post independance architecture in india

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Post Independence Architecture Ar. Hena Tiwari

Ar. Hena Tiwari/G.C.A.D,Sonipat

The first train to Pakistan, which ran from Delhi to Lahore

Ar. Hena Tiwari/G.C.A.D,SonipatThe day India got its Independence!- 15th Aug 1947

Ar. Hena Tiwari/G.C.A.D,Sonipat

Ar. Hena Tiwari/G.C.A.D,SonipatLord Mountbatten, the last Viceroy of India salutes the Indian National Flag

Ar. Hena Tiwari/G.C.A.D,SonipatDr. Rajendra Prasad, the First Indian President

Ar. Hena Tiwari/G.C.A.D,SonipatJawaharlal Nehru, the first prime minister of the independent India is widely known for his far vision, he was a modernist who favored state intervention. A new era of architecture began when the very famous architect Le Corbusier was invited to design the capital of the Punjab state, Chandigarh. Le Corbusiers uncompromising functionalism consciously broke with the past historicism of imperial architecture.

Ar. Hena Tiwari/G.C.A.D,SonipatOther invited architect, the very notable Louis Kahn created the avant-garde architecture with the little spice of the Mughal, in Ahmedabad.

Ar. Hena Tiwari/G.C.A.D,Sonipat

POST INDEPENDENCE SCENARIO

Ar. Hena Tiwari/G.C.A.D,SonipatIndia and IndependenceRealization of freedom in following fronts:Cultural, political, social, economicThese were the yardsticks set for the future development.

Ar. Hena Tiwari/G.C.A.D,SonipatTagoreGandhi Nehru

Ar. Hena Tiwari/G.C.A.D,SonipatGandhi / Tagore Poorna SwarajAbsolute belief in science and technology but passionate about rural India.Villages to be self dependent.Local materials and local skills, cost effective architecture.Going back to roots.Belief in traditional rural essence based in agriculture production.

Ar. Hena Tiwari/G.C.A.D,SonipatSouth indian roles12

Sabarmati Ashram, Sabarmati, Gujarat

Ar. Hena Tiwari/G.C.A.D,SonipatSabarmati ashram13

NEHRUVery Forward looking.Interested in what science and technology have to offer.Strength of industrialization.Believed in a liberal, modern, progressive, industrialized India.

Ar. Hena Tiwari/G.C.A.D,SonipatArchitecturallyNehru, championed a vision of architecture that embraced the current western centric practices namely modernism.Knew Albert Mayer and approved the choice for a foreign architect for planning ChandigarhRevivalism had a limited role to play

Ar. Hena Tiwari/G.C.A.D,SonipatTremendous sense of urgency to buildNewly independent country, required new infrastructureUrbanization demanded creation of new cities and townsChandigarh, BhubaneshwarDemand for new built form types: schools , hospitals etc.

Ar. Hena Tiwari/G.C.A.D,SonipatStyle of New IndiaShaped by the sentiments of _anti-colonialism_patriotism_revivalism_traditionalismAs well as the sentiments of _development_modernity_progress

Ar. Hena Tiwari/G.C.A.D,Sonipat

Architecture colleges based in cities like Bombay, Calcutta, Madras.British architects designing the buildings. Catholic influence. Walter George, St. Stephens College, Delhi

Ar. Hena Tiwari/G.C.A.D,SonipatClients Biggest client : GovernmentPublic and semi-public bodies : HOUSING BOARDS, improvement trusts, development authoritiesPolitical leaders : who had interest in architecture.Non- Govt. clients : Private trusts like TATA, business houses and individuals

Ar. Hena Tiwari/G.C.A.D,SonipatThe Philosophies1950 witnessed battle of architecture ideologies3 trends identified1. Revivalism: going back to seek inspiration from the past2. Modernism: according to western ideologies3. Continuity: before independence, colonial style to be continued

Ar. Hena Tiwari/G.C.A.D,Sonipat REVIVALISMIt was an immediate architectural response after the independence.It had replication of traditional forms.

Red Sand stone usedTrademark of colonial Delhi.B.E. Doctor, Ashoka Hotel, New Delhi

Vidhan soudha, Bangalore

Ar. Hena Tiwari/G.C.A.D,Sonipat MODERNISMInspired by the contemporary spirit of the age.Patronized by Nehru.Advocated chiefly by America educated Indian architects working for PWD.Perceived as forward looking, symbolizing an awakened India.

Ar. Hena Tiwari/G.C.A.D,Sonipat

ATIRA Building, Ahmedabad, AP KanvindeNew Secretariat Building, Calcutta , Habib Rehman

Ar. Hena Tiwari/G.C.A.D,SonipatCONTINUITYAdvocated by govt. builders like CPWD, and state PWDFound favor with the older generation of architects who were skeptical about modernism

Ar. Hena Tiwari/G.C.A.D,Sonipat

National Museum, CPWD,New DelhiSupreme Court, CPWD,New Delhi

Ar. Hena Tiwari/G.C.A.D,SonipatThe battle of styles was won by

Modernism With no less a person that the PM of India, Nehru, ruling in its favor.Nehru Invited Le- Corbusier to India to design the new capital city of PunjabCHANDIGARH

Ar. Hena Tiwari/G.C.A.D,Sonipat