1 The European Union Trade Policy The European Union Trade Policy May 2007

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<ul><li><p>The European UnionTrade Policy</p><p>May 2007</p></li><li><p>Contents1. A few facts about World Trade2. The EU in world trade3. EU Trade Policy - Basic features4. EU Trade Policy - How it works5. EU Trade Policy Competing in the world6. EU Trade Policy WTO ContextConclusion</p></li><li><p>1. A few facts about world trade IMPLICATIONSOpportunities for growth, but disruptive effectsNeed for global governance -&gt; multilateral rules and institutions to ensure level playing field and better distribution of benefitsNeed to reinforce the competitive position of the EU economy GLOBALISATIONTECHNOLOGICALTRADE DEVELOPMENTSOPENING</p></li><li><p>1. A few facts about world tradeBn </p><p>Chart1</p><p>10809.01432657212801.1313574532</p><p>3821.0612537285211.481558568</p><p>1852.378107332240.28883237</p><p>Evolution of world trade : 2000-2005(world trade = exports + imports, except intra-EU trade)</p><p>Sources: Eurostat, OMC</p><p>2000</p><p>2005</p><p>Raw 1</p><p>World vers world - intra UE25</p><p>Source: Commerce mondial.xls</p><p>Commerce mondial hors intra EU25 (donnes WTO)</p><p>1999200020012002200320042005</p><p>IMPORTeuro/mio4125761.439508355595902.712520095513436.916500245376963.669383185167243.916233825732149.274672396591240.0876652</p><p>EXPORTeuro/mio3857105.11768955213111.614051935071806.997922124998150.138475914819740.365019195366319.700391036209891.26978801</p><p>PVD vers world</p><p>Source: Extraction IMF</p><p>Produced:13/09/2006</p><p>DECLARANT(B):+[WORLD]z24 Developing Countries</p><p>PARTNER(B):+WORLD</p><p>INDICATORS(B):VALUE_1000ECU</p><p>PERIOD(B):Y Axis (1)</p><p>FLOW(B):X Axis (1)</p><p>+Imports+Exports</p><p>+19991333862019.8251398439828.844</p><p>+20001822927411.8111998133841.917</p><p>+20011844533951.2831949681391.307</p><p>+20021826018297.2231952544101.611</p><p>+20031781735763.3771947863575.361</p><p>+20042071244290.2862253003502.634</p><p>+20052444977891.3622766503667.206</p><p>Source: Comext2 k0337533.txt Extracted: 13/09/2006</p><p>DataSet: IMF WORLD TRADE SINCE 58</p><p>UE25 vers world - intra UE25</p><p>Source: Extraction Comext</p><p>Produced:13/09/2006</p><p>DECLARANT(B):+EU_25</p><p>PARTNER(B):+[TRIAD]z00 World</p><p>PRODUCT(B):TOTALTOTAL</p><p>STAT_REGIME(B):+4Regime 4 TOTAL TRADE (Reg. 1+3+5+6 and from 95 +7)</p><p>INDICATORS(B):VALUE_1000EURO</p><p>PERIOD(B):Y Axis (1)</p><p>FLOW(B):X Axis (1)</p><p>12</p><p>IMPORTEXPORT</p><p>+1999745984188.18689229796.26</p><p>+2000995651050.81856727056.52</p><p>+2001983443477.77892720232.47</p><p>+2002941885475.11900423973.67</p><p>+2003940347194.61878482803.75</p><p>+20041032205672.81964650051.86</p><p>+20051178512262.221061776570.15</p><p>Source: Comext2 k0337541.txt Extracted: 13/09/2006</p><p>DataSet: EU25 SINCE 1999 CN (SIMULATED)</p><p>1</p><p>Evolution of world trade</p><p>20002005</p><p>World (mio euro)</p><p>IMPORT5,595,9036,591,240</p><p>EXPORT5,213,1126,209,891</p><p>Commerce total10,809,01412,801,131</p><p>EU (mio euro)</p><p>IMPORT995,6511,178,512</p><p>EXPORT856,7271,061,777</p><p>Commerce total1,852,3782,240,289</p><p>PVD (mio euro)</p><p>IMPORT1,822,9272,444,978</p><p>EXPORT1,998,1342,766,504</p><p>Commerce total3,821,0615,211,482</p><p>Mds euros20002005</p><p>Monde10,80912,801</p><p>PVD3,8215,211</p><p>UE1,8522,240</p><p>1</p><p>00</p><p>00</p><p>00</p><p>Evolution of world trade : 2000-2005(world trade = exports + imports, except intra-EU trade)</p><p>Sources : Eurostat, OMC</p><p>2000</p><p>2005</p><p>Raw 2</p><p>1er quadrant : part de l'UE dans le commerce de biens et de services</p><p>Source: Commerce mondial.xls, comext, comtrade</p><p>Commerce mondial hors intra EU25 (donnes WTO)</p><p>1999200020012002200320042005</p><p>IMPORTeuro/mio4125761.439508355595902.712520095513436.916500245376963.669383185167243.916233825732149.274672396591240.0876652</p><p>EXPORTeuro/mio3857105.11768955213111.614051935071806.997922124998150.138475914819740.365019195366319.700391036209891.26978801</p><p>Table generation of Extraction from Plan '1nieuw'</p><p>Produced:14/09/2006</p><p>PARTNER(B):+[TRIAD]z00 World</p><p>PRODUCT(B):TOTALTOTAL</p><p>STAT_REGIME(B):+4Regime 4 TOTAL TRADE (Reg. 1+3+5+6 and from 95 +7)</p><p>PERIOD(B):+2005</p><p>INDICATORS(B):VALUE_1000EURO</p><p>FLOW(B):Y Axis (1)</p><p>DECLARANT(B):X Axis (1)</p><p>+EU_25</p><p>1IMPORT1178512262.22</p><p>2EXPORT1061776570.15</p><p>Source: Comext2 k0338295.txt Extracted: 14/09/2006</p><p>DataSet: EU25 SINCE 1999 CN (SIMULATED)</p><p>Table generation of Extraction from Plan 'cannelle'</p><p>Produced:14/09/2006</p><p>PRODUCT(B):TOTALTOTAL</p><p>INDICATORS(B):VALUE_1000ECU</p><p>PARTNER(B):00000WORLD </p><p>PERIOD(B):200552Jan.-Dec. 2005</p><p>FLOW(B):Y Axis (1)</p><p>DECLARANT(B):X Axis (1)</p><p>+[TRIAD]z02 USA+[TRIAD]z04 Japan+[TRIAD]z09 China</p><p>+Exports807588725.99478209843.26612453508.56</p><p>+Imports1392428902.82414650259.63530466009.16</p><p>Source: Comext2 k0338290.txt Extracted: 14/09/2006</p><p>DataSet: COMTRADE HS SINCE 1988</p><p>Source: eurostat, wto</p><p>Date d'extraction: Thu, 14 Sep 06 11:35:37</p><p>Dernire mise jour: Tue Jun 06 15:05:41 MEST 2006</p><p>Copyright Eurostat. All Rights Reserved.</p><p>tableits</p><p>Echanges internationaux de services ( partir de 1985)</p><p>currencymio_eur</p><p>Millions d'euros ( partir du 1.1.1999)/Millions d'cus (jusqu'au 31.12.1998)</p><p>geoeu25</p><p>Union europenne (25 pays)</p><p>time2005a00</p><p>partnerext_eu25</p><p>Extra-UE-25</p><p>flowcreditdebit</p><p>CrditDbit</p><p>post</p><p>200Services396864.016p349105.985p</p><p>291Services fournis ou reus par les administrations publiques, n.c.a.7875.148p6304.344p</p><p>pValeur provisoire</p><p>(printed using Eden/Common Browser);"version";"TemplateForEden for Java release 1.0"</p><p>Date d'extraction: Thu, 14 Sep 06 03:18:01</p><p>Dernire mise jour: Tue Jun 06 15:05:41 MEST 2006</p><p>Copyright Eurostat. All Rights Reserved.</p><p>tableits</p><p>Echanges internationaux de services ( partir de 1985)</p><p>currencymio_eur</p><p>Millions d'euros ( partir du 1.1.1999)/Millions d'cus (jusqu'au 31.12.1998)</p><p>geoeu25</p><p>Union europenne (25 pays)</p><p>time2005a00</p><p>partnereu25</p><p>Union europenne (25 pays)</p><p>flowcreditdebit</p><p>CrditDbit</p><p>post</p><p>200Services530050.814p516822.104p</p><p>291Services fournis ou reus par les administrations publiques, n.c.a.8854.252p11141.832p</p><p>pValeur provisoire</p><p>(printed using Eden/Common Browser);"version";"TemplateForEden for Java release 1.0"</p><p>http://stat.wto.org/StatisticalProgram/WSDBStatProgramHome.aspx?Language=E</p><p>Topic_codeTopic_descDataSet_codeDataSet_descReporter_codeReporter_descFlow_codeFlow_descIndicator_codeIndicator_descPartner_codePartner_descUnit_codeUnit_descYearValueValue_flagNotes_Export</p><p>BPBalance of PaymentsBCTrade in commercial servicesWLWorldXExportsS200CSCommercial services (Services excl. government services)WLWorldUCUS dollar at current prices20042179500000000</p><p>BPBalance of PaymentsBCTrade in commercial servicesWLWorldXExportsS200CSCommercial services (Services excl. government services)WLWorldUCUS dollar at current prices20052414700000000</p><p>BPBalance of PaymentsBCTrade in commercial servicesWLWorldMImportsS200CSCommercial services (Services excl. government services)WLWorldUCUS dollar at current prices20042132800000000</p><p>BPBalance of PaymentsBCTrade in commercial servicesWLWorldMImportsS200CSCommercial services (Services excl. government services)WLWorldUCUS dollar at current prices20052361300000000</p><p>BPBalance of PaymentsBCTrade in commercial servicesCNChinaXExportsS200CSCommercial services (Services excl. government services)WLWorldUCUS dollar at current prices200462055602000</p><p>BPBalance of PaymentsBCTrade in commercial servicesCNChinaMImportsS200CSCommercial services (Services excl. government services)WLWorldUCUS dollar at current prices200471601714000</p><p>BPBalance of PaymentsBCTrade in commercial servicesJPJapanXExportsS200CSCommercial services (Services excl. government services)WLWorldUCUS dollar at current prices200494933060000</p><p>BPBalance of PaymentsBCTrade in commercial servicesJPJapanXExportsS200CSCommercial services (Services excl. government services)WLWorldUCUS dollar at current prices2005106586427267E</p><p>BPBalance of PaymentsBCTrade in commercial servicesJPJapanMImportsS200CSCommercial services (Services excl. government services)WLWorldUCUS dollar at current prices2004134012460000</p><p>BPBalance of PaymentsBCTrade in commercial servicesJPJapanMImportsS200CSCommercial services (Services excl. government services)WLWorldUCUS dollar at current prices2005135918427089E</p><p>BPBalance of PaymentsBCTrade in commercial servicesUSUnited StatesXExportsS200CSCommercial services (Services excl. government services)WLWorldUCUS dollar at current prices2004321837000000</p><p>BPBalance of PaymentsBCTrade in commercial servicesUSUnited StatesXExportsS200CSCommercial services (Services excl. government services)WLWorldUCUS dollar at current prices2005353320771418E</p><p>BPBalance of PaymentsBCTrade in commercial servicesUSUnited StatesMImportsS200CSCommercial services (Services excl. government services)WLWorldUCUS dollar at current prices2004263598000000</p><p>BPBalance of PaymentsBCTrade in commercial servicesUSUnited StatesMImportsS200CSCommercial services (Services excl. government services)WLWorldUCUS dollar at current prices2005288748090652E</p><p>Taux de change (Eurostat)</p><p>Date extraction:8/3/06</p><p>1999200020012002200320042005</p><p>usd/euro1.06580.92360.89560.94561.13121.24391.2441</p><p>2me quadrant : part des investissements directs de l'UE dans le monde</p><p>Source : eurosatat, newcronos</p><p>http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/portal/page?_pageid=1996,45323734&amp;_dad=portal&amp;_schema=PORTAL&amp;screen=welcomeref&amp;open=/economy/bop/fdi&amp;language=fr&amp;product=EU_MAIN_TREE&amp;root=EU_MAIN_TREE&amp;scrollto=399</p><p>Note : simplification (prise en compte des montants) due au fait que les donnes Cnuced et Eurostat ne coincident pas - rpercussions sur le calcul de ratios.</p><p>Date d'extraction: Wed, 13 Sep 06 11:50:54</p><p>Dernire mise jour: Mon Jul 17 00:42:11 MEST 2006</p><p>Copyright Eurostat. All Rights Reserved.</p><p>tablefdi_main</p><p>Investissements directs de l'UE - Indicateurs principaux</p><p>time2003a00</p><p>post505</p><p>Total des investissement directs de l'conomie l'tranger</p><p>indic_bpflows</p><p>Flux d'investissements directs - Million ECU/EUR</p><p>partnerext_eu25world</p><p>Extra-UE-25Tous les pays du monde</p><p>geo</p><p>eu25Union europenne (25 pays)135512396224</p><p>usEtats-Unis:105557</p><p>jpJapon:25494</p><p>time2003a00</p><p>post555</p><p>Investissements directs total de l'tranger dans l'conomie</p><p>indic_bpflows</p><p>Flux d'investissements directs - Million ECU/EUR</p><p>partnerext_eu25world</p><p>Extra-UE-25Tous les pays du monde</p><p>geo</p><p>eu25Union europenne (25 pays)115366348705</p><p>usEtats-Unis:50242</p><p>jpJapon:5598</p><p>time2004a00</p><p>post505</p><p>Total des investissement directs de l'conomie l'tranger</p><p>indic_bpflows</p><p>Flux d'investissements directs - Million ECU/EUR</p><p>partnerext_eu25world</p><p>Extra-UE-25Tous les pays du monde</p><p>geo</p><p>eu25Union europenne (25 pays)128935340273</p><p>usEtats-Unis:184335</p><p>jpJapon:24909</p><p>time2004a00</p><p>post555</p><p>Investissements directs total de l'tranger dans l'conomie</p><p>indic_bpflows</p><p>Flux d'investissements directs - Million ECU/EUR</p><p>partnerext_eu25world</p><p>Extra-UE-25Tous les pays du monde</p><p>geo</p><p>eu25Union europenne (25 pays)56854219559</p><p>usEtats-Unis:77063</p><p>jpJapon:6290</p><p>time2005a00</p><p>post505</p><p>Total des investissement directs de l'conomie l'tranger</p><p>indic_bpflows</p><p>Flux d'investissements directs - Million ECU/EUR</p><p>partnerext_eu25world</p><p>Extra-UE-25Tous les pays du monde</p><p>geo</p><p>eu25Union europenne (25 pays)152541p507022p</p><p>usEtats-Unis::</p><p>jpJapon::</p><p>time2005a00</p><p>post555</p><p>Investissements directs total de l'tranger dans l'conomie</p><p>indic_bpflows</p><p>Flux d'investissements directs - Million ECU/EUR</p><p>partnerext_eu25world</p><p>Extra-UE-25Tous les pays du monde</p><p>geo</p><p>eu25Union europenne (25 pays)69789p394146p</p><p>usEtats-Unis::</p><p>jpJapon::</p><p>pValeur provisoire</p><p>(printed using Eden/Common Browser);"version";"TemplateForEden for Java release 1.0"</p><p>3me quadrant : rang de l'UE sur les exportations</p><p>Source: Top trading partners.xls, Leading Exporters and Importers of Merchandise Trade in the World (2005) excluding intra-EU Trade</p><p>The Major Exporters</p><p>Rank.Exportsbillion % World</p><p>World6213.546382658100</p><p>1EU251061.8363330617.089054586</p><p>2USA710.65829118711.4372412697</p><p>3China602.7062983559.6998760649</p><p>4Japan443.9437500477.1447724489</p><p>4me quadrant : rang de l'UE sur les importations</p><p>Source: Top trading partners.xls, Leading Exporters and Importers of Merchandise Trade in the World (2005) excluding intra-EU Trade</p><p>The Major Importers</p><p>Rank.Importsbillion % World</p><p>World6593.1945267152100</p><p>1USA1367.60676863820.7427031479</p><p>2EU251176.0550889117.8374092277</p><p>3China472.7271197637.1699252593</p><p>4Japan400.5540488396.0752651422</p><p>Mds </p><p>http://stat.wto.org/StatisticalProgram/WSDBStatProgramHome.aspx?Language=E</p><p>http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/portal/page?_pageid=1996,45323734&amp;_dad=portal&amp;_schema=PORTAL&amp;screen=welcomeref&amp;open=/economy/bop/fdi&amp;language=fr&amp;product=EU_MAIN_TREE&amp;root=EU_MAIN_TREE&amp;scrollto=399</p><p>2</p><p>La puissance commerciale majeure (Part I)</p><p>1er quadrant : part de l'UE dans le commerce de biens et de services</p><p>World Trade in GoodsWorld - intra EUEUUnited StatesJapanChinaOthers</p><p>Imports, bil euro, 20056,5911,1791,3924155303,075</p><p>Exports, bil euro, 20056,2101,0628084786123,250</p><p>Imports+Exports12,8012,2402,2008931,1436,325</p><p>Share17.517.27.08.949.4</p><p>World Trade in ServicesWorld - intra EUEUUnited StatesJapanChinaOthers</p><p>Imports, bil euro, 20051,39234323210958651</p><p>Exports, bil euro, 20051,4203892848650611</p><p>Imports+Exports2,8127325161951071,262</p><p>Share26.018.46.93.844.9</p><p>World TradeWorld - intra EUEUUnited StatesJapanChinaOthers</p><p>Imports, bil euro, 20057,9841,5211,6255245883,726</p><p>Exports, bil euro, 20057,6301,4511,0925646623,861</p><p>Imports+Exports15,6132,9722,7161,0881,2507,587</p><p>Share19.017.47.08.048.6</p><p>2me quadrant : part des investissements directs de l'UE dans le monde</p><p>200320042005p</p><p>FDI inflows, mio euroEU25115,36656,85469,789</p><p>USA50,24277,063-</p><p>Japon5,5986,290-</p><p>FDI outflows, mio euroEU25135,512128,935152,541</p><p>USA105,557184,335-</p><p>Japon25,49424,909-</p><p>3me quadrant : rang de l'UE sur les exportations</p><p>The Major Exporters, bil euro</p><p>Rank.ExportsShare</p><p>World6,214100.0</p><p>1EU251,06217.1</p><p>2USA71111.4</p><p>3China6039.7</p><p>4Japan4447.1</p><p>4me quadrant : rang de l'UE sur les importations</p><p>The Major Importers, bil euro</p><p>Rank.ImportsShare</p><p>World6,593100.0</p><p>1USA1,36820.7</p><p>2EU251,17617.8</p><p>3China4737.2</p><p>4Japan4016.1</p><p>partner: extra-EU25</p><p>partner: world</p><p>partner: world</p><p>partner: extra-EU25</p><p>partner: world</p><p>partner: world</p><p>Raw 3</p><p>Cf. feuillet 2</p><p>World Trade in GoodsWorld - intra EUEUUnited StatesJapanChinaOthers</p><p>Imports, bil euro, 20056,5911,1791,3924155303,075</p><p>Exports, bil euro, 20056,2101,0628084786123,250</p><p>Imports+Exports12,8012,2402,2008931,1436,325</p><p>Share17.517.27.08.949.4</p><p>World Trade in ServicesWorld - intra EUEUUnited StatesJapanChinaOthers</p><p>Imports, bil euro, 20051,39234323210958651</p><p>Exports, bil euro, 20051,4203892848650611</p><p>Imports+Exports2,8127325161951071,262</p><p>Share26.018.46.93.844.9</p><p>3</p><p>La puissance commerciale majeure (part II)</p><p>Graphique 1. Part dans le commerce mondial des marchandises</p><p>World Trade in GoodsWorldEU25United StatesJapanChinaOthers</p><p>12801.12240.32200.0892.91142.96325.0</p><p>17.517.27.08.949.4</p><p>Graphique 2. Part dans le commerce mondial des services</p><p>World Trade in ServicesWorldEU25United StatesJapanChinaOthers</p><p>2812.0731.8516.1194.9107.51261.8</p><p>26.018.46.93.844.9</p><p>3</p><p>0</p><p>0</p><p>0</p><p>0</p><p>0</p><p>SHARE IN WORLD TRADE IN GOODS (2005)</p><p>Raw 4 &amp; 5</p><p>0</p><p>0</p><p>0</p><p>0</p><p>0</p><p>Source: Eurostat</p><p>4 &amp; 5</p><p>Source: Comext, Inter Regional Trade.xls (feuillet 10 "Eu25 Trade by region")</p><p>TRADE (Imp.+Exp.)IMPORTSEXPORTSBALANCE</p><p>RankPartnersMio euro%Mio euro%Mio euro%Bio euro</p><p>WORLD2240288.832371001178512.262221001061776.57015100-116735.69207</p><p>1Nafta480948.2783621.4681371174188972.8460816.0348646457291975.4322827.4987639103103002.5862</p><p>2EFTA255512.6595811.4053445202136236.0863511.560005841119276.5732311.2336791547-16959.51312</p><p>3China Hong Kong240931.538310.7544855297168652.7724514.310650627672278.765856.8073423244-96374.0066</p><p>4CIS214829.873529.5893828696134111.9826711.37976981480717.890857.6021540802-53394.09182</p><p>5Mediterranean countries189980.227628.480166703388249.752337.48...</p></li></ul>