instructional plan for a healthy pregnancy

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INSTRUCTIONAL PLAN FOR A HEALTHY PREGNANCY ( WHAT TO EXPECT WHEN YOURE EXPECTING? )

A. ASSESSMENT

I. SETTING The health teaching site constitutes an important dimension of health education and promotion programs towards meeting learning needs, efficacy, and effectiveness. The health education setting will take place at Benguet State University Gymnasium at Kilometer 6, La Trinidad, Benguet. Specifically, the learners and health educators will gather at the gymnasium distant the last gate. The said setting can be described as conducive to learning because it expresses concern for the health, convenience, and comfort for both the learners and health educators. The gymnasiums structure expresses a cheering setting for the learners and health educators. The construction, equipment, and facilities will add to enlightening ideas for the health teaching process. The light-painted walls of the gymnasium will be suitable for learning since it will reduce confrontation and anxiety, thus it promotes a sense of well being. Comfortable seats and spacious work place will also be recognized. Learners will have an adequate working space and will have a good environment with the wooden floor. Cleanliness will

also be practiced through out the learning practice with the availability of trash cans inside the learning area. The setting will also consider practical lighting. Natural sunlight will provide a balance view that is optimal for the learning. The windows, doors, and the main entrance will be kept open for the sunlight and also for ventilation. Fresh air will be able to pass through the corners of the learning area.The gymnasium will be conducive to learning. The said setting will be enlightening and idea generating. It allows sharing between the learners and the health educators that draws to excitement, happiness, and learning for both II.POPULATION

a. Type The health teaching will be directed to expectant mothers. Specifically, they will be mothers who are expected to be on their first child pregnancy. These expectant mothers will be coming from nearby Barangays of La Trinidad. Barangays near the setting will be preferred. Expectant mothers will be coming from Barangay Balili, Betag, and Poblacion, La Trinidad, Benguet. The health educators presumed the learners to be at least high school graduates thus, they could be able to comprehend with the discussion. b. Health Status The learners would be coming from semi-modernized community therefore presumed that they have knowledge in proper hygiene. Proper sanitation is also being monitored in the learners community which

contributes to cleanliness of their environment. The learners have easy access to Rural Health Units(RHUs) and hospitals for them to have a regular monitor of their health. c. Population Number Since the learners would be coming from three barangays, the health educators anticipates fourty(40)-fifty(50) participants for the said health education.

III. PLAN a. General Objective The learners will be able to know appropriate ways on how to deal with proper and healthy pregnancy. b. Specific Objectives1. The learners will be able to state what to expect at their

first prenatal visit. 2. The learners will be able to know what to expect during the first, second and third trimester of pregnancy. 3. The learners will be able to state some of the common symptoms during pregnancy and can give solutions to it. 4. The learners will be able to know the importance of nutrition during pregnancy and enumerate some of the nutrients needed by the mother. B. DIAGNOSIS a. Knowledge deficit: foods to avoid during pregnancy related to lack of information.

b. Knowledge deficit: possible effects or complications during pregnancy related to lack of exposure.c. Knowledge deficit: proper ways of cooping with unusual signs and

symptoms of pregnancy related to misinformation.d. Knowledge deficit: proper nutrition or nutrients needed to take during

pregnancy related to lack of information.

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C. PLANNING a. Materials and Equipment Guide card Ball pen Pencil with eraser Coupon bond Marker Manila paper Posters Video clips CD Universal Serial Bus (USB) White Screen Liquid-Crystal Display (LCD) Adhesive Tape

b. Funding/ Budget

The health teaching activity requires a total of 500.00 Php (approximation). The proceedings will be foe the snacks, probably

water and banana-que, and also for some materials needed for the health education practice. The fund will be sourced out from contributions of the health teaching team. Voluntary donations and assistance from supporters and other entities will be gladly and greatly appreciated.

c. Scheduling / Time Frame

The health education will be scheduled on the 6th of April, 2009 (Monday). Registration will start at 8:30 in the morning. The activity proper will begin at exactly 9:00 AM and will conclude at 12:00 noon. The health education will be a three-hour learning session. Since that the learners will be expectant mothers, proper choice of time will be recognized. The health educators will consider the preferences of the learners on the suitable time for their learning. For expectant mothers who are morning learners will be able to perform well, concentrate, and focus on the learning, thus this learning practice will be a benefit for them.

d. Language Spoken

The primary medium of instruction to be employed during the health education will be English. Supplementary languages to be used are Filipino and Ilocano. e. Instructional Strategies

i.

Lecture For the purpose of instruction, the health educator will verbally transmit information about the topic what to expect when youre expecting directly to the learners. The educator can easily highlight the main ideas and can present unique ways of viewing information through lecture. The ideas and information can be imparted across the large number learners at the same time as well as within e relatively reasonable time frame.

ii. Power Point Presentation The use of the Computer Assisted Instruction will allow the educators to systematically present and discuss the topic. Graphics and pictures about the topic may be flashed via the projector. On the part of the learners, they will be able to easily follow and thus facilitate spontaneous delivery of the topic. iii. Other instructional for short-term learning Group discussion sessions will be incorporated during the learning process. The learners will have time for exposure and time for sharing. It will be a short-term acquaintance for the learners with the health educators. Definition and clarification of medical and scientific terms will be considered.

Several options will be suggested for the learners to choose on what courses of action they will prefer.

A rationale will be given for all that is said and done to help learners sustain ideas and information and to insure understanding and fulfillment.

Negative reactions from the learners shall be expected considering they are expectant mothers that they have a sudden change in mood.

Summary or rundown of all the activities and discussions will be done at the end of the session to freshen up the learners on the topics tackled.

D. INTERVENTIONS

a. Activities

i. Group Discussion The use of group discussion would foster interest in the topic and learning in general are increased. A modified sample that would possibly be done is group sharing. The learners will be divided into groups. In each group, there will be discussion and sharing about pregnancy experiences.

ii. Ice-breaker An ice breaker will interfere during the health education to break the monotony for example. Jokes could be presented to stimulate the learners alertness. Brain-teasers could also be introduced to stimulate the learners

interest and thinking skills. The jokes and brain-teasers to be presented would still be related and based on the topic discussed.

iii. Work-out / Exercise A work-out or an exercise would also be introduced during the health education. Yoga will be introduced to the learners. This will help the learners relax and gain more balance state of mind and body. Yoga will also help lessen the learners anxiety. The learners would easily grasp information and ideas with a relaxed mind and body.

iv. Discussion Pregnancy is the carrying of one or more offspring, known as a fetus or embryo, inside the uterus of a female.

I. What to expect at the first prenatal visit? A complete medical history will be taken, and certain tests and procedures will be performed. Confirmation of Your Pregnancy The practitioner will want to check the following: the pregnancy symptoms; the date of the last normal menstrual period, to determine the estimated date of delivery (EDD); the cervix and uterus, for signs and approximate age of the pregnancy. A Complete History

To give the best care, the practitioner will want to know a great deal about the mother. Come prepared by checking home records and refreshing her memory, as necessary, on the following: personal medical history (chronic illness, previous major illness or surgery, medications presently taking or have taken since conception, known allergies, including drug allergies); your family medical history (genetic disorders and chronic illnesses); your social history (age, occupation, and habits, such as smoking, drinking, exercising, diet; and factors in your personal life that might affect your pregnancy. A Complete Physical Examination This may include: assessment of the mothers general health through examination of heart, lungs, breasts, abdomen; measurement of the blood pressure to serve as a baseline reading for comparison at subsequent visits; notation the height and weight, usual and present; inspection of

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