nz usar awareness manual

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NZ Urban Search & Recue Awarness Manual

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New Zealand Urban Search & Rescue l Awareness Student Manual

Page 1 of 87 l Version 1.0 l 2002 New Zealand Fire Service

New Zealand Urban Search & Rescue l Awareness Student Manual

Table of ContentsUSAR NZ HISTORY ...........................................................................................................7 Define USAR .....................................................................................................................7 Typical USAR scenarios.....................................................................................................8 Global evolution of USAR..................................................................................................8 FEMA ............................................................................................................................8 INSARAG......................................................................................................................8 United Kingdom .............................................................................................................9 Australia.........................................................................................................................9 NZ evolution of USAR.......................................................................................................9 USAR TIER SYSTEM .......................................................................................................10 NZ USAR tier system.......................................................................................................10 International tier systems ..................................................................................................11 USA .............................................................................................................................11 Europe..........................................................................................................................11 Australia.......................................................................................................................11 USAR NZ TASK FORCE ..................................................................................................12 Task Force overview ........................................................................................................12 Task Force structure .........................................................................................................12 Task Force capability & role.............................................................................................13 Responders & Task Force Technicians .............................................................................13 ORANGE CARD INFORMATION ..................................................................................13 Orange Card overview......................................................................................................13 Why get an Orange Card?.................................................................................................14 How do I get one? ............................................................................................................15 SUPPORT SERVICES & RESOURCES..........................................................................15 RESPONSE TEAM COMPOSITION...............................................................................17 PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT.....................................................................17 Minimum PPE required ....................................................................................................18 Standards for equipment...................................................................................................20 HELMET CODING SYSTEM ..........................................................................................21 Responder level Helmet Coding System ...........................................................................21 Task Force level Helmet Coding System ..........................................................................21 Notes regarding Helmet Coding System ...........................................................................21 HEALTH & HYGIENE.....................................................................................................22 Dehydration......................................................................................................................22 Fatigue .............................................................................................................................22 Body substance infection ..................................................................................................23 Stress................................................................................................................................23 Claustrophobia, anxiety & panic.......................................................................................24 Phobia ..........................................................................................................................24 Anxiety.........................................................................................................................24 Panic ............................................................................................................................24Page 2 of 87 l Version 1.2 l 2002 New Zealand Fire Service

New Zealand Urban Search & Rescue l Awareness Student Manual

Biological reactions ......................................................................................................24 Subconscious forces .....................................................................................................25 Control Techniques.......................................................................................................25 Behavioural training .....................................................................................................25 Contextual Therapy ......................................................................................................26 Paradoxical Intervention ...............................................................................................27 Practical considerations ................................................................................................27 CIMS OVERVIEW............................................................................................................28 Background of ICS...........................................................................................................28 Major responsibilities of the Incident Controller ...............................................................28 INITIAL ACTION STRATEGIES....................................................................................29 Constantly gather information ..........................................................................................29 Set up communications quickly ........................................................................................29 Limit supervisory staffing.................................................................................................29 Have an inventory control ready .......................................................................................29 Centralise logistics ...........................................................................................................29 Determine the estimated length of the incident .................................................................29 HAZARDS..........................................................................................................................30 Situational hazards ...........................................................................................................31 Below Debris Hazards ..................................................................................................31 Flooding ...................................................................................................................31 Oxygen deficient atmosphere....................................................................................31 Toxic environment....................................................................................................32 Hazardous material ...................................................................................................32 Flammable environment ...........................................................................................32 Different (or Altered) elevation.................................................................................32 Surface Hazards............................................................................................................33 Climate.....................................................................................................................33 Sharp and jagged objects...........................................................................................34 Pooling of water .......................................................................................................34 Dust and Wind..........................................................................................................34 Noise and Vibrations ................................................................................................34 Overhead Hazards ........................................................................................................34 Structural Instability .....................................................................................................36 Environmental ..................................................................................................................37 Hazardous Materials ............................................................................