Illustrating Iconography of Buddhism - ?· Buddhist Iconography Idols Mandala Mudras. Palash T Bawankar…

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  • Palash T Bawankar | 15625 0009 | Illustrating the Iconography of Buddhism | page 1

    Project 3 | Stage 3Palash T Bawankar 15625 0009

    Sr. Communication DesignIDC School of Design IIT Bombay

    GUIDE: Prof. Ravi PoovaiahCO-GUIDE:Prof. Sudesh Balan

    Illustrating Iconography of

    Buddhism

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    Background

    Work Process

    Final Output

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    Background

    Work Process

    Final Output

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    Buddhism

    Theravada Mahayana Vajrayana

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    Buddhism

    Theravada Mahayana Vajrayana

    Adi Buddha or Vajradhara

    Dhyani Buddhas

    Dhyani Bodhisattvas

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    Buddhist Iconography

    Idols Mandala Mudras

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    Buddhist Iconography

    Idols Mandala Mudras

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    Mudras

    Hand Gestures Objects in Hand Personality (Context)

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    Sky (Akash)Responsibility Earth (Prithvi)

    Relationships

    Fire (Agni)Self Assertion

    Water (Jal)Communication

    Wind (Air)Self-worth

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    Background

    Work Process

    Final Output

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    Study visit - Kanheri Caves

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    Study visit - Pagoda

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    Book Referred

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    A man goes through the cycle of birth and death

    till enlightenment. Then there is the state of

    liberation. It is mentioned in the Jataka tales that

    Buddha took several births (Manushi Buddhas) in

    various forms till Bodhisattva stage.

    Conversation with Bhadant Sanghapriya

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    Sketches

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    Representation Possibilities | Abhaya Mudra

    Contextual Illustrative Graphical

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    Contextual Illustrative Graphical

    Representation Possibilities | Bowl in hand

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    Representation Possibilities | Bhumisparsa Mudra

    Contextual Illustrative Graphical

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    Abhay Mudra | Explorations

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    Bhumisparsha Mudra | Explorations

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    Dharmachakra Mudra | Explorations

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    Dhyana Mudra | Explorations

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    Vajra and the Bell | Explorations

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    Connected Events-Forbidding the relatives to fight (left hand raised) -Calming the ocean (both hands raised). -The taming of the elephant Nalagiri-After gaining enlightenment.-Protection from beasts (Lion, Elephant, Snake)

    Symbolizes Protection, peace, reassurance, friendship (empty of weapons),The dispelling of fear, stop, spiritual powerof the Buddha or Bodhisattva

    Purpose To stop the flow of negative energy (fear).

    BenefitsThis Mudra gives us the energy to stand strong.Amoghasiddhi helps in overcoming the delusion of jealousy (type of fear) and transforming it into the wisdom of accomplishment.

    MeaningFearlessness

    Personality (Context)The abhaya mudra is the gesture of the fifth Dhyani Buddha, Amoghasiddhi

    Abhaya Mudra

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    Connected Events1. Maras summon to all his forces to attack Sakyamuni; Mara with thousand arms riding on his elephant Girimekhala. 2. Flying away of Devas, Nagas, and others.3. 10 parmis defeated 10 divisions of Maras army. 4. Chakkavudha (disc) stood over the Bodhisattas head like a canopy of flowers. 5. Mara falsely claim the Gotamas seat as his own.6. Buddha calling the Earth as his vitness.7. Roaring of the Earth - I stand his witness.8. Celebration of Buddhas Victory over Mara.

    Symbolizes The Buddhas enlightenment under bodhi tree.

    Purpose To bear the witness to the earth goddess, Sthavara, to Buddhas attainment of enlightenment.

    BenefitsTransform the delusion of anger into mirror-like wisdom. Meaning

    Touching the Earth.

    Personality (Context)The second Dhyani Buddha Akshobhya is depicted in this Mudra.He is believed to transform the delusion of anger into mirror-like wisdom.

    Bhumisparsh Mudra

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    Connected Events1. After the attainment of Enlightenment and becoming a Buddha, Gautama Buddha thought of delivering his first sermon to some receptive ascetics. 2. Thought of revealing his doctrine first to Alara Kalama; first guru then to Uddaka Ramaputta; other guru. But both were died. 4. So, he looked for his five companions by his divine eye wandering at Deer Park, in Sarnath.5. Soon he reached there to deliver his first sermon (called the Dhamma-chakka-pavattana-katha because that sets the wheel of the dhamma into motion).6. Five ascetics noticed his bright countenance and acknowledged his superiority.7. Buddha then delivered his first sermon in the Isipatana Migadaya. Symbolizes

    -The setting into motion of the Wheel of the teaching of the Dharma. -As hands are held in front of the heart, symbolizes teachings are straight from the Buddhas heart.

    Purpose To preach his companions the first sermon after his Enlightenment in the Deer Park at Sarnath.

    BenefitsVairocanna is believed to transform the delusion of ignorance into the wisdom of reality.

    Meaning-Turning the Wheel of the Dharma or Law.-Circle formed by the Mudra represents Wheel of Dharma.

    Personality (Context)Mudra of Gautama, the Dhyani Buddha Vairocanna and the future Buddha Maitreya.

    Dharmachakra Mudra

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    Hearers of the teachings (Hinayana)

    Buddha

    Dharma

    Sangha

    Solitary realizers(Hinayana)

    Mahayana or Great Vehicle

    Three Vehicles of Buddhas Teaching

    Three Jewels of Buddhism

    Dharmachakra Mudra

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    Connected Meaning1. Thumbs of two hands touch at the tips which forms mystic triangle. It is an identification of mystic fire that consumes all impurities.