Land Transport in Singapore

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Land Transport in SingaporeGeorge Sun LTA Academy Singapore 31st May 2010Outline About LTA Facts & Figures on Land Transport Challenges and strategiesLand Transport AuthorityMinistry of Transport Ministry of Transport (MOT) (MOT)Land Transport Authority (LTA)Public Public Transport Transport Council Council (PTC) (PTC)Civil Civil Aviation Aviation Authority of Authority of Singapore Singapore (CAAS) (CAAS)Maritime Maritime Port Port Authority Authority (MPA) (MPA)Land Transport Authoritywww.lta.gov.sgLTA Subsidiaries MSI GlobalLTA DivisionEZ-Link Pte LtdLTA Academywww.msi-global.com.sg www.ezlink.com.sg www.ltaacademy.gov.sgLTAs Functions Formulation of land transport policies Integration of transport planning together with land use Planning, design and development of Rapid Transit System (RTS) and road infrastructure & systems Management of road traffic and maintenance of related road infrastructure & systems Promotion of public transport Regulation of public transport services Regulation of private transport ownership and usage Centralised bus network planning (from 2009)VisionA People-Centred Land Transport SystemMissionTo provide an efficient and cost effective land transport system for different needsFacts & Figures on Land Transport in SingaporeLand Constraint23 km Population : 5.0 million Land Area : 710 sq. km43 kmCBDHigh-density High-density housing housing Note: Figures accurate as at Apr 2010Public TransportMRT : 130 km, 85 stations Buses: 330 routes, 4.000 busesTaxis : 24,000Note: Figures accurate as at Apr 2010LRT : 29 km, 43 stationsTravel StatisticsDaily MRT/LRT trips : 1.9 millionDaily Bus trips: 3.1 millionDaily Taxi trips : 0.9 millionNote: Figures accurate as at Apr 2010Rapid Transit Systems MRT serves heavy transit corridors 2 RTS Operators SMRT and SBST 159 km of MRT & LRT lines Fares and service standards are regulatedNote: Figures accurate as at Apr 2010Buses Provides comprehensive coverage 2 bus operators SMRT Buses and SBS Transit Assigned areas of responsibility More than 330 scheduled services Fleet of more than 4,000 Fares and service standards are regulatedNote: Figures accurate as at Apr 2010Taxis High end personalised public transport service Industry has been liberalised Fares de-regulated New entrants allowed 7 taxi companies with some individual owners Service standards are regulatedNote: Figures accurate as at Apr 2010Road TransportRoad Network Expressways Vehicle Population Car Population - 3,356 km - 161 km - 926,000 - 577,000Note: Figures accurate as at Apr 2010Challenges and StrategiesChallenge: Increasing Travel Demand and Limited Land Space14.3 milys urne f Jo o. o r Day N pe15%12%Land UseRoads Housing Others9.9 mil73%Today 2020Increase in travel demand must be met largely by public transportChallenge: Catering to the needs of the elderly and the less mobile3 Key StrategiesA People-Centred Land Transport SystemMake Public Transport a Choice Mode Manage Road Usage Meet Diverse NeedsMaking Public Transport A Choice ModeKey initiatives Improving integration of public transport system More priority for buses on the roads Expanding rail network Greater contestability in public transport industry Enhancing travel experienceCentralised Bus Network Planning Enhance integration of PT systemDistance based Through faresFuture Clementi Hub (artist impression)Integrated transport and landuse planningIntegrated PT hubsDistance-based Through Fare3km5kmToday, bus-only journey with one transferE.g. 3km on the 1st bus and 5km on the 2nd bus Ez-Link fare = $1.24 ($0.71 for 1st bus trip + $0.93 for 2nd bus trip - $0.40 transfer rebate)With distance-based through fareFare will be computed based on total distance travelled Based on todays fare level, fare = $1.13 for his 8km journeyIntegrated transport and landuse planning Integrate transport facilities with building developments Work closely with other agencies to integrate transport with land use planningIntegrated PT HubsAir-conditioned bus interchanges integrated with adjoining RTS stations and commercial developmentsToa Payoh HubAng Mo Kio HubFuture Clementi Hub (artist impression)Extend bus priorityMandatory Give-Way at Bus BaysFull Day Bus lanesExpand Rail NetworkExistingNorthIn ProgressBy 2020Thomson LineNorth-EastWestDowntown LineNSLEastNELEWLCentral RegionTuas Extension Circle LineEastern Region LineNorth South Line ExtensionGreater Contestability Gradually open up basic bus services for greater competition to improve efficiency of bus operations Competition for the market, not competition in the market Future RTS operating licences will also be awarded through tender and have shorter duration26 9Enhance Commuter Experience Provide Travel nformation Bus service information posters Key Bus Services Map Real-time bus arrival information panelsEnhance Commuter ExperienceProvide Travel Information Public Transport Journey planner Public Transport Portal Multi-Modal Travel Information System Real-time bus arrival information via SMS and mobile platformsEnhancing Commuter Experience Improve pedestrian facilities Extend provision of Covered linkways and pedestrian overhead bridgesEnhancing Commuter Experience Inject more buzz at transport nodesKey Targets by 2020Increase AM peak modal share on public transport from 63% to 70% 85% of public transport commuters to complete their journeys within 60 minutes (door to door), up from 71% today 80% by 2015 Reduce average public transport journey time from the current 1.7 times to 1.5 times that by carManage Road Usage Develop road network Leverage on technology Demand management measuresExpand road networkNorth South Expressway (2020)SLEKJE BKEKP ETPEPIEKallang-Paya Lebar Expressway (Sept 2008)PIE ECPAYEMarina Coastal Expressway (2013)Leveraging on Technology Traffic & incident management systems Green Link Determining System (GLIDE) Expressway Monitoring & Advisory System (EMAS) Junction Eyes (J-eyes) Parking Guidance System (PGS) Provide more timely traffic informationEMAS and J-Eyes Detect incidents & provide timely response to remove obstructionsEMASJ-EyesParking Guidance System Guide drivers to nearest parking facility with available lots Reduce circulating traffic looking for parking lots and adding to congestion Implemented in city areasMotorists will be better informed of availability of parking spacesProviding Timely Traffic Information Real-time traffic information on ONE.MOTORING portal Use of radio channel to broadcast traffic information and host public education programmes Provide motorists with regular, accurate and upto-date traffic updates New avenue for LTA to engage public proactivelyDemand Management Combination of Ownership and Usage MeasuresOwnership Control Usage RestraintDemand Management Ownership Measures: Vehicle Quota System (i.e. COE) Other Ownership Costs Additional Registration Fee Excise Duty Road Tax Usage Measures: Electronic Road Pricing (ERP) Petrol DutyVehicle Quota System Regulates vehicle population growth at a rate that can be sustained by road network 3% p.a from 1990 to 2008 1.5% p.a. from 2009 to 2011 A Certificate of Entitlement (COE) required to register a new vehicleElectronic Road Pricing ERP is a congestion management tool Flexible - Rates vary by location/time, based on local traffic conditions Equitable motorists pay for congestion costs imposed on others or choose to travel at different time/route or use PTElectronic Road Pricing ERP rates reviewed every 3 months To ensure optimal use of road space Expressways45 km/hIncrease rate65 km/hDecrease rateIncrease rateDecrease rate20 km/h30 km/hOther RoadsMeeting Diverse Needs Implement barrier-free accessibility MRT stations Lifts and tactile guidance system Wheelchair accessible buses Barrier-free road and roadrelated facilitiesFacilitating Cycling Foldable bicycles allowed on buses and trains Provide better bicycle parking facilities at public transport nodes Implement safety signs along commonly-used cycling routes Dedicated cycling tracks next to pedestrian footpathsCommunity Engagement Our people and stakeholders are crucial to developing a more people centred land transport systemCommunity events, publications, exhibitions, site visits, road showsSite visitsMeeting residentsEngaging our People Land Transport GalleryOpened in Jan 08 aim to engage different stakeholders Showcase developments in Singapores land transport system VR-10 e-Game, Youth Outreach ProgrammeUITP Youth Project Award in 2007 Launched in 2005 aim to educate primary school students on land transport factsMemories Challenge Theatre Land Transport TodayConclusionConclusionEconomic successBuzz of activities 24 by 7 Buzz of activities 24 by 7Thank You

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