replication of surabaya's composting practices composting

Download Replication of Surabaya's Composting Practices Composting

Post on 19-Jan-2017

212 views

Category:

Documents

0 download

Embed Size (px)

TRANSCRIPT

  • Institute for Global Environmental Strategies IGES)

    ReplicationofReplicationofSurabayasSurabayas

    Composting PracticesComposting PracticesCompostingPractices:CompostingPractices:AmainactivityoftheAmainactivityoftheKitakyushuInitiativeKitakyushuInitiative

    JICAKyushu,30June2011ToshizoMaeda,IGESKitakyushuUrbanCentre

    ANetworkSeminaronKitaQ System,JICAKyushu,30June2011ReplicationofSurabayascompostingpractices

    BackgroundBackground(PhotocourtesyofPKKSurabaya)

    Statusin2001

    Social and Economic Benefits of Organic Waste Composting:Waste Composting: Actions for 10% waste reduction

    NewBenowoLandfill:800scavengers;35kmfromcitycentre;

    d d b f h d d d f d h hSurroundedbyfishponds;demandforwastereductionishigh

    CurrentStatus

    KeputihFinaldisposalsitewasclosedin2001dueto

    IGES | http://www.iges.or.jp Kitakyushu Asian Center for Low Carbon Society http://www.asiangreencamp.net/ 2

    oppositionbyresidents.Wastefilledthestreetsanddrains.

    ANetworkSeminaronKitaQ System,JICAKyushu,30June2011ReplicationofSurabayascompostingpractices

    Waste Composition in SurabayaWaste Composition in Surabaya

    Organic waste shares more than half (as much as 70

    8%PlasticOthers

    than half (as much as 70-80%) of total amount of waste

    generation

    Social and Economic Benefits of Organic Waste Composting:8%

    8%8%

    Paper

    Plastic

    Prioritize reduction of Waste Composting: Actions for 10% waste reduction

    55%13%

    8%Paper organic waste

    55%13%Organic

    Street sweeping

    Promote compostingA) at each household

    10%

    Woods/bamboo

    B) at composting centres

    IGES | http://www.iges.or.jp Kitakyushu Asian Center for Low Carbon Society http://www.asiangreencamp.net/ 3

    Woods/bambooSource:KITA(2002)

    ANetworkSeminaronKitaQ System,JICAKyushu,30June2011ReplicationofSurabayascompostingpractices

    Inputs by the city *MapcopiedfromElSena,Surabaya,Indonesia

    CompostingCentre

    Inputsbythecity p p f yFigure7LocationofcompostingcentresinSurabaya15compostingcentres

    in Surabaya City

    SumberRejo

    inSurabayaCity

    Romokalisari(Benowo)

    BibisKarahKepturan

    W j

    Bratang

    KejawanPutihSonokwijenan Menur

    Wonorejo

    PutatJaya

    TenggilisTimur

    Tenggilis Utara

    RungkutAsri

    PUSDAKOTA

    IGES | http://www.iges.or.jp Kitakyushu Asian Center for Low Carbon Society http://www.asiangreencamp.net/

    GayungsariPUSDAKOTA

    ANetworkSeminaronKitaQ System,JICAKyushu,30June2011ReplicationofSurabayascompostingpractices

    (Datasource:CleansingandLandscapingDept.,Surabaya)Inputs by the city ( g p g p , y )Inputsbythecity

    25,00040

    14,752 17,033

    15,000

    20,000

    30

    35 Totalnumberofhouseholdcompostbasketsdistributedfor free by Surabaya City

    4,921

    10,174

    5 000

    10,000

    ,

    25

    30 forfreebySurabayaCity

    1315 15

    2,603

    0

    5,000

    15

    20

    Number of

    6

    1113

    -10,000

    -5,000

    10

    15 Numberofcompostingcentres

    4 56

    20 000

    -15,000

    0

    5

    IGES | http://www.iges.or.jp Kitakyushu Asian Center for Low Carbon Society http://www.asiangreencamp.net/ 5

    -20,00001996-2004

    2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

    ANetworkSeminaronKitaQ System,JICAKyushu,30June2011ReplicationofSurabayascompostingpractices

    OUTPUT: WASTE REDUCTION*Note:BenowoistheonlyfinaldisposalsiteinSurabayaCity.

    OUTPUT:WASTEREDUCTION (Datasource:CleansingandLandscapingDepartment,Surabaya)

    1 500t/day1 500t/day

    AveragedailyamountofwastedisposedatBenowoLandfill*inSurabaya,20042009

    1 400

    1,600

    1,500t/day

    ormore

    1,500t/day

    ormore1,300t/day(2007)1,300t/day(2007)

    1,150t/day(2008)1,150t/day(2008)

    1 000t/day (2009)1 000t/day (2009)

    [t/day]

    1 000

    1,200

    1,400 1,000t/day(2009)1,000t/day(2009)

    600

    800

    1,000

    20% reduction in 4 years!20% reduction in 4 years!

    200

    400

    600 20% reduction in 4 years!20% reduction in 4 years!

    30% reduction in 5 years!!30% reduction in 5 years!!

    -

    200

    004

    005

    006

    Jan

    Feb

    Mar Ap

    rM

    ay Jun

    Jul

    Aug

    Sep

    Oct

    Nov

    Dec Jan

    Feb

    Mar Ap

    rM

    ay Jun

    Jul

    Aug

    Sep

    Oct

    Nov

    Dec Jan

    Feb

    Mar Ap

    rM

    ay Jun

    Jul

    IGES | http://www.iges.or.jp Kitakyushu Asian Center for Low Carbon Society http://www.asiangreencamp.net/ 6

    20 20 20 J F MA M J A S O N D J F M A M J A S O N D J F M A M J

    2007 20092008

  • ANetworkSeminaronKitaQ System,JICAKyushu,30June2011ReplicationofSurabayascompostingpractices

    Output: waste reductionOutput:wastereduction1tonne ofcompostingreduces

    additional 1 2 tonnes of dry waste

    1tonne ofcompostingreduces

    additional 1 2 tonnes of dry waste

    (Datasource:CleansingandLandscapingDepartment,Surabaya))

    500t/d

    Reuse andRecyclingofotherdrywaste

    additional12tonnes ofdrywaste.additional12tonnes ofdrywaste.

    350t/d

    200t/d

    Composting ateachhousehold:17,000unitsdistributedforfreebySurabayaCity27,000cadrestrain3householdeach(=81,000hhs)(assumption)1 300 units of a communal type distributed by Surabaya City

    350t/d

    120t/d

    200t/d 1,300unitsofacommunaltypedistributedbySurabayaCity,whichcatersforabout5householdseach(=6,500households)

    100,000householdsx1kg/day/household 100t/day

    235t/d

    100t/d40t/d40t/d

    Composting at15compostingcentres:CleansingDepartment:14compostingcentres,50t/d(=100m3/d)PUSDAKOTA(NGO):1compostingcentre,1.4t/d

    2007 2008 2009

    70t/d100t/d

    45t/d 50t/d

    100t/dreductionbyhouseholdcomposting,

    50t/d reduction at composting centres

    100t/dreductionbyhouseholdcomposting,

    50t/d reduction at composting centres Remaining 120t/d (2007) 350t/d (2009)Remaining 120t/d (2007) 350t/d (2009)

    2007 2008 2009

    IGES | http://www.iges.or.jp Kitakyushu Asian Center for Low Carbon Society http://www.asiangreencamp.net/ 7

    50t/dreductionatcompostingcentres,

    Compostingcapacity:150t/day

    50t/dreductionatcompostingcentres,

    Compostingcapacity:150t/day

    Remaining120t/d (2007) 350t/d (2009)

    reductionbyReuse andRecycling.

    Remaining120t/d (2007) 350t/d (2009)

    reductionbyReuse andRecycling.

    ANetworkSeminaronKitaQ System,JICAKyushu,30June2011ReplicationofSurabayascompostingpractices

    Social and environmental benefitsSocialandenvironmentalbenefits

    BetterhouseholdBetterhousehold

    environmentenvironment

    Greenerand

    cleanerstreets

    Greenerand

    cleanerstreets

    Environmental

    education tools

    Environmental

    education tools

    IGES | http://www.iges.or.jp Kitakyushu Asian Center for Low Carbon Society http://www.asiangreencamp.net/ 8

    educationtoolseducationtools

    ANetworkSeminaronKitaQ System,JICAKyushu,30June2011ReplicationofSurabayascompostingpractices

    Social and environmental benefitsSocialandenvironmentalbenefits

    EmploymentEmployment Production of herbs and vegetables using compostProduction of herbs and vegetables using compostEmploymentEmployment ProductionofherbsandvegetablesusingcompostProductionofherbsandvegetablesusingcompost

    IncomebyIncomeby

    IGES | http://www.iges.or.jp Kitakyushu Asian Center for Low Carbon Society http://www.asiangreencamp.net/ 9

    WastesegregationandpromotionofrecyclingWastesegregationandpromotionofrecyclingsellingcompostsellingcompost

    ANetworkSeminaronKitaQ System,JICAKyushu,30June2011ReplicationofSurabayascompostingpractices

    Main StakeholdersMain Stakeholders

    IGES | http://www.iges.or.jp Kitakyushu Asian Center for Low Carbon Society http://www.asiangreencamp.net/ 10

    ANetworkSeminaronKitaQ System,JICAKyushu,30June2011ReplicationofSurabayascompostingpractices

    Surabayas successful solid waste management modelSurabayassuccessfulsolidwastemanagementmodel

    Step1.

    Developmentofamodelcommunity,

    f 2004 2006from2004to2006:

    Cooperation between KitakyushuCooperationbetweenKitakyushuInternationalTechnocooperativeAgency

    (KITA)andPusdakota(alocalNGO),

    IGES | http://www.iges.or.jp Kitakyushu Asian Center for Low Carbon Society http://www.asiangreencamp.net/ 11

    ANetworkSeminaronKitaQ System,JICAKyushu,30June2011ReplicationofSurabayascompostingpractices

    Starting a model projectStartingamodelproject (photocourtesyofKITA)

    Wastecompositionsurvey Shreddingofwaste Mixingwithseedcompost

    IGES | http://www.iges.or.jp Kitakyushu Asian Center for Low Carbon Society http://www.asiangreencamp.net/ 12

    Temperaturemeasurement FermentationandpHtestsExplaininghowtousebaskets

    toresidents

  • ANetworkSeminaronKitaQ System,JICAKyushu,30June2011ReplicationofSurabayascompostingpractices

    Development of a model community (Pusdakota (NGO)s activity)Developmentofamodelcommunity(Pusdakota(NGO) sactivity)

    Segregated waste collectionSegregatedwastecollectionfromthecommunity FermentationShreddingatthecompostingcentre

    IGES | http://www.iges.or.jp Kitakyushu Asian Center for Low Carbon Society http://www.asiangreencamp.net/ 13

    Householdcompostbasket Sellingcompost Greenstreetsusingcompost

    ANetworkSeminaronKitaQ System,JICAKyushu,30June2011ReplicationofSurabayascompostingpractices

    Achievements by KITAs interventionAchievementsbyKITA sintervention(photocourtesyofKITA)

    PUSDAKOTAscompostcentre:beforeandafterKITAsintervention

    IGES | http://www.iges.or.jp Kitakyushu Asian Center for Low Carbon Society htt

Recommended

View more >