mega mock drill mock drill_ddma... mock drill objectives to test the adequacy and efficacy of the...
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The climate of Uttar Pradesh is subtropical and changes in
weather conditions occur with change in location and
seasons. Rainfall in the plains is heaviest in the east and
decreases towards the north-east. About 90% of the
rainfall occurs during the southwest monsoon which last
from June to September causing heavy damage to
agriculture, life and property mostly in the eastern part of
the state, where the rivers originating from Himalaya flow
with a very low north-south gradient. The Major Flood
Prone Rivers are Ganga, Jamuna, Gomti, Ghaghara,
Ramganga, Sarda and Rapti. In the Eastern Uttar Pradesh
districts like Gorakhpur, Deoria, Basti, Santkabir Nagar, Siddharth Nagar, Mau, Maharajganj, Kushinagar, Azamgarh,
Balia, Gonda & Bahraich are severely affected by floods. In eastern Uttar Pradesh, the rivers that cause flooding
include the Sarada, the Ghagra, the Rapti, and the Gandak besides the main Ganga River.
Role of DDMA
Section 30(2) (xvi) of the Disaster Management Act stipulates that the DDMA under the chairmanship of the
Collector and the co-chair of the elected representative of the local authority, shall „coordinate response to any
threatening disaster situation or disaster‟. The Collector/District Magistrate as the head of administration at the district
shall be the focal point in the command and control for disaster response at the district level, in accordance with the
policies/guidelines/instructions from the national and state levels. Depending on the nature of disaster and response
he will be the Incident Commander himself or delegate the responsibility to some other officer.
Role of NGOs
The Non-governmental organizations play an important role in disaster management and provide valuable
resources and expert manpower. Their capacity to reach out to community groups and their sensitivity to local
traditions of the community give them added advantage during the disaster situation. The specific areas where the
NGO can be involved are.
Emergency First Aid
Management of Relief Camps
Services to Vulnerable Groups
An important aspect of capacity building is updating,
training, rehearsals, and mock drills simulation various line
manpower of departments, paramilitary, armed forces
youth organizations, NGOs and CBOs altogether form
valuable human resources.
The DM Act, 2005 provides the legislative back-up to
enable collaborative mechanisms at all levels for
participation and joint/coordinated action by Government
and NGOs in planning, learning and action for disaster
preparedness. The process of disaster preparedness
addresses the need for convergence of the legislative and
institutional arrangements, coordination mechanisms,
contingency and response plans as well as information and
communication systems. The SDMAs and the DDMAs will
invite representative NGOs regularly to chalk out strategy
and action points, which could help in enhancing the
preparedness through better coordination.
NGOs in coordination with the District Administration may organise mock drills to strengthen the understanding of the
DM Teams with regard to their role in preparedness. (National Disaster Management Guideline “Role of NGOs in DM)
Mock Drill Objectives
To test the Adequacy and Efficacy of the Emergency Response Plan of Gorakhpur District against flood.
To highlight the roles and responsibilities of the concerned stakeholders at the District level.
To enhance coordination and synergize efforts of various Emergency Support Functions at the District level.
To find gaps in the resource, manpower, equipment, communication and systems at District.
On the event date…………. Brief note
The District Disaster Management Authority (DDMA), along with 11th Bt. NDRF “A” Unit, Gorakhpur (which covers
16 District - Sarawasti, Gonda, Faizabad, Sultanpur, Ambedkar Nagar, Gorakhpur, Sant Kabir
Nagar, Basti, Azamgarh, Mau, Deoria, Kushinagar, Ballia, Maharajganj, Siddhartnagar &
Balrampur) & 26th Bt. PAC Flood Unit (covers Eastern U.P.) and 09 organizations working in Eastern UP on
DRR, on Sunday (03rd July, 2016) conducted a mock drill to deal with flood situation during monsoon.
The exercise was held at Rajghat, Rapti River Nausad Gorakhpur to test the standard operating procedures (SOPs) prepared for management of floods.
During the programme, the DDMA highlighted the roles and responsibilities of various stakeholders and coordination among emergency support functionaries. Mr. O.N. Singh, Hon‟ble District Magistrate chaired the event along with Dr. Chandra Bhushan Additional District Magistrate Finance & Revenue (ADM F&R)/Nodal Officer Disaster
Management, SDM‟s, Tehsildar, all 22 Department Heads, elected representatives, task force volunteers, NGOs, fire fighters and members of village management committee were present.
Speaking on the occasion, Mr.O.N.Singh
DM Gorakhpur said Gorakhpur has vast river belt of
about 434 km and major river systems. As per scientific
analysis, several districts of the Eastern UP come under
Zone-III & IV of earthquake-risk areas. All these factors
make the Eastern UP prone to different kinds of disasters.
According to the DM Act 2005, District Administration had
formed DDMA in 2011-12 to conduct relief, rescue and restoration operations and it is the first such organisation in
the state. He appreciated the efforts of NGOs and assured them to give all kind of support in flood mitigation.
1. Bharat Sewa Mission, Gorakhpur
2. Gorakhpur Environmental Action Group (GEAG), Gorakhpur
3. Poorvanchal Gramin Vikas Sansthan (PGVS), Gorakhpur
4. Poorvanchal Gramin Sewa Samiti (PGSS), Gorakhpur
5. Shohratgarh Environmental Society (SES), Siddhartnagar
6. Manav Seva Sanasthan “SEVA”, Gorakhpur
7. Gram Niyojan Kendre (GNK), Maharajganj
8. Gramin Development Services (GDS), Lucknow
9. Pehla Kadam, Gorakhpur
Line Departments participated
2. Animal husbandry
3. Irrigation (Flood Div, Flood Div-2 & Drainage Div)
4. Agriculture + Agriculture Protection & Horticulture
6. Panchayati Raj
8. Municipal Corporation
10. 11th Bt. NDRF
11. 26th PAC
12. Railway DM + Scout
13. Civil Defence
14. NYK etc.
A. Revenue Department: The Revenue Department has been the main department entrusted with the responsibility to
coordinate and manage the disasters caused by the Hazards.
Department presented one Model “Flood Post” which shows
- how flood post works,
- documents kept at post level,
- embankment protection & monitoring
- information dissemination process,
- coordination between Police, Health and Revenue B. Police Department: The Police Department is one of the key Government departments. Both in the normal
times when no disasters occur and in times of disasters, this department is an asset to community and it has to
respond very well in various critical events. Department shows how they closely work with Revenue and other
departments. At Flood Post level they established one wireless set, information sharing, law & order
maintenance, provided protection to irrigation department and other activities.
C. Health Department: Department takes precautionary measures for hospital safety during disasters since hospitals are life line buildings so it could serve uninterruptedly. All structural and non- structural measures shall be taken up to make hospital safe. Department representative presented medicines kept at flood post level, how
they attend patients, referral mechanism, first aid process, ambulance facilities and more things. Health department also established one model PHC “Piprauli” with total staff structure. ANM, ASHA and other medical officers actively participated.
D. Animal Husbandry Department: According to CVO Gorakhpur “Cattle rearing community at vulnerable
places will be advised not to go for heavy animals,
since shifting them during disaster period would be
difficult. Plan and implement schemes for educating
fishermen and animal rearing communities of the
vulnerable villages, on the measures to be taken
before/during/after disaster to avoid loss of lives and properties and animals”. Department presented medicines
available at each post and a rapid response team.
E. Agriculture/Agriculture Protection/Horticulture Department: Agriculture Department always sustains losses/damage when floods and other hazards occur in the District. The quantum of losses is proportional to the
intensity, time and duration of the hazard. It is difficult to prevent such losses but remedial measures can be
taken to save the crops and if this is not pos