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  • A FEW SELECTEDBREEDS OFSHEEPStephen R Schafer, EdD 2008 University of Nevada-Reno

  • Partially Funded ByAg Council of Nevada4 Hall LaneYerington, NV 89447This presentation was developed for use as an educational resource and is provided as an educational service. User/purchase fees are not associated with this presentation.

  • Information DevelopmentMuch effort and time was devoted to:developing accurate/current informationincorporating appropriate pictures/graphicsproviding proper credit of pictures/graphicsobtaining copyright/educational permission

    Any and/or all errors, omissions, etc.are purely unintentional/accidental.

  • Information SourcesAuburn University (Sheep Identification)National 4-H/4HCCS (4-H Sheep Manuals)Ohio State University (Sheep Resource Handbook)Oklahoma State University (Sheep Breed Ident)University of Kentucky (Agripedia)University of Maryland (Sheep & Goat Breeds)University of Wyoming (4-H Sheep Manuals)Wikipedia {internet site} (Internet Encyclopedia)

  • TYPICAL OR COMMONBREEDS OF SHEEPAuthorDr. Steve Schafer, University of Nevada-Reno

    ReviewersMr. Ron Cunningham, University of WyomingDr. Terry Dumas, Louisiana State UniversityDr. Susan Kerr, Washington State University

  • BarbadoOriginated in Texas

    Tan, tan with pale belly, tan with black belly, or pied are most common color/color pattern

    Face is light/white colored

    Females are polled

    Males have large horns that curl & sweep

    Due to distinctive horns, used as trophy animal on big game ranchesPhoto: Lynn Magedson

  • California RedOriginated in California

    Beige/oatmeal color wool

    Legs, face, forehead, poll, & around ears (to under jaw/throat) is wool free

    Wool-free areas are red in color, the area around nose/mouth is whitish

    Both sexes are polled

    Medium size, meat sheepPhoto: Myrna Fisher/Lynn Conley, University of Nevada-Reno

  • CheviotOriginated in the hills of England & Scotland

    Wool-free face & legs

    White face & legs

    Black nose/muzzle & feet, dark eyes, & erect ears; give it a distinct, perky, & stylish appearance

    Hardy, easy lambing, good mothers, & fast maturity

    A smaller breed of sheepPhoto: Unknown Source

  • ColumbiaOriginated in US, by US Dept of Agriculture (Wyoming & Idaho)

    It is all white; with light pigmentation of nose, muzzle, mouth, & ears

    Has wool on legs & poll

    Developed for range, but have proven adaptable to pastures & grasses

    A large breed of sheepPhoto: Myrna Fisher/Lynn Conley, University of Nevada-Reno

  • CorriedaleOriginated in Australia & New Zealand

    It is all white; with dark pigmentation of nose, muzzle, & mouth

    Has wool on legs & poll

    It is a polled sheep breed

    Its a dual-purpose breed

    It is a larger sheep breedPhoto: Myrna Fisher/Lynn Conley, University of Nevada-Reno

  • CotswoldOriginated in England (Hills of Gloucester)

    Has white face & legs

    Dark pigmentation of the nose, mouth, inside the ears, & on the hooves

    Fleece is carried in locks & is quite abundant from the foretop/poll

    A medium to large breedPhoto: Unknown Source

  • DorperOriginated in South Africa

    Has white body & usually a black head/neck (85% of Dorper Sheep Breeders of South Africa)

    Skin is lightly covered with mixture of hair & wool

    Dorper skin is thick, which is why it is most sought sheepskin in the world

    It is a meat breed of sheepPhoto: Myrna Fisher/Lynn Conley, University of Nevada-Reno

  • DorsetOriginated in Wales

    They are all white

    Can be polled or horned

    Have wool on legs & head, except for face

    Light pigmentation of nose, hooves, mouth, ears, etc

    A thicker breed, with good muscle conformation; so has a desirable carcass

    It is a medium sized breedPhoto: Unknown Source

  • HampshireOriginated in England

    It has black hair on its legs & head, it has also black pigmentation of nose, mouth, & hooves

    The legs are free of wool below the knee/hock

    The face is free of wool, but wool is present on the forehead/poll

    A medium to large breedPhoto: Myrna Fisher/Lynn Conley, University of Nevada-Reno

  • LincolnOriginated in England

    It is all white; with dark pigmentation of the nose, mouth, & inside the ears

    The fleece is carried in very heavy locks & it is well wooled to knees/hocks

    It has a well pronounced foretop/poll of long wool

    It is often or commonly referred to as the worlds largest breed of sheepPhoto: Myrna Fisher/Lynn Conley, University of Nevada-Reno

  • MontadaleOriginated in the US

    All white; with dark pigment of nose, mouth, & hooves

    Face & legs are free of wool

    Were developed as a dual purpose breed (meat/wool)

    They are very adaptable

    They are medium size breedPhoto: Myrna Fisher/Lynn Conley, University of Nevada-Reno

  • RambouilletAs the name indicates, the breed has roots in France

    It is all white, with light pigment of nose & mouth

    Wool covers the whole body, except for face of sheep

    Both sexes are horned, & they are very distinguished & regal in appearance

    Has loose skin from neck to breast/chest floor area

    It is a large breed of sheepPhoto: Unknown Source

  • RomanovOriginated in Russia in the Volga Valley near Moscow

    It is born black; but lightens to white, silver, gray as they mature & make fleece

    Fleece is white; face & legs have black & white hair

    Very early sexual maturity, in as little as three months

    Have litters, 4-6 is normal; the record is 9 that livedPhoto: Unknown Source

  • ShropshireOriginated in England

    Wool covers most of the sheep; & must extend at least to knees/hocks & it covers most of the head including poll & lower jaw

    Areas not covered in wool, are covered by black hair

    A medium to large sheep, has oily wool which shields it from harsh weatherPhoto: Myrna Fisher/Lynn Conley University of Nevada-Reno

  • SouthdownOriginated in England

    It is all white; with grayish pigmentation of mouth, nose, & ears

    Is completely wool covered, from its nose to its hooves

    It is a polled breed of sheep

    Adaptable & early maturing

    Small to medium size breedPhoto: Sally Anne Thompson

  • SuffolkAs the name could infer, it developed in England

    Legs & head are free of wool; & possess black hair

    Are long legged & muscular

    Has very regal appearance

    It is a large to very large breed of sheepPhoto: Myrna Fisher/Lynn Conley University of Nevada-Reno

  • TunisOne of oldest breeds that is indigenous to the US

    Beige/creamy color wool

    Legs (below knees/hocks), face, & forehead (to the poll/foretop) are wool free

    Wool-free areas are red in color, & the area around nose/mouth is whitish

    Both sexes are polled, & the ears are rather large

    Adaptable & disease resistance

    Medium size, meat sheepPhoto: Unknown Source

  • Identify Dorset

    Photo: Myrna Fisher/Lynn Conley, University of Nevada-Reno

  • Identify Barbado

    Photo: Lynn Magedson

  • Identify California Red

    Originated in California

    Beige/oatmeal color wool

    Legs, face, forehead, poll, & around ears (to under jaw/throat) is wool free

    Wool-free areas are red in color, the area around nose/mouth is whitish

    Both sexes are polled

    Medium size, meat sheep

  • Identify Rambouillet

    Has its roots in France

    It is all white, with light pigment of nose & mouth

    Wool covers the whole body, except for face of sheep

    Both sexes are horned, & they are very regal in appearance

    Has loose skin from neck to breast/chest floor area

    It is a large breed of sheep

  • Identify Columbia

    Photo: Unknown Source

  • Identify Suffolk

    Photo: Unknown Source

  • Identify Romanov

    Photo: Unknown Source

  • Identify Cheviot

    Originated in England/Scotland

    Face & legs; white & wool free

    Black nose/muzzle & feet, dark eyes, & erect ears; give it a perky & stylish appearance

    Hardy, easy lambing, good mothers, & fast maturity

    A smaller breed of sheep

  • Identify Cotswold

    Originated in England

    Has white face & legs

    Dark pigmentation of the nose, mouth, inside the ears, & on the hooves

    Fleece is carried in locks and is quite abundant from the foretop/poll

    A medium to large breed

  • Identify Tunis

    Photo: Unknown Source

  • Identify Shropshire

    Photo: Unknown Source

  • Identify Hampshire

    Photo: Myrna Fisher/Lynn Conley, University of Nevada-Reno

  • Identify Suffolk

    Photo: Myrna Fisher/Lynn Conley, University of Nevada-Reno

  • Identify California Red

    Photo: Myrna Fisher/Lynn Conley, University of Nevada-Reno

  • Identify Cheviot

    Photo: Unknown Source

  • Identify Barbado

    Originated in Texas

    Tan, tan with pale belly, tan with black belly, or pied are most common color

    Face is light/white colored

    Females are polled

    Males have large horns that curl/sweep

    Due to distinctive horns, used as trophy animal on big game ranches

  • Identify Corriedale

    Originated in Australia & New Zealand

    It is all white; with dark pigmentation of the nose, muzzle, &am

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