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  • Internet Roads of Caucasus

    Alexander Azimov

  • The Caucasus

  • Glance from Outside: Russia

    12389 RT 27%

    31133 Megafon 28%

    20870 Transtelecom

    7%

    39434 Dagestan

    Tel 4%

    47586 Business-

    Svyaz 4%

    8997 RT 3%

    Other 27%

    73 ASNs

    TOP2: 55%

  • Glance from Outside: Armenia

    8932 UCOM 34%

    49800 GNC-Alfa 23%

    12297 Armtel 11%

    43733 K-telecom

    8%

    8226 ARMNICO 6%

    Other 18%

    55 ASNs

    TOP2: 57%

  • Glance from Outside: Georgia

    20771 Caucasus Online

    40%

    35805 SILKNET 32%

    44327 Delta-NET 13%

    34797 Systemnet

    2%

    62403 Disk Group

    2% Other 11%

    65 ASNs

    TOP2: 72%

  • Glance from Outside: Azerbaijan

    29049 Delta 66%

    196925 Azertelecom

    28%

    Other 6%

    41 ASNs

    TOP2: 94%

  • Glance from Outside

    What we can do:

    Detection of major ASNs in region;

    Reliability of single ASN/region.

    What we cant do:

    Study inner connectivity;

    Study delays.

  • Will RIPE Atlas Save the Day?

  • Data Source

    Country of ASNs of BGP Sessions of Atlas Probes

    Russia 73 3 16

    Armenia 55 0 21

    Georgia 65 0 10

    Azerbaijan 41 0 3

    No money no honey?

  • A Measurement

    Atlas Probes

    Live IP

    RU - 16

    AM - 21

    GE - 10

    AZ - 3

    RU - 70

    AM- 52

    GE - 64

    AZ - 37

    Traceroute + Ping

    95

    % co

    verage

    20

    % c

    ove

    rage

  • Expectation Latency

    30ms

  • Expectation vs Reality

    Latency Russia Armenia Georgia Azerbaijan

    Russia 50ms 110ms 107ms 76ms

    Armenia 113ms 23ms 110ms 121ms

    Georgia 146ms 119ms 16ms 118ms

    Azerbaijan 90ms 133ms 112ms 2ms

    Slightly differs from expectations

    How it happened?

  • Localization Russia Armenia Georgia Azerbaijan

    Russia 97% 58% 32% 89%

    Armenia 45% 85% 16% 10%

    Georgia 16% 15% 76% 2%

    Azerbaijan 51% 0% 8% 90%

    Expectation vs Reality

    Latency Russia Armenia Georgia Azerbaijan

    Russia 50ms 110ms 107ms 76ms

    Armenia 113ms 23ms 110ms 121ms

    Georgia 146ms 119ms 16ms 118ms

    Azerbaijan 90ms 133ms 112ms 2ms

  • Russia: 50ms with 97% localization

    0

    5

    10

    15

    20

    25

    10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80

    pe

    rce

    nta

    ge

    ms

    Lot of traffic goes through central Russia

  • Foreign Networks: ASNs

    1299 Telia 19%

    51531 DECIX 18%

    3549 GBLX 17%

    1200 AMSIX 9%

    1200 LINX 9%

    47872 Sofia

    Connect 5%

    6939 HE 2%

    4436 GTT 2%

    Other 19%

    36% EU IXes >50% EU Upstreams

  • Foreign Networks: countries

    DE 33%

    BG 14% GB

    12%

    US 12%

    NL 10%

    IE 5%

    LU 5%

    SE 3%

    UA 2%

    Other 4%

  • 0

    2

    4

    6

    8

    10

    12

    14

    10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 130 140 150 160 170

    pe

    rce

    nta

    ge

    ms

    ENOG region

    AVG Latency: 91ms Traffic Localization: 56%

  • Tomorrows roads depend on your today decisions!

  • and

    Use RIPE Atlas!

    Establish BGP Multihop sessions!

    https://radar.qrator.net/user/radar/bgp-sessions

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