Post on 01-Jan-2016
Embed Size (px)
DESCRIPTIONItalian Renaissance. * At the beginning of the 15 th Century there was a renewal of interest in the classical arts and literature of ancient Greece and Rome . * The interest began in Italy * Scholars and artists began to use non-religious subject matter for their inspiration. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
Italian Renaissance* At the beginning of the 15th Century there was a renewal of interest in the classical arts and literature of ancient Greece and Rome.* The interest began in Italy * Scholars and artists began to use non-religious subject matter for their inspiration. * This period in time was called the Renaissance* The word Renaissance means Rebirth
Italian Renaissance Emerges1) 15th Century was a time of great growth and discovery:a) Commerce spreadb) Wealth increasedc) Knowledge increasedd) Artists flourished2) Florence was one of many cities in Italy that grew in trading and industrial centers.3) Florence became the capital of cloth trade and had the richest banking house in Europe.4) The Medici family were the ones who controlled this banking empire and became general patrons of the fine arts.Italian Renaissance
What Shaped the Renaissance1) During this time, artists and scholars developed an interest in the art and literature of ancient Greece and Rome.2) The interest in the classics was called Humanism.3) Those who followed the beliefs of Humanism were Humanists.4) Humanists embraced the Greco-Roman belief that eachindividual has dignity and worth.5) Artists really admired the realistic (or) life-like appearance of classical works and wanted to capture that same quality in their work.
What Shaped the Renaissance6) To achieve this they studied nature and the remaining sculptures that survived through the years.7) During the 15th Century the printing press was invented by a German printer named Johannes Gutenberg. 8) This invention was one of the most important contributions of the Renaissance.9) This invention lead to mass-production of books, poetry and prose of Greek and Roman writers allowing artists and scholars to study to this work, to perfect their own.Italian Renaissance
Masaccio (1401-1428)1) He was a young carefree painter from Florence who brought about a revolution in art.2) He is given the credit as the first notable artist of the Italian Renaissance.3) He developed a style that became the trademark of the Italian Renaissance.4) It was a style that was similar to the fresco technique.5) One of his greatest works of art is The Holy Trinity. Italian Renaissance
The Holy Trinity (1428, Fresco)1) This was a fresco created by Masaccio which is located in the Florentine church of Santa Maria Novella.2) This was one of his greatest works.3) His focus and attention for this painting was on mass and depth.4) He wanted his figures to look solid and real so he modeled them in light and shadow.5) To really highlight the different distances from the viewer he overlapped his figures.
The Holy Trinity (1428, Fresco)6) To make his painting appear more lifelike he created an illusion of a small chapel.7) In the chapel, he painted the Holy Trinity, St. John the Baptist and the Virgin Mary.8) The 2 figures in the lower left and right hand corners are members of the wealthy family who commissioned Masaccio to paint this art piece. 9) These 2 figures are life-size which is another technique to highlight the depth and dimension.
The Holy Trinity (1428, Fresco)Italian Renaissance
Linear Perspective1) An architect by the name of Fillippo Brunelleschi made the discovery of linear perspective.2) Linear Perspective: A graphic system that showed artists how to create the illusion of depth and volume on a flat surface.3) This new discovery allowed artists to paint figures and objects so that they seem to move deeper into a work rather than across it.4) Using the concept of a horizon line and vanishing point was how this technique worked.Italian Renaissance
The Tribute Money(1427, Fresco)1) Masaccio worked on this painting after painting The Holy Trinity, which is also a fresco located in another Florentine church.2) This particular painting is a group of 3 scenes to tell a story from the life of St. Peter.3) In the center of the painting is Christ who tells Peter that he will find a coin in the mouth of a fish. He is to use this coin to pay a tax collector.4) The tax collector is located to the right with his back showing.5) Off in the distance to the left, you see St. Peter kneeling down to remove the coin from the fishs mouth.6) Located to the far right of the painting is St. Peter giving the coin to the tax collector. Italian Renaissance
The Tribute Money(1427, Fresco)
Aerial Perspective1) Aerial Perspective=uses hues, value and intensity to show distance in a painting.
2) Aerial Perspective was clearly used in Masaccios The Tribute Money and he did NOT use it in his painting The Holy Trinity instead he clearly used linear perspective.
3) The use of aerial perspective helped Masaccio to create an impression of endless space.Italian Renaissance
Masaccio VS. Reality1) He modeled his figures so they seemed to be as solid statues. To accomplish this effect, he used strong light and of shadows as well.2) He always placed his figures in front of a dim background, which helped his subjects appear much closer to the viewer.3) His figures are very large in relation to the rest of the painting. 4) In Tribute Money he shows the importance of natural and lifelike gestures and poses apparent when he painted the apostles.5) St. Peters expression and gestures also show Masaccios use of realism.6) All of these uses makes Masaccios paintings lifelike and realistic.Italian Renaissance
Fra Angelico(1400-1455)** During this time, some artists still used a blend of both Renaissance style as well as Gothic. One artist in particular was the painter Fra Angelico.
1) He was an excellent painter and a monk.2) He was a very holy man and always said a prayer before he began a painting.3) He was also well known for NEVER retouching or improving one of his paintings once it was completed in that he felt if he did so, it would tamper with Gods will.Italian Renaissance
The Annunciation (1440-1445)1) This particular painting was painted by Fra Angelico a few years after Masaccios death.2) This painting is of the angel Gabriel announcing to Mary that she is to be the mother of the Savior.3) Fra used some of Masaccios Renaissance style in this particular painting, in that he uses only 2 figures placing them in a modest, realistic and architectural setting.
The Annunciation (1440-1445)4) Fra only used some perspective because he wasnt seriously interested in creating an illusion of deep space in his paintings.For Example: a) Mary and the angel do not overlap like the figures in Masaccios paintings do. b) Fras figures are separated and placed within a limited area marked off by arches. c) Fra doesnt use Masaccios modeling techniques to make his figures look round and solid because there is little to suggest that real people exist beneath the garments he paints. Italian Renaissance
The Annunciation (1440-1445)5) The gestures and facial expressions are easy to read in that he used the Gothic style of making this religious story understood.6) Telling the story was more important to Fra than making his picture seem true to life.
Lorenzo Ghiberti (1378-1455)
1) Similar to Fra Angelico, Ghiberti combined elements of both the new Renaissance style and the earlier Gothic style. 2) Ghiberti was a sculptor who was most famously known for his works that he created for the Baptistery of the Florence Cathedral.
Compare/Contrast Renaissance to Gothic in Bronze** The transition from Gothic to Renaissance style is very apparent in the bronze relief sculptures created by Filippo Brunelleschi and Lorenzo Ghiberti. Both artists created the scene The Sacrifice of Isaac.Filippo Brunelleschi, Sacrifice of IsaacLorenzo Ghiberti, Sacrifice of IsaacItalian Renaissance
Compare/Contrast Renaissance to Gothic in Bronze
Filippo Brunelleschi Lorenzo Ghiberti1) His panel shows the Gothic 1) His work forms a more unified Style of flatness in that each whole. Objects overlap in a Object is formed separately more natural way which reflectsAnd the figures do NOT relate the Renaissance style. Theres To each other. Obvious Glances and2) His panel can be divided gestures.Horizontally into 3 layers that 2) His panel can be divided Are placed one on top of the other vertically into 2 scenes that eachTo preserve the Gothic Style. Tell part of the story. This arrangement strongly reflects the Renaissance style=balance/harmonyItalian Renaissance
Compare/Contrast Renaissance to Gothic in Bronze1) These 2 particular art pieces being compared were part of a competition/contest. All the panels submitted had to utilize the same Gothic frame used by Pisano on another set of doors within the same church.2) Although at a quick glance both panels created by Brunelleschi and Ghiberti look like pictures from medieval manuscripts, only one panel shows the true Gothic style.3) Ghiberti was declared the winner of the contest and he spent the next 21 years of his life completing the 28 bron