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<ul><li><p>A FEW SELECTEDBREEDS OFSHEEPStephen R Schafer, EdD 2008 University of Nevada-Reno</p></li><li><p>Partially Funded ByAg Council of Nevada4 Hall LaneYerington, NV 89447This presentation was developed for use as an educational resource and is provided as an educational service. User/purchase fees are not associated with this presentation.</p></li><li><p>Information DevelopmentMuch effort and time was devoted to:developing accurate/current informationincorporating appropriate pictures/graphicsproviding proper credit of pictures/graphicsobtaining copyright/educational permission</p><p>Any and/or all errors, omissions, etc.are purely unintentional/accidental.</p></li><li><p>Information SourcesAuburn University (Sheep Identification)National 4-H/4HCCS (4-H Sheep Manuals)Ohio State University (Sheep Resource Handbook)Oklahoma State University (Sheep Breed Ident)University of Kentucky (Agripedia)University of Maryland (Sheep &amp; Goat Breeds)University of Wyoming (4-H Sheep Manuals)Wikipedia {internet site} (Internet Encyclopedia)</p></li><li><p>TYPICAL OR COMMONBREEDS OF SHEEPAuthorDr. Steve Schafer, University of Nevada-Reno</p><p>ReviewersMr. Ron Cunningham, University of WyomingDr. Terry Dumas, Louisiana State UniversityDr. Susan Kerr, Washington State University</p></li><li><p>BarbadoOriginated in Texas</p><p>Tan, tan with pale belly, tan with black belly, or pied are most common color/color pattern</p><p>Face is light/white colored</p><p>Females are polled</p><p>Males have large horns that curl &amp; sweep</p><p>Due to distinctive horns, used as trophy animal on big game ranchesPhoto: Lynn Magedson</p></li><li><p>California RedOriginated in California</p><p>Beige/oatmeal color wool</p><p>Legs, face, forehead, poll, &amp; around ears (to under jaw/throat) is wool free</p><p>Wool-free areas are red in color, the area around nose/mouth is whitish</p><p>Both sexes are polled</p><p>Medium size, meat sheepPhoto: Myrna Fisher/Lynn Conley, University of Nevada-Reno</p></li><li><p>CheviotOriginated in the hills of England &amp; Scotland</p><p>Wool-free face &amp; legs</p><p>White face &amp; legs</p><p>Black nose/muzzle &amp; feet, dark eyes, &amp; erect ears; give it a distinct, perky, &amp; stylish appearance</p><p>Hardy, easy lambing, good mothers, &amp; fast maturity</p><p>A smaller breed of sheepPhoto: Unknown Source</p></li><li><p>ColumbiaOriginated in US, by US Dept of Agriculture (Wyoming &amp; Idaho)</p><p>It is all white; with light pigmentation of nose, muzzle, mouth, &amp; ears</p><p>Has wool on legs &amp; poll</p><p>Developed for range, but have proven adaptable to pastures &amp; grasses</p><p>A large breed of sheepPhoto: Myrna Fisher/Lynn Conley, University of Nevada-Reno</p></li><li><p>CorriedaleOriginated in Australia &amp; New Zealand</p><p>It is all white; with dark pigmentation of nose, muzzle, &amp; mouth</p><p>Has wool on legs &amp; poll</p><p>It is a polled sheep breed</p><p>Its a dual-purpose breed</p><p>It is a larger sheep breedPhoto: Myrna Fisher/Lynn Conley, University of Nevada-Reno</p></li><li><p>CotswoldOriginated in England (Hills of Gloucester)</p><p>Has white face &amp; legs</p><p>Dark pigmentation of the nose, mouth, inside the ears, &amp; on the hooves</p><p>Fleece is carried in locks &amp; is quite abundant from the foretop/poll</p><p>A medium to large breedPhoto: Unknown Source</p></li><li><p>DorperOriginated in South Africa</p><p>Has white body &amp; usually a black head/neck (85% of Dorper Sheep Breeders of South Africa)</p><p>Skin is lightly covered with mixture of hair &amp; wool</p><p>Dorper skin is thick, which is why it is most sought sheepskin in the world</p><p>It is a meat breed of sheepPhoto: Myrna Fisher/Lynn Conley, University of Nevada-Reno</p></li><li><p>DorsetOriginated in Wales</p><p>They are all white</p><p>Can be polled or horned</p><p>Have wool on legs &amp; head, except for face</p><p>Light pigmentation of nose, hooves, mouth, ears, etc</p><p>A thicker breed, with good muscle conformation; so has a desirable carcass</p><p>It is a medium sized breedPhoto: Unknown Source</p></li><li><p>HampshireOriginated in England</p><p>It has black hair on its legs &amp; head, it has also black pigmentation of nose, mouth, &amp; hooves</p><p>The legs are free of wool below the knee/hock</p><p>The face is free of wool, but wool is present on the forehead/poll</p><p>A medium to large breedPhoto: Myrna Fisher/Lynn Conley, University of Nevada-Reno</p></li><li><p>LincolnOriginated in England</p><p>It is all white; with dark pigmentation of the nose, mouth, &amp; inside the ears </p><p>The fleece is carried in very heavy locks &amp; it is well wooled to knees/hocks</p><p>It has a well pronounced foretop/poll of long wool</p><p>It is often or commonly referred to as the worlds largest breed of sheepPhoto: Myrna Fisher/Lynn Conley, University of Nevada-Reno</p></li><li><p>MontadaleOriginated in the US</p><p>All white; with dark pigment of nose, mouth, &amp; hooves</p><p>Face &amp; legs are free of wool</p><p>Were developed as a dual purpose breed (meat/wool)</p><p>They are very adaptable</p><p>They are medium size breedPhoto: Myrna Fisher/Lynn Conley, University of Nevada-Reno</p></li><li><p>RambouilletAs the name indicates, the breed has roots in France</p><p>It is all white, with light pigment of nose &amp; mouth</p><p>Wool covers the whole body, except for face of sheep</p><p>Both sexes are horned, &amp; they are very distinguished &amp; regal in appearance</p><p>Has loose skin from neck to breast/chest floor area</p><p>It is a large breed of sheepPhoto: Unknown Source</p></li><li><p>RomanovOriginated in Russia in the Volga Valley near Moscow</p><p>It is born black; but lightens to white, silver, gray as they mature &amp; make fleece</p><p>Fleece is white; face &amp; legs have black &amp; white hair</p><p>Very early sexual maturity, in as little as three months</p><p>Have litters, 4-6 is normal; the record is 9 that livedPhoto: Unknown Source</p></li><li><p>ShropshireOriginated in England</p><p>Wool covers most of the sheep; &amp; must extend at least to knees/hocks &amp; it covers most of the head including poll &amp; lower jaw</p><p>Areas not covered in wool, are covered by black hair</p><p>A medium to large sheep, has oily wool which shields it from harsh weatherPhoto: Myrna Fisher/Lynn Conley University of Nevada-Reno</p></li><li><p>SouthdownOriginated in England</p><p>It is all white; with grayish pigmentation of mouth, nose, &amp; ears</p><p>Is completely wool covered, from its nose to its hooves</p><p>It is a polled breed of sheep</p><p>Adaptable &amp; early maturing</p><p>Small to medium size breedPhoto: Sally Anne Thompson</p></li><li><p>SuffolkAs the name could infer, it developed in England</p><p>Legs &amp; head are free of wool; &amp; possess black hair</p><p>Are long legged &amp; muscular</p><p>Has very regal appearance</p><p>It is a large to very large breed of sheepPhoto: Myrna Fisher/Lynn Conley University of Nevada-Reno</p></li><li><p>TunisOne of oldest breeds that is indigenous to the US</p><p>Beige/creamy color wool</p><p>Legs (below knees/hocks), face, &amp; forehead (to the poll/foretop) are wool free</p><p>Wool-free areas are red in color, &amp; the area around nose/mouth is whitish</p><p>Both sexes are polled, &amp; the ears are rather large</p><p>Adaptable &amp; disease resistance</p><p>Medium size, meat sheepPhoto: Unknown Source</p></li><li><p>Identify Dorset</p><p>Photo: Myrna Fisher/Lynn Conley, University of Nevada-Reno</p></li><li><p>Identify Barbado</p><p>Photo: Lynn Magedson</p></li><li><p>Identify California Red</p><p>Originated in California</p><p>Beige/oatmeal color wool</p><p>Legs, face, forehead, poll, &amp; around ears (to under jaw/throat) is wool free</p><p>Wool-free areas are red in color, the area around nose/mouth is whitish</p><p>Both sexes are polled</p><p>Medium size, meat sheep</p></li><li><p>Identify Rambouillet</p><p>Has its roots in France</p><p>It is all white, with light pigment of nose &amp; mouth</p><p>Wool covers the whole body, except for face of sheep</p><p>Both sexes are horned, &amp; they are very regal in appearance</p><p>Has loose skin from neck to breast/chest floor area</p><p>It is a large breed of sheep</p></li><li><p>Identify Columbia</p><p>Photo: Unknown Source</p></li><li><p>Identify Suffolk</p><p>Photo: Unknown Source</p></li><li><p>Identify Romanov</p><p>Photo: Unknown Source</p></li><li><p>Identify Cheviot</p><p>Originated in England/Scotland</p><p>Face &amp; legs; white &amp; wool free</p><p>Black nose/muzzle &amp; feet, dark eyes, &amp; erect ears; give it a perky &amp; stylish appearance</p><p>Hardy, easy lambing, good mothers, &amp; fast maturity</p><p>A smaller breed of sheep</p></li><li><p>Identify Cotswold</p><p>Originated in England</p><p>Has white face &amp; legs</p><p>Dark pigmentation of the nose, mouth, inside the ears, &amp; on the hooves</p><p>Fleece is carried in locks and is quite abundant from the foretop/poll</p><p>A medium to large breed</p></li><li><p>Identify Tunis</p><p>Photo: Unknown Source</p></li><li><p>Identify Shropshire</p><p>Photo: Unknown Source</p></li><li><p>Identify Hampshire</p><p>Photo: Myrna Fisher/Lynn Conley, University of Nevada-Reno</p></li><li><p>Identify Suffolk</p><p>Photo: Myrna Fisher/Lynn Conley, University of Nevada-Reno</p></li><li><p>Identify California Red</p><p>Photo: Myrna Fisher/Lynn Conley, University of Nevada-Reno</p></li><li><p>Identify Cheviot</p><p>Photo: Unknown Source</p></li><li><p>Identify Barbado</p><p>Originated in Texas</p><p>Tan, tan with pale belly, tan with black belly, or pied are most common color</p><p>Face is light/white colored</p><p>Females are polled</p><p>Males have large horns that curl/sweep</p><p>Due to distinctive horns, used as trophy animal on big game ranches</p></li><li><p>Identify Corriedale</p><p>Originated in Australia &amp; New Zealand</p><p>It is all white; with dark pigmentation of the nose, muzzle, &amp; mouth</p><p>Has wool on legs &amp; poll</p><p>It is a polled sheep breed</p><p>Its a dual-purpose breed</p><p>It is a larger sheep breed</p></li><li><p>Identify Dorset</p><p>Originated in Wales</p><p>They are all white</p><p>Can be polled or horned</p><p>Have wool on legs &amp; head</p><p>Light pigmentation of nose, hooves, mouth, ears, etc</p><p>Has a desirable carcass</p><p>It is a medium sized breed</p></li><li><p>Identify Dorper</p><p>Photo: Myrna Fisher/Lynn Conley, University of Nevada-Reno</p></li><li><p>Identify Corriedale</p><p>Photo: Unknown Source</p></li><li><p>Identify Cotswold</p><p>Photo: Unknown Source</p></li><li><p>Identify Lincoln</p><p>Photo: Sally Anne Thompson</p></li><li><p>Identify Columbia</p><p>Photo: Unknown Source</p></li><li><p>Identify Montadale</p><p>Originated in the US</p><p>All white; with dark pigment of nose, mouth, &amp; hooves</p><p>Face &amp; legs are free of wool</p><p>Were developed as a dual purpose breed (meat/wool)</p><p>They are very adaptable</p><p>They are medium size breed</p></li><li><p>Identify Dorper</p><p>Originated in South Africa</p><p>Has white body &amp; usually a black head/neck</p><p>Skin is lightly covered with mixture of hair &amp; wool</p><p>The skin is thick, which is why it is the most sought sheepskin in the world</p><p>It is a meat breed of sheep</p></li><li><p>Identify Southdown</p><p>Photo: Unknown Source</p></li><li><p>Identify Dorset</p><p>Photo: Unknown Source</p></li><li><p>Identify Tunis</p><p>Photo: Unknown Source</p></li><li><p>Identify Montadale</p><p>Photo: Unknown Source</p></li><li><p>Identify Rambouillet</p><p>Photo: Unknown Source</p></li><li><p>Identify Hampshire</p><p>Photo: Myrna Fisher/Lynn Conley, University of Nevada-Reno</p></li><li><p>Identify BarbadoPhoto: Unknown Source</p></li><li><p>Identify Corriedale</p><p>Photo: Unknown Source</p></li><li><p>Identify Lincoln</p><p>Photo: Myrna Fisher/Lynn Conley, University of Nevada-Reno</p></li><li><p>Identify Cotswold</p><p>Photo: Myrna Fisher/Lynn Conley, University of Nevada-Reno</p></li><li><p>Identify California Red</p><p>Photo: Unknown Source</p></li><li><p>Identify Suffolk</p><p>As the name could infer, it developed in England</p><p>Legs &amp; head are free of wool; and possess black hair</p><p>Are long legged &amp; muscular</p><p>Has very regal appearance</p><p>It is a large to very large breed of sheep</p></li><li><p>Identify Lincoln</p><p>Originated in England</p><p>It is all white; with dark pigmentation of the nose, mouth, &amp; inside the ears </p><p>The fleece is carried in very heavy locks and it is well wooled to knees/hocks</p><p>It has a well pronounced foretop/poll of long wool</p><p>Largest breed of sheep</p></li><li><p>Identify Southdown</p><p>Photo: Stephanie Burrows/Oklahoma State University</p></li><li><p>Identify Montadale</p><p>Photo: Myrna Fisher/Lynn Conley, University of Nevada-Reno</p></li><li><p>Identify Cheviot</p><p>Photo: Myrna Fisher/Lynn Conley, University of Nevada-Reno</p></li><li><p>Identify Cotswold</p><p>Photo: Unknown Source</p></li><li><p>Identify Dorper</p><p>Photo: Unknown Source</p></li><li><p>Identify Romanov</p><p>Originated in Russia, near Moscow</p><p>Born black; but lightens to white, silver, gray as they make fleece</p><p>Fleece is white; face &amp; legs have black &amp; white hair</p><p>Very early sexual maturity, in as little as three months</p><p>Have litters, 4-6 is normal; the record is 9 that lived</p></li><li><p>Identify Hampshire</p><p>Originated in England</p><p>It has black hair on its legs &amp; head, it has also black pigmentation of nose, mouth, &amp; hooves</p><p>The legs are free of wool below the knee/hock</p><p>The face is free of wool</p><p>A medium to large breed</p></li><li><p>Identify Shropshire</p><p>Photo: Unknown Source</p></li><li><p>Identify Columbia</p><p>Photo: Myrna Fisher/Lynn Conley, University of Nevada-Reno</p></li><li><p>Identify Rambouillet</p><p>Photo: Terry &amp; Viki Clark, Oklahoma State University</p></li><li><p>Identify Tunis</p><p>Photo: Unknown Source</p></li><li><p>Identify California Red</p><p>Photo: Unknown Source</p></li><li><p>Identify Romanov</p><p>Photo: Unknown Source</p></li><li><p>Identify Shropshire</p><p>Originated in England</p><p>Wool covers most of the sheep; and must extend at least to knees/hocks and it covers most of the head including poll &amp; lower jaw</p><p>Areas not covered in wool, are covered by black hair</p><p>A medium to large sheep, that has oily wool</p></li><li><p>Identify Southdown</p><p>Originated in England</p><p>All white; grayish pigment of mouth, nose, &amp; ears</p><p>Is completely wool covered, from its nose to its hooves</p><p>It is a polled breed of sheep</p><p>Adaptable &amp; early maturing</p><p>Small to medium size breed</p></li><li><p>Identify Corriedale</p><p>Photo: Myrna Fisher/Lynn Conley, University of Nevada-Reno</p></li><li><p>Identify Dorset</p><p>Photo: Unknown Source</p></li><li><p>Identify California Red</p><p>Photo: Myrna Fisher/Lynn Conley, University of Nevada-Reno</p></li><li><p>Identify Romanov</p><p>Photo: Unknown Source</p></li><li><p>Identify Lincoln</p><p>Photo: Oklahoma State University</p></li><li><p>Identify Dorper</p><p>Photo: Myrna Fisher/Lynn Conley, University of Nevada-Reno</p></li><li><p>Identify Rambouillet</p><p>Photo: Unknown Source</p></li><li><p>Identify Suffolk</p><p>Photo: Unknown Source</p></li><li><p>Identify Tunis</p><p>Old indigenous breed to the US</p><p>Beige/creamy color wool</p><p>Legs (below knees/hocks), face, &amp; forehead (to the poll/foretop) are wool free &amp; are red in color, area near nose/mouth is whitish</p><p>It is polled, with large ears</p><p>Adaptable &amp; disease resistance</p><p>Medium size, meat sheep</p></li><li><p>Identify Columbia</p><p>Originated in US, by US Dept of Agriculture</p><p>It is all white; with light pigmentation of nose, muzzle, mouth, &amp; ears</p><p>Has wool on legs &amp; poll</p><p>Developed for range, but have proven adaptable</p><p>A large breed of sheep</p></li><li><p>Identify Cheviot</p><p>Photo: Unknown Source</p></li><li><p>Identify Southdown</p><p>Photo: Sally Anne Thompson</p></li><li><p>Identify Shropshire</p><p>Photo: Myrna Fisher/Lynn Conley, University of Nevada-Reno</p></li><li><p>Identify California Red</p><p>Photo: Oklahoma State University</p></li><li><p>Identify Barbado</p><p>Photo: Unknown Source</p></li><li><p>Identify Montadale</p><p>Photo: Myrna Fisher/Lynn Conley, University of Nevada-Reno</p></li><li><p>Identify Hampshire</p><p>Photo: Unknown Source</p></li><li><p>Identify Dorset</p><p>Photo: Unknown Source</p></li><li><p>Other BreedsThere are many other breeds that could have been included in this presentation; and maybe some of them should have been included, and maybe some of those that were included should have been excluded. </p><p>Regardless of your thoughts and opinions concerning the inclusion/exclusion of the various breeds, it can be agreed that it would be very difficult to reach agreement.</p></li><li><p>Other BreedsGiven the thoughts stated in the previous slide, the following breeds are listed as breeds for additional review and study.</p><p> KatahdinDala Drysdale Coopworth Polwarth Bond Galway Targhee Romney Lonk Polypay Merino Oxford Texel Devon Cormo</p><p>Conducting an internet search for sheep breeds is an excellent starting point. </p><p>The horse that I drew out was the Quarter Horse. The Quarter Horse was the First All American horse and is considered the most popular horse of all time</p></li></ul>