poetry. poetic genres poetic genres to begin with, let’s remember that most poetry does not rhyme

Download POETRY. Poetic GENRES Poetic GENRES To begin with, let’s remember that most poetry does NOT rhyme

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POETRY Slide 2 Poetic GENRES Slide 3 Poetic GENRES To begin with, lets remember that most poetry does NOT rhyme. Slide 4 Poetic GENRES Lyric poetry DEFINITION: highly musical verse that expresses the observations and feelings of a single speaker. It creates a single, unified impression. Short Usually in 1 st person point of view Expresses emotion or describes a scene Does NOT tell a story No syllable requirements No rhyme scheme requirements Slide 5 Poetic GENRES Acrostic poetry DEFINITION: a poem in which the first letter of each line spells a word or phrase that is the topic of the poem. Oftentimes done about a name No syllable requirements No rhyme scheme requirements Slide 6 Poetic GENRES Ballad poetry DEFINITION: a poem that tells a story in a musical way or with a musical feeling Can be as long as the story requires Odd-numbered lines longer than even- numbered lines Even-numbered lines should rhyme Slide 7 Poetic GENRES Epic poetry DEFINITION: a long narrative poem about the adventures of gods or a hero. Serious in tone and broad in theme. Very long No syllable requirements No rhyme scheme requirements Slide 8 Poetic GENRES Concrete or Form poetry DEFINITION: a poem with a physical shape that suggests the subject/topic. The poet arranges the letters, punctuation, and lines to create an image, or picture, on the page. Length must fit into the shape No syllable requirements No rhyme scheme requirements Slide 9 Poetic Forms Slide 10 Poetic Forms Haiku DEFINITION: a Japanese poem about nature. Slide 11 hAIKU by Rolf Nelson Haikus are easy But sometimes they dont make sense Refrigerator 5 SYLLABLES 7 SYLLABLES 5 SYLLABLES NOTE: not technically a haiku because its not about nature by Jonathan Stephens Tell me I'm like light, light that reflects off windows right into your eyes 5 SYLLABLES 7 SYLLABLES 5 SYLLABLES by Jonathan Stephens I long for summer Swinging in my green hammock The oak leaves whistling 5 SYLLABLES 7 SYLLABLES 5 SYLLABLES by Matsuo Basho Spring rain leaking through the roof dripping from the wasps' nest. 2 SYLLABLES 5 SYLLABLES 6 SYLLABLES NOTE: But thats not the right syllables! How is it a haiku? Slide 12 Poetic Forms Haiku DEFINITION: a Japanese poem about nature. Length 3 lines 5-7-5 No rhyme scheme requirements Slide 13 Poetic Forms Cinquain DEFINITION: can be about anything Slide 14 Cinquains November by Adelaide Crapsey Listen... With faint dry sound, Like steps of passing ghosts, The leaves, frost-crispd, break from the trees And fall. 2 SYLLABLES 4 SYLLABLES 6 SYLLABLES 8 SYLLABLES 2 SYLLABLES Snow by Adelaide Crapsey Look up... From bleakning hills Blows down the light, first breath Of wintry wind... look up, and scent The snow! 2 SYLLABLES 6 SYLLABLES 2 SYLLABLES 4 SYLLABLES 8 SYLLABLES Guarded Wound by Adelaide Crapsey If it Were lighter touch Than petal of flower resting On grass, oh still too heavy it were, Too heavy! 2 SYLLABLES 8 SYLLABLES 3 SYLLABLES 4 SYLLABLES 9 SYLLABLES Slide 15 Poetic Forms Cinquain DEFINITION: can be about anything Length 5 lines 2-4-6-8-2 No rhyme scheme requirements Slide 16 Poetic Forms Limerick DEFINITION: a humorous, musical-feeling poem that oftentimes makes fun of or tells a story about a specific person. Slide 17 LImerick There once was a Thingamajig Like a Whatsis, but three times as big. When it first came in view, It looked something like you But it stayed and turned into a pig. Slide 18 Poetic Forms Limerick DEFINITION: a humorous, musical-feeling poem that oftentimes makes fun of or tells a story about a specific person. Length 5 lines 3 beats 3 beats 2 beats 2 beats 3 beats Rhyme scheme: A-A-B-B-A Slide 19 LImerick There was a young fellow who thought Very little, but thought it a lot. Then at long last he knew What he wanted to do, But before he could start, he forgot. Slide 20 LImerick There once was an ape in a zoo Who looked out through the bars and saw YOU! Do you think that its fair To give poor apes a scare? I think its a mean thing to do. Slide 21 LImerick I've been studying all night and I'm tired, But I can't sleep because I'm so wired. So I'll play on the net 'Stead of going to bed, And my tests will seem a quagmire. Slide 22 Poetic Techniques Slide 23 Poetic TECHNIQUES Line DEFINITION: basic structural component of a poem. Literally, a row of words that ends somewhere. Slide 24 Poetic TECHNIQUES Stanza DEFINITION: a formal division of lines in a poem that is considered as a unit. Separated by spaces. Like prose paragraphs, only for poetry. Conveys a single idea. Slide 25 Poetic TECHNIQUES Types of Stanzas Couplet Triplet (tercet) Quatrain Quintet (cinquain) Sestet (sextet) Septet (heptastich) Octave ============== 2-line stanza 3-line stanza 4-line stanza 5-line stanza 6-line stanza 7-line stanza 8-line stanza Slide 26 Poetic TECHNIQUES Meter DEFINITION: the rhythmical pattern of the poem. Determined by the number of stresses or beats in each line. Slide 27 Poetic TECHNIQUES Foot DEFINITION: a basic unit of a meter. Normally contains either two or three syllables with varying patterns of stress. Slide 28 Poetic TECHNIQUES Rhyme Scheme DEFINITION: a regular pattern of rhyming words in a poem. Each new rhyme is assigned the next letter of the alphabet, while repeat sounds get whatever letter they were first assigned. Slide 29 Whats the rhyme scheme? You would not believe your eyes If ten million fireflies Lit up the world as I fell asleep Cause they fill the open air And leave teardrops everywhere You'd think me rude, but I Would just stand and stare. I'd like to make myself believe That planet Earth turns slowly. It's hard to say that I'd Rather stay awake when I'm asleep, Cause everything is never as it seems. From Fireflies by Owl City A A B C C A C B B A B B Slide 30 Poetic TECHNIQUES Alliteration DEFINITION: the repetition of initial consonant sounds. Writers use alliteration to draw attention to certain words or ideas, to imitate sounds, and to create musical effects. Slide 31 Alliteration Paul McCanns Dewdrops Dancing Down Daisies Don't delay dawns disarming display. Dusk demands daylight. Dewdrops dwell delicately drawing dazzling delight. Dewdrops dilute daisies domain. Distinguished debutantes. Diamonds defray delivered daylights distilled daisy dance. Slide 32 Poetic TECHNIQUES Free Verse DEFINITION: poetry not written in a regular, rhythmical pattern, or meter. The poet is free to write lines of any length or with any number of stresses, or beats. Free verse is therefore less constraining than metrical verse, in which every line must have a certain length and a certain number of stresses. Slide 33 Poetic TECHNIQUES Refrain DEFINITION: a regularly repeated line or group of lines in a poem or a song Slide 34 Refrain VERSE Love me cancerously Like a salt-sore soaked in the sea. 'High-maintenance' means You're a gluttonous queen Narcissistic and mean. Kill me romantically Fill my soul with vomit Then ask me for a piece of gum. Bitter and dumb You're my sugarplum. You're awful, I love you! From Ludos Love Me Dead REFRAIN (CHORUS) She moves through moonbeams slowly She knows just how to hold me And when her edges soften Her body is my coffin I know she drains me slowly Slide 35 Poetic Devices Slide 36 Poetic Devices Simile DEFINITION: a figure of speech that uses like or as to make a direct comparison between two unlike ideas. EXAMPLES: He is as tall as a redwood tree. She runs like a snail. Slide 37 Poetic Devices Metaphor DEFINITION: a figure of speech that describes something as though it were something else. EXAMPLES: from Tombstone >>> Why Wyatt, youre an oak. You are such a stick in the mud. Slide 38 Poetic Devices Idiom DEFINITION: an expression that has a meaning particular to a language or region. A phrase in which the literal meaning of the words does not add up to the actual meaning. Slide 39 idioms EXAMPLES: to go bananas = on pins and needles = hit the ground running = copycat = in the doghouse = fly off the handle = to get super excited waiting with much anxiety to get a quick start on something someone who copies or mimics on someones bad side / in trouble to get super angry, very fast Slide 40 Poetic Devices Analogy DEFINITION: makes a comparison between two or more things that are similar in some ways but otherwise unalike typically, A : B :: C : D 2 things compared to 2 things. EXAMPLES: A glove is to hand as monitor is to computer. Horses are to past societies as computers are to future societies. Slide 41 Poetic Devices Hyperbole DEFINITION: obvious and intentional exaggeration EXAMPLES: These books weigh a ton. Im so tired I could sleep for a year. Slide 42 Poetic Devices Symbol DEFINITION: anything that stands for or represents something else. Symbols are common in everyday life. EXAMPLES: See the following slides Slide 43 Slide 44 Slide 45 Slide 46 Slide 47 What do the following things usually stand for in literature and film? Slide 48 the color black Slide 49 the color white Slide 50 the color green Slide 51 the color blue Slide 52 Slide 53 Slide 54 Slide 55 Slide 56 Slide 57 Slide 58 Slide 59 Slide 60 Slide 61 Slide 62 Poetic Devices Personification DEFINITION: a type of figurative language in which a nonhuman subject is given human characteristics. EXAMPLES: Nature speaks to people. The window winked at me. Slide 63 Poetic Devices Pun DEFINITION: the humorous use of a word or phrase to emphasize or suggest different meanings or applications; words that are alike or nearly alike in sound but different in meaning; a play on words. EXAMPLES: Illusionists always find themselves in tricky situations. Romance isn't a science... it's a heart. Slide 64 Pun See www.PunOfTheDay.comwww.PunOfTheDay.com Slide 65 Poetic Devices Irony DEFINITION: literary techniques that involve surprising, interesting, or amusing contradictions EXAMPLES: from Sideshow Bob on t

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