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Platos Crito

5643a

Crito 43a1-a10. , ; ; . . . ; . . . . . , , , . . ; . .: how, in what way; in order that, that 3 , : twilight (before dawn), day-break 1 : long ago, formerly, of old, 5 : quite, entirely, exceedingly, 3 : at what hour? at what time? 1 : many times, often, frequently, 4 : early, early in the morn, at morn, 2 -, -: accustomed, habitual, 1 -: at this time, so early, 1 -: to listen, heed, give ear to, 1 : by, because of, from (gen.) under (dat.) 9 : to go to and fro, visit, 1 , -, : a watcher, guard, sentinel, 1 : late; lit. deep ...: visiting; articular inf. in acc. sg.modified by ; -contract infinitive : andalso; is a conjunction, the second one is an adverb : has been done some kindness; inner acc. (1554); pf. pass. : by; + gen. agent after passive voice

5

10

: just, exactly, 2 -: to come, arrive, 1 , -, -: deep, tall, 1 , : prison, 2 : here, to this point, hither, 1 : through (gen) on account of (acc), 4 : to be willing, wish, desire, 5 : suitably, reasonably, fairly, 1 -: to treat well, show kindness, 1 : already, now, at this time, 4 : to have come, be present, 8 : to wonder, marvel, be astonished, 4 : especially, in particular, 5

a1 : why? 4 : adverbial acc. from the 7 demonstrative - (S. 333, 340) : , 2nd sg. pf. 8 : definite article common throughout the work for vocative, direct address 2 : quite certainly; and are both usual affirmatives S. 2901

Personal Pronouns 1 personst

, , , , , ,

I my, of me to me me you your, of you to you you

we our to us us you your, of you to you you

2nd person

is used 52 times; , 91 times; , 77 times; and , only 2 times.

Crito 43b1-b9. , ; . , , , . , , .-, -: sleeplessness, waking, 1 : to perceive, feel, realize (gen) 1 , : life, 4 -: to live, exist, 1 : to wake up, rouse, stir, 2 : to be willing, wish, desire, 5 : then, next, and so, therefore, 1 -: to wake up, rouse, stir, 1 -: adv. for this purpose, decidedly, 1 -: call happy, fortunate (gen) 1 : right away, straight, directly, at once 1 , : Zeus, 2 : sweetly, pleasantly, gladly 2 , -, -: sweetest, most pleasant, 1 : to wonder, marvel, be astonished, 4 : in order that (+ subj.); where (+ ind.), 6 -: to lie down to sleep, sleep, 1 b1 : then; inferential, expressing surprise : 2nd sg. non-sigmatic 1st aor. demonstrative - (S. 333, 340) : in silence; dat. of manner (1527) is, as often, adverbial 3 : by Zeus!; acc. sg. work for vocative, direct address : I would not wish; + impf. ind. expresses past potential (1784-88) : intensive pronoun (-self) modifies the understood subject 1st sg. inf. 4 : but in fact; is adverbial : partitive gen. obj. of : I have been marvelling; after 1st person 2nd person , -, -: my, mine, 2 , -, -: your, yours, 8

57b

5

, : pain, distress, grief, 2 : by (in affirmation) 1 : especially, in particular, 5 : long ago, formerly, of old, 5 --: to sit down beside, 1 -: to stand at hand, be present, 1 : many times, often, frequently, 4 , -: mild, gentle, soft, 2 , -, -: before, in front of; earlier 4 : how? in what way?, 5 , -, -: easy, ready, 2 , : silence, 1 -, : misfortune, mishap, event, 3 , -, -: so great, so many, 2 , : a manner, way; turn, direction, 5 : to bear, carry, bring, endure, 6

5 6

7

8

, verb has sense of pf. progressive : how; a relative adverb in an indirect exclamation (cf. an ind. question) (2686), : I did not wake; iterative impf : pres. subj. of purpose : as.as possible; common translation for + superlative (here adverb) and; conjunction : in fact; strengthens affirmative : even; adverb before : your disposition ...: far the most; , far, is the adverb of , many : being at hand; fem. pf. pple : so; demonstrative adverb; see. l. 5 , -, -: our, ours, 6 , -, -: your, yours, 0

5810

Crito 43b10-c8. , ,

.c . , , , . . . ; . , , , , 5 , , , , .: to be annoyed, be irritated, 3 , : message, news, 1 : to be taken, be caught, 1 -: to come, arrive, 4 , -, -: low, heavy; grievous, 2 -: to release, relieve, give relief, 1 , -, -: suitable; a close friend, 8 : already, now, at this time, 4 , : age, time of life, 1 -: to be near, be present, be at hand 5 b10 : for in fact; is adverbial : it would be; an + 3rd sg. opt. is potential optative; inf. is the subject 11 : acc. sg. pres. pple : -contract verb pres. inf. c1 : others too; is adverbial 2 : not at all; adverbial acc. or inner acc.: gives no relief demonstrative - (S. 333, 340) ...: from; in respect to articular inf. is likely an acc. of respect 3 : not; double negative with inf. often after a negative main clause (2742) : deictic iota (-) adds emphasis Nom. Gen. Dat. Acc. Nom. Gen. Dat. Acc. herself his her to/for him to/for her him herhimself

-, -: out of tune, incongruent, 1 : early, early in the morn, at morn, 2 , -, -: your, yours 8 -, : misfortune, mishap, event, 3 : to end, complete, finish; die, 2 , -, -: at this age, 2 , -, -: such, 9 , : chance, luck, fortune, success, 3 : to bear, carry, bring, endure, 6 , -, -: difficult, hard, harmful, 4 : (being) present; pple : deictic iota suffix (-) adds emphasis : are (the case); sg. with neut. pl. subj. : just why? Why exactly?; emphasizes and suggests precision (2840) : , 2nd sg. pf. : postponing the adj. adds emphasis and emotion to the reply : nom. sg. pres. pple : which; fem. sg. relative : among those; demonstrative 1099 : superlative adverb : would suffer; potential aor. opt. ( aor. stem ) itself

4

5 7 8

its to/for it it

is used 49 times. See the facing page for its various uses.

they their to/for them them

they their to/for them them

they their to/for them them

Crito 43c9-44a1. ; , ; . , . [ ] , , , . . , , , , . . ;, -, -: good, brave, capable, 8 , : messenger, 1 , : necessity, force, constraint, 5 -: to report, announce, 1 : from, away from. (+ gen.), 9 : tomorrow, 2 -: to come, arrive, 4 , : life, 4 , -, -: clear, evident, conspicuous 8 : there, in that place, 5 : to have come, be present, 8 , : a god, divinity, 4 c9 ;: what is this? : 3rd sg. pf. : (at) which arriving; gen. absolute (aor. pple); is a rel. pronoun d1 : pf. act. pple 2 - : you know, (it) has not already arrived; not , these; exactly may be temporal: already, or now demonstrative - (S. 333, 340) : as it seems to me; inf. absolute; the inf. is impersonal 3 : from which (reports); from (the reports) which; acc. relative attracted into gen. of missing antecedent5

59

d

44

: to die, 2 -: to leave behind, abandon, 2 : however, nevertheless; certainly, 2 -: certainly not, surely not, 1 , : vessel, ship, 2 : whence? from where? 1 , : Sunion (headland of Attica) 1 : to judge (by signs), conjecture, 2 : to end, complete, finish; die, 2 : today, 3 , : chance, luck, fortune, success, 3 , -, -: dear, friendly; friend, kin, 5 4 : aor. pple - : it; i.e. : (it is) clear that; add 5 : of course, in fact; emphasizes : til tomorrow : 3rd sg. fut. (dep. ) 7 : in this way; dat. of manner : (it is) dear; + dat., add 8 : let it be; 3rd sg. imperative : , governs ind. discourse : (that) it; acc. subject, i.e. 44a : from where (in the world)? : (), 2nd sg. pres. mid

Three Uses of , , how to identify 1. Personal Pronoun 2. Intensive Pronoun 3. Adjective same alone, no article modifies noun following an article example , translation them, him the women themselves the same women

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Crito 44a2-b1. . . . . . . . . ; . , , ,: to call, summon, invite, 1 , -, -: beautiful, fair, noble, fine 5 : to risk, venture; it is likely, 3 , -, -: authoritative, legitimate, 2 , -, -: white, bright, brilliant, 1 , , : a night, 2 -, -: few, little, small, 4 , : vessel, ship, 2 : anywhere, somewhere; I suppose, 5 -: to come or go to, approach, 1 , -, -: before, in front of; earlier 4 : to judge by signs, conjecture, 2 -: well then; therefore, accordingly, 5 , -, -: next; later, following, 1 6 (): during; see above : which; neut. acc. relative pronoun : 1st sg. pf. 7 : a little; acc. of extent of degree with comparative adverb : comparative adv. : than; gen. of comparison : it looks as though you; + inf. you run the risk of not waking aor. inf. ; is often translated as probably or perhaps + inf. as main verb 9 : 3rd sg. impf. : just what?; lends emphasis 10 : 3rd sg. impf. 11 : wearing; fem. nom. sg. pple : aor. inf. governed by

5

10

b

-: to die off, perish, 6 , , : a woman, wife, 1 : to wake up, rouse, stir, 2 : aor., said, spoke, 8 : to come or go, 6 -, : dream, vision seen in sleep, 3 -: to approach, attack, assault, 3 : I will say or speak, 7 , -, -: one of two, other, different, 2 -, -: good-looking, attractive, 1 : to have come, be present, 8 , : day, 2 , : a cloak or mantle, 1 , : right moment, time 1 a2 ;: , treated as the fut. of (): on; dat time when : I suppose; D. 494 3 : than; following later : on (that day); relative, dat. time when : comes; + 3rd sg. aor. subj. , indefinite temporal clause 4 ;: 3rd pl. pres. : at any rate; is restrictive and emphasized by : those in authority over these things 5 -: the coming; gen. sg fem. pple - : during; gen. of time within : : (that) it; acc. subject, i.e.

Crito 44b2-c2 . . , . . , , . . , . , , , , , , , , , . , -: more shameful, disgraceful, 1 -: to not care, be careless, 1 : to use up, squander, spend, 3 -: to die off, perish, 6 -, -: extraordinary, out of place, 1 , -, -: p