status of soil, climate and digital mapping information in kosovo* 2016-07-04آ  status of soil,...

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  • Status of soil, climate and digital mapping

    information in Kosovo*

    1st Interim Meeting of the Regional Expert Advisory Working Group on Development,

    Mapping and Analyses of Areas with Natural Constraints

    30 June – 1 July 2016 Andrevlje, Serbia

    * Kosovo* “This designation is without prejudice to positions on status, and is in line with UNSC 1244 and the ICJ Opinion on the Kosovo declaration of

    independence.”

    Mr.sc. Idriz SHALA idriz.shala@gmail.com

    GIS - Expert

    Mr.sci. Afrim SHARKU afrim.sharku@gmail.com

    Soil - Expert

    Dr. Syl TAHIRSYLAJ stahirsylaj@yahoo.com

    Meteorological - Expert

    mailto:idriz.shala@gmail.com mailto:afrim.sharku@gmail.com mailto:stahirsylaj@yahoo.com

  • B3.1. INTRODUCTION

    • Area 10,908 km2

    • Agriculture area 41.8% • Population 1.8 mill. (2014) • Density 167 inhabitants/ km².

    • Precipitation ranges from 600 to 1,300 mm • The average annual temperature is 9.5 °C • The warmest month is July with 19.2 °C • The coldest is January with −1.3 °C

  • B3.2. Status of soil data

    Soil Quality • 56% is poor quality • 29% is average quality • 15% is good quality

    First Soil Research

    • The first research with some more detailed characteristics of soils was made during the years 50's, after which were prepared the several soil maps of regions of Kosovo* in scale 1: 50,000.

    • Based on these maps and some additional research is prepared Pedologic Atlas of Kosovo IDWR 1974, edited by The Institute "Jaroslav Cerni" from Belgrade, which included 101 systematic units.

    Besides soil types the atlas comprises 3 basic data for these soil types, such as: • Data for soil texture • The data for soil depth • Data for drainage

    Laboratories for Soil Analysis • Laboratory in Biotechnical Institute in Peja - MAFRD • Laboratory “Agrovet” in Fushe Kosova

  • Other maps in digital format: • Map of Elevation • Map of Soil Erosion Risk • Map of Environmental Soil Sensitivity • Map of Integrated Land Suitability • Map of Agriculture Land Suitability Classification • Land Use intensity Plan • Map of Flood Risk, etc. All these maps are prepared using as a basic resource the above mentioned soil map.

    Data in digital Format • In 2014 - agricultural census – Kosovo* Agency of

    Statistics • Report - digital statistical data for land

    Maps in digital Format

    Soil Map This atlas is digitized after the war keeping original naming and original borders of the atlas.

  • Characteristics of methodology for delineation of ANC - soil

    Drainage classification

    Based on this atlas drainage classified into 4 groups:

    d_1 poor

    d_2 average

    d_3 good

    d_4 very good

    Soil depth (If equal or less than 30 cm)

    Based on this atlas regarding to depth, soil is classified into 4 groups:

    D_1 Very shallow (80cm)

    http://www.google.rs/url?sa=i&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=images&cd=&cad=rja&uact=8&ved=&url=http://sci.waikato.ac.nz/farm/content/soils.html&psig=AFQjCNFmGyYr0HPR_40JxEORQVG2JxkByA&ust=1467324222899265 http://www.google.rs/url?sa=i&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=images&cd=&cad=rja&uact=8&ved=&url=http://sci.waikato.ac.nz/farm/content/soils.html&psig=AFQjCNFmGyYr0HPR_40JxEORQVG2JxkByA&ust=1467324222899265 http://www.google.rs/url?sa=i&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=images&cd=&cad=rja&uact=8&ved=0ahUKEwiEjdfyn87NAhWBFhQKHdicDDUQjRwIBw&url=http://www.extension.umn.edu/agriculture/water/agricultural-drainage-publication-series/&bvm=bv.125801520,d.d24&psig=AFQjCNGE95E6ddTr9clqbzXKRQsoT9KF4g&ust=1467324380524673 http://www.google.rs/url?sa=i&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=images&cd=&cad=rja&uact=8&ved=0ahUKEwiEjdfyn87NAhWBFhQKHdicDDUQjRwIBw&url=http://www.extension.umn.edu/agriculture/water/agricultural-drainage-publication-series/&bvm=bv.125801520,d.d24&psig=AFQjCNGE95E6ddTr9clqbzXKRQsoT9KF4g&ust=1467324380524673

  • Soil Texture Soil is divided in 5 classess

    • S gravel, • P sand • Pi sandy-loam • i loam • G clay

    For determination of the soil texture, now same like in the past the most used method in pedological practice was international pipette B method (ISO 11277:2009). http://www.iso.org/iso/home/store/catalogue_tc/catalogue_detail.htm?c snumber=54151

    Except this method in Kosovo soil laboratories also in use is Standard Test Method for Particle-Size Analysis of Soils “ASTM D 422” http://www.astm.org/Standards/D422

    http://www.iso.org/iso/home/store/catalogue_tc/catalogue_detail.htm?csnumber=54151 http://www.astm.org/Standards/D422 http://www.google.rs/url?sa=i&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=images&cd=&cad=rja&uact=8&ved=0ahUKEwin4-6PoM7NAhXBvhQKHb9zAoIQjRwIBw&url=http://passel.unl.edu/pages/informationmodule.php?idinformationmodule=1130447039&topicorder=2&maxto=10&bvm=bv.125801520,d.d24&psig=AFQjCNF2Wro01qRwUtombDpIlx8NqGnK1Q&ust=1467324556732665 http://www.google.rs/url?sa=i&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=images&cd=&cad=rja&uact=8&ved=0ahUKEwin4-6PoM7NAhXBvhQKHb9zAoIQjRwIBw&url=http://passel.unl.edu/pages/informationmodule.php?idinformationmodule=1130447039&topicorder=2&maxto=10&bvm=bv.125801520,d.d24&psig=AFQjCNF2Wro01qRwUtombDpIlx8NqGnK1Q&ust=1467324556732665

  • Surface stoniness • No data (hasn't been realised any research)

    Soil Organic Matter • In Kosovo* soil laboratory in use are 2 methods:

    a. Determination of organic and total carbon after dry combustion (ISO 10694:1995) More details regarding the methodology can be found at link: http://www.iso.org/iso/catalogue_detail.htm?csnumber=18782

    a. Determination of organic carbon by sulfochromic oxidation (ISO 14235:1998),

    More details regarding the methodology can be found at link: http://www.iso.org/iso/iso_catalogue/catalogue_tc/catalogue_detail.htm?csnu mber=23140

    http://www.iso.org/iso/catalogue_detail.htm?csnumber=18782 http://www.iso.org/iso/iso_catalogue/catalogue_tc/catalogue_detail.htm?csnumber=23140 http://www.google.rs/url?sa=i&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=images&cd=&cad=rja&uact=8&ved=0ahUKEwi237PboM7NAhVHcRQKHbizBnEQjRwIBw&url=http://www.elsevier.es/en-revista-journal-of-applied-research-and-81-articulo-the-app-soc-plus-tool-90454622&bvm=bv.125801520,d.d24&psig=AFQjCNFA5ATRQU3fc7MXxaUY0RusaHXClQ&ust=1467324658261331 http://www.google.rs/url?sa=i&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=images&cd=&cad=rja&uact=8&ved=0ahUKEwi237PboM7NAhVHcRQKHbizBnEQjRwIBw&url=http://www.elsevier.es/en-revista-journal-of-applied-research-and-81-articulo-the-app-soc-plus-tool-90454622&bvm=bv.125801520,d.d24&psig=AFQjCNFA5ATRQU3fc7MXxaUY0RusaHXClQ&ust=1467324658261331

  • Salinity Methodology for determining the soil salinity is based on measurement of specific electrical conductivity

    (ISO 11265: 1994). More details regarding the methodology can be found at link: http://www.iso.org/iso/catalogue_detail.htm?csnumber=19243

    Sodicity In Kosovo are using two methods for determining the soil sodicity: a. Determination of effective Cation Exchange Capacity and base saturation level using barium chloride

    solution / CEC/ - (ISO 11260:1994;). More details regarding the methodology can be found at link: http://www.iso.org/iso/iso_catalogue/catalogue_tc/catalogue_detail.htm?csnumber=19238

    b. Determination of exchangeable acidity in barium chloride extracts /SAR/ (ISO 14254:2001). More details regarding the methodology can be found at link: http://www.iso.org/iso/iso_catalogue/catalogue_tc/catalogue_detail.htm?csnumber=22919

    http://www.iso.org/iso/catalogue_detail.htm?csnumber=19243 http://www.iso.org/iso/iso_catalogue/catalogue_tc/catalogue_detail.htm?csnumber=19238 http://www.iso.org/iso/iso_catalogue/catalogue_tc/catalogue_detail.htm?csnumber=22919

  • Acidity Mesuring the pH in H2O and 1 M KCl in electrometrically suspension in 1: 2.5 (ISO 10390:2005). More details regarding the methodology can be found at link: http://www.iso.org/iso/catalogue_detail.htm?csnumber=40879

    Recent soil surveys After the war were financed various projects connected to soil, by various international organizations and the government of Kosovo, especially in terms of • consolidation of land, • research for heavy metals in certain areas, • research for the establishment the new surfaces with vineyards and orchards, etc.

    But unfortunately all the analysis results are not available, since a part of them are carried out with funding by private companies.

    Based on pH the soil can be:

    < 4,5 – strongly acid

    4,5 – 5,5 – acid

    5,5 – 6,5 – slightly acid

    6,5 – 7,2 – neutral

    > 7,2 – alkaline

    http://www.iso.org/iso/catalogue_detail.htm?csnumber=40879 http://www.google.rs/url?sa=i&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=images&cd=&cad=rja&uact=8&ved=0ahUKEwjclMznm8_NAhXCzRoKHXVVAuYQjRwIBw&url=http://www.corrocont.com/surveys/soil-ph-survey&psig=AFQjCNHO3KQyR2tjRH7zDXL76uoic5pezw&ust=1467357395885090 http://www.google.rs/url?sa=i&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=images&cd=&cad=rja&uact=8&ved=0ahUKEwjclMznm8_NAhXCzRoKHXVVAuYQjRwIBw&url=http://www.corrocont.com/surveys/soil-ph-survey&

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