facts about World Trade 2. The EU in world trade 3. EU Trade Policy - Basic features 4. EU Trade Policy - How it works 5. EU Trade Policy Competing in the world 6. EU Trade Policy WTO Context Conclusion. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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  • The European UnionTrade Policy

    May 2007

  • Contents1. A few facts about World Trade2. The EU in world trade3. EU Trade Policy - Basic features4. EU Trade Policy - How it works5. EU Trade Policy Competing in the world6. EU Trade Policy WTO ContextConclusion

  • 1. A few facts about world trade IMPLICATIONSOpportunities for growth, but disruptive effectsNeed for global governance -> multilateral rules and institutions to ensure level playing field and better distribution of benefitsNeed to reinforce the competitive position of the EU economy GLOBALISATIONTECHNOLOGICALTRADE DEVELOPMENTSOPENING

  • 1. A few facts about world tradeBn

    Chart1

    10809.01432657212801.1313574532

    3821.0612537285211.481558568

    1852.378107332240.28883237

    Evolution of world trade : 2000-2005(world trade = exports + imports, except intra-EU trade)

    Sources: Eurostat, OMC

    2000

    2005

    Raw 1

    World vers world - intra UE25

    Source: Commerce mondial.xls

    Commerce mondial hors intra EU25 (donnes WTO)

    1999200020012002200320042005

    IMPORTeuro/mio4125761.439508355595902.712520095513436.916500245376963.669383185167243.916233825732149.274672396591240.0876652

    EXPORTeuro/mio3857105.11768955213111.614051935071806.997922124998150.138475914819740.365019195366319.700391036209891.26978801

    PVD vers world

    Source: Extraction IMF

    Produced:13/09/2006

    DECLARANT(B):+[WORLD]z24 Developing Countries

    PARTNER(B):+WORLD

    INDICATORS(B):VALUE_1000ECU

    PERIOD(B):Y Axis (1)

    FLOW(B):X Axis (1)

    +Imports+Exports

    +19991333862019.8251398439828.844

    +20001822927411.8111998133841.917

    +20011844533951.2831949681391.307

    +20021826018297.2231952544101.611

    +20031781735763.3771947863575.361

    +20042071244290.2862253003502.634

    +20052444977891.3622766503667.206

    Source: Comext2 k0337533.txt Extracted: 13/09/2006

    DataSet: IMF WORLD TRADE SINCE 58

    UE25 vers world - intra UE25

    Source: Extraction Comext

    Produced:13/09/2006

    DECLARANT(B):+EU_25

    PARTNER(B):+[TRIAD]z00 World

    PRODUCT(B):TOTALTOTAL

    STAT_REGIME(B):+4Regime 4 TOTAL TRADE (Reg. 1+3+5+6 and from 95 +7)

    INDICATORS(B):VALUE_1000EURO

    PERIOD(B):Y Axis (1)

    FLOW(B):X Axis (1)

    12

    IMPORTEXPORT

    +1999745984188.18689229796.26

    +2000995651050.81856727056.52

    +2001983443477.77892720232.47

    +2002941885475.11900423973.67

    +2003940347194.61878482803.75

    +20041032205672.81964650051.86

    +20051178512262.221061776570.15

    Source: Comext2 k0337541.txt Extracted: 13/09/2006

    DataSet: EU25 SINCE 1999 CN (SIMULATED)

    1

    Evolution of world trade

    20002005

    World (mio euro)

    IMPORT5,595,9036,591,240

    EXPORT5,213,1126,209,891

    Commerce total10,809,01412,801,131

    EU (mio euro)

    IMPORT995,6511,178,512

    EXPORT856,7271,061,777

    Commerce total1,852,3782,240,289

    PVD (mio euro)

    IMPORT1,822,9272,444,978

    EXPORT1,998,1342,766,504

    Commerce total3,821,0615,211,482

    Mds euros20002005

    Monde10,80912,801

    PVD3,8215,211

    UE1,8522,240

    1

    00

    00

    00

    Evolution of world trade : 2000-2005(world trade = exports + imports, except intra-EU trade)

    Sources : Eurostat, OMC

    2000

    2005

    Raw 2

    1er quadrant : part de l'UE dans le commerce de biens et de services

    Source: Commerce mondial.xls, comext, comtrade

    Commerce mondial hors intra EU25 (donnes WTO)

    1999200020012002200320042005

    IMPORTeuro/mio4125761.439508355595902.712520095513436.916500245376963.669383185167243.916233825732149.274672396591240.0876652

    EXPORTeuro/mio3857105.11768955213111.614051935071806.997922124998150.138475914819740.365019195366319.700391036209891.26978801

    Table generation of Extraction from Plan '1nieuw'

    Produced:14/09/2006

    PARTNER(B):+[TRIAD]z00 World

    PRODUCT(B):TOTALTOTAL

    STAT_REGIME(B):+4Regime 4 TOTAL TRADE (Reg. 1+3+5+6 and from 95 +7)

    PERIOD(B):+2005

    INDICATORS(B):VALUE_1000EURO

    FLOW(B):Y Axis (1)

    DECLARANT(B):X Axis (1)

    +EU_25

    1IMPORT1178512262.22

    2EXPORT1061776570.15

    Source: Comext2 k0338295.txt Extracted: 14/09/2006

    DataSet: EU25 SINCE 1999 CN (SIMULATED)

    Table generation of Extraction from Plan 'cannelle'

    Produced:14/09/2006

    PRODUCT(B):TOTALTOTAL

    INDICATORS(B):VALUE_1000ECU

    PARTNER(B):00000WORLD

    PERIOD(B):200552Jan.-Dec. 2005

    FLOW(B):Y Axis (1)

    DECLARANT(B):X Axis (1)

    +[TRIAD]z02 USA+[TRIAD]z04 Japan+[TRIAD]z09 China

    +Exports807588725.99478209843.26612453508.56

    +Imports1392428902.82414650259.63530466009.16

    Source: Comext2 k0338290.txt Extracted: 14/09/2006

    DataSet: COMTRADE HS SINCE 1988

    Source: eurostat, wto

    Date d'extraction: Thu, 14 Sep 06 11:35:37

    Dernire mise jour: Tue Jun 06 15:05:41 MEST 2006

    Copyright Eurostat. All Rights Reserved.

    tableits

    Echanges internationaux de services ( partir de 1985)

    currencymio_eur

    Millions d'euros ( partir du 1.1.1999)/Millions d'cus (jusqu'au 31.12.1998)

    geoeu25

    Union europenne (25 pays)

    time2005a00

    partnerext_eu25

    Extra-UE-25

    flowcreditdebit

    CrditDbit

    post

    200Services396864.016p349105.985p

    291Services fournis ou reus par les administrations publiques, n.c.a.7875.148p6304.344p

    pValeur provisoire

    (printed using Eden/Common Browser);"version";"TemplateForEden for Java release 1.0"

    Date d'extraction: Thu, 14 Sep 06 03:18:01

    Dernire mise jour: Tue Jun 06 15:05:41 MEST 2006

    Copyright Eurostat. All Rights Reserved.

    tableits

    Echanges internationaux de services ( partir de 1985)

    currencymio_eur

    Millions d'euros ( partir du 1.1.1999)/Millions d'cus (jusqu'au 31.12.1998)

    geoeu25

    Union europenne (25 pays)

    time2005a00

    partnereu25

    Union europenne (25 pays)

    flowcreditdebit

    CrditDbit

    post

    200Services530050.814p516822.104p

    291Services fournis ou reus par les administrations publiques, n.c.a.8854.252p11141.832p

    pValeur provisoire

    (printed using Eden/Common Browser);"version";"TemplateForEden for Java release 1.0"

    http://stat.wto.org/StatisticalProgram/WSDBStatProgramHome.aspx?Language=E

    Topic_codeTopic_descDataSet_codeDataSet_descReporter_codeReporter_descFlow_codeFlow_descIndicator_codeIndicator_descPartner_codePartner_descUnit_codeUnit_descYearValueValue_flagNotes_Export

    BPBalance of PaymentsBCTrade in commercial servicesWLWorldXExportsS200CSCommercial services (Services excl. government services)WLWorldUCUS dollar at current prices20042179500000000

    BPBalance of PaymentsBCTrade in commercial servicesWLWorldXExportsS200CSCommercial services (Services excl. government services)WLWorldUCUS dollar at current prices20052414700000000

    BPBalance of PaymentsBCTrade in commercial servicesWLWorldMImportsS200CSCommercial services (Services excl. government services)WLWorldUCUS dollar at current prices20042132800000000

    BPBalance of PaymentsBCTrade in commercial servicesWLWorldMImportsS200CSCommercial services (Services excl. government services)WLWorldUCUS dollar at current prices20052361300000000

    BPBalance of PaymentsBCTrade in commercial servicesCNChinaXExportsS200CSCommercial services (Services excl. government services)WLWorldUCUS dollar at current prices200462055602000

    BPBalance of PaymentsBCTrade in commercial servicesCNChinaMImportsS200CSCommercial services (Services excl. government services)WLWorldUCUS dollar at current prices200471601714000

    BPBalance of PaymentsBCTrade in commercial servicesJPJapanXExportsS200CSCommercial services (Services excl. government services)WLWorldUCUS dollar at current prices200494933060000

    BPBalance of PaymentsBCTrade in commercial servicesJPJapanXExportsS200CSCommercial services (Services excl. government services)WLWorldUCUS dollar at current prices2005106586427267E

    BPBalance of PaymentsBCTrade in commercial servicesJPJapanMImportsS200CSCommercial services (Services excl. government services)WLWorldUCUS dollar at current prices2004134012460000

    BPBalance of PaymentsBCTrade in commercial servicesJPJapanMImportsS200CSCommercial services (Services excl. government services)WLWorldUCUS dollar at current prices2005135918427089E

    BPBalance of PaymentsBCTrade in commercial servicesUSUnited StatesXExportsS200CSCommercial services (Services excl. government services)WLWorldUCUS dollar at current prices2004321837000000

    BPBalance of PaymentsBCTrade in commercial servicesUSUnited StatesXExportsS200CSCommercial services (Services excl. government services)WLWorldUCUS dollar at current prices2005353320771418E

    BPBalance of PaymentsBCTrade in commercial servicesUSUnited StatesMImportsS200CSCommercial services (Services excl. government services)WLWorldUCUS dollar at current prices2004263598000000

    BPBalance of PaymentsBCTrade in commercial servicesUSUnited StatesMImportsS200CSCommercial services (Services excl. government services)WLWorldUCUS dollar at current prices2005288748090652E

    Taux de change (Eurostat)

    Date extraction:8/3/06

    1999200020012002200320042005

    usd/euro1.06580.92360.89560.94561.13121.24391.2441

    2me quadrant : part des investissements directs de l'UE dans le monde

    Source : eurosatat, newcronos

    http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/portal/page?_pageid=1996,45323734&_dad=portal&_schema=PORTAL&screen=welcomeref&open=/economy/bop/fdi&language=fr&product=EU_MAIN_TREE&root=EU_MAIN_TREE&scrollto=399

    Note : simplification (prise en compte des montants) due au fait que les donnes Cnuced et Eurostat ne coincident pas - rpercussions sur le calcul de ratios.

    Date d'extraction: Wed, 13 Sep 06 11:50:54

    Dernire mise jour: Mon Jul 17 00:42:11 MEST 2006

    Copyright Eurostat. All Rights Reserved.

    tablefdi_main

    Investissements directs de l'UE - Indicateurs principaux

    time2003a00

    post505

    Total des investissement directs de l'conomie l'tranger

    indic_bpflows

    Flux d'investissements directs - Million ECU/EUR

    partnerext_eu25world

    Extra-UE-25Tous les pays du monde

    geo

    eu25Union europenne (25 pays)135512396224

    usEtats-Unis:105557

    jpJapon:25494

    time2003a00

    post555

    Investissements directs total de l'tranger dans l'conomie

    indic_bpflows

    Flux d'investissements directs - Million ECU/EUR

    partnerext_eu25world

    Extra-UE-25Tous les pays du monde

    geo

    eu25Union europenne (25 pays)115366348705

    usEtats-Unis:50242

    jpJapon:5598

    time2004a00

    post505

    Total des investissement directs de l'conomie l'tranger

    indic_bpflows

    Flux d'investissements directs - Million ECU/EUR

    partnerext_eu25world

    Extra-UE-25Tous les pays du monde

    geo

    eu25Union europenne (25 pays)128935340273

    usEtats-Unis:184335

    jpJapon:24909

    time2004a00

    post555

    Investissements directs total de l'tranger dans l'conomie

    indic_bpflows

    Flux d'investissements directs - Million ECU/EUR

    partnerext_eu25world

    Extra-UE-25Tous les pays du monde

    geo

    eu25Union europenne (25 pays)56854219559

    usEtats-Unis:77063

    jpJapon:6290

    time2005a00

    post505

    Total des investissement directs de l'conomie l'tranger

    indic_bpflows

    Flux d'investissements directs - Million ECU/EUR

    partnerext_eu25world

    Extra-UE-25Tous les pays du monde

    geo

    eu25Union europenne (25 pays)152541p507022p

    usEtats-Unis::

    jpJapon::

    time2005a00

    post555

    Investissements directs total de l'tranger dans l'conomie

    indic_bpflows

    Flux d'investissements directs - Million ECU/EUR

    partnerext_eu25world

    Extra-UE-25Tous les pays du monde

    geo

    eu25Union europenne (25 pays)69789p394146p

    usEtats-Unis::

    jpJapon::

    pValeur provisoire

    (printed using Eden/Common Browser);"version";"TemplateForEden for Java release 1.0"

    3me quadrant : rang de l'UE sur les exportations

    Source: Top trading partners.xls, Leading Exporters and Importers of Merchandise Trade in the World (2005) excluding intra-EU Trade

    The Major Exporters

    Rank.Exportsbillion % World

    World6213.546382658100

    1EU251061.8363330617.089054586

    2USA710.65829118711.4372412697

    3China602.7062983559.6998760649

    4Japan443.9437500477.1447724489

    4me quadrant : rang de l'UE sur les importations

    Source: Top trading partners.xls, Leading Exporters and Importers of Merchandise Trade in the World (2005) excluding intra-EU Trade

    The Major Importers

    Rank.Importsbillion % World

    World6593.1945267152100

    1USA1367.60676863820.7427031479

    2EU251176.0550889117.8374092277

    3China472.7271197637.1699252593

    4Japan400.5540488396.0752651422

    Mds

    http://stat.wto.org/StatisticalProgram/WSDBStatProgramHome.aspx?Language=E

    http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/portal/page?_pageid=1996,45323734&_dad=portal&_schema=PORTAL&screen=welcomeref&open=/economy/bop/fdi&language=fr&product=EU_MAIN_TREE&root=EU_MAIN_TREE&scrollto=399

    2

    La puissance commerciale majeure (Part I)

    1er quadrant : part de l'UE dans le commerce de biens et de services

    World Trade in GoodsWorld - intra EUEUUnited StatesJapanChinaOthers

    Imports, bil euro, 20056,5911,1791,3924155303,075

    Exports, bil euro, 20056,2101,0628084786123,250

    Imports+Exports12,8012,2402,2008931,1436,325

    Share17.517.27.08.949.4

    World Trade in ServicesWorld - intra EUEUUnited StatesJapanChinaOthers

    Imports, bil euro, 20051,39234323210958651

    Exports, bil euro, 20051,4203892848650611

    Imports+Exports2,8127325161951071,262

    Share26.018.46.93.844.9

    World TradeWorld - intra EUEUUnited StatesJapanChinaOthers

    Imports, bil euro, 20057,9841,5211,6255245883,726

    Exports, bil euro, 20057,6301,4511,0925646623,861

    Imports+Exports15,6132,9722,7161,0881,2507,587

    Share19.017.47.08.048.6

    2me quadrant : part des investissements directs de l'UE dans le monde

    200320042005p

    FDI inflows, mio euroEU25115,36656,85469,789

    USA50,24277,063-

    Japon5,5986,290-

    FDI outflows, mio euroEU25135,512128,935152,541

    USA105,557184,335-

    Japon25,49424,909-

    3me quadrant : rang de l'UE sur les exportations

    The Major Exporters, bil euro

    Rank.ExportsShare

    World6,214100.0

    1EU251,06217.1

    2USA71111.4

    3China6039.7

    4Japan4447.1

    4me quadrant : rang de l'UE sur les importations

    The Major Importers, bil euro

    Rank.ImportsShare

    World6,593100.0

    1USA1,36820.7

    2EU251,17617.8

    3China4737.2

    4Japan4016.1

    partner: extra-EU25

    partner: world

    partner: world

    partner: extra-EU25

    partner: world

    partner: world

    Raw 3

    Cf. feuillet 2

    World Trade in GoodsWorld - intra EUEUUnited StatesJapanChinaOthers

    Imports, bil euro, 20056,5911,1791,3924155303,075

    Exports, bil euro, 20056,2101,0628084786123,250

    Imports+Exports12,8012,2402,2008931,1436,325

    Share17.517.27.08.949.4

    World Trade in ServicesWorld - intra EUEUUnited StatesJapanChinaOthers

    Imports, bil euro, 20051,39234323210958651

    Exports, bil euro, 20051,4203892848650611

    Imports+Exports2,8127325161951071,262

    Share26.018.46.93.844.9

    3

    La puissance commerciale majeure (part II)

    Graphique 1. Part dans le commerce mondial des marchandises

    World Trade in GoodsWorldEU25United StatesJapanChinaOthers

    12801.12240.32200.0892.91142.96325.0

    17.517.27.08.949.4

    Graphique 2. Part dans le commerce mondial des services

    World Trade in ServicesWorldEU25United StatesJapanChinaOthers

    2812.0731.8516.1194.9107.51261.8

    26.018.46.93.844.9

    3

    0

    0

    0

    0

    0

    SHARE IN WORLD TRADE IN GOODS (2005)

    Raw 4 & 5

    0

    0

    0

    0

    0

    Source: Eurostat

    4 & 5

    Source: Comext, Inter Regional Trade.xls (feuillet 10 "Eu25 Trade by region")

    TRADE (Imp.+Exp.)IMPORTSEXPORTSBALANCE

    RankPartnersMio euro%Mio euro%Mio euro%Bio euro

    WORLD2240288.832371001178512.262221001061776.57015100-116735.69207

    1Nafta480948.2783621.4681371174188972.8460816.0348646457291975.4322827.4987639103103002.5862

    2EFTA255512.6595811.4053445202136236.0863511.560005841119276.5732311.2336791547-16959.51312

    3China Hong Kong240931.538310.7544855297168652.7724514.310650627672278.765856.8073423244-96374.0066

    4CIS214829.873529.5893828696134111.9826711.37976981480717.890857.6021540802-53394.09182

    5Mediterranean countries189980.227628.480166703388249.752337.48...

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