South Sudan Unity State - ?· Unity State map: South Sudan 4 General information 5 ... President Salva…

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  • SOCIAL MAPPINGSouth Sudan

    UnityState

  • CONteNtS

    About social mapping 2

    About Unity State 3

    Unity State map: South Sudan 4

    General information 5

    Demographic details 6

    Communication interface mapping 7

    High risk groups 8

    Nomads 10

    Logistics management mapping 12

    Partners mapping 14

    Accessibility mapping 16

    Key factors that deprive children

    of immunization 18

    AbOUt SOCIAL MAPPINGThe purpose of social mapping is to facilitate microplanning for communication for development interventions for polio campaigns and routine immunization. Communication and Public Health professionals working in the field of polio eradication and routine immunization are expected to use this document as a reference manual.

    Unity State is the focus of this report. It begins with an overview of the State, including general Information and demographics. It then addresses the following social mapping components:

    Communication interfaces Logistics management Partners Accessibility Key factors that deprive children of South Sudan of

    immunization

    2

  • Steps followed during the planning process

    the planning processThe social mapping process started at the grass-roots level. During the initial stage, Expanded Programme on Immunization (EPI) workers, social mobilizers and officials of county health departments (CHDs) collaborated in the preparation of a situation analysis, and shared community-specific detailed information available that was available to them. This data was subsequently compiled at payam, county and state level. The social mapping data was then reviewed, discussed and finalized in a meeting with EPI managers, social mobilizers, partners and UNICEF officials.

    State level: Review of collectedinformation at state level by EPI managers and social mobilizers.Meeting between EPI manag-ers, state social mobilizers and UNICEF to discuss details of social maps.

    County level: Informationis compiled and sorted by county.

    Payam and boma level:Meeting with EPI staff and payam and boma levelCHDs from all counties.

    Programmatically, Unity State is one of the most challenging states in South Sudan, primarily because of conflict and secondarily because of inaccessibility due to poor infrastructure and the swampy nature of its land. A substantial portion of its population lives in United Nations camps for the protection of civilians (PoCs), while others live in villages, and are mobile in nature. The assessment of population size, as it moves due to conflict and livelihood, is one of the most difficult programmatic challenges of this area. These movements are sometimes intercountry and sometimes interstate and intercounty, making it one of the most challenging areas in the world for polio campaigns and routine immunization.

    Common emergencies in the state are fighting (including tribal and inter-clan fighting), floods, hunger, disease outbreaks (measles, whooping cough, tuberculosis) and kala azar.

    1 2 3

    AbOUt UNIty StAte

    Unity State is the subject of social mapping for a variety of reasons. While Unity is one of the 10 states of South Sudan, it is better known as one of the three conflict-affected states in the country. Due to its geographic location and association with the Greater Upper Nile region, Unity is also known as Western Upper Nile. It covers an area of 38,837 sq km (14,995 sq mi) and is inhabited predominantly by two ethnic groups the Nuer and the Dinka. Its economy is primarily agricultural but it is also rich in oil resources. Southern Sudans first oil reserves were discovered in this region during the 1970s. In October 2015, South Sudans President Salva Kiir issued a decree establishing 28 states in place of the 10 constitutionally established states, and consequently Unity State has been divided into several new states.

    3

  • UNIty StAte MAP: SOUth SUdAN

    Democratic Republic of the Congo

    Sudan

    Central African Republic South Sudan

    Ethiopia

    UgandaKenya

    R. Jur

    White NileWhite Nile

    R. JurR. Jur

    R. G

    ulna

    mR. Naam

    R. Tonj

    R . G

    el

    R. Kiir (Bahr el-Arab)

    Bahr el-Ghazal

    R. Phow (Bahr el-Zeraf)

    R. Jurwel

    R. G

    urr

    R. Kwai (Tem

    )R. Moch

    R. Atem

    R. Loll

    GOGRIAL EAST

    ABIEMNHOM

    TWIC

    TONJ NORTH

    CUEIBET

    TONJ EAST

    RUBKONA

    PARIANG

    FANGAK

    AYOD

    YIROL EAST

    TWIC EAST

    DUK

    AYOD

    MAYENDIT

    YIROL EAST

    TWIC EAST

    DUK

    LEER

    MAYOM

    PANYIJIAR

    GUIT

    KOCH

    RUMBEK EAST

    RUMBEK CENTRE

    RUMBEK NORTH

    Mayom

    Wang-Kay

    Yoynyang

    Bielli

    Narir

    Buoth

    Wicok

    Thangoro

    Mayom

    Leer

    Wang-Kay

    YoynyangRub-Koni

    Riangnhom

    Nyal

    Koch

    Mankien

    Tam

    Marial-lou

    Ngabagok

    Wun Shwai

    Wun-Kot

    Ngabagok

    Shambe

    Jwong

    Shambe

    Ganylel

    Adok

    Pabuong

    Madol

    Kuthai

    Bieh

    Mayendit

    Duar

    DekomGanylel

    Adok

    Juaibor

    Tor

    Keew

    Old Fangak

    PaguirFagwir

    Toch

    Nyadin

    Kull

    Pul Luthni

    Wath Wang KechNew Fangak

    Kuernyang

    Juaibor

    Thiet

    Nhialdiu

    Kuey Bielli

    Meshra Bentiu

    Narir

    Thargana

    Buoth

    Wicok

    Toic

    Rier

    Ajak-Kwach

    Panyang

    Biu

    Wun Shwai

    Wun-Chuei

    Mapura

    Pabuong

    Madol

    Kuthai

    Akop

    Wun-Kot

    TonjPantoich MalekMalek

    Gap Mayom

    Thonyor

    Padeah

    Bieh

    Dablual

    Tor

    Keew

    Old Fangak

    PaguirFagwir

    Toch

    Nyadin

    Kull

    Jwong

    Pul Luthni

    Tonga

    Wath Wang Kech

    Mayendit

    Dhor Thir

    Dhor Wang

    Thorial

    Duar

    Wath-ThierWath-Thier

    Biil

    Nimni

    Thangoro

    Awoluum

    Ajak KuacAjak Kuac

    Mayenjur

    Ghabat El-Warran

    Mayenjur

    Ghabat El-Warran

    Achier-Chok

    Long Kap

    Ayai

    WarrapRualbet

    Malou-Pech Duony

    PulmokDekom

    Tiap

    ChuckPayiniar

    New Fangak

    KuernyangBentiu

    Jonglei

    Warrap

    Upper Nile

    Lakes

    Cueibet

    Rumbek

    Adapted from Map SS-0026, IMU OCHA SS (2012)

    LEGENDState (wilayah) capital

    Main town

    ** Final status of the Abyei area is not yet determined.

    0

    Kilometers

    20 40 60

    Major airport

    International boundary

    County boundary

    State (wilayah) boundary

    Abyei region**

    Main road

    Railroad

    River

    Lake

    Marsh 4

  • GeNerAL INfOrMAtION

    Unity States name is comparatively new. It was previously part of the Upper Nile Province; therefore, it is also referred to as Western Upper Nile.

    ECONOMYAgriculture, cattle farming and limited fishing.

    NUMBER OF PAYAMS**

    73 (Abiemnhom 4, Guit 7, Koch 7, Leer 8, Mayendit 10, Mayom 12, Panyijiar 9 Pariang 7 and Rubkona 9)

    COUNTIES

    Names: Mayom, Rubkona, Panrieng, Leer, Guit, Koch, Abiemnom, Mayiendit and Payinjiar.*** Number: 9.*

    IMPORTANT TOWNS*

    Riangnom, Rub-Koni, Yoynyang, Tam, Mankien, Wang-Kay, Koch, Nyal and Ganyiel. This selection is based on economic activities and administrative importance.

    AREA*

    37,836.69 sq km (14,608.83 sq mi)

    POPULATION DENSITY***

    15 sq km (40 per sq mi)

    POPULATION***

    1,018,434

    Sources:

    *Wikipedia

    **Source: Population Distribution by Age Group, by Sex, by Payam, National Bureau of Statistics, South Sudan

    ***Source: Polio Campaign Data, SeptemberDecember 2015, WHO-South Sudan

    5

  • County Payam Total population 2015

    Target population (05 years)

    Abiemnhom Abiemnhom 10,074 2,116Aworpiny 5,664 1,189Manjoga 5,810 1,220Panyang 12,129 2,547

    Total 4 33,677 7,072Guit Guit 9,282 1,949

    Kedad 5,632 1,183Kuach 15,416 3,237Kuerguini 6,374 1,339Niemni 2,465 518Nyathoar 5,060 1,063Wathnyona 4,660 979

    Total 7 48,889 10,267Koch Boaw 28,922 6,074

    Gany 4,971 1,044Jaak 20,574 4,321Kuachlual 15,463 3,247Ngony 29,483 6,191Norbor 4,798 1,008Pakur 8,429 1,770

    Total 7 112,640 23,654Leer Adok 18,503 3,886

    Bou 7,092 1,489Dok 30,339 6,371Guat 6,753 1,418JuongKang 5,979 1,256Padeah 8,179 1,718Pilieny 8,955 1,881Yang 4,437 932

    Total 8 90,237 18,950Mayendit Bor 7,703 1,618

    Dablual 12,513 2,628Luom 12,197 2,561Maal 5,234 1,099Pabuong 392 82Rubkuay 25,685 5,394Thaker 15,204 3,193Tharjiath 5,245 1,101Tutnyang 7,379 1,550

    Total 9 91,552 19,226

    County Payam Total population 2015

    Target population (05 years)

    Mayom Bieh 5,504 1,156Kuerbuone 35,080 7,367Kueryiek 10,120 2,125Mankien 41,602 8,736Ngop 4,368 917Pup 6,480 1,361Ruathnyibuol 24,860 5,221Wangbuor_1 2,343 492Wangbuor_2 6,158 1,293Wangbuor_3 9,912 2,082Wangkei 34,323 7,208

    Total 11 180,750 37,958Panyijiar Ganyliel 8,148 1,711

    Kol 6,833 1,435Mayom/Paliey 5,913 1,242Nyal 20,102 4,221Pachaar/Kanyhial 10,085 2,118Pachak 5,678 1,192Pachienjok/Pulmok 3,915 822Panyijiar/Chuok 2,937 617Thoarnhoum 4,499 945Tiap 5,431 1,141

    Total 10 73,541 15,444Pariang Aliiny 19,469 4,088

    Biu 21,127 4,437Jamjang 27,143 5,700Nyeel 9,160 1,924Pariang 17,825 3,743Werthen 17,966 3,773Wunkur 4,864 1,021

    Total 7 117,554 24,686Rubkona BentiuTown 66,532 13,972

    BentiuPoC 108,228 22,728Budaang 10,121 2,125Dhorbor 3,141 660Kaljak 6,747 1,417Ngop 2,822 593Nhialdiu 29,913 6,282Panhiany 4,065 854Rubkotne 32,202 6,762Wathjaak 5,823 1,223

    Total 10 269,594 56,6