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Youre Black Just Like Me Marcus Garvey and the Struggle for Racial Redemption
Youre Black Just Like Me Marcus Garvey and the Struggle for Racial RedemptionBy: Davonte LoganUCLA Ralph J. Bunche Summer Humanities Institute
A quote from GarveyAs the social relations between black and white are impossible, and as the whites are too prejudiced against the black to treat him as an equal either socially, politically, or industrially, therefore the black mans only hope of redemption is the creation of a distinct type of civilization in his motherland.
-Garvey, Marcus Mosiah, and Robert A. Hill.The Marcus Garvey and Universal Negro Improvement Association Papers. Berkeley (Calif.): University of California press, 2006. Print.
Garveys Early ChildhoodLeader at an early ageChildhood friends were whiteHe made no distinction between white and blackExposed to Jamaica's social hierarchy
Born: August 17, 1887Location: St. Anns Bay, JamaicaDied: June 10, 1940
Jamaican SocietySociety structured from a caste systemWhites-dominant classMulattos-middle classBlacks-lower class, considered inferior
NameDescriptionNegroNegro and Negro produce an offspringMulattoWhite and Negro produce an offspringSamboMulatto and Negro produce an offspringQuadroonWhite and Mulatto produce an offspringMusteeWhite and Quadroon produce an offspringMustifinoWhite and Mustee produce an offspringQuintroonWhite and Mustifino produce an offspringOctoroonWhite and Quintroon produce an offspring
Whites, Mulattos, and Blacks
I had to decide whether to please my friends and be one of the black-whites of Jamaica, and be reasonably prosperous, or come out openly and defend and help improve and protect the integrity of the black millions and suffer. I decided to do the latter.
-Grant, Colin. Negro with a hat: the rise and fall of Marcus Garvey. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008. Print
Edward Wilmot BlydenBorn: August 3, 1832Location: Saint Thomas, Danish West Indies (now the US Virgin Islands)New World Negro
Booker T. Washington
Born: April 5, 1856Hales Ford, VirginiaDied: November 14, 1915Tuskegee, AlabamaUsed education to liberate the Black race
Bishop Henry McNeal Turner
Born: February 1, 1834Location: Newberry, South CarolinaDied: Windsor, Ontario, 1915Status of free black men should be the same as white men.
One-Drop RuleEstablished in the United StatesAdopted as a law in the early 20th centuryOne drop of black blood, you were considered black
Marcus Garvey Vs. W.E.B Du Bois
Marcus Garvey Vs. Du BoisMarcus GarveyRepatriation back to AfricaBlacks stay separate from whitesSensitive to the blackness of his skin colorDu BoisMigration back to Africa was absurdLower class blacks need to become more educatedColorism does not exist
UNIA Vs. NAACP Universal Negro Improvement Association
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP)
ConclusionPeople of mixed race should not be excludedInclude all Shades of color in the DiasporaFuture research on the issue of colorism
AcknowledgementsDr. Paul Von BlumDr. Keidra MorrisDr. Godfrey VincentSamantha Sheppard, Ph.D. (c) SHI Colleagues, Faculty, and StaffTuskegee University
Works CitedClarke, John Henrik. Marcus Garvey and the vision of Africa. New York: Vintage Books, 1974. Print.Dagnini, J.K.. "Marcus Garvey: A Controversial Figure in the History of Pan-Africanism." The Journal of Pan-African Studies 2.3 (2008): 198-208. Print.Grant, Colin. Negro with a hat: the rise and fall of Marcus Garvey. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008. Print.Hill, Robert A., and Marcus Garvey. The Marcus Garvey and Universal Negro Improvement Association papers. Berkeley: University of California Press, 19832011. Print.Lewis, Rupert. Marcus Garvey: anti-colonial champion. Trenton, N.J.: Africa World Press, 1988. Print.Mackie, Liz, and Marcus Garvey. The great Marcus Garvey. London: Hansib Pub., 1987. Print.Taylor, Ula Y.. The veiled Garvey: the life & times of Amy Jacques Garvey. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2002. Print.