magnanimity, mindfulness, & metaphor

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Magnanimity, Mindfulness, & Metaphor. Cultivating Balance in Clients and Clinicians Texas University and College Counseling Centers Conference February 6, 2014. Magnanimity. Means greatness of soul Greatness results from exemplification of all virtues Virtue = mean between two extremes - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


Mindfulness, Metaphor, & Magnanimity

Magnanimity, Mindfulness, & MetaphorCultivating Balance in Clients and Clinicians

Texas University and College Counseling Centers ConferenceFebruary 6, 20141MagnanimityMeans greatness of soulGreatness results from exemplification of all virtuesVirtue = mean between two extremes


This is what both clinicians and clients should aim for!Metaphor and mindfulness embody balance and can therefore help us achieve and maintain equilibriumMetaphor as liaison between visceral and cerebral man2Metaphor: Theory & ResearchCS LewisMyth as balance between abstract and concreteBalance between world of intellect and world of experienceMetaphor may be fundamental to the way we experience and thinkCognitive experiential self theory1,2Grounded cognition3 and embodied cognition4Conceptual metaphor5Bridge between cognition and experienceDeeper level of processing

3Metaphor: Client Care ApplicationsMetaphor as a vehicle for change4 Phases/Stages1. Enter the clients metaphoric imagination2. Explore clients metaphoric imagination3. Transformation of clients metaphoric image4. Connect metaphoric patterns and life problems

Buffer and bridge for approaching hard materialArt therapy, play therapyClinical examples


Metaphor: Self-Care DiscussionChess match/ chess masterDance/ dance partnerJourney/ fellow travelerSaving the world/ superhero

5Change Process MetaphorThe metaphor for how one conceptualizes the change process naturally affects and influences the therapists sense of and perceived need for self-careSuperhero vs. journeyBurnoutCompassion fatigue

6MindfulnessPaying attention on purpose, in the present moment, and nonjudgmentally 6

Psychological, neurobiological, physical, interpersonal

Increases awareness of bodily sensations, thoughts, emotions; unhelpful ways of coping with stress (avoidance, fusion)

Fosters curiosity, acceptance, interconnectedness

Rooted in Buddhist meditative disciplines


MindfulnessCan be taught and practiced (neural plasticity)Mindfulness-based approaches: MBSR, MBCT, DBT, ACTClients (i.e., depression, anxiety, psychosis, PTSD, OCD, pain tolerance, PA)7 Therapists-in-training ( stress, NA, anxiety; PA, self-compassion) 8Clinician/self as instrument: client outcomes of mindful therapists-in-training( anxiety, anger, somatization, obsessiveness, paranoia)9

Mirror neuron systems may enhance empathy

Mindfulness fosters intrapersonal attunement which may, in turn, enhance interpersonal attunement8Mindfulness ApplicationsExperiential exercisesHow do we know when were feeling out of tune?Body ScanLeaves on a stream

How do we know how to proceed? How do we sustain our instrument?Retirement party

9Discussion, Questions, Thoughts?Justine


10References1 Epstein, S. (1994). Integration of the cognitive and the psychodynamic unconscious. American Psychologist, 49, 709-724. 2 Epstein, S. (1998). Cognitive-experiential self-theory: A dual process personality theory with implications for diagnosis and psychotherapy. In R. F. Bornstein & J. M. Masling (Eds.), Empirical perspectives on the psychoanalytic unconscious (Vol. 7, pp. 99-140). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. 3 Barsalou, L. W. (2010). Grounded cognition: past, present, and future. Topics in Cognitive Science, 2(4), 716-724.4Wilson, A. D., & Golonka, S. (2013). Embodied cognition is not what you think it is. Frontiers in psychology, 4.5Wickman, S. A., Daniels, M. H., White, L. J., & Fesmire, S. A. (1999). A primer in conceptual metaphor for counselors. Journal of Counseling & Development, 77(4), 389-394.6Kabat-Zinn, J. (1990). Full Catastrophe Living. Using the Wisdom of Your Body and Mind to Face Stress, Pain, and Illness. New York, NY: Random House.7Hofmann, S. G., Sawyer, A. T., Witt, A. A., & Oh, D. (2010). The effect of mindfulness-based therapy on anxiety and depression: a meta-analytic review. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 78(2), 169-183.8Shapiro, S. L., Brown, K. W., & Biegel, G. M. (2007). Teaching self-care to caregivers: Effects of mindfulness-based stress reduction on the mental health of therapists in training. Training and Education in Professional Psychology, 1(2), 105-115.9Grepmair, L., Mitterlehner, F., Loew, T., & Nickel, M. (2007). Promotion of mindfulness in psychotherapists in training: Preliminary styudy. European Psychiatry, 22, 485-489.10Wise, E. H., Hersh, M. A., & Gibson, C. M. (2012). Ethics, self-care and well-being for psychologists: Reenvisioning the stress-distress continuum. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 43(5), 487-494.11