plato's theory of forms, and the sun, line and cave

Download Plato's Theory of Forms, and the Sun, Line and Cave

Post on 23-Jun-2015




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Some powerpoint slides introducing students to an overall picture of Plato's philosophical position. Includes analogy with the Matrix to instigate thinking on appearance & reality plus graphical/video representations of the similes of the Sun, Line and Cave.


  • 1. Platos Theory of Forms, andthe Sun, Line and CaveA falasafaz! presentation1

2. PlatoWhat is justice?What is the idealstate?What is the humansoul?What isknowledge?What is reality?2 3. Understanding Plato How does Platounderstand the natureof reality? What is the relationshipbetween existence,knowledge, and virtue? How successful arePlatos Sun, Line & Cavesimiles?3 4. Platos overall position Metaphysics(Reality) Epistemology(Knowledge) Ethics(Good)THETHEORYOFFORMS4 5. What is real?5Appearance Reality Sensations Empiricallyobservabledata Particularexamples ofX Beyondsenses Mind/reason The Forms The X-in-itself 6. The Forms6Particular beautiful things 7. The Similes/Allegories7The SunRepublic Bk VI 507aThe Divided LineRepublic Bk VI 509dThe CaveRepublic Bk VII 514a 8. The Sun8Source The Sun The (Form of the) GoodProvides what? Light, growthReality, truth light ofreasonWhere? Sensible world Intelligible WorldIn order to See KnowWith what?Objectsi.e. particulars 9. The Divided Line9Objects Epistemic StatesFormsPhysical ObjectsShadows /ImagesDialecticBeliefABCDMathematicalReasoningIllusionVisible Realm Intelligible RealmKNOWLEDGE OPINION 10. The Cave10 11. Evaluating Plato What are the similesmeant to achieve? Howsuccessful are they? What are Platosarguments? Howpersuasive are they? What objections can weidentify and develop?11 12. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.0 UK: England & Wales License.To view a copy of this license, visit or send a letterto Creative Commons, PO Box 1866, Mountain View, CA 94042, USA.12