remedies outline- modern american remedies by laycock

Download Remedies Outline- Modern American Remedies by Laycock

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Outline for Remedies, "Modern American Remedies" 4th Ed. by Laycock. Focus on California Law where applicable.

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PART 1: Compensatories ..................................................................................................................... 4 Compensatory Damages .................................................................................................................. 4 The Rightful Position Principle ................................................................................................ 4 Value as the Measure of the Rightful Position (Lesser of 2 rule) ................................ 4 Reliance and Expectancy as Measure of the Rightful Position .................................... 5 Consequential Damages .............................................................................................................. 7 Limitations of Remedy and Liquidated Damages Clauses (over and under liquidated) ........................................................................................................................................ 7 Litigating Damages for Personal Injury and Death .......................................................... 9 Tort Reform .................................................................................................................................. 10 Dignitary and Constitutional Harms ................................................................................... 10 PART 2: Injunctions ............................................................................................................................ 12 Irreparable Injury Rule ................................................................................................................. 12 Ripeness/Propensity ..................................................................................................................... 12 Preventative Injunctions (Wrongful Acts) ............................................................................ 13 Prophylactic Injunctions (Not Wrongful Acts) .................................................................... 14 Reparative Injunctions .................................................................................................................. 15 Winston/Bailey ................................................................................................................................ 15 Structural Injunctions ................................................................................................................... 16 School Desegregation Cases ................................................................................................... 16 Institutional Reform .................................................................................................................. 18 Injunctions and the Rights of Third Parties .......................................................................... 18 PART 3: Choosing Remedies ............................................................................................................ 20 Damages or Injunctions ................................................................................................................ 20 Irreplaceability ............................................................................................................................ 20 Damages or Specific Performance ............................................................................................ 21 Burdens on Defendant or the Court ......................................................................................... 21 Other Reasons to choose Damages over Injunctions ........................................................ 22 Ebay Test for PERMANENT INJUNCTION ......................................................................... 23 Preliminary or Permanent Relief .............................................................................................. 24 Substantive Law of Prelim Inj ................................................................................................ 24 Procedural law of Prelim Inj/ TRO ...................................................................................... 24 Prospective or Retrospective Relief......................................................................................... 26 1

Sovereign Immunity ....................................................................................................................... 26 Suits against officers in their Official Capacities ............................................................ 26 Suits against officers in their Personal Capacities- Qualified Immunity ............... 27 Declaratory Relief ................................................................................................................................ 27 Declaratory Judgments ................................................................................................................. 27 Reformation ...................................................................................................................................... 28 Other Forms ...................................................................................................................................... 29 Part 4: Restitution................................................................................................................................ 31 Defenses ......................................................................................................................................... 32 Dobbs Problems- Rescission and Restitution.................................................................. 33 Disgorgement of Profits from Opportunistic Breach of K ............................................... 33 Rescission when rescission is no longer possible .............................................................. 34 Part 5: Punitives ................................................................................................................................... 36 Common Law and Statute ............................................................................................................ 36 The Constitutional Limits (THE BMW GUIDEPOSTS) ....................................................... 36 BMW GUIDEPOSTS .................................................................................................................... 38 Punitive Damages in K and other Punitive Remedies ....................................................... 38 Part 6: Ancillary Remedies ............................................................................................................... 40 The Three Kinds of Contempt .................................................................................................... 40 Collateral Bar Rule- Not in CAL.................................................................................................. 40

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Basic Remedies a. Compensatory Damages i. Designed to make P as well off as he would have been if they had not been wronged (usually $- Damages) b. Restitution i. Stop unjust enrichment by D- Dives D of ill gotten gains c. Rescission i. Undo the contract- put parties back where they were before the K was formed, provided this is still possible to do. Generally done in situations involving fraud, mutual mistake, and illegality d. Reformation i. Keep the K, used by the court to make the contract conform to the intention of the parties when the contract was formed. Used when mistake or fraud is present e. Specific Performance i. Equitable remedy in K, designed to compel D to do what he promised he would with the P. Discretionary application- primarily in land K f. Injunction i. Equitable remedy in K or Tort which orders the D to do (Mandatory) or not to do (prohibitory or preventive) a certain thing. Discretionary applicationapplied carefully by cts Ancillary Remedies a. Three Kinds of Contempt i. Civil Coercive Contempt ii. Criminal Contempt iii. Civil Compensatory Contempt (not available in CAL) b. Collateral Bar rule (No available in CAL)

Goodman Breakdown 1. Compensatories 2. Preventative a. Stop harm before it happens i. Ct orders- D must/must not do ii. Coercive- ct order iii. Declaratory- parties asking for judgment 3. Restitutionary (Facilitating above are:) 4. Punitive Remedies a. Coerce behavior b. Only available in compensation situations 5. Ancillary Remedies a. How to collect/arg/get remedies

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PART 1: CompensatoriesCompensatory DamagesThe Rightful Position Principle 1. Put P in the most rightful position available to make up for the wrong/negative they suffered 2. Hatahley a. R: you cannot speculate harm, must do factual inquiries into what $ damages ware worth b. Navajo had been using lands that US owns without permit. US took N animals and killed them. How do we put N in their rightful position c. Lct eyeballed- assigned $ number to animals, $ for pain and suffering, $ for loss of use of herds d. OVERRULED: Problem: you need to actually figure out indiv valuesusing forensic accountant e. WHY individualize (POLICY): prevent over/under comp f. Easier to limit prejudice g. Remedies are meant to be individualistic h. Limits missing potential areas of damages Value as the Measure of the Rightful Position (Lesser of 2 rule) 1. Different sets of facts warrant dif value assessments 2. In re Sept 11 a. Lesser of 2 Rule i. Look for the least expensive way to put P in rightful position 3. Lesser of (2) Rule a. Lesser of i. The dimunition of props MV, or ii. Replacement cost, or Cost of Repair, or iii. Other (consider all the possible valuations and which would be the cheapest) b. Hypo application of lesser of 2 i. Crash Car: 1. 5000 to repair 2. 1800 value of car before crash 3. 50 salvage value 4. 1750 dimunition in value 5. If totaled: no salvage value, 1800 = diminution in value) ii. Rightful Position doesnt care about unique experience if you can get something similar on the open market that is the MV

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