physical chemistry atkins paula

Download Physical chemistry atkins paula

Post on 20-Jun-2015




7 download

Embed Size (px)


  • 1. W. H. Freeman Publishers - Physical Chemistry for the Life Sciences Preview this Book Physical Chemistry for the Life Request Exam Copy Sciences Peter Atkins (Lincoln College, Oxford U.) Julio de Paula (Haverford College)Download Preview Text Chapters in .PDF format. (Avail. 6/2005)You will need Adobe Acrobat Reader to view these preview 2005 (2006), cloth, 624 pp.materials. (Additional instructions below.) 0-7167-8628-1Please Note: Some chapters are UNCORRECTED PAGE PROOF co-published withand may contain typographical errors and missing art. Oxford University PressPreface Summary Features MediaPrologue Supplements Table of ContentsFundamentals Preview MaterialsChapter 1: Biochemical Thermodynamics Other Titles by:Peter AtkinsChapter 2: The Second LawJulio de PaulaChapter 3: Phase EquilibriaChapter 4: Chemical EquilibriumChapter 5: Thermodynamics of Ion and Electron TransportPreview Book ErrataThese copyrighted materials are for promotional purposes only.They may not be sold, copied, or distributed.Download Instructions for Preview Materials in .PDFFormatWe recommend saving these files to your hard drive byfollowing the instructions below.PC users (1 of 2)6/10/2005 2:51:03 AM

2. W. H. Freeman Publishers - Physical Chemistry for the Life Sciences1. Right-click on a chapter link below2. From the pop-up menu, select "Save Link", (if you are usingNetscape) or "Save Target" (if you are using Internet Explorer)3. In the "Save As" dialog box, select a location on your harddrive and rename the file, if you would like, then click "save".Note the name and location of the file so you can open it later.Macintosh users1. Click and hold your mouse on a chapter link below2. From the pop-up menu, select "Save Link As" (if you areusing Netscape) or "Save Target As" (if you are using InternetExplorer)3. In the "Save As" dialog box, select a location on your harddrive and rename the file, if you would like, then click "save".Note the name and location of the file so you can open it later. Find a Book SEARCH BY: AuthorSEARCH FOR: Browse Our Catalog Select a Discipline:W. H. Freeman | Register with Us | Contact Us | Contact Your Representative | View Cart Top of PageHigh School Publishing | Career Colleges (2 of 2)6/10/2005 2:51:03 AM 3. preface 3/5/05 11:13 AM Page i Preface he principal aim of this text is to ensure that it presents all the material re- T quired for a course in physical chemistry for students of the life sciences, in- cluding biology and biochemistry. To that end we have provided the foun- dations and biological applications of thermodynamics, kinetics, quantum theory, and molecular spectroscopy. The text is characterized by a variety of pedagogical devices, most of them directed towards helping with the mathematics that must remain an intrinsic part of phys- ical chemistry. One such device is what we have come to think of as a bubble. A bubble is a little flag on an equals sign to show how to go from the left of the sign to the rightas we explain in more detail in About the book that follows. Where a bubble has insufficient capacity to provide the appropriate level of help, we include a Comment on the margin of the page to explain the mathematical pro- cedure we have adopted. Another device that we have invoked is the Note on good practice. We consider that physical chemistry is kept as simple as possible when people use terms accu- rately and consistently. Our Notes emphasize how a particular term should and should not be used (by and large, according to IUPAC conventions). Finally, back- ground information from mathematics, physics, and introductory chemistry is re- viewed in the Appendices at the end of the book. Elements of biology and biochemistry are incorporated into the texts narrative in a number of ways. First, each numbered section begins with a statement that places the concepts of physical chemistry about to be explored in the context of their im- portance to biology. Second, the narrative itself shows students how physical chem- istry gives quantitative insight into biology and biochemistry. To achieve this goal, we make generous use of illustrations (by which we mean quick numerical exer- cises) and worked examples, which feature more complex calculations than do the illustrations. Third, a unique feature of the text is the use of Case studies to de- velop more fully the application of physical chemistry to a specific biological or biomedical problem, such as the action of ATP, pharmacokinetics, the unique role of carbon in biochemistry, and the biochemistry of nitric oxide. Finally, in The bio- chemists toolbox sections, we highlight selected experimental techniques in mod- ern biochemistry and biomedicine, such as differential scanning calorimetry, gel electrophoresis, fluorescence resonance energy transfer, and magnetic resonance imaging.i 4. preface 3/5/05 11:13 AM Page ii ii PrefaceA text cannot be written by authors in a vacuum. To merge the languages of physical chemistry and biochemistry we relied on a great deal of extraordinarily usefuland insightful advice from a wide range of people. We would particularly like toacknowledge the following people who reviewed draft chapters of the text:Steve Baldelli, University of HoustonMaria Bohorquez, Drake UniversityD. Allan Cadenhead, SUNY - BuffaloMarco Colombini, University of MarylandSteven G. Desjardins, Washington and Lee UniversityKrisma D. DeWitt, Mount Marty CollegeThorsten Dieckman, University of California-DavisRichard B. Dowd, Northland CollegeLisa N. Gentile, Western Washington UniversityKeith Griffiths, University of Western OntarioJan Gryko, Jacksonville State UniversityArthur M. Halpern, Indiana State UniversityMike Jezercak, University of Central OklahomaThomas Jue, University of California-DavisEvguenii I. Kozliak, University of North DakotaKrzysztof Kuczera, University of KansasLennart Kullberg, Winthrop UniversityAnthony Lagalante, Villanova UniversityDavid H. Magers, Mississippi CollegeSteven Meinhardt, North Dakota State UniversityGiuseppe Melacini, McMaster UniversityCarol Meyers, University of Saint FrancisRuth Ann Cook Murphy, University of Mary Hardin-BaylorJames Pazun, Pfeiffer UniversityEnrique Peacock-Lpez, Williams CollegeGregory David Phelan, Seattle Pacific UniversityJames A. Phillips, University of Wisconsin-Eau ClaireJordan Poler, University of North Carolina Chapel HillCodrina Victoria Popescu, Ursinus CollegeDavid Ritter, Southeast Missouri State UniversityMary F. Roberts, Boston CollegeJames A. Roe, Loyola Marymount UniversityReginald B. Shiflett, Meredith CollegePatricia A. Snyder, Florida Atlantic UniversitySuzana K. Straus, University of British ColumbiaMichael R. Tessmer, Southwestern CollegeRonald J. Terry, Western Illinois UniversityJohn M. Toedt, Eastern Connecticut State UniversityCathleen J. Webb, Western Kentucky UniversityFfrancon Williams, The University of Tennessee KnoxvilleJohn S. Winn, Dartmouth CollegeWe have been particularly well served by our publishers, and would wish to ac-knowledge our gratitude to our acquisitions editor Jessica Fiorillo of W.H. Freemanand Company, who helped us achieve our goal.PWA, OxfordJdeP, Haverford 5. preface 3/5/05 11:13 AMPage iii Prefaceiii Walkthrough Prefacehere are numerous features in this text that are designed to help you learn Tphysical chemistry and its applications to biology, biochemistry, and medi-cine. One of the problems that makes the subject so daunting is the sheer amount of information. To help with that problem, we have introduced several de- vices for organizing the material: see Organizing the information. We appreciate that mathematics is often troublesome, and therefore have included several devices for helping you with this enormously important aspect of physical chemistry: see Mathematics support. Problem solvingCespecially, where do I start?Cis often a problem, and we have done our best to help you find your way over the first hur- dle: see Problem solving. Finally, the web is an extraordinary resource, but you need to know where to go for a particular piece of information; we have tried to point you in the right direction: see Using the Web. The following paragraphs explain the features in more detail. Organizing the information Checklist of key ideas. Here we collect together the major concepts that we have introduced in the chapter. You might like to check off the box that precedes each entry when you feel that you are confident about the topic. Case studies. We incorporate general concepts of biology and biochemistry throughout the text, but in some cases it is useful to focus on a specific problem in some detail. Each Case study contains some background information about a bio- logical process, such as the action of adenosine triphosphate or the metabolism of drugs, followed by a series of calculations that give quantitative insight into the phenomena. The biochemists toolbox. A Toolbox contains descriptions of some of the mod- ern techniques of biology, biochemistry, and medicine. In many cases, you will use these techniques in laboratory courses, so we focus not on the operation of instru- ments but on the physical principles that make the instruments performed a spe- cific task. Notes on good practice. Science is a precise activity, and using its language accu- rately can help you to understand the concepts. We have used this feature to help you to use the language and procedures of science in conformity to international practice and to avoid common mistakes. Derivations. On first reading you might need the bottom line rather than a de- tailed derivation. However, once you have collected your thoughts, you might want to go back to see how a particular expression was obtained. The Derivations let you adjust the le


View more >