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1. Well, son, I'll tell you: Life for me ain't been no crystal stair. It's had tacks in it, And splinters, And boards torn up, And places with no carpet on the floor-- Bare. (Langston Hughes, "Mother to Son") (a) synecdoche (b) metaphor (c) irony (d) pun. B. metaphor. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 1. Well, son, I'll tell you: Life for me ain't been no crystal stair. It's had tacks in it, And splinters, And boards torn up, And places with no carpet on the floor-- Bare. (Langston Hughes, "Mother to Son") (a) synecdoche(b) metaphor(c) irony(d) pun

  • B. metaphor

  • 2. Why should white people be running all the stores in our community? Why should white people be running the banks of our community? Why should the economy of our community be in the hands of the white man? Why? (Malcolm X) (a) antithesis(b) litotes (c) anaphora (d) understatement

  • C. anaphora

  • 3. Substituting the word euthanasia for mercy killing" or "killing the terminally ill.

    (a) Hyperbole(b) Euphemism(c) Assonance(d) Oxymoron

  • B. euphemism

  • 4. I had so much homework last night that I needed a pickup truck to carry all my books home! (a) synecdoche (b) onomatopoeia (c) pun (d) hyperbole

  • D. hyperbole

  • 5. Let's just say that Ms. Hilton is not the brightest bulb on the Christmas tree. (a) paradox (b) litotes (c) apostrophe (d) chiasmus

  • B. litotes

  • 6. The chug-a, chug-a, chug-a of the train echoed down the hill, while a cloud of smoke rose up to the blue western sky. (a) simile(b) metonymy (c) anaphora (d) onomatopoeia

  • D. onomatopoeia

  • 7. But the prisoner would not answer, he only lay with wide, dark, bright, eyes, like a bound animal. (D. H. Lawrence, England, My England) (a) oxymoron (b) euphemism (c) anaphora (d) personification

  • A. oxymoron

  • 8. You have a lot of work to do, so I'll lend you a hand. (a) assonance (b) apostrophe (c) irony(d) synecdoche

  • D. synecdoche

  • 9. The wind had blown off, leaving a loud, bright night, with wings beating in the trees and a persistent organ sound as the full bellows of the earth blew the frogs full of life. (F. Scott Fitzgerald, The Great Gatsby) (a) chiasmus(b) alliteration (c) pathetic fallacy(d) oxymoron

  • B. alliteration and C. pathetic fallacy

  • 10. O Western wind, when wilt thou blow That the small rain down can rain? Christ, that my love were in my arms, And I in my bed again! (Anonymous, "O Western Wind") (a) litotes (b) paradox (c) apostrophe (d) anaphora

  • C. apostrophe

  • 11. The heart of a fool is in his mouth, but the mouth of a wise man is in his heart. (Benjamin Franklin) (a) hyperbole(b) chiasmus (c) litotes(d) anaphora

  • B. chiasmus

  • 12. We talked with each other about each other Though neither of us spoke (Emily Dickinson) (a) metonymy(b) paradox (c) synecdoche (d) personification

  • B. paradox

  • 13. The earth laughs beneath my heavy feet At the blasphemy in my old jangly walk (Billy Corgan, "Thirty-three") (a) euphemism (b) simile(c) antithesis (d) personification

  • D. personification

  • 14. I dig my toes into the sand. The ocean looks like A thousand diamonds strewn Across a blue blanket. (Incubus, "Wish You Were Here") (a) chiasmus(b) simile (c) onomatopoeia (d) synecdoche

  • B. simile

  • 15. In the sweat of thy face shalt thou eat bread. (Virgil) (a) simile(b) irony (c) metonymy (d) assonance

  • c. metonymy

  • 16. Why do we wait until a pig is dead to cure it? (a) pun (b) personification (c) anaphora(d) synecdoche

  • a. pun

  • 17. "It was the best of times, it was the worst of times, it was the age of wisdom, it was the age of foolishness, it was the epoch of belief, it was the epoch of incredulity, it was the season of Light, it was the season of Darkness, it was the spring of hope, it was the winter of despair, we had everything before us, we had nothing before us, we were all going direct to Heaven, we were all going direct the other way." (Charles Dickens, A Tale of Two Cities) (a) antithesis(b) litotes (c) simile (d) understatement

  • a. antithesis

  • 18. And he was rich, yes, richer than a king, And admirably schooled in every grace: In fine--we thought that he was everything To make us wish that we were in his place. So on we worked and waited for the light, And went without the meat and cursed the bread, And Richard Cory, one calm summer night, Went home and put a bullet in his head. (E. A. Robinson, "Richard Cory") (a) chiasmus (b) litotes(c) antithesis (d) irony

  • D. irony

  • 19. Dr. Petrov: "This is most unnerving, Captain. The reason for having two missile keys is so that no one man may -- " Captain Ramius: "May what?" The Hunt for Red October

  • aposiopesis

  • 20. Brutus: Not that I loved Caesar less, but that I loved Rome more.

    Shakespeare, Julius Caesar

  • antithesis

  • 21. For Brutus, as you know, was Caesar's angel. Judge, O you gods, how dearly Caesar loved him.

    Shakespeare, Julius Caesar

  • apostrophe

  • 23. One nuclear bomb can ruin your whole day .

  • meiosis

  • 24. He is a man of the cloth

  • metonymysubstitution of one word for another which it suggests

  • 25. Lolita, light of my life, fire of my loins. Vladimir Nabokov, Lolita

  • AppositionPlacing side-by-side two coordinate elements, the second of which serves as an explanation or modification of the first.

  • 26. The English (it must be owned) are rather a foul-mouthed nation. William Hazlitt

  • Parenthesis

  • 27. "War is peace." "Freedom is slavery." "Ignorance is strength." George Orwell, 1984

  • ParadoxA statement that appears to contradict itself.

  • 28. "Life is like an onion: You peel it off one layer at a time, and sometimes you weep." Carl Sandburg

  • simile

  • 29. "Take thy face hence." William Shakespeare, Macbeth

  • synecdoche

  • 30. "It is not how old you are, but how you are old." Jules Renard

  • antimetaboleA verbal pattern in which the second half of an expression is balanced against the first, but with the words in reverse grammatical order (A-B-C, C-B-A).

  • 31. Never let a fool kiss you--or a kiss fool you.

  • ChiasmusA scheme (a type of antithesis) in which the second half of an expression is balanced against the first with the parts reversed. Note that a chiasmus includes anadiplosis, but not every anadiplosis reverses itself in the manner of a chiasmus.

  • On Tuesday morning I came in just as I always do, and I saw - I can't go on.

  • aposiopesis

  • "I'm a Pepper, he's a Pepper, she's a Pepper, we're a Pepper-- Wouldn't you like to be a Pepper, too? Dr. Pepper!" (advertising jingle for Dr. Pepper soft drink)

  • isocolonA succession of clauses of approximately equal length and corresponding structure

  • ... this nation, under God, shall have a new birth of freedom and that government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth.

  • epistrophe

  • Having power makes totalitarian leadership isolated; isolation breeds insecurity; insecurity breeds suspicion and fear; suspicion and fear breed violence.

  • anadiplosis

  • Eat to live, not live to eat.

  • Antimetabole

  • Told you, I did. Reckless is he. Now matters are worse.

  • Anastrophe

  • "You are free to execute your laws, and your citizens, as you see fit." (Star Trek: The Next Generation)

  • Zeugma

  • Referring to bananas as 'elongated yellow fruit.'

  • Periphrasisthe use of a longer phrasing in place of a possible shorter form of expression; a roundabout or indirect manner of writing or speaking.

  • lame crippled handicapped disabled physically challenged differently abled

  • Euphemism

  • I wondered why the baseball was getting bigger. Then it hit me.

  • Pun

  • Groucho Marx: Animal Crackers gives him the line "We took some pictures of the native girls, but they weren't developed." Then, he presents Margaret Dumont with a large wooden box. While describing it as "a magnificent chest," he accidentally points at her torso.

  • Double Entendre

  • Men in great place are thrice servants: servants of the sovereign or state; servants of fame; and servants of business.

    Francis Bacon

  • Anadiplosis ("doubling back") the rhetorical repetition of one or several words; specifically, repetition of a word that ends one clause at the beginning of the next.

  • We shall not flag or fail. We shall go on to the end. We shall fight in France, we shall fight on the seas and oceans.

  • Anaphora

  • Extremism in defense of liberty is no vice, moderation in the pursuit of justice is no virtue.

  • Antithesisopposition, or contrast of ideas or words in a balanced or parallel construction.

  • The U.S. won three gold medals.

    (Instead of, The members of the U.S. boxing team won three gold medals.)

  • metonymy

  • What a pity that youth must be wasted on the young.

  • Paradox

  • But, in a larger sense, we cannot dedicate, we cannot consecrate, we cannot hallow this ground.

    --Lincoln, Gettysburg Address

  • Asyndeton

  • rosy-fingered in rosy-fingered dawn or the Great in Catherine the Great

  • Epithet

  • Success makes men proud; failure makes them wise.

  • Antithesis

  • "I'm a master debater and will beat you in verbal warfare any day!"