Lecture 10 Tips for Exams

Download Lecture 10 Tips for Exams

Post on 06-Apr-2018

218 views

Category:

Documents

0 download

Embed Size (px)

TRANSCRIPT

<ul><li><p>8/3/2019 Lecture 10 Tips for Exams</p><p> 1/21</p><p>Tips for exams</p><p>Crispin Coombs</p></li><li><p>8/3/2019 Lecture 10 Tips for Exams</p><p> 2/21</p><p>Topics covered</p><p> All topics may appear in the exam unless it is explicitlystated that the topic is not in the exam on these slides</p><p> Key Issues and Trends in IT</p><p> Database Management Systems</p><p> Data Warehousing</p><p> Customer Relationship Management</p><p> Business Process Re-engineering</p><p> Systems Integration &amp; ERP</p><p>22/01/2012 2</p></li><li><p>8/3/2019 Lecture 10 Tips for Exams</p><p> 3/21</p><p>Topics covered</p><p> Successful Systems Development</p><p> Strategic Information Systems Planning</p><p> Realising the Benefits of Information Systems Projects</p><p> I will not ask you in the exam to draw an applied Benefits</p><p>Dependency Network for a specific case study example (e.g.last exercise in benefits lecture).</p><p> However, if there was a question on benefits realization Iwould expect you to have a broad understanding of the mainelements of a BDN (e.g. drivers, investment objectives, andso on) and you could illustrate how these fit together in asimple diagram.</p><p> Integrated Manufacturing Information Systems</p><p>22/01/2012 3</p></li><li><p>8/3/2019 Lecture 10 Tips for Exams</p><p> 4/21</p><p>Exam structure</p><p>Any 3 questions from a choice of 5</p><p> 2 hours</p><p>All questions carry equal marks</p><p>Allow 40 mins per question Question style - all structured questions e.g.</p><p> a) do something [marks]</p><p> b) do something else [marks]</p><p> c) do a bit more [marks]</p><p>22/01/2012 4</p></li><li><p>8/3/2019 Lecture 10 Tips for Exams</p><p> 5/21</p><p>22/01/2012 5</p><p>Suggestions for Revision</p><p> Be selective in your reading</p><p> Find examples, note citations (e.g. Bocji, 2009) todemonstrate your reading in your exam answers</p><p>Refer to past papers Dont get overly focused on past questions</p><p> Select your best topics</p><p> But have some understanding of everything</p><p> Test yourself</p><p> Revise in class exercises Look for examples that you could mention in the exam to show your wider reading</p></li><li><p>8/3/2019 Lecture 10 Tips for Exams</p><p> 6/21</p><p>Suggestions for Revision</p><p> I dont give out model answers</p><p> If students want to draft a model answer to a past</p><p>exam question I am happy to discuss it with them</p><p> Requires you to make an appointment with me viaemail (and with sufficient notice e.g. 3 working</p><p>days!)</p><p>22/01/2012 6</p></li><li><p>8/3/2019 Lecture 10 Tips for Exams</p><p> 7/21</p><p>22/01/2012 7</p><p>Common Pitfalls in Exams</p><p> Writing everything you know about a topic</p></li><li><p>8/3/2019 Lecture 10 Tips for Exams</p><p> 8/21</p><p>22/01/2012 8</p><p>Common Pitfalls in Exams</p><p> Failing to answer the question. For example:</p><p>Too many systems development projects end in failure.Write a report for senior managers that outlines:</p><p>a) The key steps needed to be taken to increase the likelihoodof a successful systems development project [40 marks]</p><p>b) The impacts that an information system can have onorganisations and [40 marks]</p><p>c) Explain the implications of these impacts for the successfuldevelopment and implementation of information systems[20 marks]</p></li><li><p>8/3/2019 Lecture 10 Tips for Exams</p><p> 9/21</p><p>22/01/2012 9</p><p>Common Pitfalls in Exams</p><p> Failing to answer the question</p><p>Make sure you focus on each requirement and break upyour answer into clear corresponding sections. Dont writea continuous stream of writing and then try and stick a) b)</p><p>and c) on afterwards it doesnt work. So you need toplan your answer so you know what points you want to getacross for each section.</p><p>Think also about the weighting of the marks. The balancecould be something like (depending on handwriting style)a) 1.5 sides, b) 1.5 sides c) 0.75 sides to reflect the markweightings.</p></li><li><p>8/3/2019 Lecture 10 Tips for Exams</p><p> 10/21</p><p>22/01/2012 10</p><p>Common Pitfalls in Exams</p><p> Failing to answer the question</p><p>Too many systems development projects end in failure.Write a report for senior managers that outlines:</p><p>a) The key steps needed to be taken to increase thelikelihood of a successful systems development project [40marks]</p><p>b) The impacts that an information system can have onorganisations and [40 marks]</p><p>c) Explain the implications of these impacts for the successfuldevelopment and implementation of information systems[20 marks]</p></li><li><p>8/3/2019 Lecture 10 Tips for Exams</p><p> 11/21</p><p>22/01/2012 11</p><p>Common Pitfalls in Exams</p><p> Failing to answer the question</p><p>Too many systems development projects end in failure.Write a report for senior managers that outlines:</p><p>a) The key steps needed to be taken to increase the likelihoodof a successful systems development project [40 marks]</p><p>b) The impacts that an information system can have onorganisations and [40 marks]</p><p>c) Explain the implications of these impacts for thesuccessful development and implementation of informationsystems [20 marks]</p></li><li><p>8/3/2019 Lecture 10 Tips for Exams</p><p> 12/21</p><p>22/01/2012 12</p><p>Common Pitfalls in Exams</p><p> Answering a completely different question (that wasntasked)</p><p> You may know everything about an apple, but if I askedyou to tell me about an orange, I want to know about an</p><p>orange. Writing about an apple will not get many marks.</p></li><li><p>8/3/2019 Lecture 10 Tips for Exams</p><p> 13/21</p><p>22/01/2012 13</p><p>Common Pitfalls in Exams</p><p> Failing to explain answers sufficiently For example, say this information was put on a lecture slide.</p><p>Recommended Strategies for Avoiding Information System</p><p>Failure</p><p>Strategy Reason</p><p>User Involvement yCan overcome resistance to change</p><p>yMore accurate user requirements</p><p>yIncreases quality of system</p><p>yIncrease user commitment to system</p><p>success</p></li><li><p>8/3/2019 Lecture 10 Tips for Exams</p><p> 14/21</p><p>22/01/2012 14</p><p>Common Pitfalls in Exams</p><p> Failing to explain answers sufficiently</p><p>The manager could increase the chance of thesystem being a success by involving the users</p><p>by creating user groups or asking for userrepresentatives.</p><p>* A basic answer, some marks as correct, but only</p><p>demonstrates correct recall. Why would involving users</p><p>make it a success?</p></li><li><p>8/3/2019 Lecture 10 Tips for Exams</p><p> 15/21</p><p>22/01/2012 15</p><p>Common Pitfalls in Exams</p><p> Failing to explain answers sufficiently</p><p>The manager could increase the chance of thesystem being a success by involving the users</p><p>by creating user groups or asking for userrepresentatives. User involvement would helpovercome resistance to change and improvethe quality of the system.</p><p>* Going bit further, with more explanation. Im nowwondering why would user involvement overcome</p><p>resistance to change etc?</p></li><li><p>8/3/2019 Lecture 10 Tips for Exams</p><p> 16/21</p><p>22/01/2012 16</p><p>Common Pitfalls in Exams</p><p> The full explanation. This is an example of the best answer, assuming the reader doesnt knowanything about the topic and clearly showing the implications and the impact of user involvement itdemonstrates more understanding, more critical thinking and therefore gets more marks.</p><p>The manager could increase the chance of thesystem being a success by involving the users</p><p>by creating user groups or asking for userrepresentatives. User involvement would helpovercome resistance to change and improvethe quality of the system. Resistance tochange would be reduced because the userswould feel more engaged with the system and</p><p>positive towards it. System quality is likely tobe high because the users can ensure it meetstheir needs.</p></li><li><p>8/3/2019 Lecture 10 Tips for Exams</p><p> 17/21</p><p>22/01/2012 17</p><p>Common Pitfalls in Exams</p><p> Ignoring the context</p><p>Q2. A senior manager in a large supermarketis considering implementing a new</p><p>information system, however she is awarethat many systems development projectshave ended in failure. She has asked youto write a report to address the followingissues:</p><p>With reference to specific examples, whatactivities should be employed to reduce thelikelihood of systems failure? [50%]</p></li><li><p>8/3/2019 Lecture 10 Tips for Exams</p><p> 18/21</p><p>22/01/2012 18</p><p>Common Pitfalls in Exams</p><p> Ignoring the context</p><p>Q2. A senior manager in a large supermarketis considering implementing a new</p><p>information system, however she is awarethat many systems development projectshave ended in failure. She has asked youto write a report to address the followingissues:</p><p>With reference to specific examples, whatactivities should be employed to reduce thelikelihood of systems failure? [50%]</p></li><li><p>8/3/2019 Lecture 10 Tips for Exams</p><p> 19/21</p><p>22/01/2012 19</p><p>Common Pitfalls in Exams</p><p> Ignoring the context</p><p> So your answer must have some links to asupermarket environment. Just providing a generic</p><p>list of best practice factors would get some marks,but the student should really think about how thefactors would apply in a supermarket e.g. Usersmay be checkout staff, stock control would be a</p><p>particularly important element compare that to ifthe context had been an accounting firm? The question is demanding examples so you should be ready to</p><p>provide some e.g. From your reading, work experience etc.</p></li><li><p>8/3/2019 Lecture 10 Tips for Exams</p><p> 20/21</p><p>22/01/2012 20</p><p>Exam tactics</p><p> Plan your answer Always include an introduction and conclusion</p><p> Make it easy to mark use headings, sub headings etc.</p><p> Keep to time</p><p> Keep your answer focused on the question asked Refer to the context of question</p><p> Explain your answers fully assume I dont know anythingabout the topic</p><p> Use examples to demonstrate (ideally real world) If drawing on own experience make it clear</p><p> Include citations to refer to specific articles you have read</p></li><li><p>8/3/2019 Lecture 10 Tips for Exams</p><p> 21/21</p><p>22/01/2012 21</p><p>Exam tactics</p><p> Make sure you have some knowledge of all topics</p><p> Focus on the exercises in handouts and use these to guideyour wider reading</p><p> Make sure you have read all the relevant articles as</p><p>indicated on learn as well as doing some wider reading andbeing able to draw on your own (e.g. placement)experiences</p><p> Very best of luck</p></li></ul>