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  • Background

    The climate of Uttar Pradesh is subtropical and changes in

    weather conditions occur with change in location and

    seasons. Rainfall in the plains is heaviest in the east and

    decreases towards the north-east. About 90% of the

    rainfall occurs during the southwest monsoon which last

    from June to September causing heavy damage to

    agriculture, life and property mostly in the eastern part of

    the state, where the rivers originating from Himalaya flow

    with a very low north-south gradient. The Major Flood

    Prone Rivers are Ganga, Jamuna, Gomti, Ghaghara,

    Ramganga, Sarda and Rapti. In the Eastern Uttar Pradesh

    districts like Gorakhpur, Deoria, Basti, Santkabir Nagar, Siddharth Nagar, Mau, Maharajganj, Kushinagar, Azamgarh,

    Balia, Gonda & Bahraich are severely affected by floods. In eastern Uttar Pradesh, the rivers that cause flooding

    include the Sarada, the Ghagra, the Rapti, and the Gandak besides the main Ganga River.

    Role of DDMA

    Section 30(2) (xvi) of the Disaster Management Act stipulates that the DDMA under the chairmanship of the

    Collector and the co-chair of the elected representative of the local authority, shall „coordinate response to any

    threatening disaster situation or disaster‟. The Collector/District Magistrate as the head of administration at the district

    shall be the focal point in the command and control for disaster response at the district level, in accordance with the

    policies/guidelines/instructions from the national and state levels. Depending on the nature of disaster and response

    he will be the Incident Commander himself or delegate the responsibility to some other officer.

    Role of NGOs

    The Non-governmental organizations play an important role in disaster management and provide valuable

    resources and expert manpower. Their capacity to reach out to community groups and their sensitivity to local

    traditions of the community give them added advantage during the disaster situation. The specific areas where the

    NGO can be involved are.

     Capacity Building

     Emergency First Aid

     Management of Relief Camps

     Trauma Care

     Services to Vulnerable Groups

     Rehabilitation, etc.,

    An important aspect of capacity building is updating,

    training, rehearsals, and mock drills simulation various line

    manpower of departments, paramilitary, armed forces

    youth organizations, NGOs and CBOs altogether form

    valuable human resources.

  • The DM Act, 2005 provides the legislative back-up to

    enable collaborative mechanisms at all levels for

    participation and joint/coordinated action by Government

    and NGOs in planning, learning and action for disaster

    preparedness. The process of disaster preparedness

    addresses the need for convergence of the legislative and

    institutional arrangements, coordination mechanisms,

    contingency and response plans as well as information and

    communication systems. The SDMAs and the DDMAs will

    invite representative NGOs regularly to chalk out strategy

    and action points, which could help in enhancing the

    preparedness through better coordination.

    NGOs in coordination with the District Administration may organise mock drills to strengthen the understanding of the

    DM Teams with regard to their role in preparedness. (National Disaster Management Guideline “Role of NGOs in DM)

    Mock Drill Objectives

     To test the Adequacy and Efficacy of the Emergency Response Plan of Gorakhpur District against flood.

     To highlight the roles and responsibilities of the concerned stakeholders at the District level.

     To enhance coordination and synergize efforts of various Emergency Support Functions at the District level.

     To find gaps in the resource, manpower, equipment, communication and systems at District.

    On the event date…………. Brief note

    The District Disaster Management Authority (DDMA), along with 11th Bt. NDRF “A” Unit, Gorakhpur (which covers

    16 District - Sarawasti, Gonda, Faizabad, Sultanpur, Ambedkar Nagar, Gorakhpur, Sant Kabir

    Nagar, Basti, Azamgarh, Mau, Deoria, Kushinagar, Ballia, Maharajganj, Siddhartnagar &

    Balrampur) & 26th Bt. PAC Flood Unit (covers Eastern U.P.) and 09 organizations working in Eastern UP on

    DRR, on Sunday (03rd July, 2016) conducted a mock drill to deal with flood situation during monsoon.

    The exercise was held at Rajghat, Rapti River Nausad Gorakhpur to test the standard operating procedures (SOPs) prepared for management of floods.

    During the programme, the DDMA highlighted the roles and responsibilities of various stakeholders and coordination among emergency support functionaries. Mr. O.N. Singh, Hon‟ble District Magistrate chaired the event along with Dr. Chandra Bhushan Additional District Magistrate Finance & Revenue (ADM F&R)/Nodal Officer Disaster

    Management, SDM‟s, Tehsildar, all 22 Department Heads, elected representatives, task force volunteers, NGOs, fire fighters and members of village management committee were present.

    Speaking on the occasion, Mr.O.N.Singh

    DM Gorakhpur said Gorakhpur has vast river belt of

    about 434 km and major river systems. As per scientific

    analysis, several districts of the Eastern UP come under

    Zone-III & IV of earthquake-risk areas. All these factors

    make the Eastern UP prone to different kinds of disasters.

    According to the DM Act 2005, District Administration had

    formed DDMA in 2011-12 to conduct relief, rescue and restoration operations and it is the first such organisation in

    the state. He appreciated the efforts of NGOs and assured them to give all kind of support in flood mitigation.

  • Organization/Institution participated:

    1. Bharat Sewa Mission, Gorakhpur

    2. Gorakhpur Environmental Action Group (GEAG), Gorakhpur

    3. Poorvanchal Gramin Vikas Sansthan (PGVS), Gorakhpur

    4. Poorvanchal Gramin Sewa Samiti (PGSS), Gorakhpur

    5. Shohratgarh Environmental Society (SES), Siddhartnagar

    6. Manav Seva Sanasthan “SEVA”, Gorakhpur

    7. Gram Niyojan Kendre (GNK), Maharajganj

    8. Gramin Development Services (GDS), Lucknow

    9. Pehla Kadam, Gorakhpur

    Line Departments participated

    1. Health

    2. Animal husbandry

    3. Irrigation (Flood Div, Flood Div-2 & Drainage Div)

    4. Agriculture + Agriculture Protection & Horticulture

    5. Education

    6. Panchayati Raj

    7. Fire

    8. Municipal Corporation

    9. Revenue

    10. 11th Bt. NDRF

    11. 26th PAC

    12. Railway DM + Scout

    13. Civil Defence

    14. NYK etc.

    A. Revenue Department: The Revenue Department has been the main department entrusted with the responsibility to

    coordinate and manage the disasters caused by the Hazards.

    Department presented one Model “Flood Post” which shows

    - how flood post works,

    - documents kept at post level,

    - embankment protection & monitoring

    - information dissemination process,

    - coordination between Police, Health and Revenue B. Police Department: The Police Department is one of the key Government departments. Both in the normal

    times when no disasters occur and in times of disasters, this department is an asset to community and it has to

    respond very well in various critical events. Department shows how they closely work with Revenue and other

    departments. At Flood Post level they established one wireless set, information sharing, law & order

    maintenance, provided protection to irrigation department and other activities.

    C. Health Department: Department takes precautionary measures for hospital safety during disasters since hospitals are life line buildings so it could serve uninterruptedly. All structural and non- structural measures shall be taken up to make hospital safe. Department representative presented medicines kept at flood post level, how

  • they attend patients, referral mechanism, first aid process, ambulance facilities and more things. Health department also established one model PHC “Piprauli” with total staff structure. ANM, ASHA and other medical officers actively participated.

    D. Animal Husbandry Department: According to CVO Gorakhpur “Cattle rearing community at vulnerable

    places will be advised not to go for heavy animals,

    since shifting them during disaster period would be

    difficult. Plan and implement schemes for educating

    fishermen and animal rearing communities of the

    vulnerable villages, on the measures to be taken

    before/during/after disaster to avoid loss of lives and properties and animals”. Department presented medicines

    available at each post and a rapid response team.

    E. Agriculture/Agriculture Protection/Horticulture Department: Agriculture Department always sustains losses/damage when floods and other hazards occur in the District. The quantum of losses is proportional to the

    intensity, time and duration of the hazard. It is difficult to prevent such losses but remedial measures can be

    taken to save the crops and if this is not pos

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