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  • Music From The

    Medieval

    &

    Renaissance

    Periods

  • How to use this presentation

    Read through all the information on each page.

    When you see the loudspeaker icon click on it to hear

    a musical example of the concept described in the slide.

    Make sure you listen to the entire example.

    Move between pages by clicking the arrows on the

    bottom left of each page. Do not click the Return To

    Chart links until you have gone through the whole

    presentation.

    Towards the end of the presentation you will find two

    charts with shortcuts to each of the topics covered. Once

    revised follow the link at the bottom of the last page of

    the section to return to the chart.

    If you have Internet access you will be able to use the

    page at the end of the presentation which has hyperlinks

    to various useful websites that will help with your study

    of this and other topics..Use them!

  • Medieval Music

    The Medieval Period in music is considered to include music from

    the birth of Christianity until around 1450. Although this covers

    many years, the pace of change in music during this time was

    relatively slow. The musical features that were present at this time

    included the Modal System, Plainchant and Organum.

    Example of MEDIEVAL MUSIC

    The Renaissance Period lasted from 1450 to around 1600 and saw

    the musical features and developmental changes increase.

    Example of RENAISSANCE MUSIC

  • The System Of MODES

    Music during the Medieval and Renaissance Period was very

    different to what we are used to in the 20th century.

    Tonality as we know it did not exist (i.e. Major & Minor,)

    Music during the Medieval period was based on a System of

    Modes of which there are 12.

    Music of this period was therefore Modal.

    The system of Modes is thought to have originated in Greece

    where an attempt was made to put available sounds into order.

    Example of MODAL

  • The Authentic Modes

    Ionian

    Dorian

    Phrygian

    Lydian

    Mixolydian

    Aeolian

    Example of MODES

  • The Six Modes In Notation

    Example of MODES

  • Modes continued

    The ordering of the notes slowly evolved throughout the

    early centuries, and by the time of Pope Gregory (540 -

    604) had developed into 12 Modes which musicians are

    familiar with today.

    The system of Modes presented a major breakthrough in

    the history of tonality with the earliest Harmonised

    music - where two or more notes sound together - (from

    around 900 - 1450) - being based entirely on these

    modes.

    Return To Chart

  • Plainchant and Organum

    Plainchant is also known as Plainsong and Gregorian Chant.

    It consists of an unaccompanied melody set to words of the Roman Catholic

    liturgy, such as the Mass.

    Plainchants are Modal and have no regular metre.

    They follow the rhythm of the Latin words.

    Where there is an additional line, in other words another part, this is called

    Organum.

    The additional part is normally the interval of a fourth or a fifth below the

    original line.

    Return To Chart

    Example of PLAINCHANT

  • The Mass

    The Mass is a Sacred Choral Work using the main sections of

    the Roman Catholic liturgy. It is usually sung A Capella, and

    can include other forms, such as the Motet.

    Mauchauts setting Messes de Notre Dame from the 13th

    century is one of the earliest Polyphonic settings of the

    sections which make up the Ordinary of the Mass - Kyrie,

    Gloria, Credo, Sanctus and Agnus Dei.

    Return To Chart

    Example of a MASS

  • Recorder

    This family of instruments has no reed

    at all, therefore the timbre is soft and

    pure.

    Recorders were very popular in the

    Tudor period. They were made in

    various sizes, and households used to

    own a Chest of Recorders.

    It was Arnold Dolmetsch who

    encouraged the modern use of

    Recorders.

    Return To Instrument Chart

  • Shawm

    Shawms were in existence in the Middle Ages.

    They were made in seven sizes.

    At a later stage they were called Hautbois.

    These instruments were the forerunners of our present

    oboe.

    Return To Instrument Chart

  • Crumhorn

    The Crumhorn, was by far the most

    common, and possibly the most

    popular of the reed-cap instruments.

    It has a slender, hooked tube shape.

    The name means literally curved

    horn.

    Return To Instrument Chart

  • Trumpet

    The development of the modern Trumpet can be

    traced back over thousands of years. All the

    major civilizations of the past produced

    trumpets, although our knowledge of these

    instruments relies more on contemporary

    illustrations and sculptures than on surviving

    instruments.

    Most ancient Trumpets were straight or hooked

    and had a long, almost cylindrical tube and a

    slightly flaring bell.

    Return To Instrument Chart

  • Sackbut

    Sackbut was the name given to Trombones in the

    Middle Ages.

    The origin of the word Sackbut remains uncertain.

    Return To Instrument Chart

  • Instruments

    Recorder Shawm

    TrumpetCrumhorn

    Sackbut

    Early Woodwind & Brass Instruments:

    Return To Chart

  • Cant get enough?

    Click on the links below to visit these useful Websites

    Liberton High School Music Department - Revision

    Classical Music Education Sites

    Ear Training

    Essentials of Music - Medieval - 20th Century

    http://www.liberton.edin.sch.uk/Music/http://www.classical.net/music/links/musiced.htmlhttp://www.good-ear.com/http://www.essentialsofmusic.com/eras/romantic.html

  • Music From The

    Medieval

    &

    Renaissance

    Periods