dr vasil gajdadziev chris petch iom kyiv ukraine irregular migrants – reception and health care
Post on 04-Jan-2016
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Dr Vasil GajdadzievChris Petch
IOM KyivUkraine Irregular Migrants Reception and Health Care
The IssuesThe Issues The Issues Persons apprehended or stopped for offences against migration legislation
CountryState Border Guard ServiceMinistry of InteriorTotal by CountryGreen BorderCheckpoints20032002200320022003200220032002TOTAL6,6275,91915,17812,77917,69522,80439,50041,502
Government of Ukraine through legislation and lead agency statusDepartment and Ministries Action PlanDonorsEC New Neighbourhood, TACISUS USAIDUK DFIDIOM Strategy Strategies
IOM Strategy for Capacity Building for Ukraine Migration ManagementObjective:To assist the Government of Ukraine to substantively strengthen its capacity to better manage and more effectively operate a migration management system in Ukraine with particular emphasis in the early stages on building national capacity to deal with irregular migration.
Capacity Building for Migration Management Programme: UkraineThis objective will be achieved through inter-related and integrated projects in the areas of:Management of Irregular MigrantsInternational and National Regimes and LegislationEnsuring sustainable facilities and processes through securing continued GoU support, training of officials and relevant staff and expert international advice
Human Rights IssuesHuman Rights of Irregular Migrants
UDHR - Universal Declaration of Human RightsCERD - Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination ICESCR - International Covenant on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights ICCPR - International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights CEDAW - Convention of the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women CAT - Convention Against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers
IOM Programme of Action ProceduresBest Practice in Detention ProceduresProcess of transfer to accommodation centresAccess to health careAccess to legal advice, rightsAccess by NGOsBest Practice in Return ProceduresBest Practices for AVRTruly voluntary processRight to Asylum process
LegislationLink legislation to International Laws and Conventions Embed Best Practices into legal and procedural edictsLink migration legislation to ConstitutionCascade legislation down to procedures
IOM Programme of Action
IOM Programme of Action Migrant FacilitiesRefurbish establishment for temporary Migrant accommodationEnsure appropriate provision of health care (incl. psycho-social), Access to rights and legal advice, Access to asylum and return processes.Access to family contact, interpreters
IOM Programme of Action Migrant Health Care
Refurbish and fit health care centresSet up health care system in accommodation centreEnsure appropriate provision of health care Train health care staff
Every woman, man, youth and child has the human right to the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health, without discrimination of any kindArticle 25 of the Declaration on human rights
Enjoyment of the human right to health is vital to all aspects of a person's life and well-being, and is crucial to the realization of many other fundamental human rights and freedoms specially in vulnerable population groups as refugees, IDPs, irregular migrants, VoT etc
Migrants And Health
High rate of long-term physical and psychological problems, due in large part to their exposure to conflict and oppression.
One in four will have been subject to torture or severe human rights violations, with almost three in four being exposed to traumatic events such as forced dislocation, prolonged political repression, refugee camp experiences and loss of or separation from family members in violent circumstances
Many may have physical and psychological sequelae associated with pre-migration trauma and torture and may need a thorough medical examination
Stranded Migrants and Health
Aims to ensure strict implementation of the universal right to quality health care, facilitate healthy living environment and reinforce the capacity of the national health care institutions achieved with joint efforts not only by National Health Care System institutions but with intervention in policies of Public Administration of Ukraine
Project Capacity Building of Migrant Health Care: Ukraine
Development and implementation of the organizational setup of health care system in detention centres (Setup of Health care Delivery System ensuring the quality health care according to international standards, expanding the possibilities for cooperation between the health care system in the centres and civilian health care system etc).
Training of the medical and support staff through allocation of tasks, assessment of needs, development of training curriculums and manuals for work in health provision, education and promotion respecting internationally accepted standards, training courses etc.)
Implementation of Goals through..
Development of the guidelines specific to the culture of the stranded migrants in hygiene and environmental conditions
Development of guidelines adequate to respond on specific psychosocial needs of involved population (impact of past trauma, prior experience of health care, cultural differences and the stresses of resettlement).
Adequate equipment of the health care posts through initial assessments of objective needs, procurement and installment of equipment and training of the health staff to use the installed equipment
Implementation of Goals through..
Proposed MAC Sites Site 2Site 2Site 1Site 2
Proposed MAC Site
Recommended MeasuresImprove Irregular Migrant Temporary AccommodationBuild in Best Practices to Migrant Detention Procedures and FacilitiesBuild on Ukraine Programme to Voluntarily Return MigrantsBuild in Migrant Rights to all aspects of Reception and Return
Chris PetchDr Vasil GajdadzievIOM Kyiv
Good Morning Ladies and Gentlemen
As part of this Northern Cluster Meeting of the Cross Border Cooperation/Sderkping Process, I was invited to present on the subject of Ukraines Irregular Migrants.
This presentation will look at the specific aspects of Reception and Return by presenting IOM Ukraines initiative in this area. It will provide you with a brief outline of our proposed work, alongside the relevant agencies and departments of the Government of Ukraine, to provide sustainable and appropriate facilities for the temporary accommodation of apprehended irregular migrants and offer access to a voluntary return process. The global increase in irregular and illegal migration is having an increasing impact on the fabric of Ukrainee and other CIS countries and on their capacity to manage its transition to new socio-economic structures in a steady and stable way.Independence of Ukraine in 1991 has been followed by greater openness of Ukrainian society to the outside world, and liberalization of procedures governing entry and exit by citizens and foreigners.The present period of change and transition has made the region vulnerable to irregular and illegal movement of migrants and, increasingly, to the organized trafficking of migrants to the countries of Western Europe and to North America. Socio-economic conditions in many of the countries of Africa and Asia are leading to a significant increase in illegal migration from these regions through Ukraine.
In the period January - June 2004,
the State Border Guard Service of Ukraine disclosed more than 3.8 thousand illegal migrants (i.e. there was 10% increase comparatively to the same period of 2003). These persons included: 1099 persons, who were apprehended in the course of attempts to cross the state border illegally; 1507 persons, who were not allowed to cross the state border in border checkpoints due to inadequate passport documents and mismatch of declared travel purposes and visas; 1248 persons, who were apprehended for non-compliance with rules of stay in Ukraine, the frontier regime and the regime of border checkpoints.
According to analysis of registration records of foreigners in border checkpoints, 15,560 foreigners were found to fail to depart from Ukraine within due terms in the first half of 2004. These over-stayers were mainly represented by nationals of Turkey (38%), China (17%), Iran (9%), Syria (6%), Vietnam and India (5% each), who entered Ukraine for commercial, official and private purposes.
The numbers of apprehended migrants has increased in recent years, but data over a longer period is difficult to relate to this as legislation has changed and the reasons of apprehending have been tightened. However, the number of illegal migrants attempting to enter Ukraine has decreased from 2002 to 2003. Early indications of 2004 data (ie for the first six months) indicate that there is an increase in illegal migrants, but one will have to wait for annual figures before a proper comparison of like-for-like can be achieved. Nevertheless, the overall indication is that there will be more rather than less apprehended illegal migrants to manage, especially as the authorities improve their detection efficiency.
To address this growing problem within the region, and specifically within Ukraine, there are a number of documented strategies that have been produced. Each one addresses in one way or another the problem of illegal migration in a regional or local level.
In particular, the Ukrainian authorities are taking steps to tackle this growing problem and have made good progress i