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Land Transport in Singapore

George Sun LTA Academy Singapore 31st May 2010


About LTA Facts & Figures on Land Transport Challenges and strategies

Land Transport AuthorityMinistry of Transport Ministry of Transport (MOT) (MOT)

Land Transport Authority (LTA)

Public Public Transport Transport Council Council (PTC) (PTC)

Civil Civil Aviation Aviation Authority of Authority of Singapore Singapore (CAAS) (CAAS)

Maritime Maritime Port Port Authority Authority (MPA) (MPA)

Land Transport

LTA Subsidiaries MSI Global

LTA Division

EZ-Link Pte Ltd

LTA Academy

LTAs Functions Formulation of land transport policies Integration of transport planning together with land use Planning, design and development of Rapid Transit System (RTS) and road infrastructure & systems Management of road traffic and maintenance of related road infrastructure & systems Promotion of public transport Regulation of public transport services Regulation of private transport ownership and usage Centralised bus network planning (from 2009)


A People-Centred Land Transport System

MissionTo provide an efficient and cost effective land transport system for different needs

Facts & Figures on Land Transport in Singapore

Land Constraint

23 km Population : 5.0 million Land Area : 710 sq. km

43 km

CBDHigh-density High-density housing housing Note: Figures accurate as at Apr 2010

Public TransportMRT : 130 km, 85 stations Buses: 330 routes, 4.000 buses

Taxis : 24,000Note: Figures accurate as at Apr 2010

LRT : 29 km, 43 stations

Travel StatisticsDaily MRT/LRT trips : 1.9 million

Daily Bus trips

: 3.1 million

Daily Taxi trips : 0.9 million

Note: Figures accurate as at Apr 2010

Rapid Transit Systems MRT serves heavy transit corridors 2 RTS Operators SMRT and SBST 159 km of MRT & LRT lines Fares and service standards are regulated

Note: Figures accurate as at Apr 2010

Buses Provides comprehensive coverage 2 bus operators SMRT Buses and SBS Transit Assigned areas of responsibility

More than 330 scheduled services Fleet of more than 4,000 Fares and service standards are regulated

Note: Figures accurate as at Apr 2010

Taxis High end personalised public transport service Industry has been liberalised Fares de-regulated New entrants allowed 7 taxi companies with some individual owners Service standards are regulatedNote: Figures accurate as at Apr 2010

Road TransportRoad Network Expressways Vehicle Population Car Population - 3,356 km - 161 km - 926,000 - 577,000

Note: Figures accurate as at Apr 2010

Challenges and Strategies

Challenge: Increasing Travel Demand and Limited Land Space14.3 milys urne f Jo o. o r Day N pe



Land UseRoads Housing Others

9.9 mil

73%Today 2020

Increase in travel demand must be met largely by public transport

Challenge: Catering to the needs of the elderly and the less mobile

3 Key StrategiesA People-Centred Land Transport SystemMake Public Transport a Choice Mode Manage Road Usage Meet Diverse Needs

Making Public Transport A Choice ModeKey initiatives Improving integration of public transport system More priority for buses on the roads Expanding rail network Greater contestability in public transport industry Enhancing travel experience

Centralised Bus Network Planning Enhance integration of PT system

Distance based Through faresFuture Clementi Hub (artist impression)

Integrated transport and landuse planning

Integrated PT hubs

Distance-based Through Fare



Today, bus-only journey with one transferE.g. 3km on the 1st bus and 5km on the 2nd bus Ez-Link fare = $1.24 ($0.71 for 1st bus trip + $0.93 for 2nd bus trip - $0.40 transfer rebate)

With distance-based through fareFare will be computed based on total distance travelled Based on todays fare level, fare = $1.13 for his 8km journey

Integrated transport and landuse planning Integrate transport facilities with building developments Work closely with other agencies to integrate transport with land use planning

Integrated PT HubsAir-conditioned bus interchanges integrated with adjoining RTS stations and commercial developmentsToa Payoh Hub

Ang Mo Kio Hub

Future Clementi Hub (artist impression)

Extend bus priorityMandatory Give-Way at Bus Bays

Full Day Bus lanes

Expand Rail NetworkExistingNorth

In Progress

By 2020

Thomson LineNorth-East


Downtown LineNSLEast



Central Region

Tuas Extension Circle Line

Eastern Region Line

North South Line Extension

Greater Contestability Gradually open up basic bus services for greater competition to improve efficiency of bus operations Competition for the market, not competition in the market

Future RTS operating licences will also be awarded through tender and have shorter duration

26 9

Enhance Commuter Experience Provide Travel nformation Bus service information posters Key Bus Services Map Real-time bus arrival information panels

Enhance Commuter ExperienceProvide Travel Information Public Transport Journey planner Public Transport Portal Multi-Modal Travel Information System Real-time bus arrival information via SMS and mobile platforms

Enhancing Commuter Experience Improve pedestrian facilities Extend provision of Covered linkways and pedestrian overhead bridges

Enhancing Commuter Experience Inject more buzz at transport nodes

Key Targets by 2020Increase AM peak modal share on public transport from 63% to 70% 85% of public transport commuters to complete their journeys within 60 minutes (door to door), up from 71% today 80% by 2015 Reduce average public transport journey time from the current 1.7 times to 1.5 times that by car

Manage Road Usage Develop road network Leverage on technology Demand management measures

Expand road networkNorth South Expressway (2020)





Kallang-Paya Lebar Expressway (Sept 2008)PIE ECP


Marina Coastal Expressway (2013)

Leveraging on Technology Traffic & incident management systems Green Link Determining System (GLIDE) Expressway Monitoring & Advisory System (EMAS) Junction Eyes (J-eyes) Parking Guidance System (PGS)

Provide more timely traffic information

EMAS and J-Eyes Detect incidents & provide timely response to remove obstructions



Parking Guidance System Guide drivers to nearest parking facility with available lots Reduce circulating traffic looking for parking lots and adding to congestion Implemented in city areas

Motorists will be better informed of availability of parking spaces

Providing Timely Traffic Information Real-time traffic information on ONE.MOTORING portal Use of radio channel to broadcast traffic information and host public education programmes Provide motorists with regular, accurate and upto-date traffic updates New avenue for LTA to engage public proactively

Demand Management Combination of Ownership and Usage MeasuresOwnership Control Usage Restraint

Demand Management Ownership Measures: Vehicle Quota System (i.e. COE) Other Ownership Costs Additional Registration Fee Excise Duty Road Tax

Usage Measures: Electronic Road Pricing (ERP) Petrol Duty

Vehicle Quota System Regulates vehicle population growth at a rate that can be sustained by road network 3% p.a from 1990 to 2008 1.5% p.a. from 2009 to 2011 A Certificate of Entitlement (COE) required to register a new vehicle

Electronic Road Pricing ERP is a congestion management tool Flexible - Rates vary by location/time, based on local traffic conditions Equitable motorists pay for congestion costs imposed on others or choose to travel at different time/route or use PT

Electronic Road Pricing ERP rates reviewed every 3 months To ensure optimal use of road space Expressways45 km/hIncrease rate

65 km/hDecrease rate

Increase rate

Decrease rate

20 km/h

30 km/h

Other Roads

Meeting Diverse Needs Implement barrier-free accessibility MRT stations Lifts and tactile guidance system Wheelchair accessible buses Barrier-free road and roadrelated facilities

Facilitating Cycling Foldable bicycles allowed on buses and trains Provide better bicycle parking facilities at public transport nodes Implement safety signs along commonly-used cycling routes Dedicated cycling tracks next to pedestrian footpaths

Community Engagement Our people and stakeholders are crucial to developing a more people centred land transport systemCommunity events, publications, exhibitions, site visits, road shows

Site visits

Meeting residents

Engaging our People Land Transport GalleryOpened in Jan 08 aim to engage different stakeholders Showcase developments in Singapores land transport system

VR-10 e-Game, Youth Outreach ProgrammeUITP Youth Project Award in 2007 Launched in 2005 aim to educate primary school students on land transport factsMemories Challenge Theatre Land Transport Today



Economic success

Buzz of activities 24 by 7 Buzz of activities 24 by 7

Thank You


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