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1.-Apsirtos'Apsirtos', considered in the Western world from the Greeks, the "father of Veterinary Medicine." Apsirtos was born in the year 300 AD in Clazmeras, the Aegean coastal city on the western coast of Asia Minor. He studied medicine in Alexandria, later becoming, chief veterinary officer of the army of Constantine the Great, during the war against the peoples Samart the Danube, between 332 and 334. After the war, he practiced the art of healing in animals and Peruza Nicomedia, the cities of Asia, creating a school hipiatras. Among the issues described by Apsirtos, deserve mention glanders, pulmonary emphysema, tetanus, cramps and fractures, and descriptions of bloodletting with its indications and modalities, potions and ointments. His work reveals, finally, the domain knowledge about the prevailing practice at the time hipitrica.

2.-Bernhard Lauritz Frederik BangBernhard Lauritz Frederik Bang (June 7, 1848 Sor - June 22, 1932 Copenhagen), was a Danish veterinarian. Discovered Brucella abortus in 1897, which came to be known as Bang's bacillus. Bang's bacillus was the cause of the contagious Bang's disease (now known as Brucellosis) which can cause pregnant cattle to abort, and causes undulant fever in humans. Bang was awarded his M.D. in 1880 and began teaching at the Royal Veterinary and Agricultural University of Denmark in Copenhagen. He later became the director of the College. Bang was a veterinary adviser to the Danish government. For his contributions to veterinary medicine, he received an honorary doctorate from the Veterinary College of Utrecht in 1921. Bang is known for his work on:

development of a control for bovine tuberculosis research on smallpox vaccination research on animal bacillary disease

3.-Claude BourgelatClaude Bourgelat (March 27, 1712 January 3, 1779) was a French veterinary surgeon. Bourgelat was born at Lyon. He was the founder of veterinary colleges at Lyon in 1762, as well as an authority on horse management, and often consulted on the matter. Other dates claimed for the establishment of the Lyon College, the first veterinary school in the world, are 1760 and 1761. "Bourgelat, a French barrister, observing that certain maladies were devastating the French herds, forsook the bar and devoted his time in seeking out a remedy for the then pest, which resulted in his founding a veterinary college in Lyon in 1760, from which establishment he despatched students, with weapons in their hands all-necessary for combating disease by science with practice; and in a short time from this period, the plague was stayed and the health of stock restored, through the assistance rendered to agriculture by veterinary science and art."[1] The plague to which Lupton referred was cattle plague, also commonly known by its German name, Rinderpest. He was a member of the French Academy of Sciences and the Prussian Academy of Sciences. Bourgelat also contributed to Diderot and d'Alambert's Encyclopdie.

Works

L'art vtrinaire (1761)

4.-Augustine ColombritaAugustine Colombrita or Columbro (San Severo, around the middle of the fifteenth century - was one ...), Italian zoologist and veterinarian. Leaving San Severo at a young age, he moved to Venice, where he was a surgeon and taught human surgery. Charles V called him to him as court physician, but there was little Colombrita, before returning to Venice, then moving to Naples in the service of Ferdinand II of Aragon. The reputation of Colombrita depends principally on the work of manischalcia (Naples, 1490), an important book that came in a few years, six editions and was much appreciated throughout Europe, particularly Germany. Many were the scientific merits of Colombrita, which is one of the fathers of modern veterinary medicine, these include fundamental contributions to the anatomy animal (as the first real anatomical description of the ox and horse), the discovery of important disease and the equine and bovine innovative practice in some surgical procedures.

5.-Robin CoombsRobert Royston Amos ("Robin") Coombs, (9 January 1921 25 February 2006), was a British immunologist, co-discoverer of the Coombs test (1945) used for detecting antibodies in various clinical scenarios, such as Rh disease and blood transfusion.

BiographyHe was born in London and studied veterinary medicine at Edinburgh University. In 1943 he went up to King's College, Cambridge where he commenced work on a doctorate, which he gained in 1947. Before finishing his doctorate, he developed and published methods to detect antibodies with Dr Arthur Mourant and Dr Rob Race in 1945.[1]. This, his first discovery is the test now referred to as the Coombs test, which according to the legend he first devised while travelling on the train.[2] Coombs became a professor and researcher at the Department of Pathology of University of Cambridge, becoming a Fellow of Corpus Christi College, and a founder of its Division of Immunology. He was appointed the fourth Quick Professor of Biology in 1966 and continued to work at Cambridge University until 1988[2] He received honorary doctoral degrees by the University of Guelph, Canada, and the University of Edinburgh, Scotland and was a Fellow of the Royal Society of the United Kingdom (1965), a Fellow of the Royal College of Pathologists and an Honorary Fellow of the Royal College of Physicians. He was married to Anne Blomfield, his first graduate student. They had a son and a daughter.[2]

WorksThe Coombs test, which he developed and published together with Dr Arthur Mourant and Dr Rob Race in 1945, has formed the base of a large number of laboratory investigations in the fields of hematology and immunology[1][2][3]. Together with Professor Philip George Howthern Gell, he developed a classification of immune mechanisms of tissue injury, now known as the "Gell-Coombs classification", comprising four types of reactions[4]. Together with W.E. Parish and A.F. Wells he put forward an explanation of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) as an anaphylactic reaction to dairy proteins.[5]

6.-Ira James Cunningham

Ira James Cunningham (19051971) was a New Zealand researcher in trace element nutrition and animal science. He is best remembered as a past president of the New Zealand Veterinary Association.

BiographyEarly years

Cunningham was born at Mangatainoka in the Wairarapa in New Zealand on August 16, 1905. He was dux of Dannevirke High School and later took a position as a cadet in the chemical laboratory of the Department of Agriculture in Wellington. While at the Department, Cunningham studied part time at Victoria University College. In 1928, he graduated with a Bachelor of Science degree, and in 1929 with a Master's of Science with first-class honours in Chemistry. In 1929, Cunningham attended the Rowett Research Institute at the University of Aberdeen in Scotland and this marked the beginning of his lifelong interest in trace element nutrition. He returned to New Zealand with a PhD in copper metabolism to become a research officer in animal nutrition at Wallaceville Veterinary Laboratory in Upper Hutt. Cunningham then attended the University of Sydney and gained a Bachelor of Veterinary Science (BVSc).Career

Upon his return to Wallaceville, he was appointed chief biochemist and section leader and concentrated on his main work of improving livestock production. In 1945, with the support of John Filmer, director of the Animal Research Division of the Department of Agriculture, Cunningham became superintendent of the Wallaceville station. He was in charge of Wallaceville from 1945 to 1958. Cunningham became Assistant Director General of Agriculure in 1958 and his services to agriculture were recognised in 1959 when he was made a CBE. The degree of DSc was conferred upon Cunningham the same year by Victoria University of Wellington for his research on copper metabolism, and he received an honorary DVSc from the University of Melbourne in 1967. In 1962, Cunningham was appointed as foundation dean of the Faculty of Veterinary Science at Massey Agricultural College in Christchurch. Cunningham was made a fellow of the Royal Society of New Zealand in 1963 and was awarded the Societys Hector Memorial Medal and Prize in 1971. Among elected offices Cunningham held were those of chairman of the Veterinary Surgeons' Board,

president of the New Zealand Veterinary Association, and president of the New Zealand Society of Animal Production.Death

Cunningham died at Palmerston North, New Zealand on August 28, 1971.

7.-Peter Charles Doherty

Peter Charles Doherty, AC (born 15 October 1940) is an Australian Veterinary Surgeon and researcher in the field of medicine. He received the Albert Lasker Award for Basic Medical Research in 1995, the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine jointly with Rolf M. Zinkernagel in 1996, and was named Australian of the Year in 1997. In the Australia Day Honours of 1997, he was named a Companion of the Order of Australia for his work with Zinkernagel.[1] Zinkernagel was named an honorary Companion. He is also a National Trust Living Treasure. Doherty's research focuses on the immune system, and his Nobel work described how the body's immune cells protect against viruses. He and Rolf Zinkernagel, the corecipient of the 1996 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, discovered how T cells recognize their target antigens in combination with major histocompatibility complex (MHC) proteins. Viruses infect host cells and reproduce inside them. Killer T-cells destroy those infected cells so that the viruses cannot reproduce. Zinkernagel and Doherty discovered that, in order for killer T cells to recognize infected cells, they had to recognize two molecules on the surface of the cell not only the virus antigen, but also a molecule of the major histocompatibility complex (MHC). This recognition was done by a T-c