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Youre Black Just Like Me Marcus Garvey and the Struggle for Racial Redemption

Youre Black Just Like Me Marcus Garvey and the Struggle for Racial RedemptionBy: Davonte LoganUCLA Ralph J. Bunche Summer Humanities Institute

A quote from GarveyAs the social relations between black and white are impossible, and as the whites are too prejudiced against the black to treat him as an equal either socially, politically, or industrially, therefore the black mans only hope of redemption is the creation of a distinct type of civilization in his motherland.

-Garvey, Marcus Mosiah, and Robert A. Hill.The Marcus Garvey and Universal Negro Improvement Association Papers. Berkeley (Calif.): University of California press, 2006. Print.


Garveys Early ChildhoodLeader at an early ageChildhood friends were whiteHe made no distinction between white and blackExposed to Jamaica's social hierarchy

Born: August 17, 1887Location: St. Anns Bay, JamaicaDied: June 10, 1940

Jamaican SocietySociety structured from a caste systemWhites-dominant classMulattos-middle classBlacks-lower class, considered inferior

NameDescriptionNegroNegro and Negro produce an offspringMulattoWhite and Negro produce an offspringSamboMulatto and Negro produce an offspringQuadroonWhite and Mulatto produce an offspringMusteeWhite and Quadroon produce an offspringMustifinoWhite and Mustee produce an offspringQuintroonWhite and Mustifino produce an offspringOctoroonWhite and Quintroon produce an offspring

Whites, Mulattos, and Blacks

I had to decide whether to please my friends and be one of the black-whites of Jamaica, and be reasonably prosperous, or come out openly and defend and help improve and protect the integrity of the black millions and suffer. I decided to do the latter.

-Grant, Colin. Negro with a hat: the rise and fall of Marcus Garvey. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008. Print

Edward Wilmot BlydenBorn: August 3, 1832Location: Saint Thomas, Danish West Indies (now the US Virgin Islands)New World Negro

Booker T. Washington

Born: April 5, 1856Hales Ford, VirginiaDied: November 14, 1915Tuskegee, AlabamaUsed education to liberate the Black race

Bishop Henry McNeal Turner

Born: February 1, 1834Location: Newberry, South CarolinaDied: Windsor, Ontario, 1915Status of free black men should be the same as white men.

One-Drop RuleEstablished in the United StatesAdopted as a law in the early 20th centuryOne drop of black blood, you were considered black

Marcus Garvey Vs. W.E.B Du Bois

Marcus Garvey Vs. Du BoisMarcus GarveyRepatriation back to AfricaBlacks stay separate from whitesSensitive to the blackness of his skin colorDu BoisMigration back to Africa was absurdLower class blacks need to become more educatedColorism does not exist


UNIA Vs. NAACP Universal Negro Improvement Association

National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP)

ConclusionPeople of mixed race should not be excludedInclude all Shades of color in the DiasporaFuture research on the issue of colorism

AcknowledgementsDr. Paul Von BlumDr. Keidra MorrisDr. Godfrey VincentSamantha Sheppard, Ph.D. (c) SHI Colleagues, Faculty, and StaffTuskegee University

Works CitedClarke, John Henrik. Marcus Garvey and the vision of Africa. New York: Vintage Books, 1974. Print.Dagnini, J.K.. "Marcus Garvey: A Controversial Figure in the History of Pan-Africanism." The Journal of Pan-African Studies 2.3 (2008): 198-208. Print.Grant, Colin. Negro with a hat: the rise and fall of Marcus Garvey. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008. Print.Hill, Robert A., and Marcus Garvey. The Marcus Garvey and Universal Negro Improvement Association papers. Berkeley: University of California Press, 19832011. Print.Lewis, Rupert. Marcus Garvey: anti-colonial champion. Trenton, N.J.: Africa World Press, 1988. Print.Mackie, Liz, and Marcus Garvey. The great Marcus Garvey. London: Hansib Pub., 1987. Print.Taylor, Ula Y.. The veiled Garvey: the life & times of Amy Jacques Garvey. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2002. Print.

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