Environmental Soil Chemistry - University of Soil Chemistry Second Edition Environmental Soil Chemistry illustrates fundamental principles of soil chemistry with respect to environmental reactions between soils and other natural materials and heavy metals ...
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Environmental Soil Chemistry Second EditionEnvironmental Soil Chemistry illustrates fundamental principles of soil chemistry with respect to environmental reactions between soils and other natural materials and heavy metals, pesticides, industrial contaminants, acid rain, and salts. Timely and comprehensive discussions of applications to real-world environmental concerns are a central focus of this established text.Donald SparksUniversity of Delaware, Newark, U.S.A. Provides students with both sound contemporary training in the basics of soil chemistry and applications to real-world environmental concerns Timely and comprehensive discussion of important concepts including: sorption/desorption, oxidation-reduction of metals and organics, and effects of acidic deposition and salinity on contaminant reacions Boxed sections focus on sample problems and explanations of key terms and parameters Extensive tables on elemental composition of soils, rocks and sediments, pesticide classes, inorganic minerals, and methods of decontaminating soils Clearly written for all students and professionals in environmental science and environmental engineering as well as soil scienceIn briefEnvironmental Soil Chemistry illustrates fundamental principles of soil chemistry with respect to environmental reactions between soils and other natural materials and heavy metals, pesticides, industrial contaminants, acid rain, and salts. Timely and comprehensive discussions of applications to real-world environmental concerns are a central focus of this established text. Price: $49.95Quantity: 1Offer code: Published: 11/2002Order by phone: 1-800-366-2665Click on Information for instructors at the top of the screen for exam copies and more.New for instructors!ContentsEvolution of Soil Chemistry. The Modern Environmental Movement. Contaminants in Waters and Soils. Case Study of Pollution of Soils and Waters. Soil Decontamination. Pauling's Rules. Primary Soil Minerals. Secondary Soil Minerals. Specific Surface of Soil Minerals. Surface Charge of Soil Minerals. Identification of Minerals by X-Ray Diffraction Analyses. Use of Clay Minerals to Retain Organic Contaminants. Effects of Soil Formation Factors on SOM Contents. Composition of SOM. Fractionation of SOM. SOM Structure. Functional Groups and Charge Characteristics. Humic SubstanceMetal Interactions. SOMClay Complexes. Retention of Pesticides and Other Organic Substances by Humic Substances. Measurement of the Soil Solution. Speciation of the Soil Solution. Ion Activity and Activity Coefficients. Dissolution and Solubility Processes. Introduction and Terminology. Surface Functional Groups. Surface Complexes. Adsorption Isotherms. Equilibrium-Based Adsorption Models. Surface Precipitation. Sorption of Metal Cations. Sorption of Anions. Points of Zero Charge. Desorption. Use of Spectroscopic and Microscopic Methods in Determining Mechanisms for SorptionDesorption Phenomena. Characteristics of Ion Exchange. Cation Exchange Equilibrium Constants and Selectivity Coefficients. Thermodynamics of Ion Exchange. Relationship between Thermodynamics and Kinetics of Ion Exchange. Rate-Limiting Steps and Time Scales of Soil Chemical Reactions. Rate Laws. Determination of Reaction Order and Rate Constants. Kinetic Models. Kinetic Methodologies. Environmental Soil Chemistry: An Overview:Inorganic Soil Components:Chemistry of Soil Organic Matter:Soil SolutionSolid Phase Equilibria:Sorption Phenomena on Soils:Ion Exchange Processes:Kinetics of Soil Chemical Processes:Effect of Temperature on Reaction Rates. Kinetics of Important Soil Chemical Processes. OxidationReduction Reactions and Potentials. Eh vs pH and pe vs pH Diagrams. Measurement and Use of Redox Potentials. Submerged Soils. Redox Reactions Involving Inorganic and Organic Pollutants. Historical Perspective of Soil Activity. Solution Chemistry of Aluminum. Exchangeable and Nonexchangeable Aluminum. Soil Acidity. Liming Soils. Causes of Soil Salinity. Sources of Soluble Salts. Important Salinity and Sodicity Parameters. Classification and Reclamation of Saline and Sodic Soils. Effects of Soil Salinity and Sodicity on Soil Structural Properties. Effects of Soil Salinity on Plant Growth. Redox Chemistry of Soils:The Chemistry of Soil Acidity:The Chemistry of Saline and Sodic Soils:Appendix A. Appendix B. Bibliography. Chapter References. Subject Index. Upper level undergraduate and graduate students, researchers and professionals, in environmental soil science, environmental and agricultural engineering, marine studies, and geochemistry.Readership: 0126564469 Book/HardbackISBN: 6 7/8 X 10 in 368 Academic PressMeasurements:Pages:Imprint: 1 November 2002Publication Date: $49.95Price: 2002, Elsevier Science (USA) | www.elsevier.como
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