phase 1 - site context report - mackay council the document has been prepared by the state...

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  • Draft Version 1–30 April 2010

    Phase 1 - Site Context Report

    Project Brief

    Request for Quotations

    Request for Quotation:

    Ooralea Local Area Plan

    Closing Time:

    17.00pm, 30 March 2010

    21̊ 16’528 S 149̊ 14’642 E

  • 01 Introduction Background

    Purpose of the Study

    02 Site Positioning and Context Site Positioning

    Demographics and Growth


    Planning Context

    03 Site Characteristics Size and Scale

    LAP Government Owned Land

    Land Ownership Pattern

    High Impact Areas

    Existing Access and Road Hierarchy

    Committed and proposed road infrastructure

    Image Corridors


    Vegetation Management

    Good Quality Agricultural Land

    Flooding Inundation

    Coastal Wetlands

    Bushfire Management

    Acid Sulfate Soils

    Aviation Information

    Views and Visual Character


    04 Composite Constraints Plan

    5 5


    6 6




    21 22


















  • List of Figures

    Figure 1 Location Plan

    Figure 2 Mean minimum temperature (Source: Bureau of Meteorology)

    Figure 3 Mean maximum temperature (Source: Buraau of Meteorology)

    Figure 4 Mean rainfall (Source: Buraau of Meteorology)

    Figure 5 Mean number of days of rain (Source: Bureau of Meteorology)

    Figure 6 Mackay annual prevailing breezes at 9am (Source: Bureau of Meteorology)

    Figure 7 Mackay annual prevailing breezes at 3pm (Source: Bureau of Meteorology)

    Figure 8 Regional Structure Plan (Source: WHAM Regional Plan Map 9)

    Figure 9 Regional Structure Plan for Mackay, Sarina and Mirian (Source: WHAM Regional Plan Map 10)

    Figure 10 Mackay City Planning Scheme 2006 Zoning Classifications

    Figure 11 Household Projections Mackay Statistical Division 2006 to 2031 (Source: MRC)

    Figure 12 Site Features and Scale

    Figure 13 Government Owned Land

    Figure 14 Land Ownership

    Figure 15 High Impact Areas

    Figure 16 Existing Access and Road Hierarchy

    Figure 17 Committed and Proposed Road Infrastructure

    Figure 18 Image Corridors

    Figure 19 Easements

    Figure 20 Vegetation Management

    Figure 21 Good Quality Agricultural Land

    Figure 22 Flooding Inundation

    Figure 23 Coastal Wetlands

    Figure 24 Bushfire Management

    Figure 25 Acid Sulfate Soils

    Figure 26 Aviation Information

    Figure 27 Views and Visual Character

    Figure 28 Bakers Creek Study Area (Source: Cardno)

    Figure 29 Flat Sites Diagram

    Figure 30 Typical drainage channel cross section (Source: Bakers Creek Stockroute Road east

    catchment stormwater trunk infrastructure study interim report

    Figure 31 Stormwater Drainage Corridors - North of Stockroute Road (Cardno)

    Figure 32 Stormwater Drainage Corridors - South of Stockroute Road8 (Source: Cardno)

    Figure 33 Composite Constraints Plan

  • 01

  • 21̊ 16’528 S 149̊ 14’642 E Introduction 5

    Introduction Background The City of Mackay continues to grow rapidly. Since 2001, the Mackay region has sustained strong population growth, and projections forecast that the population will increase from 109,613 to 189,497 by 2031.

    Many of the issues facing Mackay - housing affordability, inefficient or stretched infrastructure networks, poor public transport, urban and suburban placelessness, lack of social cohesion, loss of important habitat and good agricultural land - are common to most of our large cities.

    Contemporary urban planning and design strategies place greater emphasis on social, economic and environmental aspects of development to create more liveable suburbs that reduce dependency on private vehicles and are more energy and land efficient.

    Planning strategies now focus on creating an urban structure based on walkable mixed use neighbourhoods with activity centres and interconnected street patterns to facilitate movement and public transport. There is emphasis on good urban design to encourage people to engage with each other, walk and actively use local streets. Local employment opportunities are included to provide the community with a sound economic base and enhancing self containment of employment in the local area. Open spaces have genuine purpose and afford recreation and movement opportunities.

    As a nominated growth area, Ooralea will benefit greatly from the strategic vision and co-ordinated development offered through a local area planning process. The Ooralea LAP will be informed by widely accepted principles for good urban form and design which promote healthy, sustainable communities.

    Combined with a comprehensive exploration and analysis, and an effective stakeholder engagement process, the LAP will provide a robust and responsive framework for a new community.

    Purpose of the study The purpose of this Phase 1 Site Context Report is to provide a comprehensive understanding of the physical, social and legislative setting, identifying and exploring all elements and issues that characterise Ooralea. This study establishes a reliable data base of development influences and physical site characteristics to inform the planning and design process through to the preparation of a LAP.

  • 6

    Site Positioning and Context

    Site Positioning The Ooralea LAP area is located only a few kilometres to the south-west of the City Centre over a cane dominated landscape from the Pioneer river in the north to Bakers Creek on its southern boundary.

    The site covers an area of approximately 1890 hectares and is traversed and bordered by the Peak Downs Highway and the Bruce Highways. Peak Downs Highway is the primary regional access from Mackay to key mining towns and passes through the Ooralea site on an east-west axis. The Bruce Highway forms the eastern boundary of the LAP study area.

    Ooralea is home to key regional attractors including the Racecourse Sugar Mill, the Mackay Racecourse, and the Central Queensland University Mackay Campus.

    To the east of the study area is the important industrial precinct of Paget and the Mackay train station, which links the city to other cities within Queensland, including the Tilt Train service between Brisbane and Cairns.

    The Mackay Airport is located approximately 4km east of the site.


  • 21̊ 16’528 S 149̊ 14’642 E Site Positioning and Context 7

    Figure 1 Location Map

  • 8

    Demographics and Growth The City of Mackay has undergone rapid and continuous growth, with a 3.3% annual growth over the past 5 years. This will encourage the growth and redevelopment of the Mackay City Centre as well as new residential areas. It is expected that the population forecast for the Mackay region will increase to approximately 190,000 by 2031.

    Previous projections in 2004 identified the population reaching 90,000 by 2013, however this target was reached in 2006. Similarly, projections of 100,000 residents by 2021 have already been reached. The Mackay urban area is likely to be the fastest growing area outside South East Queensland over the next 20 years, and the second largest regional city outside of SEQ.

    According to the Queensland’s Governments Department of Infrastructure and Planning, future population 2008 edition, Mackay will have an average population growth of 3.77% from 2006-2021.

    The Mackay region is a major contributor to the State’s economy due to the 86,000ha of cane land, producing more than a third of Australia sugar cane. Mackay provides a gateway to the Whitsundays and is becoming increasingly popular as a tourist destination.

    Mackay LGA has had a smooth unemployment rate showing that the Mackay Regional Council areas (3.9%) has one of the lowest unemployment rates in Queensland (4.9%). Employment growth has also increased by 35% over the past 5 years, and is expected employment is expected to increase to approximately 65,000 by 2026.

    New urban land will be required to cater for the region’s rapid growth. Planning assumptions have been made that identify the need for approximately 1,500ha of new urban land by 2026 (Mackay Structure Planning EBD Workshop).

    There are a number of key factors that affect future growth within the region including the conservation of valuable environmental areas, protection of good quality agricultural land, physically constrained land and existing infrastructure networks.

    Mackay Regional Council forms part of the Mackay Whitsunday Region (WHAM), which is projected to be the fastest growing planning region in Queensland to 2021, by the Department of Infrastructure and Planning. (based on average annual population growth rate, for high series 2008.) Mackay Regional Council area will experience the bulk of the WHAM population growth, adding over 60,000 extra people at an average annual growth rate of 3.77% to 2021.

  • 21̊ 16’528 S 149̊ 14’642 E Site Positioning and Context 9

  • 10

    Figure 2 Mean minimum temperature (Source: Bureau of Meteorology)

    Figure 4 Mean rainfall (Source: Bureau of Meteorology)

    Figure 3 Mean maximum temperature (Source: Bureau of Meteorology)