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Explains the Karma Theory as per Indian Wisdom

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  • Session 1Session 1

    Hinduism: A Rational Theory Hinduism: A Rational Theory rather than Dogmarather than Dogma

    For IAP Course, Hinduism: A Universal Religion, MIT, 2006 (Varun Aggarwal)

  • DisclaimerDisclaimer

    A Hindu is not instructed to A Hindu is not instructed to preachpreach till he is God till he is God realized.realized.

    Till you havent verified a theory to be correct, how can Till you havent verified a theory to be correct, how can you teach it to other people and ask them to drive their you teach it to other people and ask them to drive their actions according to it?actions according to it?

    I am NOT PREACHING.I am NOT PREACHING. Just exposing you to a theory.Just exposing you to a theory. Dont know whether it is correct.Dont know whether it is correct. Sounds logical to me.Sounds logical to me. If it does to you, inquire further, follow or test it!If it does to you, inquire further, follow or test it! Not instructing you to do or follow anything.Not instructing you to do or follow anything.

  • NOW THAT WE KNOW IT IS NOW THAT WE KNOW IT IS EVOLUTION!!!EVOLUTION!!!

    The trendy argument of the atheists

  • The overwhelming Literature:The overwhelming Literature:Need for a Generalized TheoryNeed for a Generalized Theory

    A literature spanning more than x years.A literature spanning more than x years. Different hypothesis, results, reproducible/not Different hypothesis, results, reproducible/not

    reproducible/contradictoryreproducible/contradictory Subjective (as any other science)Subjective (as any other science) Change in definitions/meaning over timeChange in definitions/meaning over time A few survey papers.A few survey papers. Cannot study/say everything.Cannot study/say everything. Specialization Specialization GeneralizationGeneralization Here is my Here is my Biased Survey PaperBiased Survey Paper, allowed to , allowed to

    me by Independence of thoughtme by Independence of thought

  • QuestionsQuestions::Code of Conduct/Seeking the truthCode of Conduct/Seeking the truth

    Who am I?

    What is the objectiveOf life?

    Why is there injustice/asymmetry?

    Why is the whole universe in place?

    Why is there suffering/happiness/suffering ?

    Vivekanandas statement: About pulling an end of the string

    Do you need a philosophical substratum for a code of conduct/an objective in life?

  • Why is there injustice/asymmetry?

    Why are two people born unequal?Why are two people born unequal? Rich and PoorRich and Poor Mental FacultiesMental Faculties Handicaps, etc.Handicaps, etc.

    Why we suffer for no fault of ours?Why we suffer for no fault of ours?

    Why the wrongWhy the wrong--doers are not punished?doers are not punished?

  • Why is there injustice/asymmetry?Why there should be an ANSWER?

    It is just simple evolution.It is just simple evolution. We are random causations.We are random causations. These are random phenomena.These are random phenomena. Thus there is no Question!Thus there is no Question!

    RANDOM

    Nothing is random::Nothing is random:: RandomRandom till you dont till you dont

    understand/quantify influencing factors.understand/quantify influencing factors. It might be intractableIt might be intractable

    For theorizing, need to have For theorizing, need to have faithfaith that that it is not random/there is a reason.it is not random/there is a reason.

    Ex: The Ex: The apple falling on the groundapple falling on the ground and and the cause of day and nightthe cause of day and night are due to are due to the same reason!!! So very hard to the same reason!!! So very hard to believebelieve

  • Why is there asymmetry/injustice?Why is there asymmetry/injustice?The theory of KarmaThe theory of Karma

    Karma means action.Karma means action. A person is born less fortunate than the A person is born less fortunate than the

    other. Why?other. Why? Let us use simple Let us use simple Cause and EffectCause and Effect Why? Why? Since he did something wrong.Since he did something wrong. When did he do something wrong?When did he do something wrong? A previous life, a previous birth.A previous life, a previous birth.

    Karmic theory is dealt in the most systematic way in theBhagvad Gita (The celestial Song): The most celebrated Survey Paper in Hindu Philosophy

  • The theory of KarmaThe theory of Karma

    A person goes through the cycles of birth and death.A person goes through the cycles of birth and death.

    Each life he experiences results of his karma in the Each life he experiences results of his karma in the previous life.previous life.

    Does fresh karma Does fresh karma GGets accumulated (ets accumulated (Karmic debtKarmic debt))

    Results experienced in the next life.Results experienced in the next life.

    And so it goes onAnd so it goes on

  • The theory of Karma: QuestionsThe theory of Karma: Questions

    Is it preIs it pre--decided what will happen in this life? decided what will happen in this life? NoNo It is your action, that determines your experience.It is your action, that determines your experience. But it is not just action in this life, but also the action But it is not just action in this life, but also the action

    in previous life.in previous life. Just a System with Memory Just a System with Memory

    Thus, YOU are the Master Of Your DestinyThus, YOU are the Master Of Your Destiny

  • The theory of Karma: QuestionsThe theory of Karma: Questions

    If I wrong A, it had to be so, it is due to If I wrong A, it had to be so, it is due to As Karma, then why am I blamed?As Karma, then why am I blamed? A had to reap the fruit of his karmaA had to reap the fruit of his karma-- AgreedAgreed Your instinct made you do the bad karma.Your instinct made you do the bad karma. YouYou offered yourself as the instrument.offered yourself as the instrument. Otherwise, the universal karmic equilibrium Otherwise, the universal karmic equilibrium

    would itself found another would itself found another fitfit!! Thus YOU accumulate bad karma!Thus YOU accumulate bad karma!

  • The theory of Karma: QuestionsThe theory of Karma: Questions

    What is classified as bad karma?What is classified as bad karma? Extremely controversial!!Extremely controversial!!

    WrongWrong--doing in ignorance is not bad karmadoing in ignorance is not bad karma

    Generalized: Hurting an innocent person is bad karmaGeneralized: Hurting an innocent person is bad karma

    Individual Perspective: Hurting some [if necessary] for the goodIndividual Perspective: Hurting some [if necessary] for the goodof many is fine. (Utilitarian)of many is fine. (Utilitarian)

    It is in the referenceIt is in the reference--frame of the individual.frame of the individual.

    Whenever you do an action and something inside Whenever you do an action and something inside tells you it is wrong, it is. Otherwise it is not! tells you it is wrong, it is. Otherwise it is not!

    Your Self is the judgeYour Self is the judge

  • Theory of Karma: InferencesTheory of Karma: Inferences

    No one can hit you except yourself!No one can hit you except yourself! Whatever bad happens to you is due to your KarmaWhatever bad happens to you is due to your Karma Thus noThus no--one can hurt you, till it is your karmic debt.one can hurt you, till it is your karmic debt. Only your Karma influences youOnly your Karma influences you

    You cannot help anyone!You cannot help anyone! Everyone reaps his own KarmaEveryone reaps his own Karma You can just be an instrument!You can just be an instrument!

  • Let us rest here for a momentLet us rest here for a moment

    In the current framework, we have been able to explain that therIn the current framework, we have been able to explain that there e is no injustice.is no injustice.

    But how did it all begin? When the first generation came in, theBut how did it all begin? When the first generation came in, there re shouldnt have been any debt. How did it diverge?shouldnt have been any debt. How did it diverge? The STEADY STATE of the system is clear, but not the initial conThe STEADY STATE of the system is clear, but not the initial conditions ditions

    and the transients. and the transients.

    This is a rough framework, but the intricacies are not importantThis is a rough framework, but the intricacies are not important. . One can surely tug them in.One can surely tug them in.

    We didnt talk about THE PERSON till now: who is the person, wWe didnt talk about THE PERSON till now: who is the person, why hy does one do bad and good karma, etc. does one do bad and good karma, etc. Shall propose another theories to take care of this.Shall propose another theories to take care of this.

    Let us delve in further.Let us delve in further.

  • Theory of Karma: Delving InTheory of Karma: Delving In You cannot do good, you cannot do bad You cannot do anything You cannot do good, you cannot do bad You cannot do anything

    for the world. You can only influence yourself.for the world. You can only influence yourself.

    You are not doing any Karma, you are not the owner of the resultYou are not doing any Karma, you are not the owner of the result..

    You are an instrument in the hand of the Universal Karmic You are an instrument in the hand of the Universal Karmic Equilibrium.Equilibrium. The Karma is done by the three The Karma is done by the three GunasGunas of the of the PrakritiPrakriti: : SattvaSattva, Rajas and , Rajas and

    TamasTamas. (Bhagvad Gita). (Bhagvad Gita)

    You attach to the karmaYou attach to the karma You tie yourself to the result.You tie yourself to the result. You believe your Karma