South Sudan Unity State - ?· Unity State map: South Sudan 4 General information 5 ... President Salva…

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<ul><li><p>SOCIAL MAPPINGSouth Sudan</p><p>UnityState</p></li><li><p>CONteNtS</p><p>About social mapping 2</p><p>About Unity State 3</p><p>Unity State map: South Sudan 4</p><p>General information 5</p><p>Demographic details 6</p><p>Communication interface mapping 7</p><p>High risk groups 8</p><p>Nomads 10</p><p>Logistics management mapping 12</p><p>Partners mapping 14</p><p>Accessibility mapping 16</p><p>Key factors that deprive children </p><p>of immunization 18</p><p>AbOUt SOCIAL MAPPINGThe purpose of social mapping is to facilitate microplanning for communication for development interventions for polio campaigns and routine immunization. Communication and Public Health professionals working in the field of polio eradication and routine immunization are expected to use this document as a reference manual. </p><p>Unity State is the focus of this report. It begins with an overview of the State, including general Information and demographics. It then addresses the following social mapping components:</p><p> Communication interfaces Logistics management Partners Accessibility Key factors that deprive children of South Sudan of </p><p>immunization</p><p>2</p></li><li><p>Steps followed during the planning process</p><p>the planning processThe social mapping process started at the grass-roots level. During the initial stage, Expanded Programme on Immunization (EPI) workers, social mobilizers and officials of county health departments (CHDs) collaborated in the preparation of a situation analysis, and shared community-specific detailed information available that was available to them. This data was subsequently compiled at payam, county and state level. The social mapping data was then reviewed, discussed and finalized in a meeting with EPI managers, social mobilizers, partners and UNICEF officials. </p><p>State level: Review of collectedinformation at state level by EPI managers and social mobilizers.Meeting between EPI manag-ers, state social mobilizers and UNICEF to discuss details of social maps.</p><p>County level: Informationis compiled and sorted by county.</p><p>Payam and boma level:Meeting with EPI staff and payam and boma levelCHDs from all counties.</p><p>Programmatically, Unity State is one of the most challenging states in South Sudan, primarily because of conflict and secondarily because of inaccessibility due to poor infrastructure and the swampy nature of its land. A substantial portion of its population lives in United Nations camps for the protection of civilians (PoCs), while others live in villages, and are mobile in nature. The assessment of population size, as it moves due to conflict and livelihood, is one of the most difficult programmatic challenges of this area. These movements are sometimes intercountry and sometimes interstate and intercounty, making it one of the most challenging areas in the world for polio campaigns and routine immunization. </p><p>Common emergencies in the state are fighting (including tribal and inter-clan fighting), floods, hunger, disease outbreaks (measles, whooping cough, tuberculosis) and kala azar.</p><p>1 2 3</p><p>AbOUt UNIty StAte</p><p>Unity State is the subject of social mapping for a variety of reasons. While Unity is one of the 10 states of South Sudan, it is better known as one of the three conflict-affected states in the country. Due to its geographic location and association with the Greater Upper Nile region, Unity is also known as Western Upper Nile. It covers an area of 38,837 sq km (14,995 sq mi) and is inhabited predominantly by two ethnic groups the Nuer and the Dinka. Its economy is primarily agricultural but it is also rich in oil resources. Southern Sudans first oil reserves were discovered in this region during the 1970s. In October 2015, South Sudans President Salva Kiir issued a decree establishing 28 states in place of the 10 constitutionally established states, and consequently Unity State has been divided into several new states.</p><p>3</p></li><li><p>UNIty StAte MAP: SOUth SUdAN</p><p>Democratic Republic of the Congo</p><p>Sudan</p><p>Central African Republic South Sudan</p><p>Ethiopia</p><p>UgandaKenya</p><p>R. Jur</p><p>White NileWhite Nile</p><p>R. JurR. Jur</p><p>R. G</p><p>ulna</p><p>mR. Naam</p><p>R. Tonj</p><p>R . G</p><p>el</p><p>R. Kiir (Bahr el-Arab)</p><p>Bahr el-Ghazal</p><p>R. Phow (Bahr el-Zeraf)</p><p>R. Jurwel</p><p>R. G</p><p>urr</p><p>R. Kwai (Tem</p><p>)R. Moch</p><p>R. Atem</p><p>R. Loll</p><p>GOGRIAL EAST</p><p>ABIEMNHOM</p><p>TWIC</p><p>TONJ NORTH</p><p>CUEIBET</p><p>TONJ EAST </p><p>RUBKONA</p><p>PARIANG</p><p>FANGAK</p><p>AYOD</p><p>YIROL EAST</p><p>TWIC EAST</p><p>DUK</p><p>AYOD</p><p>MAYENDIT</p><p>YIROL EAST</p><p>TWIC EAST</p><p>DUK</p><p>LEER</p><p>MAYOM</p><p>PANYIJIAR</p><p>GUIT</p><p>KOCH</p><p>RUMBEK EAST</p><p>RUMBEK CENTRE</p><p>RUMBEK NORTH</p><p>Mayom</p><p>Wang-Kay</p><p>Yoynyang</p><p>Bielli</p><p>Narir</p><p>Buoth</p><p>Wicok</p><p>Thangoro</p><p>Mayom</p><p>Leer</p><p>Wang-Kay</p><p>YoynyangRub-Koni</p><p>Riangnhom</p><p>Nyal</p><p>Koch</p><p>Mankien</p><p>Tam</p><p>Marial-lou</p><p>Ngabagok</p><p>Wun Shwai</p><p>Wun-Kot</p><p>Ngabagok</p><p>Shambe</p><p>Jwong</p><p>Shambe</p><p>Ganylel</p><p>Adok</p><p>Pabuong</p><p>Madol</p><p>Kuthai</p><p>Bieh</p><p>Mayendit</p><p>Duar</p><p>DekomGanylel</p><p>Adok</p><p>Juaibor</p><p>Tor</p><p>Keew</p><p>Old Fangak</p><p>PaguirFagwir</p><p>Toch</p><p>Nyadin</p><p>Kull</p><p>Pul Luthni</p><p>Wath Wang KechNew Fangak</p><p>Kuernyang</p><p>Juaibor</p><p>Thiet</p><p>Nhialdiu</p><p>Kuey Bielli</p><p>Meshra Bentiu</p><p>Narir</p><p>Thargana</p><p>Buoth</p><p>Wicok</p><p>Toic</p><p>Rier</p><p>Ajak-Kwach</p><p>Panyang</p><p>Biu</p><p>Wun Shwai</p><p>Wun-Chuei</p><p>Mapura</p><p>Pabuong</p><p>Madol</p><p>Kuthai</p><p>Akop</p><p>Wun-Kot</p><p>TonjPantoich MalekMalek</p><p>Gap Mayom</p><p>Thonyor</p><p>Padeah</p><p>Bieh</p><p>Dablual</p><p>Tor</p><p>Keew</p><p>Old Fangak</p><p>PaguirFagwir</p><p>Toch</p><p>Nyadin</p><p>Kull</p><p>Jwong</p><p>Pul Luthni</p><p>Tonga</p><p>Wath Wang Kech</p><p>Mayendit</p><p>Dhor Thir</p><p>Dhor Wang</p><p>Thorial</p><p>Duar</p><p>Wath-ThierWath-Thier</p><p>Biil</p><p>Nimni</p><p>Thangoro</p><p>Awoluum</p><p>Ajak KuacAjak Kuac</p><p>Mayenjur</p><p>Ghabat El-Warran</p><p>Mayenjur</p><p>Ghabat El-Warran</p><p>Achier-Chok</p><p>Long Kap</p><p>Ayai</p><p>WarrapRualbet</p><p>Malou-Pech Duony</p><p>PulmokDekom</p><p>Tiap</p><p>ChuckPayiniar</p><p>New Fangak</p><p>KuernyangBentiu</p><p>Jonglei</p><p>Warrap</p><p>Upper Nile</p><p>Lakes</p><p>Cueibet</p><p>Rumbek</p><p>Adapted from Map SS-0026, IMU OCHA SS (2012) </p><p>LEGENDState (wilayah) capital</p><p>Main town</p><p>** Final status of the Abyei area is not yet determined.</p><p>0</p><p>Kilometers</p><p>20 40 60</p><p>Major airport</p><p>International boundary</p><p>County boundary</p><p>State (wilayah) boundary</p><p>Abyei region**</p><p>Main road</p><p>Railroad</p><p>River</p><p>Lake</p><p>Marsh 4</p></li><li><p>GeNerAL INfOrMAtION</p><p>Unity States name is comparatively new. It was previously part of the Upper Nile Province; therefore, it is also referred to as Western Upper Nile. </p><p>ECONOMYAgriculture, cattle farming and limited fishing. </p><p>NUMBER OF PAYAMS**</p><p>73 (Abiemnhom 4, Guit 7, Koch 7, Leer 8, Mayendit 10, Mayom 12, Panyijiar 9 Pariang 7 and Rubkona 9)</p><p>COUNTIES</p><p>Names: Mayom, Rubkona, Panrieng, Leer, Guit, Koch, Abiemnom, Mayiendit and Payinjiar.*** Number: 9.*</p><p>IMPORTANT TOWNS*</p><p>Riangnom, Rub-Koni, Yoynyang, Tam, Mankien, Wang-Kay, Koch, Nyal and Ganyiel. This selection is based on economic activities and administrative importance.</p><p>AREA*</p><p>37,836.69 sq km (14,608.83 sq mi)</p><p>POPULATION DENSITY***</p><p>15 sq km (40 per sq mi)</p><p>POPULATION***</p><p>1,018,434</p><p>Sources: </p><p>*Wikipedia</p><p>**Source: Population Distribution by Age Group, by Sex, by Payam, National Bureau of Statistics, South Sudan</p><p>***Source: Polio Campaign Data, SeptemberDecember 2015, WHO-South Sudan</p><p>5</p></li><li><p>County Payam Total population 2015</p><p>Target population (05 years)</p><p>Abiemnhom Abiemnhom 10,074 2,116Aworpiny 5,664 1,189Manjoga 5,810 1,220Panyang 12,129 2,547</p><p>Total 4 33,677 7,072Guit Guit 9,282 1,949</p><p>Kedad 5,632 1,183Kuach 15,416 3,237Kuerguini 6,374 1,339Niemni 2,465 518Nyathoar 5,060 1,063Wathnyona 4,660 979</p><p>Total 7 48,889 10,267Koch Boaw 28,922 6,074</p><p>Gany 4,971 1,044Jaak 20,574 4,321Kuachlual 15,463 3,247Ngony 29,483 6,191Norbor 4,798 1,008Pakur 8,429 1,770</p><p>Total 7 112,640 23,654Leer Adok 18,503 3,886</p><p>Bou 7,092 1,489Dok 30,339 6,371Guat 6,753 1,418JuongKang 5,979 1,256Padeah 8,179 1,718Pilieny 8,955 1,881Yang 4,437 932</p><p>Total 8 90,237 18,950Mayendit Bor 7,703 1,618</p><p>Dablual 12,513 2,628Luom 12,197 2,561Maal 5,234 1,099Pabuong 392 82Rubkuay 25,685 5,394Thaker 15,204 3,193Tharjiath 5,245 1,101Tutnyang 7,379 1,550</p><p>Total 9 91,552 19,226</p><p>County Payam Total population 2015</p><p>Target population (05 years)</p><p>Mayom Bieh 5,504 1,156Kuerbuone 35,080 7,367Kueryiek 10,120 2,125Mankien 41,602 8,736Ngop 4,368 917Pup 6,480 1,361Ruathnyibuol 24,860 5,221Wangbuor_1 2,343 492Wangbuor_2 6,158 1,293Wangbuor_3 9,912 2,082Wangkei 34,323 7,208</p><p>Total 11 180,750 37,958Panyijiar Ganyliel 8,148 1,711</p><p>Kol 6,833 1,435Mayom/Paliey 5,913 1,242Nyal 20,102 4,221Pachaar/Kanyhial 10,085 2,118Pachak 5,678 1,192Pachienjok/Pulmok 3,915 822Panyijiar/Chuok 2,937 617Thoarnhoum 4,499 945Tiap 5,431 1,141</p><p>Total 10 73,541 15,444Pariang Aliiny 19,469 4,088</p><p>Biu 21,127 4,437Jamjang 27,143 5,700Nyeel 9,160 1,924Pariang 17,825 3,743Werthen 17,966 3,773Wunkur 4,864 1,021</p><p>Total 7 117,554 24,686Rubkona BentiuTown 66,532 13,972</p><p>BentiuPoC 108,228 22,728Budaang 10,121 2,125Dhorbor 3,141 660Kaljak 6,747 1,417Ngop 2,822 593Nhialdiu 29,913 6,282Panhiany 4,065 854Rubkotne 32,202 6,762Wathjaak 5,823 1,223</p><p>Total 10 269,594 56,615</p><p>Totals 9 73 1,018,434 213,871</p><p>Source: SNID/NID Campaign Data, WHO, South Sudan</p><p>deMOGrAPhIC detAILS</p><p>Languages: English, Dinka, Nuer and Simple Arabic is spoken in 7 counties, but in Parieng and Abiemnom only Simple Arabic is spoken.</p><p>Population: Due to lack of security and the substantial number of mobile groups, the population of Unity State, as in the rest of South Sudan, changes over time. Therefore, data collected through polio campaigns has been incorporated in the figures below. Because 05 year-olds are the target group for polio vaccination, the population figures for this group are given.</p><p>6</p></li><li><p>COMMUNICAtION INterfACe MAPPING</p><p>Partners map</p><p>County border</p><p>IDP camps</p><p>Immunization</p><p>Antenatal care</p><p>Nutrition</p><p>HIV and AIDS</p><p>General health</p><p>Primary healthcare</p><p>Communication interfaces map</p><p>hOSPItALS: </p><p>Functioning</p><p>Non-functioning</p><p>PrIMAry heALth CAre CeNtreS:</p><p>Functioning</p><p>Non-functioning</p><p>PrIMAry heALth CAre UNItS:</p><p>Functioning</p><p>Non-functioning</p><p>PerIANG</p><p>GUIt</p><p>rUbKONA</p><p>AbIeMNhOM</p><p>MAyOM</p><p>MAyeNdItLeer</p><p>PANyIJIAr</p><p>KOCh</p><p>x 1</p><p>x 6</p><p>x 1</p><p>x 10</p><p>x 3x 1 x 4</p><p>x 1</p><p>x 2</p><p>x 5</p><p>x 3</p><p>x 3</p><p>x 2</p><p>x 3</p><p>x 1</p><p>x 1</p><p>x 1</p><p>x 1</p><p>x 2</p><p>x 1</p><p>x 5</p><p>x 2</p><p>x 5</p><p>x 5</p><p>x 3</p><p>Source: County Health Departments</p><p>NO Of SOCIAL MObILIzerS= 360</p><p>2Bentiu FM</p><p>Naath FM</p><p>bentiu Star drama Group, Aljuzur drama Group and other traditional dance groups</p><p>drAMA GrOUPS:</p><p>5NO Of MOSqUeS</p><p>= 54NO Of ChUrCheS</p><p>!</p><p>7</p></li><li><p>County/ payam/ village</p><p>Name/ identity of high risk group of inaccessible population</p><p>Extent of inaccessibility</p><p>Reasons for inaccessibility</p><p>Additional information</p><p>All nine counties</p><p>Internally displaced persons</p><p>All seasons Armed conflict Internally displaced persons live mostly in camps across the state. Numbers are increasing daily. Some of these camps are hard to reach but they can be accessed through rapid response missions, partners working in PoC camps and radio broadcasts.</p><p>All nine counties</p><p>Villagers Wet season Villagers live in swampland where there is no road and no transport system.</p><p>Villagers are comparatively few in number and usually scattered. Possible means of access are through rapid response missions, partners working on the ground and community structures.</p><p>All nine counties</p><p>Cattle farmers</p><p>Dry season</p><p>Wet season</p><p>Cattle farmers move during the dry season and remain in swampland during the wet season.</p><p>Cattle farmers move whenever possible, especially during the dry season. They can be accessed through outreach sites, mobile teams and rapid response missions for immunization programmes. </p><p>All nine counties</p><p>Fishing groups</p><p>Wet season Fishing groups keep moving year round but mostly during the wet season.</p><p>Fishing groups keep moving, are scattered and can be reached through mobile teams.</p><p>All nine counties</p><p>Armed groups living in barracks</p><p>All seasons Armed groups belong to a regimented profession which is reflected in their attitude.</p><p>Armed groups are usually unfriendly, live in fixed sites and can be accessed through radios, outreach sites and health facilities.</p><p>All nine counties</p><p>Town dwellers</p><p>All seasons Town dwellers are often ignored due to the focus on conventional high risk groups.</p><p>Very few people live in towns due to war. They can be reached through rapid response missions, partner organizations and radio.</p><p>hIGh rISK GrOUPS</p><p>Unity State has a considerable number of people who are either isolated or on the move, keeping them beyond all types of development interventions. These groups are known as high risk groups. Information that might be instrumental in reaching these groups has been presented in this section.</p><p>8</p></li><li><p>Gumriac</p><p>Jam Jang</p><p>Nyongjak</p><p>PariangTown</p><p>BentuiTown</p><p>Wuamhom</p><p>Ragat</p><p>Mayom</p><p>Kan</p><p>Boaw</p><p>Koch</p><p>GanyMirmir</p><p>Norbor</p><p>Jaak</p><p>Mayendit</p><p>RubkueyLeer</p><p>Nyal</p><p>Ganyliel</p><p>Pakur</p><p>NyathaKurie</p><p>Byeing Ayang</p><p>Abiemnhom</p><p>23</p><p>high risk groups</p><p>County border</p><p>Villagers</p><p>Cattle farmers</p><p>Fishing groups</p><p>Armed groups</p><p>Town dwellers</p><p>Internally displaced persons camps</p><p>9</p></li><li><p>Issues affecting nomadsNomadic agro-pastoralists are dependent on cattle rearing and wet season agriculture, migrating seasonally in search of water and pasture for their livestock. They depend extensively on their cattle for their livelihoods and survival. Nomadic agro-pastoralists depend on both agriculture and cattle, needing water both for agriculture and livestock. The movements of some nomadic groups are connected to the seasons while other nomads move whenever necessary to find markets, water and grass for their cattle. Because of this lifestyle, nomads have issues related to immunization, health, gender inequality and illiteracy. It is literally impossible to gather accurate data on these issues. Some of the salient features of these groups are: Survival: Cattle herding, food, water, trading and agriculture are three key factors for the survival of mobile </p><p>populations. Meat, milk and water are their principle consumables and they sell cattle, meat and milk to buy their daily necessities. They often share cattle, milk, meat and water amongst themselves. </p><p> Movement/migration: This is the nomads way of life and livelihood, by way of heritage as well as being a coping strategy. They move for water, fertile land, security, trade and survival from drought. Sometimes they also move for treatment and immunization of their cattle. </p><p> Clan system: Obedience to clan leaders, tradition, rituals and restrictions play a very prominent part in nomads lives. Due to illiteracy, hardly anything is written and they rely rather on word of mouth. Decision-making in the clan system is very structured, and mostly done by older males. Females are allowed to make decisions related to milking, rearing of calves and selling of small items. However, they do not have a voice on broader issues. </p><p> Lifeline: Water, cattle and milk can be considered as the lifeline of mobile populations. All their decisions and thinking prioritize these three factors. Milk gives them money, survival of their babies and food for their families. Cattle give them money, food and other necessities of daily life. Water is needed for agriculture, cattle and their own survival. </p><p>NOMAdS</p><p>South Sudan has a group of people who are cattle herders, fishermen and sometimes farmers. These people move from one place to another depending on the need for food, water and suitable land. Their lifestyles, livelihoods and movement patterns are distinct from each other, and need special consideration and intervention for delivery of health and other services.</p><p>Most communication through word of mouth</p><p>Milk</p><p>Milk Cattle Agriculture</p><p>Sharing milk, meat, cattle</p><p>Water</p><p>Meat Trading SUrvIvAL</p><p>Food</p><p>Others</p><p>Meat</p><p>Milk</p><p>Lifeline for babies</p><p>One of the primary foods for family</p><p>For cattle</p><p>For crops For survival</p><p>Money</p><p>MoneyFo...</p></li></ul>

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