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DESCRIPTIONThis is about the snehana karma which is performed in the panchakarma in this slidde it has a description about the types of the snehana , it's indications and containdication, which is the best season for which type of sneha, in how much quantity we have to take etc has described in this slide......
- 1.MAHATMA GANDHI AYURVEDA COLLEGE SALOD DRAVYA GUNA TOPIC SNEHANA KARMA PRESENTED BY APURVA
2. Definition of Snehana The process of oleation of the body by using medicated oils and ghee externally and their consumption as well. Sneha refers to something that is soft, oily and lubricating like ghee, oil etc. and the process that is carried out using such sneha is called as snehana. 3. Four types of Sneha Oil Ghruta Vassa Majja 4. Properties of Sneha Snigha (Unctuous ) Guru (Heavy ) Sheeta (Cold) Mrudu (Soft) Drava (Liquid) Pichhil (Slimy) Sara (moving) Manda (Sluggish) Sookshma (Subtle) 5. Best Anupana for sneha Hot water : For Ghrita Yusha : For Oil Manda : For vasaa & Majja 6. CLASSIFICATION OF SNEHA According to origin Sthaavar (vegetable origin ) Tila Eranda Vibhitaka Bilva Karanja 7. Jangama (Animal origin ) Fish Birds Curds Milk Ghee Meat Fat Bone marrow 8. Classification of sneha according to its usage External (Baahya ) Internal (abhyantara) 9. The sign & symptoms of proper oleation Good digestive power Unctuous and soft stool Smoothness of the body Lightness of the body Softness in the body Belching of the smell of unctuous Substance Exhaustion 10. Sign & symptoms of complications of sneha Drowsiness Nausea Acute constipation Fever Stiffness Unconsciousness Skin disease Paleness Edema Heamorrhoids Anorexia Thirst Abdominal disease 11. Administration of sneha in the different seasons Ghee : In Sharad ritu (Autumn season) Oil : In Varsha ritu (rainy season) Vasaa & Majja : In Vasant ritu (April- May) 12. External use of unctuous substances External uses : Abhyanga Lepa Udvartan Mardan-unmardan gandoosha 13. Definition of Abhyanga Abhyanga is define as a procedure of anointing of oil on the body of the individual. 14. Properties of abhayang of the body It enhance age. It relives weakness of work. It relives the vaata in the body. It enhance eye sight. It strengthens the body. It induces the sleep. It gives good color to the skin. It resists the body against exhaustion and exertions 15. Contra indications of Abhayanga Case of undigested dosaas of the body. Case of Acute fever and indigestion . After the application of emetics and purgatives. It is contraindicated in cough disorder. It is contraindicated in indigestion. It is contraindicated after the application of Nirooh Basti 16. Definition of Lepa Either Ardra dravyas or Sushka dravyas with water, are ground well and is made into a paste and are used for external application are called Lepas. 17. Indications of Lepa Lepa cures pain & causes happiness and is also useful in Shodhana, sophahara, and ropana of vrana. Premature greying of hair Blackish pigmentation of the skin Wrinkles of facial skin, Bluish discolouration Acne vulgaris 18. Definition of Udvartan Udvartana is a process which helps to decrease kapha and fat makes the body strong & gives excellent, clear and complexion to the skin. 19. Indications of Udvartan Reduced cellulite/ subcutaneous fat tissue. Beautiful skin complexion; Cleanses and revitalizes the skin and removes body odour; Better skin tone - even if you are losing weight with exercises, other forms of diet etc. The best benefit of Udvartana, even when taken as a one- off treatment is that, it is one the very few treatments that de-stresses you , but at the same time also have an invigorating effect The blockages in the blood vessels are removed 20. Definition of Mardan Unmardan MARDAN - Application of extra heavy pressure to the body after local application of oil, abhyang, lepa, udvartan etc is called Mardan. UNMARDAN - Its opposite i.e. lifting of the body part in the opposite direction is called Unmardan. 21. Indication of Mardan & Unmardan This is helpful for people with a tough body and heavy musculature. It helps in muscular tiredness, neural pain and bringing lightness to body. 22. Definition of Gandusha Gandusha Mouth is filled with medicated decoctions at its maximum capacity. There is no space for rinsing of mouth. The medicated decoction is only held in mouth for some time and then spitted out. Kavala In this type, the quantity of decoction is small. 23. Indications of Gandusha Diseases of ear, mouth, throat, eyes etc. Increased saliva secretion Nausea Tastelessness Facial paralysis Neck rigidity Drowsiness Head ache disorder. Benefits of Gandusha and Kavala Improved voice quality and complexion Increases muscle power of cheeks. Increases taste sensation Prevents diseases of mouth, lips and dental diseases (Complete oral health). Lightness of body Freshness in body and mind 24. Indications for Snehana Karma Persons who Above to undergo Sudation therapy or eliminatory procedure (Shodana therapy). Those who are having Roughness in the skin. Those who are indulging in physical exercise, wine & women. Those who suffer from mental strain. Those who are in old age. Those who are children . Those who are emaciated. 25. Contra-indication for Snehana Karma Those persons who are fit to undergo Rookshna therapy. Those whose body is having excusive aggravation of kapha and fat (meda). Those digetion power is weak. Those who are suffering from thirst and fainting. The pregnant women . Those whose palate gets dried up. 26. OILS USED FOR SNEHANA KARMA COCONUT OIL Rasa Madhura Virya Madhura Vipak Sheeta Dosha Kaphavardhak, Vataghna, Pittaghna Prabhav - Keshya 27. Erand Taila Rasa Madhura , Tikta , Katu Vipak Katu Veerya Ushna Guna Snigdha, Tikshna , Guru , Sukshma This oil can be used as internally or externally 28. Iindication of Erand Tail Castor oil applied to the navel and lower abdomen relieves premenstrual pain Lactating mothers can apply castor oil in the breasts to enhance milk secretion Massaging oil on the head brings relief from headaches and provides a sound night's sleep. Castor oil prevents fungal infections of the foot. 29. Contraindication of Erand Oil large doses of castor oil as purgative during early months of pregnancy may cause abortion. Dont use castor oil if you have a blocked intestine, unexplained stomach pain, or problems with your bile ducts or gall bladder. The whole seed is unsafe to take by mouth. The outer coating (hull) of the castor seed contains a deadly poison. This outer coating can cause nausea; vomiting; diarrhea; abdominalpain; dehydration cell destruction; severe fluid and chemical disturbances; liver, kidney, and pancreas damage; and death. 30. SESAME OIL (TIL TAIL) Uses of Seasame oil treatment of many diseases and specially for the treatment of cholesterol , hypertension, nervousness The sesame oil can be used in dry skin conditions. It increases the moistness of skin and help to make it soft and smooth. The oil has excellent wound healing properties. The hair growth increases when scalp is massaged regularly with this oil. It prevents hair loss, formation of dandruff, splitting of hair etc. It is used for massagingpatients who suffer from paralysis, body pain and pain in joints. 31. Contraindication Sesame oil has laxative property so it should not be used in case of diarrhea 32. Bilva Tail Rasa Katu , Tikta , Kashaya Rasa madhur (when the fruit is ripe) Virya Ushna Vipak Katu Guna Laghu, Snigdha , Tikshna Guna Ruksha , Guru (when the fruit is ripe) Doshaghanata V K P 33. Indication of Bilva Tail It is used in the treatment of ear pain, hearing loss / difficulties and tinnitus. Contraindication of Bilva Tail Pregnancy and breast-feeding: Not enough is known about the use of bilva during pregnancy and breast-feeding. 34. BHALLATAK TAIL Rasa (taste) Katu , Tikta , Kashaya Vipaka Madhura Veerya Ushna Guna (qualities) Laghu, Teekshna, Snigdha Therapeutic uses of Bhallatak 1. There is no Kapha imbalance disease, no constipation, which cant be cured by Bhallatak. It improves intelligence and promotes digestion. 2. All hemorrhoids can be well treated with Bhallataka. 35. KARANJA TAIL Rasa Tikta, Katu Veerya Ushna Vipak Katu Guna Laghu & Tikshna Karanja Tail benefits: It is used in the treatment of herpes, boils, abscesses and eczema. Side effects: This oil should not be used in children and pregnant women. 36. TIKTA GHEE (herbalized ghee) In proper amounts, Ghee increases the strength of the digestive agnis, while decreasing the heat and inflammation due to excess pita. It reduces excess acidity both in the digestive tract and in the tissues, pacifies vata and softens and lubricates the tissues and joints. 37. VASA and MAJJA VASA (Animal Fat) and MAJJA (Bone Marrow) are also used in the internal oleation. However, these oils are heavy and difficult to digest, and they can produce excess kapha and ama if a patient's digestive agni is weak.. 38. Their use contraindicated only for specific disorders such as Leukemia and several other types of Cancer, as well as certain degenerative disease conditions likeMyopathy 39. Generally the sneha will be administrated to an adult in the following dosages : 1. First day : 2 ounce (5 tolas) 2. Second day : 3 ounce (7.5 tolas) 3. Third day : 4 ounce (10 tolas) 4. Fourth day : 6 ounce (15 tolas) 5. Fifth day : 8 ounce (20 tolas) 6. Sixth day : 10 ounce (25 tolas) 7. Seventh day : 12 ounce (30 tolas) 40. The dosages of Sneha must be adjusted according the digestive capacity of the patient .