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  • Model-mongering inbiotech R&D:

    the open sourceanalogy

    Janet HopeJanet HopePostdoctoral Fellow, ANUPostdoctoral Fellow, ANU

  • Braithwaite and Drahos (2000): Global Business Regulation

    Source http://assets.cambridge.org/052178/4999/cover/0521784999.jpg/

  • OverviewOverview

    What is open source?What is open source?

    Generalizing the open source modelGeneralizing the open source model

  • OverviewOverview

    What is open source?What is open source?

    Generalizing the open source modelGeneralizing the open source model

  • Source code

    Object code

    Compiler/interpreter program

    Human-readable

    Machine-readable(a.k.a. binary, executable)

    What is open source? source code

  • Source: http://www.akia.co.jp/support/mb77v537/README4.gif

    What is open source? closed source

  • Source Wikipedia

    What is open source? closed source

    Peter Norton Computing, Inc.

    VisiCorp

    Word Perfect Corporation

  • What is open source? free software

    Source:www.paco.net.ua/~indexless/wwg/chacker/

  • What isWhat is freefree software?software? Users are free to:Users are free to:

    Run the program for any purposeRun the program for any purpose Study how it works and adapt to specific needsStudy how it works and adapt to specific needs Redistribute copiesRedistribute copies Improve the program and release improvementsImprove the program and release improvements

    = Access + legal freedoms= Access + legal freedoms

    What is open source? free software

  • Copyleft: all rights reversed.

    What is open source? copyleft licensing

    Source:data.pg2k.hd.org/_exhibits/memes/_more2002/_more02/copyleft

  • What is open source? the GPL

    GNUs Not UNIX

    Source: www.kernelconcepts.de/products/pins.shtml

  • What is open source? Linux

    Linus Torvalds

    Source:news.bbc.co.uk/hi/english/business/newsid_643000/643711.stm

  • The cathedral and the bazaar

    What is open source? the bazaar

    Source: www.illuminata.com/public/content/cathedral/intro.htm

  • What is open source? the bazaar

    Source:http://www.funkypancake.com/blog/stuff2/DSC09352.jpg

    Science as a jigsaw puzzle

  • Commercial applicationsCommercial applications Cost sharing: access to improvements madeCost sharing: access to improvements made

    at othersat others expenseexpense

    Larger market for complementary goods orLarger market for complementary goods orservicesservices

    Enhanced reputation and learning capacityEnhanced reputation and learning capacity

    Competitive effectsCompetitive effects

    What is open source? business strategies

  • OverviewOverview

    What is open source?What is open source?

    Generalizing the open source modelGeneralizing the open source model

  • What is open source? free versus open source

    Source:http://www.opensource.org/trademarks/opensource/web/opensource-110x95.png

  • Licensees are permittedLicensees are permitted To use the technology for any purpose;To use the technology for any purpose;

    To make copies and sell or otherwise distributeTo make copies and sell or otherwise distributethem without payment of royalties to licensor;them without payment of royalties to licensor;

    To create derivative works and sell or otherwiseTo create derivative works and sell or otherwisedistribute them without payment of royalties todistribute them without payment of royalties tolicensor;licensor;

    To access the source code.To access the source code.

    What is open source? free versus open source

  • OverviewOverview

    What is open source?What is open source?

    Generalizing the open source modelGeneralizing the open source model

  • OverviewOverview

    What is open source?What is open source?

    Generalizing the open source modelGeneralizing the open source model

  • Key features of open source:Key features of open source:

    Credible commitmentCredible commitment

    CompetitionCompetition

    CopyleftCopyleft

    Translating the open source model

  • Key features of open source:Key features of open source:

    Credible commitmentCredible commitment

    CompetitionCompetition

    CopyleftCopyleft

    Translating the open source model

  • Key features of open source:Key features of open source:

    Credible commitmentCredible commitment

    CompetitionCompetition

    CopyleftCopyleft

    Translating the open source model

  • Key features of open source:Key features of open source:

    Credible commitmentCredible commitment

    CompetitionCompetition

    CopyleftCopyleft

    Translating the open source model

  • Key features of open source:Key features of open source:

    Credible commitmentCredible commitment

    CompetitionCompetition

    CopyleftCopyleft

    Translating the open source model

  • OverviewOverview

    What is open source?What is open source?

    Generalizing the open source modelGeneralizing the open source model

  • Model-mongering inbiotech R&D:

    the open sourceanalogy

    Janet HopeJanet HopePostdoctoral Fellow, ANUPostdoctoral Fellow, ANU