Questions to Answer: What people do you see? What objects do you see? What colors do you see? What actions/activities do you see? Based on what you have

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U.S. History Chapter 21 Notes The Roaring Life of the 1920s

Questions to Answer:What people do you see?What objects do you see?What colors do you see?What actions/activities do you see?Based on what you have observed, list what you may infer from this painting. Content VocabHarlem RenaissanceLangston HughesClause McKayZora Neal HurstonMarcus GarveyNAACPBack to Africa MovementAcademic VocabDiscriminationBell Ringer & Vocab

During ReconstructionReconstruction led to many legal advances for African Americans such as the 13, 14, & 15 Amendments.Review

TRUEDuring ReconstructionNot even during Reconstruction were African Americans voted into office in the South.Review

FalseReviewAfter ReconstructionMost African Americans were able to make a decent living/income in the South.

FalseAfter ReconstructionKKK had support of local officials and terrorized anyone who voted Republican and African Americans. Review

TRUEReviewAfter ReconstructionLynching became a form of terrorism against African Americans

TRUEReviewAfter ReconstructionJim Crow laws were declared unconstitutional with the court case of Plessy v Ferguson


After Reconstruction the majority of Blacks still lived in the South. poor tenant farmers or sharecroppersThe increasing racial tensions, segregation was getting harsher, lynchings were a growing problem, and the revived KKK only added to the sense of blacks had of being under constant threat.

South equals DisenfranchisementDisenfranchisement=to deprive a person or organization of a privilege, immunity, or legal right, especially the right to vote

Harlem, a neighborhood in New York City, was the center of the African American political, cultural, and artistic movement in the 1920s and early 1930s.HARLEM

The Great MigrationGreat Migration:After WWI, hundreds of thousands African Americans left the rural south and headed into industrial cities of the North

Growing African American Middle Class developed as a result of improved educational and employment opportunities for African Americans in the North. The Harlem section of New York became the center of this new African American class.

NYs Harlem is the place to be!

The Harlem section of New York City was transformed from a deteriorating area into a thriving middle class community.



Harlem is Transformed

Before Great MigrationAfter Great Migration: Harlem, New York

What events and movements do you think may have helped lead to the Renaissance?

Great Migration

Checking for Understanding

Harlem Renaissance: African Americans created an environment that stimulated artistic development, racial pride, a sense of community, and political organizationAfrican Americans Inspires

Claude McKay - from Jamaica; shocked by racism in America; wrote boldly, defiantly about racism in two books of poetry Langston Hughes - born in Missouri; leading writer of African American experience in America. Wrote about African American achievements.


Claude McKay

If we must die, let it not be like hogsHunted and penned in an inglorious spot,While round us bark the mad and hungry dogs,Making their mock at our accursed lot.If we must die, O let us nobly die,So that our precious blood may not be shedIn vain; then even the monsters we defyShall be constrained to honor us though dead!O kinsmen we must meet the common foe!Though far outnumbered let us show us brave,And for their thousand blows deal one deathblow!What though before us lies the open grave?Like men we'll face the murderous, cowardly pack,Pressed to the wall, dying, but fighting back!

What is this poem talking about?Racism in America

Langston Hughes

What happens to a dream deferred?Does it dry up like a raisin in the sun? Or fester like a sore-- And then run? Does it stink like rotten meat? Or crust and sugar over-- like a syrupy sweet?Maybe it just sags like a heavy load.Or does it explode?

Zora Neale Hurston Wrote: Their Eyes Were Watching GodCelebrated the courage of African Americans in the SouthMain characters in her novels were African American women One of the first to do thisZora Neale Hurston


The artists, writers, and musician of the Harlem Renaissance will become role models for young African American children growing up in America. These children will later become the Civil Rights leaders of the 1950s

What issue did Langston Hughes, Claude McKay, and Zora Neal Hurston promote?

African American Pride & Culture; Racism

Checking for Understanding

Jazz - improvisational music introduced by Louis ArmstrongDuke Ellington had a ragtime soundMany black musicians got their start at the Cotton Club, a famous Harlem nightclub.

Jazz, Blues, and the Theater25

Bessie Smith famous blues singer; at one time the highest paid singer in U.S.Blues soulful style of music that involved themes of love, poverty, oppression



Josephine Baker

You ain't nothin but a hound dog, been snooping round my doorYou ain't nothin but a hound dog, been snooping round my doorYou can wag your tail but Lord I ain't gonna feed you no more

You told me you were high class, but I can see through thatYou told me you were high class, but I can see through thatAnd daddy I know you ain't no real cool cat

Big Mama ThorntonElvis will sing this song in the 50s

CLICKBut dont play whole song 30

Duke Ellington, Bessie Smith, & Louis Armstrong are all musician associated with what artistic movement?

Harlem Renaissance

Checking for Understanding

Glorification of BlacknessAfrican-American History, Slavery Identity and Pride Strength of African-American Community Racism and DiscriminationNight LifeFamily LifeOther Arts: dance, music, poetry

Themes of Harlem Renaissance Art


Aaron DouglasIn an African Setting


William H. JohnsonChain Gang

Palmer HaydenJeunesse

Archibald MotleyStreet Scene in Chicago

Archibald MotleyBlues

The NAACP Battle LynchingNAACP = National Association for the Advancement of Colored PeopleFought, often unsuccessfully, against discriminationPublished The CrisisThe main issue they fought for was anti-lynching laws (failed during 1920s and 30s)

African American Politics

NAACP wanted this stopped

Marcus Garvey a dynamic black leader from JamaicaLead the Back to Africa Movementbecame very popular; argued for African American self-reliance.Proposed a plan for black Americans to return to start a new country in AfricaAlthough the movement failed he did accomplish to promote Black Pride in AmericaHe was eventually arrested and deported.

Black Nationalism and Marcus Garvey

Click ME

Impact of the Harlem RenaissanceAfrican American Art

Shed light on racism

Jazz and Blues


Black Pride

Why did the NAACP and Marcus Garveys Back to Africa movement exist?

Discrimination against African Americans

Checking for Understanding

List 3 things the NAACP did

fight for legislation to protect African with anti-lynching organizations.published The Crisis.

Checking for Understanding

Who was behind the Back to Africa Movement?

Marcus Garvey

Checking for UnderstandingAn acrostic poem is one that uses a word or phrase (usually the theme or the underlying subject matter of the poem). Each letter of the word/phrase then acts as the beginning letter for a new line of the poem. Whatever is written using each letter must connect to the subject matter.

For example if the subject matter is CATS, then the poem could be:

Cute and cuddly Always up to mischief Time is always spent playing Stupendous fun

Acrostic Poem DirectionsYou also need to draw an image or design in the background of your poem. No WHITE! Full color.