fulfilling the destiny completing manifest destiny

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  • Slide 1
  • Fulfilling the Destiny Completing Manifest Destiny
  • Slide 2
  • Land acquisitions
  • Slide 3
  • Manifest Destiny The belief that the whole of North America (minus Canada) to the Pacific Ocean was the dominion of the United States.The belief that the whole of North America (minus Canada) to the Pacific Ocean was the dominion of the United States.
  • Slide 4
  • Annexation of texas Moses Austin: was amongst the first Americans to receive a land grant from Mexico18,000 sq. miles!Moses Austin: was amongst the first Americans to receive a land grant from Mexico18,000 sq. miles! Empresarios were land barons whom Mexico granted enormous tracts of land for cultivation.Empresarios were land barons whom Mexico granted enormous tracts of land for cultivation. Gradually these Empresarios turned Tejas into a land dominated by cotton production and slavery.Gradually these Empresarios turned Tejas into a land dominated by cotton production and slavery.
  • Slide 5
  • Austins hand picked settlers Austin insisted on:Austin insisted on: No drunkardsNo drunkards No frontiersmenNo frontiersmen No profane swearerNo profane swearer Prosperous southern slaveholdersProsperous southern slaveholders
  • Slide 6
  • Profitable texas Texas was sending an estimated $500,000.00 worth of merchandise to New Orleans for shipment to the Northern textile mills each year.Texas was sending an estimated $500,000.00 worth of merchandise to New Orleans for shipment to the Northern textile mills each year. Mexico is going to look to reign in this profitable exchange and reassert control over Mexico.Mexico is going to look to reign in this profitable exchange and reassert control over Mexico. Leadership change to Santa AnnaLeadership change to Santa Anna
  • Slide 7
  • independence Texas declares independence from Mexico.Texas declares independence from Mexico. War breaks out between Mexico and TexasWar breaks out between Mexico and Texas Military effort led by Sam HoustonMilitary effort led by Sam Houston Key conflicts: Goliad and the AlamoKey conflicts: Goliad and the Alamo Republic achieved 1836Republic achieved 1836
  • Slide 8
  • Texas massacres inspire Goliad The Alamo http://akorra.com/uploads /1/Battle_of_the_Alamo.jpghttp://akorra.com/uploads /1/Battle_of_the_Alamo.jpg
  • Slide 9
  • To annex? Northern perspective Northern Whigs were not in favor of the annexation of Texas.Northern Whigs were not in favor of the annexation of Texas. Was in Congress several times!Was in Congress several times! Not interested in a war with MexicoNot interested in a war with Mexico Southern perspective Southern Democrats were absolutely in favor of the annexation of Texas.Southern Democrats were absolutely in favor of the annexation of Texas. Change congressional balance, extend slavery, and increase wealth.Change congressional balance, extend slavery, and increase wealth. War with Mexico not something they opposed.War with Mexico not something they opposed.
  • Slide 10
  • Texas to statehood Election of 1844 James K. Polkthe darkhorse. Clay versus Polk.James K. Polkthe darkhorse. Clay versus Polk. Struggles of John Tyler (president who actually annexed Texas)Struggles of John Tyler (president who actually annexed Texas) Election decided by a third party! A small margin of but 40,000 votes!Election decided by a third party! A small margin of but 40,000 votes!
  • Slide 11
  • Who is James k. polk? James K. Polk Americas first darkhorseAmericas first darkhorse A very highly regarded president in many circles.A very highly regarded president in many circles. Chose to serve one term known for his commitment to Manifest DestinyChose to serve one term known for his commitment to Manifest Destiny
  • Slide 12
  • Slide 13
  • Slide 14
  • Oregon 54-40 or fight! James K. Polk takes a hardline stance with Britain who occupied the area.James K. Polk takes a hardline stance with Britain who occupied the area. As population increases calls for statehood do as well.As population increases calls for statehood do as well. Oregon is admitted to the union on the heels of Texas in 1846.Oregon is admitted to the union on the heels of Texas in 1846. Slavery?Slavery?
  • Slide 15
  • Completing Americas Manifest Destiny 1846-8 The Mexican American War
  • Slide 16
  • Dark HorseDark Horse Election of 1844Election of 1844 Unfinished business after the joint annexation of Texas and Oregon.Unfinished business after the joint annexation of Texas and Oregon. Mexicos condition in 1844.Mexicos condition in 1844. Reasons for interest in Mexican lands?Reasons for interest in Mexican lands? James K. Polk
  • Slide 17
  • The land calls The land possessed great promise.The land possessed great promise. Texas revealed its significance.Texas revealed its significance. Mexico was afraid expansion would continue South into Mexico itself.Mexico was afraid expansion would continue South into Mexico itself.
  • Slide 18
  • The wars course The propaganda machine in US newspapers had been in high gear since the days of Texas.The propaganda machine in US newspapers had been in high gear since the days of Texas.
  • Slide 19
  • War breaks out! Mexico responded to Taylors aggressive stance.Mexico responded to Taylors aggressive stance. Killing or wounding 16 capturing the rest of the party.Killing or wounding 16 capturing the rest of the party. Mexico has passed the boundary of the United States, has invaded our territory and,shed American blood upon American soil.war existsMexico has passed the boundary of the United States, has invaded our territory and,shed American blood upon American soil.war exists Lincolns Spot speechLincolns Spot speech
  • Slide 20
  • Mr. Polks War Wars popularityWars popularity Polks work ethicPolks work ethic Mexico would sue for peace after several key victoriesMexico would sue for peace after several key victories US would keep occupied lands.US would keep occupied lands.
  • Slide 21
  • The Call to Arms US Army stood at 7400 priorPolks call for volunteers garnered 112,000!US Army stood at 7400 priorPolks call for volunteers garnered 112,000!
  • Slide 22
  • Taylor gets key victories, Kearny wins without firing a shot! Taylor takes Palo Alto and Resaca de la Palma.Taylor takes Palo Alto and Resaca de la Palma. Kearny takes Santa Fe ad MonterreyKearny takes Santa Fe ad Monterrey Also captured San Diego and Los Angeles.Also captured San Diego and Los Angeles. More US troops die from disease than they do from combat related woundsby a huge margin.More US troops die from disease than they do from combat related woundsby a huge margin.
  • Slide 23
  • War ends Taylor pummels Santa Anna at Buena Vista.Taylor pummels Santa Anna at Buena Vista. The amphibious landing at Veracruz.The amphibious landing at Veracruz. The victory was a stunning success. Winfield Scott wrote Polk Mexico no longer has an army.The victory was a stunning success. Winfield Scott wrote Polk Mexico no longer has an army. Short lived statement. Santa Anna rallies for one final defense of Mexico City with 30,000 men, the city would soon be captured.Short lived statement. Santa Anna rallies for one final defense of Mexico City with 30,000 men, the city would soon be captured.
  • Slide 24
  • Guadalupe-Hidalgo
  • Slide 25
  • Slide 26
  • The Civil War begins What to do with Mexico?What to do with Mexico? Northern and Southern perspectives emerge.Northern and Southern perspectives emerge. Wilmot ProvisoWilmot Proviso
  • Slide 27
  • The 800 Lb. Gorilla in the room Congress agreed in 1844 not to talk about Slavery.Congress agreed in 1844 not to talk about Slavery. Why?Why? Until1849Until1849 David WilmotDavid Wilmot