people of the gospels nobleman & centurion jesus at capernaum v46 jesus at capernaum v1

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Characters of the GospelsThe Centurion

People of the Gospels

Nobleman & Centurion

Jesus at Capernaum v46Jesus at Capernaum v1


Two Centurions

For a fuller understanding of the words of Christ, the Jewish modes of thought, which he used in illustration, require to be briefly explained.It was a common belief, that in the day of the Messiah, redeemed Israel would be gathered to a great feast, together with the patriarchs and heroes of the Jewish faith. Gentiles could have no part in that feast. When our Lord consigned the unbelieving to outer darkness, where there is weeping and gnashing of teeth, he once more used Jewish language, only with the opposite application of it. Gehinnom ... lay beyond the mountains of darkness. It was to a place of darkness, to which, in the day of the Lord, the Gentiles would be consigned.To use Rabbinic terms (the Gentiles) were children of Gehinnom, but Israel the children of the Kingdom, royal children, children of God, children of the upper chamber and of the world to come.

Edersheim, Messiah, p1:549-551The Hope of Life

Characters of the GospelsMary Magdalene

ServantsVoluntary Servants1249Diakonosto run an errand, an attendant, a waiter at table, minister, deacon

Involuntary Servants1401Doulosto be in subjection, subservient, under bondage, a slave.

3816Paisto beat with impunity, a slave

The Myths

Jn 12:3MaryAnointsLu 8:2Mary7 DevilsLu 7:37SinnerAnointsMaryof BethanyMary MagdaleneSinfulWoman7 Unclean spirits = Sin Lu 11:26Houses of SimonLu 7:40, Mt 26:6The Real Mary MagdaleneA Reformed SinnerOAnointed the Lords FeetOHad Seven DevilsP



Characters of the GospelsJairus

CapernaumJairusThe Decapolis


The SynagogueIt may be said that the temple was the place of worship and sacrifice; the Synagogue was the place of teaching and instruction. The Synagogue was by far the more influential.If a man had a new message to preach, the Synagogue was the obvious place to preach it. When the people met at the Synagogue service it was open to the Ruler of the Synagogue to call on any competent person to give the address, and the exposition. There was no professional ministry whatsoever. That is why Jesus was able to open his campaign in the Synagogues.To the Jews, the most sacred thing in the world was The Torah, The Law. It contains direction and guidance for all life which must be brought out. To give this study and to supply this development a class of scholars arose. These scholars are the Scribes, the experts in the law.But no scribe ever gave a decision on his own. If he made a statement he would buttress it with this, that and the next citation or quotation from the great legal masters of the past. The last thing he ever gave was an independent judgement.The Gospel of Mark, Wm Barclay p22-24

Sabbath MiraclesThe Sabbath and the SynagogueTherefore said some of the Pharisees, This man is not of God, because he keepeth not the sabbath day. Others said, How can a man that is a sinner do such miracles? And there was a division among them . . . For the Jews had agreed already, that if any man did confess that he was Christ, he should be put out of the synagogue.Jn 9:16, 22* Miracles performed in the Capernaum Synagogue on the sabbath

The BorderThe Riband of BlueBid the children of Israel that they make them fringes in the borders of their garments . . . and that they put upon the fringe of the borders a riband of blue ... that ye may look upon it, and remember all the commandments of the LORD and do them: and that ye seek not after your own heart and your own eyes. Num 15:38-39

The PhariseesBut all their works they do for to be seen of men: they make broad their phylacteries, and enlarge the borders.Mt 23:5

The Promise of the MessiahUnto you that fear my name shall the Sun of righteous-ness appear with healing in his wings (border). Mal 4:2

The LegacyWhen they were gone over, they came to the land of Gennesaret. And the men of that place ... besought him that they might only touch the hem of his garment: and as many as touched were made perfectly whole.Mt 14:34-36

Characters of the GospelsThe Rich Young Ruler

But Israel, which followed after the law of righteousness , hath not attained to the law of righteousness.Wherefore? Because they sought it not by faith, but as it were, by works of law. For they stumbled at the stumbling stone;As it is written, Behold, I lay in Sion a stumbling stone, and rock of offence: and whosoever believeth on him shall not be ashamed.Rom 9:31-33 Rich Young Ruler

Concerning GodLove the LORD thy God with all thy heart, soul, mind and strength

1.No other gods2.No graven images3.No name in vain4.Sabbath day holy

Ten Commands

Concerning ManLove thy neighbour as thyself

5.Honour parents6.Not kill7.Not adultery8.Not steal9.Not false witness10.Not covet (Defraud not Mk10:19)

Mt 19:18-19

Wherewith shall I come before the LORD, and bow myself before the high God? Shall I come before him with burnt offerings, with calves of a year old?Will the LORD be pleased with thousands of rams, or with ten thousands of rivers of oil? Shall I give my firstborn for my transgression, the fruit of my body for the sin of my soul?He hath shewed thee, O man, what is good; and what doth the LORD require of thee, but to do justly, and to love mercy, and to walk humbly* with thy God.Mic 6:6-8

*Heb: humble thyself to walkRich Young Ruler

Lay not up for yourselves treasures on earth, where moth an rust doth corrupt, and where thieves break through and steal:But lay up for yourselves treasures in heaven, where neither moth not rust doth corrup, and where thieves do not break through nor steal.Mt 6:19-20

Charge them that are rich in this world, that they be not highminded, nor trust in uncertain riches ... That they do good and be rich in good works ...Laying up in store for themselves a good foundation against the time to come, that they may hold on eternal life.1Tim 6:17-19


Characters of the GospelsMary & Martha

Mary & Martha


Mary sat at Jesus feet and heard his word. Lu 10:39

Then when Mary was come where Jesus was, and saw him, she fell down at his feet. Jn 11:32

Then Mary took a pound of ointment of spikenard, very costly, and anointed the feet of Jesus, and wiped his feet with her hair Jn 12:3Martha

Martha was cumbered about with much serving. Lu 10:40

Then Martha, as soon as she heard that Jesus was coming, went and met him, but Mary sat still in the house. Jn 11:20

There they made him a supper; and Martha served. Jn 12:2

At His Feet

I am verily a man which am a Jew, born in Tarsus, a city of Cilicia, yet brought up in this city at the feet of Gamaliel, and taught according to the perfect manner of the law of the fathers ...Ac 22:3

And this is the blessing wherewith Moses the man of God blessed the children of Israel before his death ...And he said, The LORD came from Sinai ... Yea, he loved the people; all his saints are in thy hand: and they sat down at thy feet; every one shall receive of thy words. Deut 33:1-3

One Thing Needful

And thou shalt remember all the way which the LORD thy God led thee this forty years ...And he humbled thee, and suffered thee to hunger, and fed thee with manna, which thou knewest not, neither did thy fathers know; that he might make thee know that man doth not live by bread only, but by every word that proceedeth out of the mouth of the LORD doth man live.Deut 8:2-3

And as they thus spake, Jesus himself stood in the midst of them ... And they gave him a piece of broiled fishLu 24:36, 42

Good part Lu 10:42 = s/w Piece Lu 24:42

Characters of the GospelsNicodemus

NicodemusThink not that I am come to send peace on the earth: I came not to send peace, but a sword.For I am come to set a man at variance against his father, and the daughter against her mother, and the daughter in law against her mother in law.And a mans foes shall be they of his own household.Mt 10:34-36

ThePhariseesDuring the difficult days that followed (the return from Babylon) when the Jewish hold on the land was tenuous, and any thought of idolatry had been knocked out of the Jewish mind, a sect arose which developed into the Pharisees. To them, a strict observance of the Torah was everything. They furthered the introduction of the synagogue, seeing it as a means of reducing the influence of the priests. By the first century A.D. there were hundreds of synagogues in the city of Jerusalem. The Pharisees grip on the minds of the people was almost complete. Yet there were unorthodox Jews such as the Saducees, the Essenes and others, who resented the power of the Pharisees. To increase their power over the people the Pharisees extended the law, made traditions and additions which became burdens grievous to be borne.

Israel Land and People of Destiny, Islip Collyer, p54

The SanhedrinPresidentNasi = (Prince, Elevated One), represented the civil and religious interests of the Jewish nation before the Roman government abroad, and before Jewish congregations at home. Summed votes, determined tradition.

Vice PresidentAb-beth-din (Father of the house of Judgement), led and controlled discussions on disputed points.

Wise OneChakam (Sage, Referee), put into proper shape all subjects for discussion by the Council.

Manners and Customs of the Bible, Freeman, #718

The Serpent on the Pole

Shall He Find the Faith?Time No LongerRevival of the TruthSpiritualityAcceptedRejectedThe


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