Jacob Jordaens: 110 Masterpieces

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Jacob Jordaens was one of three Flemish Baroque painters, along with Peter Paul Rubens and Anthony van Dyck, to bring prestige to the Antwerp school of painting. Like Rubens, Jordaens painted altarpieces, mythological, and allegorical scenes, and after 1640the year Rubens diedhe was the most important painter in Antwerp for large-scale commissions and the status of his patrons increased in general. However, he is best known today for his numerous large genre scenes based on proverbs in the manner of his contemporary Jan Brueghel the Elder. Jordaens never made the traditional trip to Italy to study classical and Renaissance art. Despite this, he made many efforts to study prints or works of Italian masters available in northern Europe. His work, however, betrays local traditions, especially the genre traditions of Pieter Bruegel the Elder, in honestly depicting Flemish life with authenticity and showing common people in the act of celebratory expressions of life.

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<ul><li> 1. Jacob Jordaens: 110 MasterpiecesBy Maria TsanevaFirst EditionCopyright 2014 by Maria Tsaneva*****Jacob Jordaens: 110 Masterpieces*****ForewordJacob Jordaens (1593 1678) was one of three Flemish Baroque painters, along with Peter PaulRubens and Anthony van Dyck, to bring prestige to the Antwerp school of painting. Like Rubens,Jordaens painted altarpieces, mythological, and allegorical scenes, and after 1640the yearRubens diedhe was the most important painter in Antwerp for large-scale commissions and thestatus of his patrons increased in general. However, he is best known today for his numerouslarge genre scenes based on proverbs in the manner of his contemporary Jan Brueghel the Elder.Jordaens never made the traditional trip to Italy to study classical and Renaissance art. Despitethis, he made many efforts to study prints or works of Italian masters available in northernEurope. For example, Jordaens is known to have studied Titian, Veronese, Caravaggio, andBassano, either through prints, copies or originals. His work, however, betrays local traditions,especially the genre traditions of Pieter Bruegel the Elder, in honestly depicting Flemish life withauthenticity and showing common people in the act of celebratory expressions of life. Hiscommissions frequently came from wealthy local Flemish patrons and clergy, although later inhis career he worked for courts and governments across Europe.Besides a large output of monumental oil paintings he was a prolific tapestry designer, a careerthat reflects his early training as a "watercolor" painter. Jordaens' importance can also be seen byhis number of pupils; the Guild of St. Luke records fifteen official pupils from 1621 to 1667, butsix others were recorded as pupils in court documents and not the Guild records, so it is probablethat he had more students than officially recorded. Among them were his cousin and his sonJacob. Like Rubens and other artists at that time, Jordaens' studio relied on his assistants andpupils in the production of his paintings. Not many of these pupils went on to fame themselves,however a position in Jordaens's studio was highly desirable for young artists from across</li></ul> <p> 2. Europe.Jacob Jordaens was born on 19 May 1593, the first of eleven children, to the wealthy linenmerchant Jacob Jordaens Sr. and Barbara van Wolschaten in Antwerp. Little is known aboutJordaens's early education. It can be assumed that he received the advantages of the educationusually provided for children of his social class. This assumption is supported by his clearhandwriting, his competence in French and in his knowledge of mythology. Jordaens familiaritywith biblical subjects is evident in his many religious paintings, and his personal interaction withthe Bible was strengthened by his later conversion from Catholicism to Protestantism. LikeRubens, he studied under Adam van Noort, who was his only teacher. During this time Jordaenslived in Van Noort's house and became very close to the rest of the family. After eight years oftraining with Van Noort, he enrolled in the Guild of St. Luke as a "waterschilder", or watercolorartist. This medium was often used for preparing tapestry cartoons in the seventeenth centuryalthough examples of his earliest watercolor works are no longer extant. In the same year as hisentry into the guild, 1616, he married his teacher's eldest daughter, Anna Catharina van Noort,with whom he had three children. In 1618, Jordaens bought a house in Hoogstraat (the area inAntwerp that he grew up in). He would then later buy the adjoining house to expand hishousehold and workspace in 1639, mimicking Rubens's house built two decades earlier. He livedand worked here until his death in 1678.Paintings and Drawings 3. The Ferry Boat to Antwerp1634, oil on canvas, 2795 mm x 4670 mm 4. Detail 5. Detail 6. Detail 7. DetailAllegory of Fertility, c. 1623Oil on canvas, 180 x 241 cmMuses Royaux des Beaux-Arts, Brussels 8. Detail 9. Detail 10. DetailDetail 11. Allegory of FertilityPen, ink on paper, 191 x 2261 mmMuses Royaux des Beaux-Arts, Brussels 12. Bacchus as a child1640, oil on canvas, 1,210 mm x 1,060 mm 13. Detail 14. Detail 15. Female Nude, Seen from the Back1601, black chalk, red chalk and white chalk on paper, 257 mm x 203 mm 16. Like to like1645, Black chalk, brush and brown ink, water-colour and body-colour, 139 mm x 218 mm 17. Detail 18. Detail 19. DetailSusanna and the Elders1653, oil on canvas, 1,535 mm x 2,030 mm 20. Detail 21. Detail 22. Detail 23. Detail 24. The Bean King, c. 1655Oil on canvas, 242 x 300 cm, Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna 25. Detail 26. DetailDetail 27. DetailThe Flight of Lot and His Family from Sodom (after Rubens)1618-20, Oil on canvas, 1695 mm x 1985 mm 28. Detail 29. Detail 30. A Hunter and his dogs1635, Oil on canvas, Palais des Beaux-Arts de LilleDiogenes Searching for an Honest Man 31. 1642, Oil on canvas, Gemldegalerie Alte MeisterDetail 32. DetailTwo Apostles headsOil on canvas, Private collection 33. The Feast of Cleopatra1653, Oil on canvas, 156.4 x 149.3 cm, State Hermitage Museum, St Petersburg 34. DetailThe Holy Family with Various Persons and Animals in a Boat1652, oil on canvas, 2540 mm x 2200 mm 35. Detail 36. Detail 37. Portrait of a LadyLate 1640s, oil on canvasDetail 38. DetailMercury, Argus and IoOil on canvas, 114 by 195 cm, Private collectionDetail 39. Detail 40. Self-Portrait as a Bagpipe PlayerOil on canvas, Private collection 41. Detail 42. Unrequited LoveOil on canvas, laid on panel, 88.9 by 63 cm, Privete collection 43. Detail 44. Detail 45. St AndrewOil on panel, Privete collection 46. Detail 47. Detail 48. The Holy Family with an AngelOil on canvas, 89.7 x 103 cm, Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza, Madrid 49. Detail 50. CrucifixionOil on canvasDetail 51. Detail 52. Detail 53. The daughters of Cecrops find the small ErichthoniosOil on canvas 54. Detail 55. A Satyr1645, oil on canvas, 135 176 cm, Rijksmuseum Amsterdam 56. DetailAllegory of FertilityOil on canvas, 119 x 182 cmMuseum voor Schone Kunsten, Ghent 57. An Apostle, 1623-25OIl on oak, 68,5 x 51,5 cmNrodn Galerie, PragueApostles Paul and Barnabas in Lystra, 1645Oil on canvas, 172 x 242 cmAkademie der bildenden Knste, Vienna 58. As the Old Sang the Young Play Pipes, 1638Oil on canvas, 192 x 120 cmKoninklijk Museum voor Schone Kunsten, Antwerp 59. As the Old Sang the Young Play Pipes (detail), 1638Oil on canvasKoninklijk Museum voor Schone Kunsten, Antwerp 60. Assumption of the VirginOil on canvas, 280 x 178 cmMuseum voor Schone Kunsten, Ghent 61. Bearded Man Stepping DownIndia ink, bodycolor, chalk on paper, 52 x 29 cmMuseum Boijmans Van Beuningen, RotterdamChrist Driving the Merchants from the Temple, c. 1650Oil on canvas, 288 x 436 cmMuse du Louvre, Paris 62. Diana and Actaeon, c. 1640Oil on oak panel, 54 x 76 cmGemldegalerie, Dresden 63. Diana and Actaeon (detail), c. 1640Oil on oak panelGemldegalerie, Dresden 64. Education of JupiterOil on panel, 61 x 75 cmRockox House, Antwerp 65. Martyrdom of St Quentin, c. 1650Watercolor, gouache, 406 x 293 mmBiblioteca, Turin 66. Meleager and Atalanta, 1618Oil on canvas, 152 x 120 cmKoninklijk Museum voor Schone Kunsten, Antwerp 67. Nymphs at the Fountain of Love, c. 1630Oil on canvas backed by panel, 131 x127 cmMuseo del Prado, Madrid 68. Offering to Ceres, Goddess of Harvest, 1618-20Oil on canvas, 165 x 112 cmMuseo del Prado, MadridPortrait of a Family, 1650-52Oil on canvas, 178 x 152 cmThe Hermitage, St. Petersburg 69. Portrait of a Gentlewoman, c. 1660Oil on canvas, 68 x 50 cmGalleria degli Uffizi, Florence 70. Portrait of a Young Married Couple, 1615-1620Oil on panel, 125 x 93 cmMuseum of Fine Arts, Boston 71. Portrait of an Old Man, c. 1637Oil on canvas, 154 x 119 cmThe Hermitage, St. Petersburg 72. Portrait of the Artist's Daughter Elizabeth, 1640Oil on canvas, 74 x 59 cmPrivate collection 73. Portrait of the Artist's Daughter Elizabeth, c. 1637Oil on canvas, 75 x 55 cmAkademie der bildenden Knste, Vienna 74. Portrait of the Painter's Daughter Anna Catharina, c. 1635Oil on canvas, 135 x 114 cmPrivate collection 75. Prometheus Bound, c. 1640Oil on canvas, 245 x 178 cmWallraf-Richartz-Museum, Cologne 76. Return of the Holy Family from Egypt, c. 1616Oil on oak, 63 x 50 cmStaatliche Museen, Berlin 77. Satyr and PeasantOil on canvas, 188,5 x 168 cmMuses Royaux des Beaux-Arts, Brussels 78. Satyr at the Peasant's House, 1620Oil on panel transferred to canvas, 194,5 x 203,5 cmAlte Pinakothek, Munich 79. Self-Portrait among Parents, Brothers and Sisters, c. 1615Oil on canvas, 175 x 138 cmThe Hermitage, St. Petersburg 80. Self-Portrait among Parents, Brothers and Sisters (detail), c. 1615Oil on canvasThe Hermitage, St. Petersburg 81. Self-Portrait among Parents, Brothers and Sisters (detail), c. 1615Oil on canvasThe Hermitage, St. Petersburg 82. St Charles Cares for the Plague Victims of Milan, 1655Oil on canvasSint-Jacobskerk, AntwerpStudies of the Head of Abraham GrapheusOil on paper mounted on panel, 45,2 x 52 cmMuseum voor Schone Kunsten, Ghent 83. The Bean King, 1635-55Oil on canvas, 243 x 373 cmStaatliche Museen, Kassel 84. The Bean King, c. 1638Oil on canvas, 160 x 213 cmThe Hermitage, St. Petersburg 85. The Fall of ManOil on canvas, 185 x 221 cmSzpmvszeti Mzeum, Budapest 86. The Family of the Artist, c. 1621Oil on canvas, 181 x 187 cmMuseo del Prado, Madrid 87. The Four Evangelists, 1620-25Oil on canvas, 133 x 118 cmMuse du Louvre, Paris 88. The King DrinksOil on canvas, 156 x 210 cmMuses Royaux des Beaux-Arts, Brussels 89. The King Drinks, 1638-40Oil on canvas, 152 x 204 cmMuse du Louvre, Paris 90. The King Drinks, 1638Oil on canvasMuses Royaux des Beaux-Arts, Brussels 91. The Rest of Diana, 1645-55Oil on canvas, 203 x 264 cmMuse du Louvre, Paris 92. The Satyr and the Peasant, c. 1620Oil on canvas, 171 x 194 cmStaatliche Museen, Kassel 93. Triumph of Frederik Hendrik, 1647-52Oil on canvasHuis ten Bosch, The Hague 94. Adoration of the Shepherds, c. 1617Oil on panel, 125 x 96 cmMauritshuis, The Hague </p>