Teaching Writing Project Topic Sentences, Organization, and Transitions

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Teaching Writing Project Topic Sentences, Organization, and Transitions. Emma Parrish Hannah Stevens Ana Pinsak Holly Mosher Sam Diacont. Objectives:. At the end of the lesson students will: Be able to write effect topic sentences. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


Teaching Writing Project

Teaching Writing ProjectTopic Sentences, Organization, and TransitionsEmma ParrishHannah StevensAna PinsakHolly MosherSam DiacontObjectives:At the end of the lesson students will:Be able to write effect topic sentences.Be able to effectively organize a paper to efficiently convey your point.Be able to write strong transition sentences between paragraphs.Be able to write smoothly and cohesively within a paragraph.OrganizationOrganization refers to the cohesive arrangement of elements within a piece of writing.Organize your paper in accordance with your purpose and intended effect.

OrganizationClassical ModelCommon and effective way to organize a piece.Intro- Spark interest Narration- Establish why?Confirmation- Develop proof and examplesRefutation- Address counterargumentConclusion- Brings it all together

OrganizationPatterns of DevelopmentWays to organize your paper according to your purposeMay apply to an entire piece of paragraphs within a pieceNarrationDescriptionProcess AnalysisExemplificationCompare & ContrastClassification & DivisionCause & Effect

TransitionsPurposeTo correlate 2 ideas or to show the relationship shared by multiple ideas or paragraphsTo express the importance & relevance of ideas to the topicTo create coherence within a piece of literatureTo logically end one idea (or paragraph) and introduce anotherTransitionsTransition WordsAvoidIn conclusionAs previously statedFirstNextThenAlsoAnother pointButUtilizeThereforeConsequentlyOtherwisePresentlyNeverthelessSubsequentlyAlternativelyConverselyTransitionsExampleManagement Systems International has logged increased sales in every sector, leading to a significant rise in third-quarter profits. Another important thing to note is that the corporation had expanded its international influenceManagement Systems International has logged increased sales in every sector, leading to a significant rise in third-quarter profits. These impressive profits are largely due to the corporation's expanded international influence.Topic SentencesGeneral GuidelinesHelps you to generate and control your information. It should be carefully worded and restrictedShould show relationships and transitions between paragraphsGoal: an essay that feels like a cohesive wholeShould function as a mini thesis statementCan be restated more than once: in the beginning and in the endTopic SentencesTopic Sentences in the Beginning of a ParagraphSentence should be brief, clear and strong, contain key words at the end (gets heavy stress and leads naturally into what will follow)Usually occurs in the beginning of argument paragraphsEverything that comes after the first sentence elaboratesShould flow naturally from the last paragraph

Topic Sentence Topic Sentences at the End of a ParagraphCan end a paragraph with the main ideaTopic sentence leaves the reader with a strong main idea, preparing the reader for more information that is yet to come.The sentences before the topic sentence take the reader through a process or on a logical path, building up to the climax/main idea.Topic SentencesExamplesSubject: Books being banned in the classroom:GoodBooks have been severely criticized, even banned, because of objectionable subject matter, characters, even individual words.BadThe book Huckleberry Finn has been widely criticized due to its use of racial slurs.Sourceshttp://classroom.quixoticpedagogue.org/ap-english-iv/writing-guide-mainmenu-251/244-ap-language/1930-topic-sentences http://books.google.com/books?id=a0O75iBRj64C&lpg=PA62&ots=c0p8ciEiCh&dq=ap%20language%20and%20composition%20topic%20sentence%20guidelines&pg=PA62#v=onepage&q&f=true http://www.writingcentre.uottawa.ca/hypergrammar/partopic.html http://wps.ablongman.com/long_henry_mrup_1/33/8660/2216967.cw/index.htmlhttp://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/574/01/http://writing.colostate.edu/guides/processes/organize/index.cfm


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