Ec the importance of research cooperation with western balkan countries

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Presented during the Ministerial Round Table on Science and Higher Education. From Bilateral to pan-European Cooperation held over 21-22 May 2010 in Tirana, Albania

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1. Round Table Strengthening scientific research and higherEducationThe importance of Research Cooperation with WBCs.Tirana, 21 May 2010Tania FriederichsDG Research European Commission tania.friederichs@ec.europa.eu 2. Importance of Research General Need to increase research capacity: in support of economic development; quality of life and well being of citizens Research and Innovation at core of Europe 2020strategy Research necessary to address common challenges/find common solutions Strategy also valid for wider Europe WBC - EU perspective: research facilitates integration into EU 3. Importance of Cross border cooperation Research no longer done in isolation: need to cooperate at all levels: national; regional; EU; international Cross border cooperation: increase transfer of knowledge and improve scientific basis Allows for best practices and comparison Necessary to join forces: share experience and scientists and equipment Science has no borders: need to rely on best scientists wherever in the world Regional dimension: relevant (same language/problems) 4. Research at EU level Research and Innovation on political agenda: 2020 strategy How: policy measures and funding Policy mix: involve all stakeholders (public and private/business) Cross-cutting policy: education, fiscal, digital agenda; industry; IPR; Innovation; SMEs 5. How European research Area (ERA) Instrument/funding: FP7 Joint Programming: by MS on specific research themes ERA open to world strategy for cooperation 6. ERA Avoid fragmentation Create critical mass: compete with other major partners (US, China, Brazil, Japan); Fifth Freedom: free flow of knowledge and researchers Ljubljana process: governance (administrative capacity) 5 building blocks: Single labour market for resarchers (Steering Group on Human Resources and Mobility) World-class research infrastructures (European Strategy Forum on Research Infrastructure) Coordination and joint programming (GPC) Effective knowledge sharing (CREST w/g) Opening of the ERA to the world (SFIC) 7. FP7 Framework for 2007-2013 budget: 50 billion euro 4 Specific Programmes: Cooperation (collaborative research/ 10 themes) IDEAS (European Research Council) People (Marie Curie Actions) Capacities (Support for research capacity) Based on calls for proposals/evaluations/selection Always cross border element; always added value for EU 8. FP7 participants Member States (27) Third countries associated to FP7 (13): EEA: Norway, Iceland, Lichtenstein Enlargement countries: all WBCs and Turkey S&T agreements: Switzerland, Israel, FaroeIslands Other third countries: Industrial countries: US; Japan, NZ, Gulf States ICPC partners: Mediterranean, Africa, SouthAmerica, Kosovo (UN 1244), etc. 9. Associated countries Same research opportunities as MS: - eligible for all calls and instruments - fulfil minimum requirement (3 participants MS/AC) - no dedicated calls - eligible for research potential (convergence regions) Participate as observer in Programme Committee: - well informed about Work Programmes - possibility to network with MS and other AC Invited to participate in ERA governance bodies: - becoming familiar with EU research policy - share best practices 10. WBC Strategy Doors ERA wide open to WBC (Potonik, Vienna,June 26, 2006)3 pillars:(1) Engage together in research cooperation: associationto FP7; observer CREST and ERA bodies;(2) How improve research capacity:a) human capital and infrastructureb) design S&T strategy(3) Create synergies with other instruments &stakeholders: IPA, RCC,COST, EUREKA, UNESCO10 11. (1) Research cooperation Since 1 January 2009: all WBCs associated to FP7 Kosovo UN 1244: ICPC partner (eligible for funding) Increased research opportunities since association Also consider other options (bilateral/regional/multilateral) 12. (2) Research capacity Human capital and Infrastructure: important But post war situation: very weak; IMF recommendations; financial crisis Support for capacity building at EU level: limited ownership Put research on national research agenda: design S&T strategy Prepare for EU accession 13. (3) Synergy With other stakeholders and programmes Bilateral: Norway; neighbours; Turkey COST; Eureka; NATO UNESCO, OECD, World Bank RCC Programmes: IPA, CIP13 14. WBC Steering Platform Launched in June 2006 in Vienna Supported by FP7 WBC.Inco.Net project Bringing EU MS and WBCs together Open to AC: Turkey; Norway,Switzerland Ad hoc members: Cost; Eureka, RCC Share information and join efforts Create synergies14 15. Regional dimension Regional: same problems; background; need forcommon solutions Small Region: need to cooperate Role of RCC: Sarajevo Ministerial declarationApril 2009 Regional initiatives: Technology Fund; Centreof excellence? 15 16. Some remarks Important to focus on research fields/areas Engage more in research collaboration Implement/follow-up National S&T strategies Use more IPA for research16 17. Thank you for attention!!

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