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  • www.statssa.gov.za

    info@statssa.gov.za

    T +27 12 310 8911

    F +27 12 310 8500

    Private Bag X44, Pretoria, 0001, South Africa

    ISIbalo House, Koch Street, Salvokop, Pretoria, 0002

    Statistical releaseP0211

    Quarterly Labour Force Survey

    Quarter 1: 2017

    Embargoed until: 01 June 2017

    12:30

    ENQUIRIES: FORTHCOMING ISSUE: EXPECTED RELEASE DATE User Information Services Quarter 2:2017 July 2017 Tel: 012 310 8600/4892/8390

  • STATISTICS SOUTH AFRICA P0211

    Quarterly Labour Force Survey, Quarter 1, 2017

    ii

    Contents

    Page

    Introduction ................................................................................................................................................................... 1

    2. Highlights of the results ................................................................................................................................................ 1

    3. Employment .................................................................................................................................................................. 2

    3.1 Conditions of employment for employees .................................................................................................................. 8

    4. Unemployment .............................................................................................................................................................. 9

    5. Summary of labour market measures at a glance, Q1: 2017 .................................................................................... 12

    6. Other labour market trends ......................................................................................................................................... 13

    6.1 Year-on-year changes .............................................................................................................................................. 13

    6.2 Trends in unemployment rate ................................................................................................................................... 14

    7. Key differences between the Quarterly labour force survey (QLFS) and the Quarterly employment survey (QES) . 15

    8.1 Response details ...................................................................................................................................................... 17

    8.2 Survey requirements and design .............................................................................................................................. 17

    8.3 Sample rotation ......................................................................................................................................................... 18

    8.4 Weighting ................................................................................................................................................................. 18

    8.5 Non-response adjustment ......................................................................................................................................... 18

    8.6 Final survey weights ................................................................................................................................................. 18

    8.7 Estimation ................................................................................................................................................................. 18

    8.8 Reliability of the survey estimates ............................................................................................................................ 19

    9. Definitions ................................................................................................................................................................. 19

  • STATISTICS SOUTH AFRICA P0211

    Quarterly Labour Force Survey, Quarter 1, 2017

    iii

    List of Tables

    Table A: Key labour market indicators ......................................................................................................... 1

    Table B: Employment by industry ................................................................................................................ 2

    Table C: Employment by occupation ........................................................................................................... 4

    Table D: Employment by province ............................................................................................................... 6

    Table E: Employment by province and municipality ..................................................................................... 7

    Table F: Unemployment rate by province .................................................................................................... 9

    Table G: Unemployment rate by metropolitan municipality .........................................................................10

    Table H: Key differences between the QLFS and the QES .........................................................................16

    Table I: Response rates by province and metropolitan area .......................................................................17

  • STATISTICS SOUTH AFRICA P0211

    Quarterly Labour Force Survey, Quarter 1, 2017

    iv

    List of Figures

    Figure 1: Quarter-to-quarter changes in employment, Q1:2010 to Q1:2017 ............................................................. 2

    Figure 2: Quarter-to-quarter changes in employment by sector, Q1: 2010 to Q1: 2017 ........................................... 3

    Figure 3: Quarter-to-quarter and year-on-year changes in the formal sector by industry ......................................... 3

    Figure 4: Quarter-to-quarter and year-on-year changes in the informal sector by industry ...................................... 4

    Figure 5: Share of employed men by occupation and population group, Q1: 2016 and Q1: 2017 ........................... 5

    Figure 6: Share of employed women by occupation and population group, Q1: 2016 and Q1: 2017 ...................... 5

    Figure 7: Share of employed persons by education and population group, Q1: 2016 and Q1: 2017 ....................... 6

    Figure 8: Quarter-to-quarter changes in nature of employment contract .................................................................. 8

    Figure 9: Year-on-year changes in nature of employment contract .......................................................................... 8

    Figure 10: Quarter-to-quarter changes in unemployment, Q1: 2010 to Q1: 2017 .................................................... 9

    Figure 11: NEET rates for youth aged 15-24 years by sex and age group, Q1: 2016 and Q1: 2017 ..................... 11

    Figure 12: Year-on-year changes in total employment, Q1: 2009 to Q1: 2017. ...................................................... 13

    Figure 13: Year-on-year changes in formal-sector employment, Q1: 2009 to Q1: 2017 ........................................ 13

    Figure 14: Year-on-year changes in informal-sector employment, Q1: 2009 to Q1: 2017 ...................................... 13

    Figure 15: Unemployment rate by sex, Q1: 2008 to Q1: 2017 ................................................................................ 13

    Figure 16: Unemployment rate by education status, Q1: 2008 to Q1: 2017 ........................................................... 14

    Figure 17: Formal sector employment trends in QLFS and QES, Q1: 2010 to Q4: 2016 ....................................... 16

  • STATISTICS SOUTH AFRICA P0211

    Quarterly Labour Force Survey, Quarter 1, 2017

    v

    Appendix 1

    Table 1: Population of working age (1564 years) ......................................................................................................... 21

    Table 2: Labour force characteristics by sex All population groups ............................................................................ 22

    Table 2.1: Labour force characteristics by population group .......................................................................................... 24

    Table 2.2: Labour force characteristics by age group .................................................................................................... 26

    Table 2.3: Labour force characteristics by province and metro ...................................................................................... 28

    Table 2.4: Labour force characteristics by sex Expanded definition of unemployment .............................................. 40

    Table 2.5: Labour force characteristics by population group Expanded definition of unemployment ......................... 42

    Table 2.6: Labour force characteristics by age group Expanded definition of unemployment .................................... 44

    Table 2.7: Labour force characteristics by province and metro Expanded definition of unemployment ..................... 46

    Table 3.1: Employed by industry and sex South Africa ............................................................................................... 54

    Table 3.2: Employed by industry and province ............................................................................................................... 55

    Table 3.3: E

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